"LLANVIHANGEL-LLEDROD (LLAN-VIHANGEL LLETHR Y TROED), a parish in the Upper division of the hundred of ILAR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 9 miles (S. E.) from Aberystwith, comprising the townships of Lledrod Isâv and Lledrod Uchâv each of which supports its own poor, and containing 1213 inhabitants, of which number, 732 are in a Lledrod Isâv and 481 in Lledrod Uchâv. This parish derives its name from the dedication of its church to St. Michael, and its distinguishing appellation from its situation at the foot of a declivity on which it is built. It extends for nearly seven miles in length, and three miles in breadth, forming a part of the lordship of Mevenydd which belongs to the crown, and contains a large tract of land, of which the greater portion is enclosed and cultivated........" [From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]


Business & Commerce Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Erwllan (Lledrod) Records 1881-1979 "Erwllan is a grocery shop and smallholding in the parish of Lledrod kept by John William Evans (d. 1953) and his father, Robert Evans (fl. 1895)."

Church History

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

  • Lower Lledrod township (population 584)
  • Upper Lledrod township (population 534)

      Parish entry for Lledrod (otherwise Llanfihangel Lledrod) from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

      • St Michael
      • Incumbent and Curates; A George
      • Rural Deanery of Llanbadarn Fawr
      • Acreage 8,876; Population 641

          St Michael - photograph on Dyfed FHS

          See  Chapels database

          Various items - on the People's Collection Wales site

          • Black and White photograph showing the church gate at Lledrod with font.  
          • Black and White photograph showing church gate with turnstile, Lledrod.

          Church Records

          See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

          Parish Register;
          Baptisms 1770-2, 1778-1850, 1853-1991. Marriages 1766-1804, 1813-1970. Burials 1770-2, 1778-1992 NLW with copies of some dates at Cer.RO [inc Banns 1823/4]
          PR M 1804-12 recorded as missing in 1831
          Copy ts PR M 1765-1837 with index NLW/Cer.RO
          Bishops Transcripts;
          1674-5, 1678-80, 1682, 1684, 1687, 1699-1700, 1703, 1811-17, 1819-29, 1831-75, 1880 NLW

          See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

          I.G.I; Baptisms 1811-75

          Index to Burials from Parish Registers 1813-1837 available for purchase from Cardiganshire Family History Society Volume 2: Ilar (Upper) Hundred . Parishes covered: Eglwys Newydd, Gwnnws, Llanafan, Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn, Llanilar, Lledrod, Rhostïe, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Ystrad Meurig

          Nonconformist Chapels; see Chapels database


          Description & Travel

          The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

          • Llanfihangel Lledrod Parish consisting of the townships of Lower Lledrod and Upper Lledrod
          • Area 8692 acres
          • Lower Lledrod
          • Population 277 males, 307 females, total 584
          • Upper Lledrod
          • Population 258 males, 276 females, total 534

              Various landscapes  - on the People's Collection Wales site

              Extracts of Township descriptions from Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833

              "LLEDROD ISÂV (LLETHR Y TROED), a township in the parish of LLANVIHANGEL LLEDROD, upper division of the hundred of ILAR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 9 Miles (S. S. E.) from Aberystwith, containing 732 inhabitants. The small river Wyra passes through it, and falls into the sea at Llanrhystid. There is a separate assessment for the maintenance of the poor, the average annual expenditure being £117.16."

              "LLEDROD UCHÂV (LLETHR Y TROED), a town-ship in the parish of LLANVIHANGEL LLEDROD, upper division of the hundred of ILAR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 9 miles (S. E.) from Aberystwith, containing 481 inhabitants. The parochial church stands at the foot of the western declivity of a high and dreary common, and near the source of a small rivulet called the Wyra. Several tumuli are observable on the adjacent hills ; and there is a chalybeate spring, formerly much regarded for its sanatory properties. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor amounts to £ 156.4."

              You can see pictures of Lledrod which are provided by:


              Emigration & Immigration

              "In 1847 the "Tamerlane" left Aberystwyth with 462 passengers and crew. The passengers were mainly from the parts of Cardiganshire, such as Lledrod, Mynydd-bach, and Tai-hirion-y-rhos" (Tai-hirion, near Blaenpennal). The newspaper, The Welshman, identified the male passengers as 75 farmers, 65 labourers, 13 carpenters, 17 tailors, 6 blacksmiths, 5 hatters, and 10 miners, the latter probably came from the lead mining district north east of Mynydd Bach. "



              The transcription of the section for Lledrod from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.

