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The History of Pontardawe and District

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(From earliest to modern times)

By John Henry Davies 1967

Indexed by Gareth Hicks 1999

Click  here for the position with lookups

The book itself  has been summarised on A history of Caegurwen  and  now included  below

Sections NOT indexed

Personal names have not been individually extracted from the following pages/sections;

  • Administration section ,names from C20, section headings below, pages 228-253.
  • British Legion,Clydach branch[various C20 names],270/71
  • Clydach Junior Mixed School[list of staff in 1959],200,201
  • Craigfelen Primary school[list of names 1957+],203
  • Godre'rgraig Council school[list of names 1964],212
  • Gwauncaegurwen Secondary Modern School[list of names 1960],217
  • Pontardawe Grammar County School[list of staff 1966],190
  • Pontardawe Grammar school[list of names 1959],210,211
  • Pontardawe Secondary County school[list of staff in 1958],189
  • Technical College for Further Education,Pontardawe[1933+ names not extracted],192

 

Section headings

Abernant Colliery,70Accidents in mines,72
Administration,228Adminstration of Justice,237
Adulum Baptist Chapel,Pontardawe,142Alderman Sir William Jenkins,MP.,115
All Saints' Church,Pontardawe,138Alltwen Independent Chapel,126
Arthur Gilbertson,59Athletic Sports,256
Baptists at Clydach,150Baptists at Ystalyfera,163
Baptists,Cwmtwrch,165Baran Chapel,145
Bethania Chapel,Clydach[Particular Baptists],152Bethesda Independent Chapel,Ynysmeudwy,148
Birds seen in the Pontardawe District,273,274Bones of men,24
British Legion Clydach Branch,270Bryn Morgan Colliery,108
Bryn Seion,Cwmtwrch,165Bryn Seion,Gellinudd,131
Brynamman Post Office,47Brynhenllys Drift,109
Caersalem Chapel,Ystalyfera,164Cairns & barrows,25
Calfaria Baptist Chapel,152Calvinistic Methodists,Pontardawe,144
Capel-y-Cwar[Arminian],151Carmel Independent Chapel,,Gwauncaegurwen,173
Carmel Independent Chapel,Clydach,155Cholera,250
Church in Wales at Ystalyfera,168Church in Wales,Clydach,157
Cilybebyll church,125Clubs at Clydach,271
Clydach[education in],197Coal measures clssification,20
Coal Mining at Clydach,90Coal Mining at Gwauncaegurwen,103
Coal Mining at Ystalyfera,88Collieries at Pontardawe,67
Coming of Christianity,121County Aldermen and Councillors,240
Craigfelen Primary School,203Culture in Pontardawe and District,254
Cwmgors Primary School,212Cwmllynfell Colliery,106
Cwmllynfell Independent Chapel,169Cwmllynfell Post Office,47
D W Davies-Ystalyfera,83Danygraig Independent Chapel,130
David Hugh Morgan,MA,BD,154David James Williams,JP.,116
Domesday Book of Gower,28Dr John Thomas, MA., 113
Drainage,12Druids,25,26
Ebenezer Independent Chapel,Brynamman,178Education at Cilybebyll,195
Education at Cwmllynfell,222Education at Gwauncaegurwen,212
Education at Pontardawe,182Education at Ystalyfera,205
Education in Brynamman,218Education services,181
Education,179Educational Records,181
English Congregational Church,Ystalyfera,169Farms and industries,26,27
Faults 17First men,23
Forerunners,23Frank Gilbertson JP BA Oxon,62
Geology,14Glacier,21
Godre'rgraig Independent Chapel,167Godre'rgraig Mixed School,211
Good relationship between workers and the firm,66Gosen Apostolic Church,Pontardawe,145
Gosen,Trebannws,143Gurnos Chapel,Ystalyfera,163
Gurnos/Gyrnos Tinplate Co [1921] Ltd,Lower Cwmtwrch,56Gwauncaegurwen Silver Band,259
Gwrhyd & Rhiwfarw chapels,172Health,250
Hebron Independent Chapel,Clydach,154Hendreforgan or Cox's Colliery,108
Highways and Traffic,31Highways in Rhyndwyglydach,30
History of Cilybebyll,118History of Gwauncaegurwen,262
Housing at Ystalyfera,247Housing,245
Ifor Davies, MP.,116Industrial development,52
Industries in Pontardawe,76Infant department,Clydach,201
Infant School,Pontardawe,188Jehovah Witnesses,156
