Open a form to report problems or contribute information

1 Introduction 2 Message details 3 Upload file 4 Submitted
Page 1 of 4

Help and advice for Cenarth

If you have found a problem on this page then please report it on the following form. We will then do our best to fix it. If you are wanting advice then the best place to ask is on the area's specific email lists. All the information that we have is in the web pages, so please do not ask us to supply something that is not there. We are not able to offer a research service.

If you wish to report a problem, or contribute information, then do use the following form to tell us about it. We have a number of people each maintaining different sections of the web site, so it is important to submit information via a link on the relevant page otherwise it is likely to go to the wrong person and may not be acted upon.


Primary tabs

"KENARTH (CENARTH), a parish, in the union of NEWCASTLE-EMLYN, higher division of the hundred of ELVET, county of CARMARTHEN, SOUTH WALES; comprising the market and post-town of Newcastle-Emlyn, from which the church is distant 2 1/2 miles (W.N.W.); and containing 2044 inhabitants. This parish is beautifully situated on the river Teivy, over which the turnpike-road from Carmarthen to Cardigan is here carried by a stone bridge; and comprises by admeasurement 6420 acres, which are almost wholly inclosed and in a good state of cultivation, and of which about 400 are woodland, and the remainder two-thirds arable and one-third pasture. . . a considerable number of cattle are bred in the parish, and the other produce comprises chiefly corn, butter, and cheese. . . Near the church is the celebrated salmon leap on the river Teivy . . The church, dedicated to St. Llawddog, is a neat edifice, about 50 feet long and 25 broad, containing 230 sittings . . . A church has recently been erected at Newcastle-Emlyn, containing 500 sittings, of which 400 are free . . The Independent and Calvinistic Methodists have each a place of worship, in addition to the meeting-houses for dissenters [in] Newcastle-Emlyn. There are five day schools in the parish . . ." [From A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (S. Lewis, 1844).]



Monumental inscriptions for Brynseion Independent Chapel, Cenarth, are available on microfiche from Dyfed FHS.


Church History

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

  • Trinity Church, Newcastle Emlyn "Having a consolidated District assigned to it, under 6th sect. of 59th Geo. 3. cap. 134" Licensed Sept 1842 - Built instead of another Chapel previously existing, which was then taken down John Price Jones, Incumbent
  • Kenarth Parish Church Augustus Brigstocke, Vicar
  • Three (sic) Somon (?Salmons) Room Latter Day Saints Erected in 1850, part of a dwelling house Thomas Jones, elder
  • Bethel Welsh CM Erected in 1821 John Jones, Minister
  • Tabernacle Wesleyan Erected in 1833 Thomas Williams, Member of Society, Adpar
  • Ebenezer Ind Erected in 1807 Theophilus James, Deacon, Saddler
  • Graig chapel, Newcastle Emlyn Baptist Erected in 1776, rebuilt in 1821 Timothy Thomas, Baptist Minister
  • Pontgarreg Welsh CM Erected in 1818, rebuilt in 1844 Jonathan Thomas, Secretary, Pontgarreg
  • Bryn Sion Ind Erected in 1831 Abednego Jenkyn, Minister

Parish entry for Newcastle Emlyn from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by (Archive CD Books).

  • Holy Trinity
  • Incumbent and Curates; Gruffydd Evans
  • Rural Deanery of Emlyn
  • Acreage ---; Population 1,670

Parish entry for Cenarth from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by (Archive CD Books).

  • St Llawddog
  • Incumbent and Curates; J Robert Jones
  • Rural Deanery of Emlyn
  • Acreage 6,530; Population 317

    Various items - on the People's Collection Wales site

    • Photograph showing a view of Bryn Seion Independent Chapel, Pontseli, taken by Robert Scourfield, c.1996.
    • Photograph showing a view of Capel Cenarth Welsh Calvinistic Methodist Chapel, taken by Robert Scourfield, c.1996.

    Church Records

    Dyfed FHS have photographs and data relating to various churches and chapels on their site

    Parish registers: Christenings (1701-68, 1775-1909), Marriages (1701-1970), Banns (1824-60, 1934-35) and Burials (1701-68, 1775-1975) are at the National Library of Wales with copies of some dates at Carm.RO

    Copy ts PR index C 1813-75 M 1701-1875 [Banns 1823-60, 1934-5] at NLW and Carm.RO

    Bishops' Transcripts, covering the period (1676, 1678, 1680, 1682, 1684-9, 1699, 1704, 1799-1806, 1808-58, 1860-1) are at the National Library of Wales, and have been microfilmed by the LDS.

