"NANTCWNLLE (NANT-GYNLLO), a parish, partly in the upper division of the hundred of MOYTHEN, and partly in the lower division of the hundred of PENARTH, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 8 miles (N.) from Lampeter, containing 686 inhabitants. This parish derives its name from a small brook which flows into the river Aêron by which it is intersected, and from the dedication of its church to St. Cynllo, an eminent British saint, who flourished about the middle of the fifth century. The river Aêron here forms a boundary between the hundreds of Moythen and Penarth: the vale through which it flows abounds with pleasingly varied scenery, and the views over the surrounding country combine many objects of interest.The parish constitutes a prebend in the collegiate church of Brecknock, valued in the king's books at £7.6.8., and in the patronage of the Bishop of St.David's. The living is a discharged vicarage, in the archdeaconry of Cardigan, and diocese of St. David's, rated in the king's books at £3.13. 4., endowed with £ 600 royal bounty, and £ 600 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of the Bishop of St. David's. The tithes are divided between the prebendary and the vicar, the former of whom has two-thirds, and the latter one-third. The church, dedicated to St. Cynllo, is a small plain edifice, consisting of a nave and chancel, and is not distinguished by any architectural details of importance. There are some remains of an ancient intrenchment, called "Pen y Gaer." The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor is £ 110.10."
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]


Church History

St Cynllo - photograph on Dyfed FHS

See John Ball's site Welsh Churches and Chapels Collection for a photograph/data re St Gwynlleu's Church (St Cynllo)

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

  • Nantcwnlle Parish Church Evan Evans, Vicar
  • see Nonconformist chapels below

Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

  • St Cynllo & Mission Church
  • Incumbent and Curates; T T Davies
  • Rural Deanery of Ultra Aeron
  • Acreage 4,607 ; Population 515

    Black and White photograph showing St Gwynllan's church, Nantcwnlle  - on the People's Collection Wales site


    Church Records

    See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

    Parish Register;
    Baptisms 1813-1968. Marriages 1813-1971 [Banns 1957-67]. Burials 1813-1987 NLW with copies of some dates at Cer.RO
    Copy ts PR M 1764-1837 with index NLW/Cer.RO
    PR C 1768-1811 M 1763-1809 B 1771-1811 microfilmed in 1960 seemingly lost
    Bishops Transcripts;
    1675, 1799, 1811, 1813, 1815-17, 1820, 1822-43, 1845-72, 1874-80, 1882, 1885-8 NLW

    See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

    I.G.I; Baptisms 1811-75

    Nonconformist Chapels;

    Bwlchyllan / Bwlch-Llan CM chapel, (Penuel) Bwlchyllan

    • Bwlch-Llan CM chapel, (Penuel) Bwlch-Llan SN57975878 Preaching in homes for years before chapel built 1841, rebuilt 1876/7. Schoolhouse built 1836. Members; 140 in 1902 Records; see Gwynfil, Llanddewi brefi Still open 1998 (From The Chapels Recording Project in Wales & Rawlins - see Notes on Church/Chapel Records page)
    • Bwlchllan or Penuel chapel CM Erected in 1836 Rees Williams, Deacon, Bryngalem (1851 Religious census, see above)
    • From Byr Hanes am Blwyf Nantcwnlle
      Bwlchllan Chapel was licensed to perform marriages in 1865"
      "In 1836 a school was built in Bwlchllan and, after that, the Sunday School was held there. After five years this building was pulled down and the Methodists built a chapel in its place, with a schoolroom at the gable end, on land which Dr. Morgan, Frongoch, had leased to them "
      "The first Chapel was built in Bwlchllan in 1841; this was renovated and extended in 1876."
      "It was in 1895 that burials started in Bwlchllan Chapel graveyard and David Jones, Meiarth, was the first to be buried there on January 9th 1895, aged 73. "
    • Hanes Methodistiaeth, rhan ddeheuol Sir Aberteifi : oddechreuad y "Diwvgiad Methodistaidd" yn 1735 hyd 1900 . By John Evans. Dolgellau , 1904. (Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Church History in the southern part of Cardiganshire from 1735 to 1900) This book contains an entry for each CM chapel in existence in South Cardiganshire at the end of 1900, including this one. It includes a history of preaching in the area before the chapel was built, lists deacons, ministers etc, and contains a wealth of genealogical information.

    Description & Travel

    The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

    • Area 4603 acres; Population 368 males, 415 females, total 783

          With the kind permission of the publisher, these selected extracts below are taken from " The History of Cardiganshire" by S R Meyrick, 1810, specifically the reprint of the 1907 imprint published by Stephen Collard in July 2000.

          • "In this parish is an old intrenchment, called Pen y Gaer, just above Havod, the residence of Mr Rogers."
          • "Two thirds of the tithes belong to a prebendary in tthe church of Brecon."
          • The names of the last three incumbents [of the parish church], are ; the Rev. Rhys Williams ;the Rev. - Parry ; and the Rev John Evans."
          • Crynvryn, previously possessed by the Lloyd family. The estate was purchased by Sir Thomas Bonsall, Knt., whose son now possesses it.
          • Havod, the seat of --- Rogers Esq.
                  You can see pictures of Nantcwnlle which are provided by:



                  The transcription of the section for Nantcwnlle from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.



                  Cardiganshire Families

                  Edwards, S. A. Preface by Morgan, D. E. Brynele history.1950. Background of the Edwards family, Brynele, Nantcwnlle Parish

                  Hyatt, Jenni. An Illustrious Son of Cardiganshire: Rev David Edwardes MA., JP. [1836-1916]. Cardiganshire FHS journal vol 2/8, June 2001.

                  Worthington, Parch D. Cofiant y Parch Daniel Rowland,Llangeitho. Carmarthen:1923. Places and people, includes a pedigree of the Rowlandses of Nantcwnlle and Llangeitho.


                  Historical Geography

                  You can see the administrative areas in which Nantcwnlle has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.



                  Edwardes, David (Rev). The Annals of the Parish of Nantcwnlle from 1764 to 1809. London; Charles Cull, 1896

                  Edwardes, David (Rev). Plwyf Nantcwnlle Hen a Diweddar. NLW, 1913

                  Edwardes, Evan. (Rev) . Byr Hanes am Blwyf Nantcwnlle.(A Short History of the Parish of Nantcwnlle). Published by 'Cambrian News' Aberystwyth, Ltd., 1930 .Translation and name index by Jenni Hyatt 2003



                  Plan of the parish of Nantcwnlle, Cardiganshire  - on the People's Collection Wales site

                  Parish map (Kain/Oliver)

                  You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN574598 (Lat/Lon: 52.217664, -4.088159), Nantcwnlle which are provided by:


                  Names, Geographical

                  Places, villages, farms etc within Nantcwnlle as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

                  • Nantcwnlle (52); Blaen-castell; Bryn-ele; Bryn-gwyn; Bwlch-diwyrgam; Bwlch llan; Bwlch-y-graig; Crynfryn; Dyfnant; Fan; Glownant; Gwenffrwd; Hafod; Llan-Feilog; Llundain-fach; Nantcwnlle (village); Nant-Rhiw-afallen; Pen y Gaer; Talsarn; Ty-newydd; Ty'r college;