Jerusalem Methodist Chapel,Ystalyfera,166John James JP, 112
Landslips,21Licensed Houses,249
Limekilns,274,275Llanfair Church,Cwmgors,177
Llangiwg Church,122Miers family,Clydach,94
Ministers at Saron,Rhydyfro,146Ministers of Bethania & Calfaria Chapels,152
Ministers of Pant-Y-Crwys,155Mond Nickel Works,Clydach,99
Mount Elim Baptis Chapel,Ynysmeudwy,143New Church Temple,Ynysmeudwy,149
New Wern Schools,207Opening of the Swansea Valley Line,42
Pant-Teg Chapel,Ystalyfera,158,159,160,161Pantycrwys Independent Chapel,Craig-cefn-parc,155
Parish Councils,236Pencelyn Mawr school,204
Penclyn Board School,204Pheonix Tinplate Co Ltd,Lower Cwmtwrch
Police Force at Pontardawe,239Pontardawe Collegiate School,194
Pontardawe Golf Club,257Pontardawe Grammar County School,190
Pontardawe Grammar School,190Pontardawe Poor Law Institution,242
Pontardawe Rural District Council,229Pontardawe Secondary County School,189
Post Office,Pontardawe,48Post Offices at GCG,Cwmgors & Tairgwaith,48
Postal deliveries,46Progress against Tuberculosis,252
Public Band[Ystalyfera],259Railways at Gwauncaegurwen,44
Railways,42Religion at Rhydyfro,146
Rev D Jeremy Jones, 1879-1928,171Rev John Rees,1842-1916,170
Rev Rees Price,1808-1869,170Rev T Eurig Davies,1892,171
Rev W D Roderick,1878-1945,172Rhos Independent Chapel,129,130
Rhydyfro School,226Roads in Pontardawe district,35
Roman Catholic Church,Clydach,157Rt Hon D R Grenfell,MP.,115
Rt Hon James Griffiths,MP.,113,114Saron Congregational chapel,Rhydyfro,146
Seion Baptist Chapel , Cwmgors,177Siloam Baptist Chapel,Brynamman,175
Soar chapel,144South Wales Voice,268
Sports on Sundays,150St John's Church,Alltwen,126
St Michael's and all Angels Church,Trebannws,158St Peter's Church,Pontardawe,136
Streams of Cwmgors and Gwauncaegurwen,261Supplemental List of Justices in 1962,238
Swansea Canal Navigation,37Tabernacle Independent Chapel,Cwmgors,174
Tabernacle Independent Chapel,Pontardawe,140Tairwaith Infant department,217
Technical College for Further Education,Pontardawe,192Telephones,49
The coming of the Dissenters,131The Gellionen Sculptured Stone,134
The Gilbertsons,59The Grammar School,Ystalyfera,208
The Pontardawe Club,272The Pontardawe Public Hall and Institute,273
The Rev Ben Davies[Pan-Teg],161The Rev.D Hopkin Morgan MA, BD,153
Town Band[Ystalyfera],258/9Training of new entrants[mines],73
Transport & Communication,30Valuations of Collieries at Llangiwg Vestry,105
Wages and Miners' Agents,109Wern Independent Chapel,Ystalyfera,162
West Wales Observer,269Wild Animals,274
William Parsons,57Women working underground in collieries,89
Workers[Ystalyfera],84Ynysgedwyn Estate,50
YnysgedwynTinplate Co Ltd-Ystradgynlais,55Ynysmeudwy Tinworks,76
Ynysmeudwy,73Ystalyfera Bands,258
Ystalyfera,79 
Appendix A ; Manor of Caegurwen,276 
Appendix B; Shells used in identification ...of coal seams,277 

Maps,Diagrams and Photographs

Diagram of Cwndwn Mawr land,Llangiwg,32Diagram of Clydach works,91
Diagram of Clydach collieries,93Diagram of Drainage Evolution,13
Diagram /Flow map Pontardawe transport,36Diagram of Roads in Pontardawe district,34
Diagram of Swansea Bay coal formation/fault lines,19Map of West Glamorgan, 11
Photograph of Abernant Colliery,70Photograph of James Palmer Budd,80
Photograph of D W Davies-Ystalyfera,83Photograph of Arthur Gilbertson,60
Photograph of Charles Gilbertson,65Photograph of Rt Hon D R Grenfell,MP.,115
Photograph of Rt Hon James Griffiths,MP,113Photograph of John James[Miners' Agent],112
Photograph of Llangiwg Church,122Photograph of Dr Ludwig Mond,99
Photograph of Pan-Teg Chapel-Ystalyfera,158Photograph of Pen-yr-incline House,Gwauncaegurwen,213
Photograph of William Parsons,58Photograph of Ystalyfera Grammar School,208
Pie charts-metals production,64Section from Carreg Cennen Castle to Rhos,Pontardawe,14
Section from Pontardawe to GCG,18Table,passenger time table 1860,43

