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Blaenpennal

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"BLAEN-PENAL, a chapelry in the parish of LLANDEWY-BREVI , lower division of the hundred of PENARTH, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 10 1/2 miles (N. by E.) from Lampeter, containing 543 inhabitants. It is situated at the extremity of the beautiful vale of Aëron which river rises from a mountain near the village, in which and the surrounding district are several pleasing and ornamental residences. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry of Cardigan, and diocese of St.David's, endowed with £800 royal bounty, and £200 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of the Perpetual Curate of Llandewy-Brevi. The chapel is dedicated to St. David. There is a place of worship for Calvinistic Methodists. This chapelry separately supports its own poor : the average annual expenditure is £82.4." [From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]

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Business & Commerce Records

Accounts book for Blaenpennal Co-op 1940-45  - on the People's Collection Wales site

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Church History

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants.

  • Blaenpenal Church of an ancient chapelry Evan Evans, Perpetual Curate, Treflan Rectory

Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

  • St David
  • Incumbent and Curates; D H Evans
  • Rural Deanery of Ultra Aeron
  • Acreage 4,231; Population 401

St David's Church - photograph on Dyfed FHS

See Chapels database

Blaenpennal Calvinistic Methodist Chapel  - on the People's Collection Wales site

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Church Records

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1813-1977. Marriages 1837-1971. Burials 1830-1986 NLW/Cer.RO
Entries for CMB before 1812 with Llanddewibrefi. PR CM 1797-1812 recorded in 1831 seemingly lost.
Bishops Transcripts;
1813-19, 1823-35, 1850-77, 1879,1882, 1885-7 NLW

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

I.G.I; Baptisms 1813-35,Marriages 1813-35

Nonconformist Chapels; see Chapels database

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Description & Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

  • Area 4105 acres; Population 239 males, 266 females, total 505

With the kind permission of the publisher, these selected extracts below are taken from "The History of Cardiganshire" by S R Meyrick, 1810, specifically the reprint of the 1907 imprint published by Stephen Collard in July 2000.

  • "Leland says 'The Chapel of Blaine Pennial longith to Llandewibrevi, but it is in Cairdiganshire over Tyne a 3 or 4 myles from Tyne Ripe '."
  • "This still under the control of Llandewi Brevi but whatever it once might have been, it is now a disgrace to the mother church. It is a small tiled building, with only one window and one door, and as there is a thatched hovel adjoining it [which is the habitation of the clerk] it more resembles a barn than a place of religious worship.It is about two miles and a half north of Llangeitho."
You can see pictures of Blaenpennal which are provided by:

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Emigration & Immigration

"In 1847 the "Tamerlane" left Aberystwyth with 462 passengers and crew.
The passengers were mainly from the parts of east Cardiganshire, such as Lledrod, Mynydd-bach, and Tai-hirion-y-rhos" (Tai-hirion, near Blaenpennal).
The newspaper, The Welshman, identified the male passengers as 75 farmers, 65 labourers, 13 carpenters, 17 tailors, 6 blacksmiths, 5 hatters, and 10 miners, the latter probably came from the lead mining district north east of Mynydd Bach. "

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Gazetteers

The transcription of the section for Blaenpennal from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.

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Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Blaenpennal has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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Language & Languages

 The Welsh dialect of Blaenpennal, Ceredigion  - on the People's Collection Wales site

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Maps

Parish map (Kain/Oliver)

The township or chapelry of Blaenpennal in the parish of Llanddewybrefi in the County of Cardigan  - on the People's Collection Wales site

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN629646 (Lat/Lon: 52.262426, -4.010303), Blaenpennal which are provided by:

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Names, Geographical

Places, villages, farms etc within Blaenpennal parish as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

  • Blaenpennal (41); Afon Ddu; Blaen Aeron; Blaenpenal (village); Bryn-croiau; Bryn-ffin; Esgair-hendy; Esgair Saeson; Ffos-las; Fron; Llwyn-bwch; Llyn Eiddwen; Llyn Fanod; Mynydd Bach; Mynydd brith; Plas; Sarn Helen; Taihirionrhos; Tan-yr-esgair; Triael; Woollen factory; Ynys
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Occupations

Various items - on the People's Collection Wales site

  • Haycart and horses at Yr Hendre, overlookingY Felin, Blaenpennal  
  • Sheep Shearing Day in Blaenpennal nd
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Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Blaenpennal Parish Council Records 1894-1987
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Social Life & Customs

A photograph of the rural tradition of firing guns before a wedding, in order to banish bad spirits.  This wedding was in Blanpennal chapel in the early 1960's.  - on the People's Collection Wales site