    Marriage index for this parish - see Dyfed Marriages, 1813-1837, Vol. 15 - Elvet Hundred (Dyfed Family History Society, c1989)

    See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

    Nonconformist Chapels:

    • Y Graig (Baptist, 1775), Water St, Newcastle Emlyn Member's subscriptions (1859-86) NLW SN3075640454 Cause 1668 first chapel built 1775/6, rebuilt 1821 & again 1875 Status (1995): in chapel use. Coflein
    • Bethel (Calvinistic Methodist, c1760),Church St, Newcastle Emlyn Births and baptisms (1810-37) PRO RG4/2256, LDS 815972, IGI; members (1800-09) NLW, LDS 104414/2 On Dyfed FHS (under Newcastle Emlyn) Still open in 2006
    • Pont-gareg [Bontgarreg] (Calvinistic Methodist, 1770), Pontgarreg Births and baptisms (1810-37) PRO RG4/3540, LDS 828111, IGI SN27553764 Built 1818 rebuilt/modified 1845. Rebuilt again 1874 See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg Status (1998): in chapel use. Coflein
    • Capel Cenarth Welsh CM chapel, Cenarth village ( See in Llandygwydd , CGN parish)
    • Bryn Seion (Independent, 1804), Pontseli/Zion Hill Records with those of Trewen (Brongwyn, Cardiganshire) and Capel Iwan (Cilrehdyn). SN25434000 Built 1831, renovated 1870, enlarged 1889. 1998 still open Coflein Bryn Seion Ind chapel, Pontseli shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Dec 2006)
      Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches), 4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry from this book for this chapel (in Welsh ) - with translation by Gareth Hicks (Oct 2008)
    • Ebenezer (Independent, c1807): records with those of Saron (Llangeler), Ebenezer St, Newcastle Emlyn On Dyfed FHS (under Newcastle Emlyn) Ebeneser Ind chapel, Newcastle Emlyn shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Dec 2006)
      Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches), 4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry from this book for this chapel (in Welsh ) - with translation by Gareth Hicks (Oct 2008)
    • Tabernacle (Wesleyan Methodist, 1806), Newcastle Emlyn Built 1834, part of Cardign circuit in early years, then Lampeter from 1850 Records with those of Wesleyan Chapel (Cardigan St Marys) and Wesleyan Chapel (Lampeter Pont Stephen Parish) Closed pre 1900 Not found on Coflein or Dyfed FHS
    • Our Lady Queen of Peace (Roman Catholic), Newcastle Emlyn On Dyfed FHS (under Newcastle Emlyn)

    Newcastle Emlyn/Castellnewydd [The chapel of ease to Cenarth built here c1780 seems to have been without separate PRs until the late 1830s. District assigned to new church 1843]
    Christenings (1839-1915) Marriages (1971-90) Burials (1842-1957) at NLW with copy Christenings (1839-1915) Burials (1842-1957) at Carm. RO. Marriages 1838-1970 with incumbent.
    BTs ; 1874, 1885-8, 1890, 1898 NLW


    Description and Travel

    The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., byJones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

    • Including town of Newcastle; Area 6429 acres; Population 934 males, 1046 females, total 1980

      Photographs and description of Newcastle Emlyn Castle on Castle Wales

      National Coracle Centre [and 17th Century Flour Mill] at Cenarth

      Cenarth Falls - on Trek Earth

      Newcastle Emlyn - on Wikipedia

      Various landscapes inc Newcastle Emlyn - on the People's Collection Wales site

      The Itinerary Through Wales and The Description of Wales by Giraldus Cambrensis (1188). The text is that of Sir Richard Colt Hoare who published an English translation in 1806, chiefly from the texts of Camden and Wharton . This extract is mostly from the foot-notes in the Everyman's Library edition, (ed. Ernest Rhys) 1908.

      " The noble river Teivi flows here, and abounds with the finest salmon, more than any other river of Wales; it has a productive fishery ( ? near Cilgerran), which is situated on the summit of a rock, at a place called Canarch Mawr*, the ancient residence of St Ludoc, where the river, falling from a great height, forms a cataract, which the salmon ascend, by leaping from the bottom to the top of a rock.... * (now known by the name of Kenarth, which may be derived from Cefn y garth - the back of the wear, a ridge of land behind the wear.) ' The church dedicated to St Ludoc, the mill, bridge, salmon leap, an orchard with a delightful garden, all stand together on a small plot of ground.'"

      Newcastle Emlyn Rural District, Carmarthenshire: the official guide, Home Publishing Co (1953) 28 p., ill.