Personal Names

---,Arawn ap Cynfarch Gul,Coel Hen,122---,Arter[Rev],Ystalyfera church,168
---,Asaf Glyn Dyfi,Wern-Ystalyfera,162---,Bernard -Bishop of St David's,---,123
---,Catherine John,Wernbwll-GCG,263---,Ciwg[the Confessor],---,121,122
---,Dai Rees y Deryn,Gwauncaegurwen,26---,Gitto Goch,Twyn-y-cacwn-Brynamman,218
---,Griffith Gwyr,Ynysgedwyn,50---,Gwilym Wyn,Brynamman,223
---,Gwydderig[the poet],Cwmbach school-GCG,213---,Hen Abraham,Old Carmel Chapel,213
---,Henry de Gower[Bishop of St David's],124---, Herewald -Bishop of Llandaff,---,122
---,Jenkin David,Blaeny-nant-hir-GCG,263---,John Lord Jeffreys,Cilybebyll,120
---,John Rees ap John,Tir Nant-y-gasseg-GCG,263---,Laud-Bishop of St David's,132
---,Lewis Griffith John ap Lewis,Cilybebyll,51---,Lln ap Jevan,Cwmnant-Hopkin-Cwmgors,263
---,Phillip ap Jenkins,Blaennantmeilir-GCG,263---,Rees ap Richard,Pwlle Watkin,28
---,Rees ap Richard,Wernbwll-GCG,263---,Sion y gwaddotwr,Pantyboblen-Cwmgors,213
---,Thomas Viscount Windsor,Cilybebyll,120---,Thomas-y-school,Cwmbach school-GCG,213
---,Urban,Bishop of Llandaff,---,123---,William John gwillim,Blaen-y-nant-hir-GCG,263
---.Connop Thirwall-Bishop of St David's,137Abraham,William[Mabon-MP],Cwmavon/Waunarlwydd, 111
Adams,Glyn, Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167Adams,James, Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167
Arthur,William,Graigola vein,90,105Aubrey,R Gough,Cwmtwrch level,105
Auckland,Abel, All Saints-Pontardawe,139Auckland,Abel[teacher],Clydach school,199
Awbrey,Charles,Gelly Vowis mawr,74Awbrey,Edward Sir,Tirdomen,51
Awbrey,Eleanor,Tirdomen,51Awbrey,MorganYnysgedwyn,51,74
Awbrey,William,Palleg-Ystradgynlais,50,74Bailey,Ivon A,Mond Nickel,102
Baker,William, All Saints-Pontardawe,139Ballard,P B[school inspector],---,218
Bartholomew,Thomas,GCG mine owner,267Baylis,---Mr[architect],Swansea,255
Bayliss,J H[architect],Swansea,136Beaufort,Duke of,---,38,41,90
Bellingham,G C, John Player & Sons Ltd,98,99Bellingham,Hugh,John Player & sons Ltd,98,99
Benthal,---[Mrs],Ynysmeudwy pottery,75Bentley,---[Mrs],Berlei UK Ltd,73
Beresford,George and wife,Ynysgedwyn Tinplate co,56Berrington,---Mr,Rhydyfro,227
Bevan,D M [Sir-Lord of the manor],Clydach,95Bevan,Evans,Neath,276
Bevan,Evans[Lord of the manor],Clydach,95Bevan,Hopkin, New Church Temple-Ynysmeudwy,149
Bevan,Llewelyn[Rev[,Gellionen,132,133,169Bevan,William[Rev],Pontlliw/Seion-Cwmgors,177
Beynon,D R[Rev], Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167Beynon,John,Ystalyfera-Cwmllynfell school board election, 225
Bicheno,James[Justice],---,41,45,104,107Biggin,William[teacher], Ystalyfera school,206
Binns,---Mr[school inspector],Cwmllynfell,224Bird,George Gowing Charles[teacher], Cae'r Doc school,183, 195,196
Birkenshaw, J [Mr],Pheonix Tinplate co,56Birkenshaw,P,Pheonix Tinplate co,56
Blackmore,S H[Mr],Ynysgedwyn Works,55Bodycombe,John, All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Borrow,George[traveller],---,35Bothwick,Harriett[teacher],Clydach,197
Bowen,David, Siloam-Brynamman,176Bowen,Joseph, Siloam-Brynamman,176
Bowen,Lewis,Pontardawe workman,273Bowen,Margaret [Mrs],Capel y Graig-Trebannws,134
Bowen,W R[Rev], Seion-Clydach,155Bowstead,J[school inspector],GCG,214
