"LLANWINIO (LLAN-WYNO), a parish, comprising the Eastern and Western divisions, in the lower division of the hundred of DERLLYS, union and county of CARMARTHEN, SOUTH WALES, 13 miles (W.N.W.) from Carmarthen; containing 1035 inhabitants, of which number 422 are in the Eastern, and 613 in the Western, division. This parish . . . is situated near the western extremity of the county, on the border of Pembrokeshire, and comprises a large tract of lamd, the greater portion inclosed and cultivated; it is watered by the small river Avon Gynin. The surrounding country is finely diversified, and the distant views comprehend some fine combinations of mountain scenery and richly luxuriant pasture lands in the vicinity; the soil is fertile, and the inhabitants are chiefly employed in agriculture and in the feeding of numerous flocks of sheep. The village is pleasantly situated: an annual fair for sheep is held on the 12th of November. . . The church, dedicated to St. Gwyno, stands near the right bank of the Avon Gynin river; and there are places of worship for Baptists and Calvinistic Methodists, and for another congregation, assuming no other denomination than that of Dissenters. From 70 to 100 children, varying according to the season of the year, are instructed in two day schools at the expense of their parents; and there are three Sunday schools, in which about 250 males and females are taught gratuitously; all the schools appertain to dissenters." [From A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (S. Lewis, 1844).]


Church History

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

  • Llanwinio Parish Church Rees Griffith, Perpetual Curate
  • Cwmbach CM Erected in 1765 John Williams, Steward, Caerchedydd, Llanwinio
  • Moriah Ind Erected in 1829 J Davies, Minister, Glandwr, Sy. Clears
  • (Ramoth) Cwmfelin The Baptists Erected before 1800 William Enoc Jones, Minister of the Gospel, Cwmfelin

Parish entry for Llanwinio and Eglwys Fair-a-Churig from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by (Archive CD Books).

  • St Gwynio & St Mary (Eglwys Fair-a-Churig)
  • Incumbent and Curates; T O Evans
  • Rural Deanery of St Clears
  • Acreage 7,143 & 2,576 ; Population 566

See John Ball's site Welsh Churches and Chapels Collection for a photograph/data re St Gwynno's Church

Various items - on the People's Collection Wales site

  • Digital copy of a colour photograph showing general view of Capel y Graig, Cwmbach, taken by Robert Scourfield, 1995.
  • Digital copy of a black and white photograph showing an exterior view of Ramoth Welsh Baptist Chapel, Cwmfelin Mynach, taken by Robert Scourfield, 1996.
  • Digital copy of a black and white photograph showing an exterior view of Moreia Welsh Independent Chapel, Blaenwaun, taken by Robert Scourfield, 1996.

Griffiths, G. Milwyn. A Visitation of the Archdeaconry of Carmarthen, 1710 National Library of Wales journal. 1974, Summer Vol XVIII/3. Includes the parish of Llan Ynio

Evans, Nansi. Eglwys y Bedyddwyr Ramoth, Cwmfelin Mynach, 1795-1995. Cwmfelin Mynach: Ramoth, 1995. 16p: ill, ports; 21cm.


Church Records

Dyfed FHS have photographs and data relating to various churches and chapels on their site

PR (1729-66?) recorded in 1831 apparently lost

Parish registers: Christenings (1767-1991), Marriages (1767-1967), Banns (1824-75) and Burials (1767-1910) are at the Carmarthenshire Record Office.

Copy ts PR index CB (1813-75) M (1754-1875) at NLW and Carm.RO

Bishops' Transcripts, covering the period (1672, 1678, 1681-8, 1691, 1694, 1696-9, 1702, 1707-8, 1711, 1715-18, 1720, 1724-48, 1751-72, 1774-81, 1784-90, 1792-8, 1802-8, 1810-58, 1860-77) are at the National Library of Wales, and have been microfilmed by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

An Index to Christenings (1813-1875), Marriages (1754-1875) and Burials (1813-1875) is available on microfiche from Dyfed FHS.