      Stephenson, Mary Jane. Dewch am Dro! (Come for a walk!) Written for Welsh learners it describes a collection of walks around Penrherber in Cenarth parish but also contains a history and geography of the area. Mary Jane consulted census records, tithe maps, parish records and various books referring to Penrherber where there are local historical links going back as far as the Bronze Age

      You can see pictures of Cenarth which are provided by:



      Pigot & Co. South Wales Directory for 1830. Here are Extracts relating to Newcastle-in-Emlyn and Atpar

      Pigot & Co. South Wales Directory for 1844. Here are Extracts relating to Newcastle-in-Emlyn



      The transcription of the section for Cenarth from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.

      Ask for a calculation of the distance from Cenarth to another place.

      Click here for a list of nearby places.


      Historical Geography

      You can see the administrative areas in which Cenarth has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.



      Various items - on the People's Collection Wales site

      • Cradle from Cenarth, C19th
      • Bridge crossing the Teifi river and houses on far bank; girls sitting on wall in foreground and a horse-drawn cart crossing the bridge.
      • Kenarth Bridge, On The Teify
      • Report of the Carmarthen and Newcastle Emlyn Turnpike Trust, 1843
      • Workers at the Weir, Newcastle Emlyn, c 1885
      • Stage coach and horses in front of houses; also a horse-drawn cart. Cenarth c1885

      Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

      • Brythonydd Papers [early 18th century]-1952 (accumulated [1891x1952]) "'Brythonydd', the Rev. David Pryse Williams (1878-1952), was a writer, local historian and Baptist minister................ His personal researches were concerned, in early life, with the history of the lower Teifi Valley, especially the parishes of Cenarth, Carmarthenshire, and Penbryn, Cardiganshire. During this time he wrote articles and poems, published in periodicals such as Seren Gomer and Archaeologia Cambrensis and local newspapers. In 1902 he won the prize at the Newcastle Emlyn eisteddfod for an essay on the history of Cenarth ........"

      Baker-Jones, Leslie Dr., JP. The Glaspant Diary 1896 . Cultural Services Section, Carmarthenshire CC., Dec 2001; chronicles Carmarthenshire country life around one of the lesser gentry houses in Capel Iwan, Newcastle Emlyn over a hundred years ago. Based on a diary that was amongst the Howell (Glaspant) papers, deposited at the National Library of Wales by Mr Harry Howell JP and which was kept by his father Henry Williams Lloyd Howell for the year 1896.

      Davies, Cliff. From Rags to Riches: Anna Maria Phelps' Bequest to the Trustees of Trewen Chapel, Cwmcou. Dyfed FHS journal vol 9/1, Dec 2005

      Evans,Gruffydd. The Story of Newcastle Emlyn and Atpar to 1531, with a concluding survey. Cymmrodorion, 1923

      Lloyd, Sir John E., (Ed.). A History of Carmarthenshire (2 vols.), Cardiff, London Carmarthenshire Society (1935, 1939). Extracts from this book can be accessed on some parish pages, see here for this parish.

      Lloyd, T. H. Cenarth's 17th Century Mill. 1960


      Land and Property

      Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

      • Brigstocke collection "Deeds, 1813-[c .1870], relating to properties in the parish of St Peter, Carmarthen and in the parish of Cenarth ........"
      • Amphlett, Lewis and Evans [Solicitors, of Llandysul, previously situated in Newcastle Emlyn] deeds and records Include; "Deeds and documents, 1770-1959, relating to land in Newcastle Emlyn .....................etc "

      Names, Geographical

      Places, villages, farms etc within Cenarth as shown on the online parish map from the CD off Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Merv Thomas)

      • Cenarth [40]; Argoed, Blaen-ffos, Blaen-Gwyddon, Bryn, Bwlch-melyn, Cenarth, Clyn-athinog, Foel, Gelli-dywyll, Gelligatti, Gelli-oerlas, Hendy, Llety-dyd, Llwyn-bedw, Newcastle Emlyn, Pant-yr-hawl, Parc-nest, Pen, Penallt-Cillo, Pen-buarth, Pen-gelli, Pen-gelli-fach, Pengwern, Pengwern-isaf, Pen-lon, Pen-rherber, Pont-gureg, Rhid-y-felin, Shiral, Soar

      Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

      Ceredigion Archives holds records of the Newcastle Emlyn and Lampeter Poor Law Unions

      Thomas, M.J. Poor Relief Around Newcastle Emlyn, 1883-4, J. of the Dyfed FHS, vol. 6, no. 2, (1997) pp.54-55. [Transcription of listing of recipients.]


      Public Records

      Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

      • Newcastle Emlyn Parish Council Records 1895-1979
      • Newcastle Emlyn Rural District Council Records 1913-1940
      • Newcastle Emlyn Urban District Council Records 1960-1974

      Social life and Customs

      Fishing on the River Teifi, Cenarth. - on the People's Collection Wales site