Bowyer,Llewelyn[Rev],Danygraig chapel,130,131Brace,Onllwyn[Rev],Pantycrwys,155,156
Bramah,Joseph[inventor],---,59Brancher,Thomas Sir,Liverpool,79,80
Bren,Llewelyn,Senghennydd,119,120Brett,Elizabeth [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,189
Bridgens,S P[Rev],Gosen Apostolic,145Buckland,William[geologist],---,23
Budd,Edward,Swansea,79Budd,James Palmer& Mrs,Ystalyfera,40,41,43,79,80, 81,82,110,159,180,205,206,207
Budd family,Ystalyfera,168Burley,Keith,Berlei UK Ltd,73
Butt,---Miss [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,188Cadman,W[Mr],London,137
Canning,T J[JP],Western Valley co,77Carroll,A T[Mr],Pontardawe postmaster,49
Castle,Robert,GCG Band,260Chapman,Percy, All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Chappell,Edgar L Mrs[teacher],Tairgwaith school,217Chappell,Edgar Leyshon[teacher],Pontardawe school, 186
Charles,Raymond,Pontardawe Sheet metal,77Charles,Thomas,Bala,183
Childs,Thomas W,Mond Nickel,102Clare,Gilbert & Joan de,---,119
Cleaves,Fred,GCG mine owner,267Clee,D [Mr],Ynysgedwyn Tinplate co,56
Clee,Thomas[musician],Ystalyfera,258Clee,W D,choir,255
Clee,W D[organist],Wern-Ystalyfera,162Coles,---[Mr],Ynyspenllwch,95
Cook,Bedlington[teacher],Clydach,197Cook,John,Ynyspenllwch,97
Copus,Edward[schools inspector],---,199Cornish,S E, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Cousins,Nelly[teacher], Ystalyfera schools,208Cowling,Philip Henry, Siloam-Brynamman,176
Cowling,Tom, Siloam-Brynamman,176Cox,C T [teacher],Pontardawe Boys school,187
Cox,---Miss[teacher],GCG school/Cwmavon,216Crane,George,Ynysgedwyn,40,54,180
Crane,Moira,Cwmtwrch colliery,223Crane,W [canal owner],---,41
Craw,John,berlei UK Ltd,73Cromwell,Oliver,28,74
Crowley,Richard,Old Swinford-Worcs,52Cubbard,---[teacher], Pontardawe National school,184
Cuthbertson,H[school board],GCG,215Dafydd,Owen,Cwmamman,135
Daniel,D J[teacher],Pontardawe Boys school,187Daniel,D J[teacher], Ystalyfera schools,208
Daniel,John,Cwmllynfell colliery,106Dansey,Constance Elizabeth,Herefordshire,51
David,Bedlington,---,31David,Rees,Pwlle Watkin,28
David,William,---,31Davies,---[Nurse],Penclyn school ?,205
Davies,---[Rev],Cwmamman/Baran chapel,145Davies,---[Rev],Morriston/Baran chapel,145
Davies,---[Rev],Ystalyfera church,168Davies,Arthur, Siloam-Brynamman,176
Davies,Arthur G, All Saints-Pontardawe,139Davies,B D[Rev],Carmel-GCG,63,174,175
Davies,B R[Rev],Bryn Seion-Cwmtwrch,166Davies,Ben[Rev],Pant-teg,68,161,167,224,225,268
Davies,D D[alderman],Llangiwg school board,216Davies,D H[Rev], Ebenezer-Brynamman,178
Davies,D J, All Saints-Pontardawe,139Davies,D Prince[teacher],Brynamman,220
Davies,D T[Rev], Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167Davies,D W[teacher],Penclyn school,204
Davies,D[Rev],Swansea/Adulum chapel-Pontardawe,142Davies,D[Rev],Clydach/ Adulum chapel-Pontardawe, 142
Davies,Daniel,Post Office-Trebannws/ Tabernacle-Pontardawe,140Davies,Daniel[Rev],Mount Elim chapel,143
Davies,Daniel[teacher],Cwmgors primary school,212Davies,David,Penclyn school,205
Davies,David Daniel[alderman],Gwauncaegurwen,208Davies,David W[Davies Aberlash],Pheonix Tinplate co-Tycoch Ystalfera,56,83
Davies,David[Dafydd Dafis][teacher],Cilybebyll,196Davies,David[Rev],Bethania-Clydach,152
