"PENBRYN (PEN-BRYN), a parish in the lower division of the hundred of TROEDYRAUR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 8 miles (E. N. E.) from Cardigan, containing 1733 inhabitants. This place derives its name, signifying " the Head of the Hill," from the situation of its church on the summit of an abrupt eminence near the sea, and is sometimes also called Llanvihangel Pen y Bryn from its dedication to St. Michael. The vicinity appears to have been distinguished, at a very early period, as the scene of several of those sanguinary conflicts which took place during the fierce struggles for empire among the rival chieftains of the principality, and the continued efforts of the confederate natives to repel the usurpation of their territories by foreign invaders...." [From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]
Monumental inscriptions for Penbryn Parish [Sant Mihangel, Bryn Moriah,Glynarthen, Penmorfa, Sarnau Sant Ioan,Tan-y-groes, Tre-saith ] (index only) are available on microfiche from Dyfed FHS
|Bryn Moriah Welsh Independent Chapel, Brynhoffnant, Penbryn|
|Glynarthen Welsh Independent Chapel, Glynarthen, Penbryn|
|Chapel, Penmorfa, Penbryn (Welsh Calvinistic Methodist)|
|Chapel, Tre-saith, Penbryn (Calvinistic Methodist)|
|Tanygroes Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Chapel, Tanygroes, Penbryn|
St John, Sarnau - photograph on Dyfed FHS
St Michael - photograph on Dyfed FHS
Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants
See Chapels database
Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).
Price, E T. Tro i Eglwys Penbryn (NLW's site) Ceredigion Vol III
Baptisms 1726-1993. Marriages 1726-1987 [Banns 1824-82] and Sarnau/St John 1947-70, 1972-9. Burials 1726-1992 at NLW/Cer.RO
Copy manuscripts PR[extracts] CMB 1796-1812 NLW
1678, 1680-3, 1685, 1687-8, 1703, 1799, 1801-3, 1805-11, 1813-18, 1820-63, 1865-6, 1870-4, 1876-7 NLW
See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg
I.G.I; Baptisms 1799-1877
Nonconformist Chapels; see Chapels database
The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;
Various landscapes/seascapes - on the People's Collection Wales site
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from Penbryn to another place.
Alderman, Mari. PEREGRINE of Penbryn, CGN. Dyfed FHS journal, 1996. Another problem with Welsh patronymics encountered and solved to show that collateral descendents may take different surnames than the one adopted by an ancestor.
Huws, Daniel. The Lewes Family of Abernantbychan (NLW's site) Ceredigion, Vol VI/2 1969.
"Those who have rummaged in seventeenth century Cardiganshire history will probably have become vaguely aware of the prominence in the public affairs of the county of the Lewes family of Abernantbychan, later of Coedmor. ......"
Jones, F E Llewellyn. Notes on the Jenkins Family of Dyffryn Bern (NLW's site) Ceredigion Vol VI
Jones, Francis. Walters of Perthcereint (NLW's site) Ceredigion, journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Vol VI/2, 1969. This Walters family was closely associated with the parishes of Penbryn and Betws Ifan.
Owens, B G. Benjamin Williams (Gwynionydd) 1821-1891 (NLW's site) Ceredigion Vol V
Rees, D Ben. Bywyd a gwaith D O Evans AS (NLW's site) Ceredigion XIV
Taylor, Anne Owen. Abernantbychan, [Plas y Glyn], Glynarthen, Penbryn. Cardiganshire FHS journal vol 2/8, June 2001. The story of the Owen(s) family. Also a continuation re Stephen Owen (1869-1933) of Plas Abernantbychan in Cardiganshire FHS journal vol 3/5 June 2003.
Taylor, Anne Owen. David Owen Jones (1899-1926) Military Medallist. Cardiganshire FHS journal vol 2/9 Oct 2001
Taylor, Anne Owen. Job Oswell Davies (1900-1950), Headmaster Glynarthen C P School, Penbryn parish. Cardiganshire FHS journal, Vol 3/3 Oct 2002
You can see the administrative areas in which Penbryn has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.
" ............ The stone was first recorded in the 1695 edition of Gibson's Camden, where it is vaguely referred to as 'a rude stone in Penbryn parish, not far from the Church'.................."
Jenkins, J Geraint. Penbryn Beach (NLW's site) Ceredigion, journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Vol IX/4 1983, pages 343/356. This very detailed article covers shipping, fishing, corn milling, malting/brewing, woollen manufacture, Llanborth, education, church and chapel.
'In the tranquility of Penbryn Beach today it is difficult to imagine the scale of commercial activity of the past. Transport by sea , before roads and railways, was the most efficient means of carrying goods and people to and from this isolated corner of West Wales, and , from the Middle Ages until the C19, Penbryn Beach was the the scene of great maritime activity. .............'
Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print has now been reprinted. The section relating to this parish is on pages 208/12; the last 3 incumbents of the church were the Rev Mr David Turnor, the Rev Mr William Holcomb and the Rev Mr Isaac Williams (of Ystrad Teilau). Mentions Llanborth, Abernant Bychan and Dyfryn-Hownant.
Saer, D J. The Story of Cardiganshire. (The Welsh Counties Series), published c 1912. Here is an extract relating to this parish submitted by David Pike; (p. 35-6)
"The farmers near the coast used seaweed as manure, and they conveyed it to the fields on horseback. It is on record that there were only two wheeled carts in the extensive parish of Penbryn less than 200 years age (ie: circa early 1700s). All the farmers then used sledges for farm work. When wheeled carts came into general use among farmers, about a hundred years ago (ie: circa 1800), the kind of cart adopted was small and heavy. The wheels were 4 ft. 6in. high, and the body of the cart was less than a yard wide, while it was too long for its width. Two horses or two oxen abreast used to draw it. As this cart did not require a wide track, the country roads that were made were very narrow."
Walround, J D. The Corbalengi Stone (NLW's site) Ceredigion Vol IV
Parish map (Kain/Oliver)
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN324502 (Lat/Lon: 52.124359, -4.448948), Penbryn which are provided by:
- Google Maps
- StreetMap (Current Ordnance Survey maps)
- OpenStreetMap Cymru (Welsh counties only)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- Old Maps Online
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)
Places, villages, farms etc within Penbryn as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)