              Description of Lledrod parish from Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833



              Cardiganshire Families

              Hughes, John. Tea and Tears. Dyfed FHS journal , Vol 8/2 April 2003. Features Robert Evans, grocer of Lledrod.

              Jenkins, Philip. Shopkeepers of Swyddffynnon-A Family Diary and Ledger. Cardiganshire FHS journal vol 2/9, Oct 2001. A ledger was kept by Evan Jones, shopkeeper in Swyddffynnon, from 1871 for several years, this is an extract of the period 1871-1891.



              Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print has now been reprinted. The section relating to this parish is on pages 277/9; Llanfihangel Lledrod (otherwise Lletherod). Section on Ffoes-y-Bleddiaid, ancestral home of the Lloyd family (Mabws).


              Land & Property

              Documents held at the NLW :

              • Cardiganshire Rentals ;
                8-12. Lordship of Mefenydd, 1892-5 (Gwnnws Isaf, Llangwyryfon, Llanilar, Llanrhystud, Lledrod Isaf, Rhostïe).


              Plan of the parish of Lledrod in the County of Cardigan  - on the People's Collection Wales site

              Parish map (Kain/Oliver)

              You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN661669 (Lat/Lon: 52.284182, -3.964433), Lledrod which are provided by:


              Military History

              Letters of Private Morgan Evans, Lledrod, 6th Bt SW Borderers. Son of Robert and Elizabeth Evans, Erwllan. Killed on 21.3.1918. He is commemorated on the Arras Memorial, France.  - on the People's Collection Wales site


              Names, Geographical

              Places, villages, farms etc within Lledrod parish as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

              • Lower Lledrod (30); Berth-domled; Blaen-Camddwr; Blaen Wyre; Bronant; Cam ddwr; Commins Pen-y-banc; Ffosgou; Ffynnon Drewi (Chalybeate); Hafod uchaf; Lledrod (village); Moelwyn; Navy Hall; Penlan; Pen-y-banc; Pen-y-Castell; Pwll-pridd;
              • Upper Lledrod (31); Afon Teifi; Bryn-Meheryn; Bwlch-teulu; Cae-balcog; Cam ddwr; Camddwr Fach; Cefn-llwyn; Cors Goch; Crug-las; Drysgol; Esgair-y-gors; Ffos-y-bleiddiaid; Glan Teifi; Gwenhafdre; Llwyn beudy; Llwynmalus; Maes-banadlog; Nant-y-Ffin; Pen-bryn; Pentre-du; Swydd-ffynnon; Ty'n-y-coed; Ty'n-y-ddraenen;

                Public Records

                Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

                • Lledrod Lower (Lledrod Isaf) Parish Council and Community Council Records 1894-1996

                Held at Ceredigion Archives;

                • Further records of Lledrod Community Council 1974-1966.


                Lloyd, Rev. J. Trefor. Centenary Celebrations of Lledrod Primary School. 1977

                Here is an extract from The Reports of the Commissioners appointed to enquire into the state of Education in Wales. 1847

                Swyddffynnon School Log Book. Headmaster's comments. As published in the Cardiganshire FHS journal vol 3/5 June 2003 ( reproduced there with permission of Ceredigion Archives). Extracts below;

                • 8th March 1880, Opened under the mastership of John Sanders Williams. 37 children admitted Monday, increased to 56 during the week. Children and ill behaved.
                • 4th June 1880. A stranger called in and tested the classes in Mental Arithmetic and Reading.
                • 25th June 1880. Very irregular attendance by some children, cautioned their parents but they only turned a deaf ear.
                • 11 February 1881. I was obliged to send a large number of 'Notices' out and this takes a deal of my time. I think is a great injustice that the Teachers should be obliged to do such a thing.
                • 20th February 1888. This morning the attendance is worse than ever, only 33 children have attended out of 95.
                • 24th October 1888. I think a great many of the parents have no care whether their children get an education or not.
                • 25th April 1889. The school has been fearfully cold and damp. On Wednesday I had to borrow a bucketful of coal to make a little fire for the infants.
                • 19th September 1890. My salary has been continually getting smaller year by year and this is little encouragement after a year's hard work.

                Social Life & Customs

                Jones, R Osborne Ty Dawns Trans. Cards. Antiq. Soc. IV, 1926 Welsh Journals Online

                This page has been partly compiled from material previously published in their journal
                by kind permission of Cardiganshire Family History Society