Davies,David[teacher],GCG school,214Davies,Doreen[Miss],---,116
Davies,Eliza[teacher],GCG school,214Davies,Elizabeth[teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,189
Davies,Elwyn[Rev],Gellionen chapel,134Davies,Evan[Rev],St John's-Clydach,157
Davies,Evan[Rev], Llanfair-Cwmgors,177Davies,Evan[teacher],GCG school,214
Davies,G W[Rev],Ystalyfera church,168Davies,Gareth[Rev],Soar-Pontardawe/Siloh-GCG,145
Davies,Griffith,Fagwyr Baptists,150Davies,Hannah Annie[teacher],Trehernert/ Pontardawe National school, 185
Davies,Hannah[teacher,GCG school,214Davies,Haydn[Rev],Gosen-Trebannws,144
Davies,Henry,Director mining instruction,186Davies,I I, Cilybebyll school board,196
Davies,Idris, Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167Davies,Ifor[MP],Gowerton,116,117
Davies,Iorwerth J, Siloam-Brynamman,176Davies,Isaiah[Rev],Llansawel/ Adulum chapel-Pontardawe,142
Davies,J C[Sir],Ystalyfera Tinplate co,86Davies, J Lee[Rev],Siloam-Brynamman,153
Davies,J M[Rev],Alltwen/Baran chapel,145Davies,J Oldfield[Rev], Carmel-Clydach,155
Davies,J T[Rev],Gosen/Bethesda chapels,140,141,143,148Davies,James[Llew Cynlais], Tabernacle-Pontardawe,142
Davies,James[Rev],Godre'rgraig chapel,168Davies,Jeffrey,Gowerton,116
Davies,Joel J,Llangiwg church,125,139Davies,John R,Ystalyfera,164
Davies,John[ironmonger],Cross-Pontardawe,130Davies,John[Rev],Alltwen/Cwmllynfell,158,159,169
Davies,John[Rev],Carmel-GCG,173Davies,John[Rev]& wife[organist],Wern-Ystalyfera,162
Davies,John[Rev-Sion Calfin],Alltwen,127Davies,John[Sir],Ministry of Munitions,65
Davies,John[teacher], Penyrincline school-Cwmgors,214Davies,Jonathan,Salem-Clydach,151
Davies,Joshua[teacher],Penclyn school,204,205Davies,Leighton[Captain],---,86
Davies,Lewis,Gellionen chapel,132Davies,Llewelyn,Penclyn school board,204
Davies,Maurice,Ystalyfera,163Davies,---Miss[teacher],Tairgwaith school, 218
Davies,N[Mrs] [teacher],Brynamman,221Davies,Owen,Gilbertson & Co Ltd,66
Davies,Owen,Gellionen chapel,132Davies,Percy Howell[BA],---,204
Davies,R A[teacher],Godre'rgraig Mixed school,211Davies,R Lloyd[Rev],Saron-Rhydyfro,147
Davies,R[Mrs] [teacher],Brynamman,221Davies,Rachel Ann,Wern-Ystalyfera,162
Davies,Rachel[teacher],Tairgwaith school, 218Davies,Rees Crosslet[musician],Ystalyfera,259
Davies,Rhys[solicitor],Swansea,74Davies,Richard,Rhydyfro/Tabernacle-Pontardawe,140
Davies,Richard[Bishop of St Davids],---,124Davies,Rosina[Miss][Evangelist],Bryn Seion-Cwmtrwch,166
Davies,Sampson,Fagwyr Baptists,150Davies,Stephen, All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Davies,T Eurig[Rev],Cwmllynfell chapel,171Davies,T J[Rev], Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141
Davies,T[Rev],Horeb/Pantycrwys,155Davies,Talbot[teacher],Brynamman,221
Davies,Thomas,Wern-Ystalyfera,162Davies,Thomas[Rev],Carmel-Clydach,155
Davies,Thomas[teacher],Farmer's arms-Brynamman,219Davies,W Sinnat, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Davies,Will[Sgili] [international rugby],Cwmgors,256Davies,William, Siloam-Brynamman,176
Davies,William Jenkin[Rev],Gellionen chapel,134Davies,William[Rev],Mount Elim chapel,143
Davies,William[Rev],Pant-teg,162Davies,William[Rev], Seion-Clydach,155
