"A chapelry in the parish and Union of Wrexham, hundred of Bromfield, county of Denbigh; 2 miles (W by N) from Wrexham, containing 1716 inhabitants. ..... There are extensive paper mills in this chapelry, situated upon the river Clywedog, affording employment to a considerable number of persons; and the whole of this district abounds with valuable and extensive mines of iron, lead, and coal, for working which several establishments have long been formed on a large scale." [A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, 1833 & 1849, Samuel Lewis]
"Bersham is a large township which stretches westward from the borough of Wrexham, between the rivers Gwenfro and Clywedog, to the mountain township of Minera or Mwnglawdd. It is bounded on the north by Broughton-in-Bromfield and Brymbo, and on the south by Esclusham Above, Esclusham Below, and Erddig - all, but the last-named, townships in the old parish of Wrexham. The name "Bersham" was formerly applied to the township only, and not to the village now so-called." [John Wilkinson and the Old Bersham Iron Works, 1899, Alfred Neobard Palmer ]
Berse became a separate parish on 28 June 1934, being formed from parts of the parishes of Rhosddu and Wrexham.
- Dickinson, H W. John Wilkinson, ironmaster Ulverston : Hume Kitchin, 1914.
- Edwards, Peter H. The Edwards family of Bersham Batlow, N.S.W. : P.H. Edwards, 1997.
- Gibbs, Colin. Clatter of clogs 2nd ed. Bersham : Bersham Industrial Heritage Centre, 1990.
- Grenter, Stephen and Ann Williams. Bersham Ironworks The Welsh industrial heritage:a review, edited by C.S.Briggs (1992), p. 96-100
- Grenter, Stephen. Bersham Ironworks excavations, 1987-1990 Industrial Archaeology Review 14 (1992), p. 177-92
- Grenter, Stephen. John Wilkinson and Bersham Ironworks,Wrexham Wilkinson Studies 1 (1991), p. 21-8
- Howell, David The 1984-85 miners' strike in north Wales Contemporary Wales, Vol. 4, (1991), p. 67-98
- Hughes, D R. Reflections on a visit to the site of Bersham Ironworks Clwyd Historian = Hanes Bro Clwyd. No. 39 (Autumn 1997), p. 22-26
- Palmer, Alfred Neobard. John Wilkinson and the old Bersham Iron Works Wrexham, 1899
- Ridley, Oliver. Pre-Wilkinson history of the Bersham and Willey sites Wilkinson Studies 2 (1992), p. 29-31
- Smith, Steve. Bersham and the Wilkinsons Mold : Clwyd Centre for Educational Technology, c1984.
- Smith, Steve and Bernadette Jones Bersham, the early years Mold : Clwyd Centre for Educational Technology, c1984.
- Soldon, Norbert C. John Wilkinson, 1728-1808 c1998.
- Williams, Ann. The ironworks of Bersham Popular Archaeology 7/6 (1986), p. 18-24
Church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 11, North Wales. Ed. by Ieuan Gwynedd Jones, UWP, 1981. The names given towards the end of each entry are those of the informants.
Bersham Township within Wrexham Parish, Statistics; Area 1901 acres; Population 1115 males, 1102 females, total 2217
Ordnance Survey reference SJ 317509.
"The chapel, known by the local name of "Capel Madam", is situated on the south-western extremity of the township of Broughton. Attached to it is a school for the instruction, clothing and maintenance of ten poor female children, founded in 1762, by Anne, the Hon. Dowager Viscountess Primerose."
[ A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, 1833 & 1849, Samuel Lewis]
The church was built in 1742 by Mrs Mary Drelincourt, in connection with a charity school for 24 girls. It was consecrated on 13 September 1759, enlarged in 1828, and restored in 1862. There were further modifications in 1930.
It does not have a dedication, and is simply known as "The Parish Church, Berse".
The Clwyd FHS website has a photograph of the church.
"Welsh Church Commission - County of Denbigh - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905" lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civil parish of Bersham :
|Name of Chapel||Denomination||Number of "adherents"|
|Tabernacle, Coedpoeth||Baptists||Not stated|
|Bethel, Smelt||Calvinistic Methodists||252|
|Coedpoeth||Calvinistic Methodists (English language)||140|
|Nant yr Adwy||Calvinistic Methodists||200|
|Southsea or Glan'rafon||Calvinistic Methodists||186|
|Southsea||Calvinistic Methodists (English language)||175|
|Bethlehem, Penygelli||Congregationalists (English language)||84|
|Not named||Wesleyans (English language)||65|
|Offa, Adwy||Wesleyans (English language)||106|
|Not named, Coedpoeth||Primitive Methodists (English language)||100|
- The following Parish Registers have been deposited at the Denbighshire Record Office, Ruthin.
They may be viewed on microfilm at the Denbighshire and Flintshire Record Offices, at the A.N. Palmer Library, Wrexham, and at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth.
These microfilms are not available elsewhere.
|1860 - 1957||1890 - 1983||None|
- There are no Bishop's Transcripts for the parish church of Berse.
- There are no official I.G.I. entries for the parish church of Berse.
Having been formed from townships of the parish of Wrexham, the parish of Bersham was assigned to the Wrexham Registration District.
In the GRO indexes to civil registration, entries for Bersham are in the format :
- Years 1837 - 1851: Wrexham XXVII. nnn
- Years 1851 - 1930: Wrexham 11b. nnn
(GRO index references have no relevance at the local Superintendent Registrar's Office)
Bersham - on wikipedia
The transcription of the section for this parish from the National Gazetteer (1868), provided by Colin Hinson.
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from Bersham to another place.
You can see the administrative areas in which Bersham has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.
"North-East Wales Churches and Ancient Parish Boundaries" produced by Clwyd Record Office in 1994, published by Genuki with the permission of Flintshire Record Office and Denbighshire Archives
Bersham township in the parish of Wrexham on the People's Collection Wales site
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SJ307493 (Lat/Lon: 53.036468, -3.034934), Bersham which are provided by:
- Google Maps
- StreetMap (Current Ordnance Survey maps)
- OpenStreetMap Cymru (Welsh counties only)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- Old Maps Online
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)
Bersham War Memorial on the People's Collection Wales site
Bersham Boys School Log Book, 1891 on the People's Collection Wales site