"Cilcain is a very ancient village, lying beneth Moel Fammau, the highest of the Clwydian Hills. ... This village lies in the midst, and commands an extensive range, of most beautiful scenery. The cottages and farmhouses are nearly all whitewashed or coloured, and look exceedingly picturesque." [From Handy Guide to Mold and the Neighbourhood , Tweddel, 1890]
Cilcain is one of the "ancient parishes" of Flintshire. It originally comprised the seven townships of Cefn, Llan (or Tre'r Llan), Llystynhunydd (or Glust), Llys y Coed, Maes y Groes, Mechlas (or Dolfechlas), and Trellyniau.
On 27 June 1848, the township of Trellyniau and part of the township of Llystynhunydd went to the new parish of Rhesycae.
On 31 March 1865, the remainder of Llystynhunydd, and parts of the townships of Cefn and Mechlas went to the new parish of Rhydymwyn.
- Bevan-Evans, M et al The excavation of a cairn on Cefn-Goleu near Moel Fammau Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.13 1952/3 Welsh Journals Online and Second Report Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.15 1954/5 Welsh Journals Online
- Cilcain. [Ruthin] : Clwyd Voluntary Services Council, 
- Cilcain and its parish church. Chester [Eng., Printed and pub. for the Architectural, Archaeological, and Historic Society for the County and City of Chester, and North Wales] by G. R. Griffith, 1912.
- Edwards, Gwyneth. Crefftwyr Cilcain Llafar Gwlad 33 (1991), p. 11-14
- Gruffydd, Eirlys. Capel Gad, Cilcain Cilcain : swyddogion ac aelodau Capel Gad, 2006.
- 'Llythyr desgrifiadol Cilcain a'r amgylchoedd' ; gan R. Thos. Williams : am ba rai y derbyniodd yr awdwr y prif wobrau a gynygiesid gan bwyllgorau eisteddfod y lleoedd uchod, Llungwyn 1888 a Nadolig 1890; hefyd, y chwe' phenill buddugol i'r 'Foel Famau' o eiddo'r eisteddfod gyntaf. Pwllheli : Argraphwyd dros yr awdwr gan Richd. Jones, 1896.
- Roberts, Dewi. A Cilcain Christmas Country Quest. December 2006, p. 24
- Simpson, Frank Cilcain and its parish church: being an address to the Society given in the Town Hall, Mold, May 2nd 1912 Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.2 1912 Welsh Journals Online
- Smith, P and P Hayes Brithdir Mawr, Cilcain: a hall house of 1589 Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol. 21 1964 Welsh Journals Online
In addition to the churchyard of St. Mary's parish church, there is a public cemetery, administered by the local authority. The records are understood to cover the years 1896 to date, but they are not available for public inspection.
Ordnance Survey reference SJ 177652
The first recorded mention of the church at Cilcain dates from 1291.
The Clwyd FHS website has a photograph of the church.
'Cilcain Church' by Moses Griffith, 1799 (watercolour) on the People's Collection Wales site
"Welsh Church Commission - County of Flint - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905" lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civil parish of Cilcain:
|Name of Chapel||Denomination||Number of "adherents"|
|Not named||Calvinistic Methodist||179|
- The following nonconformist registers for the Cilcain area are held at the Public Record Office, Kew.
They may be viewed on microfilm at LDS Family History Centres; and at the Flintshire Record Office, the Denbighshire Record Office and the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth.
Pentre, but not Salem, has been incorporated into the I.G.I., as part of an "official extraction" programme :
|Name of Chapel||Denomination||Type of Record||Years Covered||I.G.I. Batch Number|
|Pentre, Maes y Groes||Calvinistic Methodist||Births and Baptisms||1812 - 1836||C098391|
|Salem||Independent||Births and Baptisms||1818-1837||-|
- The following nonconformist registers for the Cilcain area are held at the Flintshire Record Office, Hawarden.
They have not been filmed; and they have not been incorporated into the I.G.I. :
|Name of Chapel||Denomination||Type of Record||Years Covered|
|Garregboeth (later Sardis)||Calvinistic Methodist||Births and Baptisms||1840 - 1944|
When Civil Registration was introduced (on 1 July 1837), the parish of Cilcain was assigned to the No. 4 ("Mold") sub-district of the Holywell Registration District, which was co-extensive with the Holywell poor law Union.
In the GRO indexes to civil registration, entries for Cilcain are found under:
- Years 1837 - 1851: Holywell XXVII. nnn
- Years 1852 - 1946: Holywell 11b. nnn
(GRO index references have no relevance at the local Superintendent Registrar's Office)
The transcription of the section for this place from the National Gazetteer (1868), provided by Colin Hinson.
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from Cilcain to another place.
You can see the administrative areas in which Cilcain has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.
"North-East Wales Churches and Ancient Parish Boundaries" produced by Clwyd Record Office in 1994, published by Genuki with the permission of Flintshire Record Office and Denbighshire Archives
Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348. Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county
The parish of Cilcen in the County of Flint on the People's Collection Wales site
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SJ177667 (Lat/Lon: 53.190745, -3.233199), Cilcain which are provided by:
- Google Maps
- StreetMap (Current Ordnance Survey maps)
- OpenStreetMap Cymru (Welsh counties only)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- OldMaps (Old Ordnance Survey maps.)
- Old Maps Online (Other old maps.)
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)
- In 1831- the population was 1189.
- In 1901- the population was 362.
[ Royal Commission on the Welsh Church - October 1907]