Davy,Claude[international rugby],Cwmgors,256Despencer,Hugh le,Cilybebyll,120
Dickins,---Miss[teacher],GCG school,216Dillwyn,Lewis Weston[Justice],---,41,45,104,107
Earle,Stephen,Ystalyfera Tinplate co,86Earle,W N,Ystalyfera Tinplate co,86
Edmond,W Seward, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139Edmund,George T[teacher],GCG school,215
Edmund,George[teacher],GCG school,214,215Edmund,Harry Ll[teacher],GCG school,215
Edmund,Harry[teacher],GCG school,216Edwards,D [Rev],Caersalem-Ystalyfera / Adulum chapel-Pontardawe,142,164
Edwards,David[Rev],Siloam-Brynamman,175Edwards,Ebenezer,Ynysmeudwy Brick works,74
Edwards,Edward, All Saints-Pontardawe,139Edwards,Huw[Rev],Llanddeusant/Llangadog,169
Edwards,John,Qualiton,78Edwards,John[Rev],Soar,144
Edwards,O,Qualiton,78Edwards,T I [teacher],Pontardawe Grammar County school,190
Edwards,W[bridge builder],Pontypridd,255Edwards,William[teacher],Brynamman,219
Elias,Griffith, Siloam-Brynamman,176Ellis Phillips,T, Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167
Ellis Phillips,T[teacher], Ystalyfera schools,208Ely,Charles,Ystalyfera,79
Evans,Benjamin,Llwynrhidiau,214Evans,Benjamin,Llwynrhidie,215
Evans,D G[teacher],Rhydyfro school,227Evans,D J, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Evans,D J, Tabernacle-Cwmgors,175Evans,Daniel[Rev],Hebron-Clydach,154
Evans,David Benjamin[musician[Gwauncaegurwen,259,260Evans,David[Incline],GCG,45
Evans,David[Rev],Hebron-Clydach,154Evans,David[Sir Emrys],Clydach,153
Evans,David[teacher],GCG school,214Evans,E R[Rev], Adulum chapel-Pontardawe,142
Evans,E T[Rev],Wern-Ystalyfera,162Evans,Edward,Choir-Brynamman,255
Evans,Evan,Gilfachyrhaidd-Ystalyfera,159Evans,Evan, Siloam-Brynamman,176
Evans,Evan John[musician],Ystalyfera,258Evans,Evan[Rev],Carmel-GCG,173
Evans,Frank T Wade,Ynysgedwyn,55Evans,G G Owen[Dr],Bryncelyn-Pontardawe,128,134
Evans,G[teacher], Pontardawe National school,185Evans,Gruffydd[teacher],Clydach school,199
Evans,J J[Rev], Ebenezer-Brynamman,178Evans,J Jeffrey[Rev],Saron-Rhydyfro,147
Evans,J M[teacher],Tairgwaith school,218Evans,Jane[school inspector],GCG,214
Evans,Jenkyn[sculptor],Ystalyfera,255Evans,John,Glyn-mawr-Ystalyfera,159
Evans,John Derlwyn[Rev],Bethesda-Ynysmeudwy,148Evans,John Thomas[teacher],Brynamman,220
Evans,John[Bsc],Foundry,78Evans,John[Rev], Carmel-Clydach,155
Evans,John[Rev],Gellionen chapel,134Evans,John[Rev],Caersalem-Ystalyfera,164
Evans,Joseph[Rev],Bethel-Cwmtwrch/Bethesda-Ynysmeudwy,148Evans,Leonard[teacher], Cae'r Doc school,183
Evans,Lewis[Rev], Beula-Cwmtwrch,165Evans,Lyn,Wern-Ystalyfera,162
Evans,Maggie[teacher],Cwmgors primary school,212Evans,Mary[teacher],GCG school,216
Evans,Rachel[teacher],Godre'rgraig Mixed school,211Evans,Rees[teacher],Cwmgors primary school,212
Evans,Rhys[Rev],Soar-Ystalyfera,164,164Evans,Robert,Foundry-Alltwen,78
Evans,Rowland[Rev],Bethesda-Ynysmeudwy,148Evans,T M[teacher],Brynamman,220
Evans,Thomas Valentine[Rev], Clydach,150,153,199,204Evans,Thomas[alderman],Gla County Council,188
Evans,Tom Wade,Ystalyfera,258Evans,Tom[teacher],Brynamman,221
Evans,Vincent N E[Rev],Caersalem-Ystalyfera,165Evans,Vincent[artist],Ystalyfera ?,255
Evans,W D[teacher],Cwmgors primary school,212Evans,W L,clerk school board-Rhydyfro school,227
