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COITY

In 1868, the parish of Coity contained the following places:

"COITY, (or Coyty), a parish in the hundred of Newcastle, in the county of Glamorgan, 1¼ mile N.E. of Bridgend, its post town. It is situated on the river Ogmore, and contains the hamlets of Higher and Lower Coity, the market town of Bridgend, and the villages of Hendre, Nolton, and Oldcastle. Many of the inhabitants are employed in the mines and quarries. Coychurch is about a mile from the village. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Llandaff, value with the curacy of Nolton annexed, £416, in the patronage of the Earl of Dunraven. The church has lately been restored. The castle of Sir P. Tuberville, which now belongs to the Wyndhams, is a noble ruin. The manor or lordship belongs to the Earl of Dunraven.

"BRIDGEND, a market town in the parishes of Coity and Newcastle, hundred of Newcastle, in the county of Glamorgan, South Wales, 20 miles to the W. of Cardiff, and 180 miles from London. It is a station on the South Wales railway. The town is seated in a fertile and pleasant country on both banks of the river Ogmore, which is here crossed by two stone bridges, one a handsome structure of three arches and of modern date. The two parts of the town are distinguished by the names Oldcastle and Newcastle. There is one principal street, irregularly built, and some good residences in the neighbourhood. Freestone is quarried near the town. A branch railway connects the town with the great collieries and iron-works in the vicinity, and with the harbour of Porthcawl, 5 miles distant. There are a townhall and a savings bank. Bridgend with Cowbridge is the head of a Poorlaw Union and a County Court district. The election for the county takes place here, and petty sessions are held weekly. The town contains the Union poorhouse. The parish church of Newcastle stands in the west quarter of the town, and a chapel of ease to Coity in the east quarter, or Oldcastle. There are chapels belonging to the Baptists, Independents, Methodists, and Unitarians, the latter having a small endowment. A National school is supported by subscription. Two castles existed here formerly. Bridgend was the birthplace of George C. Morgan, nephew of Dr. Price, and a writer and lecturer on Natural Philosophy. Trout and salmon are found in the river Ogmore."

"COYTY, (Higher and Lower) hamlets in the parish of Coity, in the hundred of Newcastle, in the county of Glamorgan, Wales.

"HENDRE, a village in the parish of Coity, hundred of Newcastle, county Glamorgan, 1 mile N.E. of Bridgend. It is situated near the river Ogmore."

"NOLTON, a hamlet in the parish of Coity, hundred of Newcastle, county Glamorgan, 1 mile N.E. of Bridgend. It is situated on the river Ogmore. The living is a curacy in the diocese of Llandaff, annexed to the rectory of Coity."

"OLDCASTLE, a hamlet in the parish of Coity, hundred of Newcastle, county Glamorgan, 2 miles N.E. of Bridgend. It is situated on the river Ogmore, and has ruins of a fort."

"SUTTON, a hamlet in the parishes of Coity and Newcastle, county Glamorgan, 3 miles S.W. of Bridgend. It is situated at the mouth of the river Ogmore, and has a quarry of good limestone."

[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868]
by Colin Hinson ©2018