"PENCARREG (PEN-CAREG), a parish, in the union of LAMPETER, higher division of the hundred of CATHINOG, county of CARMARTHEN, SOUTH WALES, 4 miles (S.W.) from Lampeter; containing 1187 inhabitants. It forms a pleasing and well-wooded tract on the Teivy, and is intersected by the road from Lampeter to Carmarthen; a lofty mountain, called Pencarreg, extends across it on the south. The village is situated on the left bank of the river; a fair is held in it on October 11th. . . The church, dedicated to St. Patrick, is a small structure of no architectural pretensions. There are places of worship for Presbyterians and Baptists. In the winter and spring there are generally two day schools, containing about 60 children; and in the summer and autumn the parishioners assemble on Sundays to give instruction in reading &c., to such as require it. . . " [From A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (S. Lewis, 1844).]



Monumental inscriptions for Bethel Parcyrhos Chapel and Esgairdawe Independent Chapel, are available on microfiche from Dyfed FHS.


Church History

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

  • Pencarreg Parish Church Thomas Jones, Vicar
  • Caersalem Baptist Erected in 1840 John Williams, Minister, Aberduar
  • Park y Rhos Ind "Used first as a chapel in 1841. It was previously a dwelling house " William Davies PhD, Minister
  • Esgerdawe Ind Erected in 1844 [? see below under Chapel records] Rees Jones, Minister

Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by (Archive CD Books).

  • St Patrick & St James
  • Incumbent and Curates; D James
  • Rural Deanery of Lampeter
  • Acreage 10,177 ; Population 1,009

    Church, Pencarreg - on the People's Collection Wales site

    Davies, T. Eirug. Hanes Bethel, Parcyrhos at gyrddau dathlu ei chanmlwyddiant, Mai 28ain a 29ain, 1940, (Llanbedr-Pont-Steffan, 1940), 48p.

    Griffiths, G. Milwyn. A Visitation of the Archdeaconry of Carmarthen, 1710 National Library of Wales journal. 1974, Summer Vol XVIII/3. Includes the parish of Pencarreg

    Gruffydd, W.J. Caersalem y Bedyddwyr: Parc y Rhos: 1840-1990, Parc y Rhos, Eglwys y Bedyddwyr Caersalem (1990) 32 p., ill., facsims., ports.

    Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru. (History of the Welsh Independent Churches) volume 3, page 559, published 1873, FHL microfilm 1559405 item 3.
    Here is the ( Welsh) extract from this book relating to Esgairdawe contributed by Darris G Williams (with translation by Eric Davies)

    Williams, M.E. Hanes Eglwys Annibynnol Esgairdawe, Mary Eunice Williams (1992) 293 p. : p., ill., map. Here is an index by Gareth Hicks , also two lists of chapel members and some baptism, marriage and burial records for the chapel. In 5/2022 a full transcription of the book was added, contributed by Gareth Davies


    Church Records

    Dyfed FHS have photographs and data relating to various churches and chapels on their site

    Parish registers: Christenings (1789-1934) , Marriages (1754-1968), Burials (1789-1992) are at the National Library of Wales and copy Mf Marriages (1754-1968) are at the Carmarthenshire Record Office

    Copy ts PR index C (1813-1934) M (1754-1971) B (1813-1992) at NLW

    Bishops' Transcripts, covering the period (1675-1901, but with many gaps) are at the National Library of Wales, and have been microfilmed by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

    Marriage index for this parish - see Dyfed Marriages, 1813-1837, Vol. 17 - Cathinog Hundred (Dyfed Family History Society, c1989)

    See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

    Nonconformist Chapels:

    • Caersalem (Baptist, 1839), Parc-y-Rhos Records with those of Aberduar (Llanybydder) On Dyfed FHS
    • Bethel (Independent, 1840), Parc-y-Rhos Records with those of Rhydybont (Llanybydder) and Ffaldybrenin (Llan-y-Crwys) On Dyfed FHS Bethel, Parc-y-rhos, Ind chapel shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Dec 2006)
      Rees, Thomas & John Thomas. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru (History of the Welsh Independent Churches), 4 volumes (published 1871+). Here is the entry from this book for this chapel (in Welsh ) - with translation by Maureen Saycell (Oct 2008)
    • Esgairdawe (Independent, c1700), Esgairdawe See Ffaldybrenin (Llan-y-Crwys) births and baptisms (1765-1837) PRO RG4/3825, LDS 828113; baptisms and burials at Esgairdawe and Ffaldybrenin (1859-1913) NLW Ms 472B; members (1827-78, 1868-1906) NLW Ms 470-1B LDS 830936/1; transcripts of Esgairdawe and Croftycyff (Ffaldybrenin) register with baptisms (1759-1817), burials (1834-44), baptisms (1818-57), and register of congregation to 1856 NLW Ms 8716D On Dyfed FHS Shown as still open on the Union of Welsh Independents site (Dec 2006)
    • Capel y Wern, Wern (Non denominational ?), north of Maestyle in Pencarreg parish SN59044063 C19th ? Not open 1999 Coflein On Dyfed FHS under Llanybydder

    Held at Carmarthen Archives;

    • Reconstituted families from the baptism registers of both Esgairdawe and Ffaldybrenin Independent chapels, and also Llanycrwys church, 1995. Also Memorial Inscriptions for the two chapels mentioned.

    Description & Travel

    The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., byJones, I.G. & Williams, D. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. These statistics for this parish are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

    • Area 10392 acres; Population 552 males, 571 females, total 1123
      You can see pictures of Pencarreg which are provided by:



      The transcription of the section for Pencarreg from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.



      Ein plwyf [Our parish]: hanes Plwyf Pencarreg [history of Pencarreg Parish], [Glanrhyd, Cwmann, Lampeter, Dyfed], [Cwmann Young Farmers' Club] (1976) 84 p., [4] p. of plates: p., ill. [ISBN: 0950520608 (pbk)]

      Lloyd, Sir John E., (Ed.). A History of Carmarthenshire (2 vols.), Cardiff, London Carmarthenshire Society (1935, 1939). Extracts from this book can be accessed on some parish pages, see here for this parish

      Williams, D. J. The Old Farmhouse/Hen Dy Ffarm. trans. from Welsh by Waldo Williams. 1961 (Harrap). 238pp. well-known account of farming life in the Carmarthenshire parishes of Llansawel, Caio, Pencarreg and Llanybydder at turn of 19th and 20th centuries. Also a parallel-text Welsh/English version published by Gomer, Llandysul, 2001/2, (1 84323 032 1). "Since it was first published in 1953 Hen Dy Ffarm has become a classic of Welsh literature......."


      Land & Property

      Dolgwm Uchaf, Pencarreg Field Names - on the People's Collection Wales site

      Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

      • Vincent Evans Collection (Solicitor in Lampeter) "Deeds and documents, 1734-1895, mainly relating to lands in the parish of Pencarreg, Carmarthenshire............."


      Map of the parish of Pencarreg in the County of Carmarthen - on the People's Collection Wales site

      Parish map(Kain/Oliver)

      You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN569436 (Lat/Lon: 52.072629, -4.089961), Pencarreg which are provided by:


      Names, Geographical

      Places, villages, farms etc within Pencarreg as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

      • Pencarreg (5); Baileycoch; Blaen-careg; Blaen Ceiment; Bryn-mawr; Cae-mawr; Cefn-bryn; Cil-gell; Coed-eithig; Cwmann; Cwm-ganol; Dolgwm; Esgair-Dawe; Felindre; Frowen; Gelli Ddewi-isaf; Esgair-wen; Gwarcoed; Gwar-gate; Kings Park; Llyn Pencarreg; Maes-canol; Maes-llan; Maes-tyle; Mynydd Pencarreg; Nant Eiddig; Nant Tawe; Pant-y-crwys; Parc-rhos; Pencarreg (village); Pen-llain; Pen Tas-eithin; Pyllau-crynion; Ram; Rhiw-yr-Erfin; Tre Herbert; Wenallt;


      Williams, Mary Eunice    Hanes Ysgol Esgairdawe   1982  Here is a full transcription of the book, contributed by Gareth Davies 5/2022

      Various items - on the People's Collection Wales site

      • Boys, Pencarreg school  nd
      • School pupils, Pencarreg (1891)