Evans,Walter Rice,Ystalyfera Tinplate co,86Evans,William, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Evans,William John & Hannah,GCG,216Evans,William[Rev],Cwmllynfell,126,127,158,169
Evans W R [Rev],Caersalem-Ystalyfera/Mount Elim chapel,143Exley,Walter,GCG Band,260
Farrant,John[teacher],Cae'r Doc school,183Folland,L N[Mrs] Llwynderw-Swansea, 218
Foord,Thomas,Ynyspenllwch,95Ford,F E [teacher],Pontardawe Primary Boys school,188
Fosse,Richard[Captain],---,90Francis,F E[Dr],school doctor,186,205
Francis,Jonathan,Salem-Clydach,151Francis,S L[Miss] [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,189
Franklen,Anne,Gower,50Franklen,Harry,Ynysgedwyn,51
Franklen,Jenkin,Gower,50Fry,L B,John Player & sons Ltd,98
Gabe,David[musician],Ystalyfera,258Gabe,Jacob,Ystalyfera,163
Games,Margaret,Ynysgedwyn,51Gardener's Fault-Baran mountain,93
George,John[teacher],Brynamman,221George,Tom, All Saints-Pontardawe,139
George,William,Ystalyfera/Tabernacle-Pontardawe,140Gethin,Evan[teacher],Penyrincline school-Cwmgors,214
Gethin,Owen[overseer],Alltygreeg,41Gibbins,F W,Ystalyfera Tinplate co,86
Gibbins,Theodore,Glynbeudy tinplate works,61Gibbon,H[JP],Clydach,102
Gibbs,James[teacher],Brynamman,221Giddings,Charles, All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Gilbertson,Arthur,Glanrhyd,59,60,61,94,137,138,139,185,273Gilbertson,Arthur Howell,---,62
Gilbertson,Cecil Frederick,---,62,65,66Gilbertson,Charles,---,59,65
Gilbertson,Charles Geoffrey,---,62,65Gilbertson,Colin Richard,---,62,66
Gilbertson,Francis William[Frank],Glynteg,62,63,66,186,273Gilbertson,Mathias,Egham Sy,59
Gilbertson,William,Ynysderw,58,59,94,137,138,185Gilbertson,William,Air Training Corps,189
Gilbertston,Arthur,Danygraig,199Gill,George[teacher],Brynamman,220
Glandwr,Llewlyn,Swansea,78Glantawe,Lord,---,60,140,273
Gordon,George[teacher],Clydach,198,200,203Gough,Fleming R D A[JP],Ynysgedwyn,51
Gough,Fleming[Rev],Ystradgynlais,38,79,158Gough,James,,Ynys Cedwyn,29,33
Gough,Richard Douglas,Ynysgedwyn,51,79,164,208Gough,William,Willsbury-Glos,51
Gough-Awbrey,Richard,Ynysgedwyn,51Granville,Richard de[Sir] and wife Constance,Neath Castle/Cilybebyll,119,125
Greenland,William,Pontardawe Post Office,49Grenfell,D R[MP],Gorseinon-Swansea,111,115
Griffith,Gwenllian,Gelly Vowis,74Griffith,William[teacher], Cae'r Doc school,183
Griffiths,---[Archdeacon],Neath,177Griffiths,Anna[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,226
Griffiths,Benjamin[teacher],Pontardawe National school,184Griffiths,Griffith,Ynysmeudwy Arms,148
Griffiths,Ifander[choir conductor],184Griffiths,J[Dr],Llandilo,137
Griffiths,J[Mr],Gurnos Tinplate co,56Griffiths,James [Jim-MP],Tawe/Dulais valleys,111,113
Griffiths,James[Canon],Llangiwg church,125,139Griffiths,John, Tabernacle-Pontardawe,140
Griffiths,John[contractor],Alltwen,126Griffiths,Mary[teacher], Ystalyfera schools,208
Griffiths,Phillip[Rev],Panteg/Alltwen chapel,127,128,143,148,159,160,173Griffiths,T H[teacher],GCG school,216
Griffiths,William Ivander,Tawe Vale choir,255Gronow,---[Rev],---,134
Groves,W C[teacher], Ystalyfera school,207Gwyn,Howard[Rector],Cilybebyll,126
Gwyn,Howell[teacher],Cilybebyll school,195Gwyn,---Mrs,Duffrun,29
