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LLANRWST

In 1868, the parish of Llanrwst contained the following places:

"LLANRWST, a parish and market town in the hundred of Isdulas, county Denbigh, and hundred of Nant-Conway, county Carnarvon, 10 miles S. of Conway, 16 S.W. of Denbigh, and 218 from London. The Conway and Llanrwst branch of the Chester and Holyhead railway has its terminus here. It is situated on the river Conway, which is here crossed by a steep bridge of three arches, built under the direction of Inigo Jones about 1636. The parish includes 7 townships, Garth-Garmon and Tre-ydre being among the principal. The town, which is nearly surrounded by mountains, has of late years undergone great improvements, both in the buildings and general appearance of the place. There is a good townhall, in which the county court sits monthly, a market-place, and a branch bank. It is a polling-place for the county elections. The trade of the place is of no great extent, consisting chiefly of woollens, stockings, tanning, and malting. There are several corn mills. In the neighbourhood are stone-quarries, also coal and iron mines. Formerly Llanrwst was famous for the manufacture of the Welsh harp. The living is a rectory in the diocese of St. Asaph, value £720, in the patronage of the bishop. The church, dedicated to St. Grwst, is a modern structure, adjoining which is the Gwydir chapel, built by Inigo Jones in 1633, no longer used for service, but containing many curious monuments and some good carving. Much of the interior fittings, such as the carved roof, rood-loft, stalls, &c., are said to have been brought' from Maenan Abbey. It contains numerous monuments, effigies, and a brass of the 17th century, to Sarah Wynn; also the stone coffin of Llewelynap-Iorworth, son-in-law of John, King of England, and the stone effigy of Howell Coetmore ap Gruffydd Vychan ap Dafyd. There are also two district churches viz: St. Mary's and Capel Garmon, the livings of both which are perpetual curacies in the patronage of the rector. The charities produce abort £75 per annum, including £36, the endowment to the free school and Jesus' Hospital. The Independents, Baptists, and Calvinistic Methodists have each a chapel. In addition to the free grammar school there are National, British, and denominational schools. Sir W. W. Wynn, Bart., is lord of the manor. Gwydir is the seat of Lord Willoughby D'Eresby. Tuesday and Saturday are the market days. Fairs are held on the first Tuesday in February, 8th March, 25th April, 21st June, 10th August, 17th September, 25th October, and the second Tuesday after 11th December."

"GARTH-GARMON, (or Capel-garmon), a township in the parish of Llanrwst, county Denbigh, North Wales, 4 miles S. of Llanrwst.

"GARTHGYFANEDD, a township in the parish of Llanrwst, county Denbigh, 2 miles from Llanrwst."

"MATHEBRWYD, a township in the parish of Llanrwst, hundred of Isdulas, county Denbigh, 2 miles from Llanrwst, and 17 W. by S. of Denbigh. It is situated on the river Conway"

"TRE-Y-DRE, a township in the parish of Llanrwst, county Denbigh, 2 miles from Llanrwst, and 17 S.W. from Denbigh, near the river Conway."

"TYBRITH and ISSAF and UCHAF, hamlets in the parish of Llanrwst, county Denbigh, near Llanrwst."

[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868]
by Colin Hinson ©2018