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Llangendeirne

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"LLANGENDEIRN (LLAN-GYNDEYRN), a parish, in the hundred of KIDWELLY, union and county of CARMARTHEN, SOUTH WALES, 5 miles (S.E.) from Carmarthen, on the road through Llannon to Swansea; containing 2624 inhabitants . . . The lands are, with the exception of a very small portion, inclosed and in a good state of cultivation; and the substratum of the soil consists of various valuable minerals, chiefly, coal, iron, and limestone, the procuring of which affords employment to many of the inhabitants. . . The church, dedicated to St. Cyndeyrn, is a spacious and plain edifice; and the churchyard is one of the finest and most agreeably situated in the country. There are two places of worship for Independents, two for Baptists, and one for Methodists. A school for the gratuitous education of poor children was endowed by Mrs. Catherine Goldfrap, a native of the parish, in 1784 . . . there are 80 boys and girls in the school . . . About 60 children are instructed at another day school, at their parents' cost; and there are eight Sunday schools . . . Formerly there were numerous seats in the parish, within which no fewer than seven magistrates were resident; but they have all been deserted by their proprietors, and most of them converted into farm-houses." [From A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (S. Lewis, 1844).]

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Church History

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

  • Llangendeirne Parish Church Daniel Jones, P. Curate, Cwmafel
  • Bethel Babtist Erected before 1800, re-built in 1810 John Evans, Manager, Alltyfedw
  • Salem CM Erected in 1809 William Davies, Deacon, Llangendeirne village
  • Ebenezer Ind Erected in 1830 Daniel Evans, Minister, Nazareth, Nr Llanelly
  • Trallwn WM Erected in 1814 William Harries, Chapel Steward, Gwendraeth, Llanelly
  • Caersalem Ind Erected in 1816 Jacob Davies, Diacon, [?Tailor]
  • Nazareth, Glyn Hamlet Ind Erected in 1803 "Great many of our Congregation come from Llanelly parish. Note; The congregation usual are 300 more or less according to the whether because the whether make a difference in the Country" Daniel Evans, Minister
  • Soar, Minkau, Hamlet Glyn Particular Baptist Erected in 1837. Also used as Day School David Thomas, Deacon, Van

Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by (Archive CD Books).

  • St Cyndeyrn
  • Incumbent and Curates; J Williams
  • Rural Deanery of Kidwelly
  • Acreage ---; Population ---
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    Church Records

    Dyfed FHS have photographs and data relating to various churches and chapels on their site

    PR (1665-1700) recorded in 1933 apparently lost

    Parish registers: Christenings (1735-1858), Marriages (1735-1960) and Burials (1735-1972)), and Facsimiles of Marriages (1963-1971) are at the Carmarthenshire Record Office.

    Copy ts PR C (1665-1971) M (1671-1970) B (1668-1972) at Carm.RO

    Copy ts PR index CB (1813-75) M (1671-1875) at NLW and Carm.RO

    Bishops' Transcripts, covering the period (1671, 1677-9, 1681-7, 1690, 1692-6, 1700-4, 1707-8, 1711, 1717-21, 1724-43, 1746-7, 1749-51, 1753-67, 1769-94, 1796-1800, 1802-52, 1854-7, 1859-66) are at the National Library of Wales, and have been microfilmed by the LDS.

    Marriage index for this parish - see Dyfed Marriages, 1813-1837, Vol. 16 - Kidwelly Hundred (Dyfed Family History Society, c1989).

    See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

    Nonconformist Chapels:

    • Bethel (Baptist, c1796), Llangendeirne village On Dyfed FHS
    • Soar/Moriah (Baptist, 1828), Meinciau SN46131065 Built in 1825, rebuilt/modified 1864/5 & 1886 Still open 1998 Coflein
    • Jerusalem Baptist chapel, Pontyates SN46900854 Built 1908 Coflein
    • Pisgah Welsh Baptist chapel, Bancffosfelen SN48741202 Built 1872, rebuilt/modified 1899. Still open 1998 Coflein
    • Seilo Baptist chapel, Carwe SN46640661 Built 1891(1896?), rebuilt/modified 1906. Still open 1998 Coflein
    • Salem  Baptist, PEDAIR HEOL, Llangendeirne  - Salem Baptist Church was built 1809, rebuilt in 1837 and rebuilt again in 1901.  Coflein    
    • TABERNACL BAPTIST CHAPEL;TABERNACLE, PONTYBEREM - built in 1897    By December 2015 the chapel was closed and up for sale.    coflein
    • Caersalem (Independent, 1812), Pontyberem Burials NLW ex 800; records with those of Bethania (Llannon) SN49971136 Built in 1816, rebuilt in 1837 and 1884 Coflein Caersalem Ind chapel, Pontyberem shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Dec 2006)
      Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches),4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry from this book for this chapel (in Welsh ) - translated by Eleri Rowlands (Oct 2008)
    • Ebenezer (Independent, c1829), Crwbyn Deed (1830) and Hanes Eglwys Ebenezer,Crwbyn Carmarthenshire R.O. SN47431304 Built 1828/30; rebuilt 1892 Coflein Ebeneser Ind chapel, Crwbin shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Dec 2006)
      Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches), 4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry from this book for this chapel (in Welsh ) - with translation by Gareth Hicks (Dec 2008)
    • Nazareth (Independent, 1787), Pont- iets (within Llangendeirne parish) SN46500834 Built 1803, rebuilt 1831, rebuilt again 1876 Coflein Shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Dec 2006) See John Ball's site Welsh Churches and Chapels Collection for a photograph/data
      Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches), 4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry from this book for this chapel (in Welsh ) - with translation by Gareth Hicks (Dec 2008)
    • Bethel Ind chapel, Carwe SN46410654 Built 1891 Coflein Shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Dec 2006)
    • NEBO INDEPENDENT SUNDAY SCHOOL, MYNYDD CERIG - built in simple round-headed style, gable entry type. Status (2000): unknown.  coflein
    • Salem Calvinistic Methodist chapel, Four Roads - Salem Methodist Chapel was built in 1808, enlarged in 1837 and renewed in 1851.    coflein
    • Trallwm (Wesleyan Methodist, c1806), Pontyberem (listed in Rawlins) Built 1814 Part of Carmarthen circuit Records with those of Ebenezer (Carmarthen) Not found on Coflein or Dyfed FHS