Marriage index for this parish - see Dyfed Marriages, 1813-1837, Vol. 14 - Derllys Hundred (Dyfed Family History Society, c1989)

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

Nonconformist Chapels:

  • Ramoth (Baptist, c1775), Cwmfelin Mynach Births (1779-1828) PRO RG8/103 On Dyfed FHS
  • Graig (Calvinistic Methodist, 1742), Cwmbach Births and baptisms (1799-1837) PRO RG4/3831, LDS 828108, IGI On Dyfed FHS Capel y Graig Cwmbach Calvinistic Methodist chapel is still open in 2006 See John Ball's site Welsh Churches and Chapels Collection for a photograph/data
  • Moriah (Independent, bef 1828), near Blaenwaun Records with those of Glandwr (Llanfyrnach) SN23342758 Built in 1828/9; rebuilt/modified 1885. Still open 1998 Coflein
    Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches), 4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry from this book for this chapel (in Welsh ) - with translation by Eleri Rowlands (Dec 2008)

Description & Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., byJones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

  • Area 7169 acres; Population 481 males, 533 females, total 1014
You can see pictures of Llanwinio which are provided by:



The transcription of the section for Llanwinio from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.



Xavier, Dilys. Divine Ancestor a Buccaneer ? [Rev.William Williams 1857+ Waunfawr, Llanwinio] Dyfed FHS journal Vol 6/5 Dec 1998, p 188-190.



Lloyd, Sir John E., (Ed.). A History of Carmarthenshire (2 vols.), Cardiff, London Carmarthenshire Society (1935, 1939). Extracts from this book can be accessed on some parish pages, see below for this parish.

  • The History of the Church in the County/Puritan Domination; A period of Depression; In 1672, Llanwinio church is listed in a long list of Carmarthenshire churches where "everything was out of repair" in the aftermath of the confusion of the previous 20 years.
  • The Age of the Native Princes/ The Early Church/Rise of the Kingdom of Deheubarth ; "No vestige remains of any ecclesiastical building erected during this period (400-1282)......the abundance of wood led to the neglect of the use of stone for this purpose............but stone was used.......setting up memorials to the dead...........these are found in association with many sacred sites in Carmarthenshire........indicate places of Christian interment as early as the sixth century............... Ogam inscriptions have come to light at Llanwinio etc......"
  • Prehistoric and Roman Times/ Human Settlement and Economy in the Early Iron Age/Fortresses utilising promontories etc; includes Pen-y-castell, Llanwinio and Castell Mawr , Llanwinio.
  • Prehistoric and Roman Times/Carmarthenshire in the New Stone Age/Standing Stones; list includes 'Near Pantymaen Farm, Llanwinio'


Plan of Llanwinio parish in the County of Carmarthen - on the People's Collection Wales site

Parish map(Kain/Oliver)

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN250262 (Lat/Lon: 51.906797, -4.545508), Llanwinio which are provided by:


Names, Geographical

Places, villages, farms etc within Llanwinio as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Katherine Hocking)

  • Llanwinio (45):- Blaen-trafle, Blaenwaun, Caerlleon, Caer-uchedydol, Castell Mawr, Cil-cryman fach, Cil-gryman-fawr, Cilsant, Clos, Cwm bach, Cwmfelin-mynach, Esgair-ddaugoed, Ffynon-felin, Ffynon-wen, Fron, Gilfach blewd, Goetre-fawr, Goetre-uchaf, Llain, Llanwinio, Llechclawdd, Mill, Pant y maen, Pen graig, Pen hen rhiw, Pen-yr-allt, Pen yr allt cochel, Rhyd-Carnarvon, Rhyd goch, Rhyd-Rhys-Harry, Trecyrn, Trehws.

Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Llanwinio Parish Council Records 1887-1974