"MOUNT (MOEL Y MWNT), a parish in the lower division of the hundred of TROEDYRAUR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 3 1/2 Miles (N.) from Cardigan, containing 131 inhabitants, who are exclusively employed in agriculture. This parish, which is situated at the south-western extremity of the county, and on the shore of Cardigan bay, derives its name from a lofty hill of conical form near the church. At the base of this hill is a large sand bank, covering a great number of human bones, which are occasionally visible when the sand is scattered by the wind, and are supposed to be the remains of a body of Flemings, who, having effected a landing on this part of the coast, were encountered by the natives, and repulsed with great slaughter. The surrounding scenery is destitute of beauty, and the only views possessing any interest are those up the Vale of Teivy, and those extending over the bay, which is occasionally enlivened by the passing of vessels. The coast is here very bold and precipitous and the sounding within a short distance of the land is from four to seventeen fathoms. The living is a perpetual curacy, in the archdeaconry of Cardigan, and diocese of St.David's, endowed with £ 1000 royal bounty, and in the patronage of the Impropriator of the tithes. The church, dedicated to the Holy Cross, and situated near the sea, is an ancient edifice, consisting of a nave and chancel, but is not distinguished by any architectural details. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor amounts to £32.3."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]



Monumental inscriptions for Holy Cross Church, Mwnt are available on microfiche from Dyfed FHS.


Church History

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

  • Holy Cross Parish Church Thomas Rees, Minister

      Parish entry for Mount and Verwick from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

      • Holy Cross & St Pedrog (Verwick)
      • Incumbent and Curates; J Jones
      • Rural Deanery of Sub Aeron
      • Acreage 1,172 & 2,980 ; Population 71 & 283

          Holy Cross - photograph on Dyfed FHS

          See John Ball's site Welsh Churches and Chapels Collection for a photograph/data re Holy Cross Church

            Bateman, David. The church of the Holy Cross, Mount, and the church of Saint Pedrog, Verwig (NLW's site) Ceredigion, Vol II

            Bowen, E G. The Churches of Mount and Verwig (NLW's site) Ceredigion, II/ 4 : 202-05 (1955)

            Davies, D Ladd. Mount Church. Card. Antq. Soc. Trans., Vol I/3 Welsh Journals Online


            Church Records

            See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

            Parish Register;
            Baptisms 1813-1993. Marriages 1813-1971 . Burials 1813-1993 NLW/Cer.RO
            PR CMB 1778-1810 recorded as being on loose and imperfect leaves in 1831 seemingly lost.
            Bishops Transcripts;
            1674, 1676, 1679-85, 1799-1800, 1802-3, 1805, 1808-13, 1815-29, 1831-7, 1839-40, 1842-54, 1865, 1867, 1871-5 NLW

            See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

            I.G.I; Baptisms 1799-1852

            Nonconformist Chapels; None


            Description & Travel

            The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

            • Area 1142 acres; Population 49 males, 82 females, total 141

                Various landscapes  - on the People's Collection Wales site

                With the kind permission of the publisher, these selected extracts below are taken from " The History of Cardiganshire" by S R Meyrick, 1810, specifically the reprint of the 1907 imprint published by Stephen Collard in July 2000.

                • "Moel y Mownt, I presume the word 'mownt' is added to the name of this parish from its contiguity to the mound of sand, and Fleming's teeth, in Verwic parish, near it, but this is mere conjecture."
                • "The church is a perpetual curacy, and in the gift of the Prince of Wales. It generally is held with Verwic.The last two incumbents were the Rev. Mr John Jones, and the Rev. Mr Jones."
                    You can see pictures of Mount which are provided by:



                    The transcription of the section for Mount from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.



                    1914-6 Mwnt Bay  - on the People's Collection Wales site



                    Parish map (Kain/Oliver)

                    You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN211512 (Lat/Lon: 52.130299, -4.615631), Mount which are provided by:


                    Names, Geographical

                    Places, villages, farms etc within Mount as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

                    • Mwnt (100); Blaen-Fflyman; Llwyn-ysgaw; Nant; Pen Cestyll; Pen-Pel-es; Signal Sta.; Traeth-y-Mwnt; Ty-gwyn