"This parish rises for the most part gradually from the shore of the wide æstuary of the Dee, by which it is bounded on the east and north-east, into hills of considerable elevation. ..... The village, which is of small size, but contains several neat houses, is pleasantly situated at no great distance from the Chester and Holyhead road, and near the head of a small valley, which, deepening in its course, stretches towards the sea, having its sides beautifully fringed with woods." [A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, S. Lewis, 1834]
Whitford is one of the "ancient parishes" of Flintshire. It originally comprised the nine townships of Bychton, Ednywain (or Trefednywain), Maesbledrys, Mertyn Isglan, Mertyn Uwch Glan, Tre'rabad, Tre'r Llan (or Whitford Lan), Tre Mostyn and Whitford Garn.
On 23 May 1844, it lost the townships of Bychton and Mertyn Isglan, and part of the township of Tre Mostyn, to the newly created parish of Mostyn.
On 19 August 1853, part of the township of Mertyn Uwch Glan was lost to the new parish of Gorsedd.
- Beer, Adolf W View taken from Pennant's historyof the parishes of Whitford and Holywell Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.6 1917 Welsh Journals Online
- Davies, Ellis Canon Whitford Church ( St Bueno and St Mary) Flintshire Historical Society journal, Vol.13 1952/3 Welsh Journals Online
- Metcalfe, Peter Redfern. The Whitford poor book Hel achau, No. 62 (Nov. 1999), p. 24-29.
- Mostyn, E.M. Lloyd. Hanes gosodiad carreg-sylfaen eglwys Gorsedd, ym mhlwyf Whitford, Swydd Fflint, yr hyn a wnaethpwyd ar ddydd Llun Pasg, MDCCCLII W. Morris : Swyddfa'r Cymro, 1852.
- Roberts, Dewi. Wonderful Whitford Country Quest. (February 2005), p. 29
- Tennant, Rowland. A history of six villages Holywell : Rowland Tennant, 2003.
- Tennant, Rowland. Mynydd y Garreg Tower, Whitford Clwyd Historian = Hanes Bro Clwyd. No. 58 (Spring 2008), p. 21-22.
|Penygelli Baptist Chapel, Lloc|
|Llynhelyg Welsh Independent Chapel, Pant-Glas|
|Seion Welsh Independent Chapel (Carmel), Golch / Carmel ?|
|St David's Catholic Church, Pantasaph|
Ordnance Survey reference SJ 146782.
The Clwyd FHS website has a photograph of the church.
Church of St Mary and St Beuno, Whitford - on CPAT
"Welsh Church Commission - County of Flint - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905" lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civil parish of Whitford :
|Name of Chapel||Denomination||Number of "adherents"|
|Penygelli, Lloc - Welsh||Baptist||50|
|Bethel, Mostyn, Welsh||Calvinistic Methodist||145|
|Salem, Llanerchymor - Welsh||Calvinistic Methodist||170|
|Cyssegr, Mostyn - Welsh||Congregational||150|
|Not named, Mostyn - English||Congregational||150|
|Llynhelyg - Welsh||Congregational||37|
|Zion, Mostyn - Welsh||Congregational||120|
|Bryn Seion - Welsh||Wesleyan||200|
|Lloc - Welsh||Wesleyan||104|
- The following nonconformist registers for the Whitford / Mostyn area are held at the Public Record Office, Kew.
They may be viewed on microfilm at LDS Family History Centres; and at the Flintshire Record Office, the Denbighshire Record Office and the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth.
All, except Cysegr, have also been incorporated into the I.G.I., as part of an "official extraction" programme :
|Name of Chapel||Denomination||Type of Record||Years Covered||I.G.I. Batch Number|
|Bethel, Rhewl Mostyn||Calvinistic Methodist||Births and Baptisms||1814 - 1837||C098231|
|Seion, Carmel||Calvinistic Methodist||Births and Baptisms||1815 - 1837||C098221|
|Salem, Llanerch y Mor||Calvinistic Methodist||Births and Baptisms||1829 - 1837||C098201|
|Cysegr, Rhewl Mostyn||Independent / Congregational||Births and Baptisms||1821 - 1837||-|
- The following nonconformist registers for the Whitford / Mostyn area are held either at the Flintshire Record Office, Hawarden (FRO) or at the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth (NLW).
They have not been filmed; and they have not been incorporated into the I.G.I. :
|Name of Chapel||Denomination||Type of Record||Years Covered||Held at|
|Salem, Llanerch y Mor||Calvinistic Methodist||Baptisms||1919 - 1964||NLW|
|Cysegr, Mostyn||Congregational||Baptisms||1832 - 1900||NLW|
|Seion, Carmel||Congregational||Burials||1862 - 1988||FRO|
When Civil Registration was introduced (on 1 July 1837), the parish of Whitford was assigned to the No. 1 ("Whitford") sub-district of the Holywell Registration District, which was co-extensive with the Holywell poor law Union.
In the GRO indexes to civil registration, entries for Whitford are found under:
- Years 1837 - 1851: Holywell XXVII. nnn
- Years 1852 - 1946: Holywell 11b. nnn
(GRO index references have no relevance at the local Superintendent Registrar's Office)
The transcription of the section for this place from the National Gazetteer (1868), provided by Colin Hinson.
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from Whitford to another place.
You can see the administrative areas in which Whitford has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.
Mortgage ('tir-prid') of lands in the parish of Whitford, 29 September 1289 on the People's Collection Wales site
"North-East Wales Churches and Ancient Parish Boundaries" produced by Clwyd Record Office in 1994, published by Genuki with the permission of Flintshire Record Office and Denbighshire Archives
Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348. Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county
Map of the parish of Whitford in the County of Flint on the People's Collection Wales site
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SJ142786 (Lat/Lon: 53.297634, -3.288903), Whitford which are provided by:
- Google Maps
- StreetMap (Current Ordnance Survey maps)
- OpenStreetMap Cymru (Welsh counties only)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- OldMaps (Old Ordnance Survey maps.)
- Old Maps Online (Other old maps.)
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)
- In 1831- the population was 3333.
- In 1901- the population was 908.
[ Royal Commission on the Welsh Church - October 1907]