Llanfair Trelygen


"LLANVAIR-TRÊLYGON (LLAN-VAIR-TRÊVHELYGEN), a parish in the hundred of TROEDYRAUR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 3 1/2 miles (N. E.) from Newcastle -Emlyn, containing 124 inhabitants. This parish,which is situated in the southern part of the county, comprises but a small extent of arable and pasture land, which is in tolerable cultivation. The surrounding scenery is not distinguished by any peculiarity of features; and the adjacent country, though varied in appearance, is neither remarkable for picturesque beauty nor for objects of antiquarian interest, The living is a rectory not in charge, annexed to the vicarage of Llandyvriog, in the archdeaconry of Cardigan, and diocese of St.David's. The church, dedicated to St. Mary, having been suffered to fall into decay for want of due repair, is now in ruins. On the north side of the church, and at no great distance from it, is a circular tumulus surrounded by a moat, which is said to have been formerly used as a place of defence; but nothing is recorded of any event of historical importance with which it was connected. The acerage annual expenditure for the support of the poor is £27.11."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]




Church History

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

  • No entry for the parish church - the above Lewis entry says the church is in ruins in 1833

Parish entry for Llandyfriog with Llanfair Trelygen from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

  • St Tygwydd & (Church in ruins, Llanfair Trelygen)
  • Incumbent and Curates; D R Enoch
  • Rural Deanery of Sub Aeron
  • Acreage 2,891 & 650 ; Population 316

    Various items  - on the People's Collection Wales site (under Llandyfriog)

    • Digital copy of a black and white photograph showing an exterior view of Bryngwenith Independent Chapel, taken by Robert Scourfield, 1995.
    • Digital copy of a black and white photograph showing an interior view of Bryngwenith Independent Chapel, taken by Robert Scourfield, 1995.

      Church Records

      See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

      Church disused since the beginning of the C19. PR and BTs included in those of Llandyfriog. A marginal note in PR Llandyfriog M1813-37, p28, relating to a wedding on 16 June 1823 reads "NB, there was no marriage solemnised in the old ruins of Llanfair trefhelygen before today for twenty-five years back."

      Nonconformist Chapels;

      Bryngwenith Welsh Ind chapel

      • Bryngwenith Ind Erected 'since 1800' William Jones, Minister, Glynarthen (1851 census - see above)
      • Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches), 4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry from this book for this chapel (in Welsh ) - with translation by Maureen Saycell (Nov 2008)
      • Canmlwyddiant eglwys Bryngwenith, 1934, (Castellnewydd Emlyn, c.1934), 14tt.
      • S. Idris Evans: Hanes eglwys Annibynnol Bryngwenith a gyhoeddwyd ar achlysur dathlu canmlwyddiant a hanner yr achos, 1834-1984, (Aberystwyth, 1984), 48tt.
      • Shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Nov 2006)

          Description & Travel

          The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

          • Area 648 acres; Population 43 males, 54 females, total 97

              With the kind permission of the publisher, this extract is taken from "The History of Cardiganshire" by S R Meyrick, 1810, specifically the reprint of the 1907 imprint published by Stephen Collard in July 2000.

              • "Llwyn Cadvor, is now the property of David Davies Esq., who is descended from Tydwal Glof."
              You can see pictures of Llanfair Trelygen which are provided by:



              The transcription of the section for Llanfair Trelygen from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.


              Historical Geography

              You can see the administrative areas in which Llanfair Trelygen has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.



              Parish map (Kain/Oliver)

              You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN342434 (Lat/Lon: 52.064152, -4.419895), Llanfair Trelygen which are provided by:


              Names, Geographical

              Places, villages, farms etc within Llanfair Trelygen as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

              • Llanfair Treflygen (92); Allt-yr-Esgob; Ffynnon-Fair; Llwyn-Cadfor; Pant-Dafydd; Pant-y-gwenith; St Mary's Church (rem);