    Pontyates/Pont-Iets [formed out of Llangendeirne and Llanelli]
    Christenings (1872-1945), Marriages (1858-1970) at Carm.RO

    Parish Church photograph and basic information from Dyfed FHS.

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    Description and Travel

    The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., byJones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

    • Area 11810 acres; Population 1140 males, 1283 females, total 2423
      You can see pictures of Llangendeirne which are provided by:

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      Gazetteers

      The transcription of the section for Llangendeirne from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.

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      Historical Geography

      You can see the administrative areas in which Llangendeirne has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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      History

      Lloyd, Sir John E., (Ed.). A History of Carmarthenshire (2 vols.), Cardiff, London Carmarthenshire Society (1935, 1939). Extracts from this book can be accessed on some parish pages, see here for this parish.

      Rhys, R. Cloi'r clwydi, [Llangyndeyrn], Cymdeithas Les Llangyndeyrn (1994) 72 p., ill., maps, ports.

      Resolutions passed at a meeting of farmers and other inhabitants of the parishes of Llanelli, Llan-non, Pembrey and Llangendeirne, held on Mynydd Sylen, between Llan-non and Pontyberem, 25 August 1843. The meeting was chaired by William Chambers and addressed by Hugh Williams. The resolutions passed related to tolls and the expenditure of the county stock, commending several landowners for reducing their rents and condemming Rees Goring Thomas for his 'unfair and deceitful' behaviour with regard to the Llanelli tithes.  - on the People's Collection Wales site

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      Land and Property

      Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

      • Papers relating to the Saunders family of Glanrhydw, Llangendeirne 1741-1925 "John Vaughan sold Glanrhydw, Carmarthenshire, to William Saunders, a successful attorney, in 1732............"

      Chief Rents 1664-1676 "Names and Surnames of the Freeholders that pay Chief Rent yearly within the Parish of Llangendeirne being Maynor Gwnwr and Quarter Trystyrch within the Commot of Kidwellie" - on the Kidwelly History site

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      Maps

      Plan of the parish of Llangyndeyrn in the County of Carmarthen - on the People's Collection Wales site

      Parish map(Kain/Oliver)

      You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN466113 (Lat/Lon: 51.778937, -4.224629), Llangendeirne which are provided by:

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      Names, Geographical

      Places, villages, farms etc within Llangendeirne as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

      • Llangendeirne (77); Aber Lledley; Afon Berem; Allt-y-cadno; Banc-ffos-felen; Blaenau; Bryn-ynyd; Capel-Ifan; Carway; Chapel (near Felindre); Cil-carw; Coed Adam; Coed-Walter; Coed Wgan; Coll.; Cwm-llethryd; Cwrbin; Fan; Felindre; Fforest; Ffrwd; Four Roads; Garn-wen; Gelli-gatrog; Gilfach; Glan-yr-ynys; Glyn Abbey; Greenhall; Gwempa; Gwendraeth Fach; Gwendraeth Fawr; Hengoed; Lan; Lan-cwm; Limestone Hill; Llangendeirne (village); Llwyn-piod; Llwyn-y-filwr; Maen Hir; Maen-sant; Meinciau; Meini Hirion; Mill; Mynydd Llangyndeyrn; Nant Rhydw; Pant-teg; Parc-y-mynydd; Pen-celli; Pen-y-lan; Plas-bach; Pont Antwn; Pont Henry (part); Pont-newydd; Tor-coed; Tor-coed-fawr; Trallwm; Tre-goch; Ty-gwyn; Ysgubor-wen
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      Occupations

      Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

      • Carway and Duffryn Steam Coal Co. Ltd Papers 1863 "Rees Emmanuel (fl. 1863) was a collier in the Gwendraeth Valley, Carmarthenshire. Carway and Duffryn Steam Coal Company was located in Llangyndeyrn in the Gwendraeth Valley."
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      Public Records

      Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

      • Llangynderyn Parish Council and Community Council Records 1894-1989