"BLAEN-PENAL, a chapelry in the parish of LLANDEWY-BREVI , lower division of the hundred of PENARTH, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 10 1/2 miles (N. by E.) from Lampeter, containing 543 inhabitants. It is situated at the extremity of the beautiful vale of Aëron which river rises from a mountain near the village, in which and the surrounding district are several pleasing and ornamental residences. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry of Cardigan, and diocese of St.David's, endowed with £800 royal bounty, and £200 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of the Perpetual Curate of Llandewy-Brevi. The chapel is dedicated to St. David. There is a place of worship for Calvinistic Methodists. This chapelry separately supports its own poor : the average annual expenditure is £82.4." [From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]


Business & Commerce Records

Accounts book for Blaenpennal Co-op 1940-45  - on the People's Collection Wales site


Church History

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants.

  • Blaenpenal Church of an ancient chapelry Evan Evans, Perpetual Curate, Treflan Rectory

Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

  • St David
  • Incumbent and Curates; D H Evans
  • Rural Deanery of Ultra Aeron
  • Acreage 4,231; Population 401

St David's Church - photograph on Dyfed FHS

See Chapels database

Blaenpennal Calvinistic Methodist Chapel  - on the People's Collection Wales site


Church Records

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1813-1977. Marriages 1837-1971. Burials 1830-1986 NLW/Cer.RO
Entries for CMB before 1812 with Llanddewibrefi. PR CM 1797-1812 recorded in 1831 seemingly lost.
Bishops Transcripts;
1813-19, 1823-35, 1850-77, 1879,1882, 1885-7 NLW

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

I.G.I; Baptisms 1813-35,Marriages 1813-35

Nonconformist Chapels; see Chapels database


Description & Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

  • Area 4105 acres; Population 239 males, 266 females, total 505

With the kind permission of the publisher, these selected extracts below are taken from "The History of Cardiganshire" by S R Meyrick, 1810, specifically the reprint of the 1907 imprint published by Stephen Collard in July 2000.

  • "Leland says 'The Chapel of Blaine Pennial longith to Llandewibrevi, but it is in Cairdiganshire over Tyne a 3 or 4 myles from Tyne Ripe '."
  • "This still under the control of Llandewi Brevi but whatever it once might have been, it is now a disgrace to the mother church. It is a small tiled building, with only one window and one door, and as there is a thatched hovel adjoining it [which is the habitation of the clerk] it more resembles a barn than a place of religious worship.It is about two miles and a half north of Llangeitho."
You can see pictures of Blaenpennal which are provided by:


Emigration & Immigration

"In 1847 the "Tamerlane" left Aberystwyth with 462 passengers and crew.
The passengers were mainly from the parts of east Cardiganshire, such as Lledrod, Mynydd-bach, and Tai-hirion-y-rhos" (Tai-hirion, near Blaenpennal).
The newspaper, The Welshman, identified the male passengers as 75 farmers, 65 labourers, 13 carpenters, 17 tailors, 6 blacksmiths, 5 hatters, and 10 miners, the latter probably came from the lead mining district north east of Mynydd Bach. "



The transcription of the section for Blaenpennal from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.


Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Blaenpennal has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.


Language & Languages

 The Welsh dialect of Blaenpennal, Ceredigion  - on the People's Collection Wales site



Parish map (Kain/Oliver)

The township or chapelry of Blaenpennal in the parish of Llanddewybrefi in the County of Cardigan  - on the People's Collection Wales site

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN629646 (Lat/Lon: 52.262426, -4.010303), Blaenpennal which are provided by:


Names, Geographical

Places, villages, farms etc within Blaenpennal parish as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

  • Blaenpennal (41); Afon Ddu; Blaen Aeron; Blaenpenal (village); Bryn-croiau; Bryn-ffin; Esgair-hendy; Esgair Saeson; Ffos-las; Fron; Llwyn-bwch; Llyn Eiddwen; Llyn Fanod; Mynydd Bach; Mynydd brith; Plas; Sarn Helen; Taihirionrhos; Tan-yr-esgair; Triael; Woollen factory; Ynys


Various items - on the People's Collection Wales site

  • Haycart and horses at Yr Hendre, overlookingY Felin, Blaenpennal  
  • Sheep Shearing Day in Blaenpennal nd

Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Blaenpennal Parish Council Records 1894-1987

Social Life & Customs

A photograph of the rural tradition of firing guns before a wedding, in order to banish bad spirits.  This wedding was in Blanpennal chapel in the early 1960's.  - on the People's Collection Wales site