Gwyn Jones,T,[Div.Exec.Officer],West Glamorgan area,179Haines,---[Mr],Swansea,53
Hale,John and wife[teachers], Cilybebyll school ,196Hamon,Richard fitz[Lord],---,119
Hanbury,John[Major],Pontypool,96Hanney,George[musician],Morriston/GCG,260
Hapgood,R H, All Saints-Pontardawe,139Hardwidge,B G, Western Valley co,77
Hargreaves,Fred,Ynysgedwyn Tinplate co,56Hargreaves,Joseph,GCG mine owner,267
Harper,Daniel,colliery-Llangiwg,-Stafford79Harper,Thomas,Pontardawe Cottage-Ystalyfera,159
Harper,Thomas,Ynysgelynnen,180,183Harper,Thomas[son of Daniel],79
Harries,Ann[Miss],Cwmllynfell post office,47Harries,David/Mary,Cwmllynfell Gravel Pit,263
Harries,H[teacher],Clydach,201Harries,John, New Church Temple-Ynysmeudwy,149
Harries,John, Gibea-Brynamman,178Harries,Mary[teacher],Brynamman,221
Harris,E M N[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,226Harris,John,Cwmbach-GCG,213
Harris,John[the elder],Nantricet-Cwmgors,173Harris,M A[teacher], Pontardawe National school,185
Harris,Margaret[teacher],Godre'rgraig Mixed school,211Harrison,J, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Harry,John,Coed y falde level,105Harry,Richard,Gilbertsons works,66
Hay,John,Cwmllynfell school board election,225Hazard,---[Mr],USA,55
Hedley,E H,Alltacham,68Hegan,Joseph James,Liverpool,79
Henry,Joseph[Rev],Pantycrwys-Craigcefnparc,156Herbert,Mathew,Ynysgedwyn,51
Herbert,Richard,Cilybebyll,138Herbert,William[Earl of Pembroke],Cilybebyll,120,121
Herbert family,Cilybebyll,119,121,126Hill,Benjamin,Clydach,92
Hill,Ernest[teacher],Clydach school,199Hill,John,Clydach,92
Hill,Samuel,Clydach,92Hill family,Clydach,92
Hinkin,James[precentor],Danygraig chapel,130Hiscox.Edward, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Hodgson,W G[teacher], Pontardawe National school,185Holderness,G M,Ystalyfera Tinplate co,86
Hope,John,Ynysmeudwy Pottery,75Hopkin,---,Ynysmeudwy Tinplate,76
Hopkin,David,Cathelid colliery,91Hopkin,E P[teacher],Pontardawe Boys school,187,188
Hopkin,Geo[teacher], Pontardawe National school,185Hopkin,Gwyn, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Hopkin,Hopkin,Penclyn school,204Hopkin,Ifor, Siloam-Brynamman,176
Hopkin,John, Siloam-Brynamman,176Hopkin,John H E B, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Hopkin,M A[Miss] [teacher],Tairgwaith school, 218Hopkin,Margaret,Fforest-goch,127
Hopkin,Phil[international rugby],Pontardawe,256Hopkin,Roger,GCG,44,104
Hopkin,Roger,Cathelid colliery,91Hopkin,Watkin, Cilybebyll school board,196
Hopkin,Will,West Wales Observer-Pontardawe,269Hopkin,William Hopkin[overseer],GCG,45,104,107
Hopkins,David,---,31Horrocks,K M[Miss],St Mary's-Clydach,157
Howell,Harry,Llansamlet,89Howell,Howell,Llansamlet,89
Howell,John,Baran chapel,145Howell,R D[teacher], Pontardawe National school,184
Howell,Roger[Rev],Gellionen chapel/Cwmllynfell chapel,132,145,146,169,173Howell,Thomas,Cwmgors-Post Office,48
Howells,H C[Rev],Bethania-Clydach,153Howells,Llewelyn,Foundry,78
Howells,Thomas,Foundry,78Hugh,John[teacher],GCG school,216
Hughes,H[Rev],Wern school-Ystalyfera,206Hughes,Henry,Llangiwg,137
Hughes, J G[Rev],Ystalyfera church,168Hughes,J J[Canon],Llangiwg church,125,139
Hughes,J Teifionydd[Rev], Seion-Clydach,155Hughes,Pryce,Jehovah Witnesses,156
Hughes,Richard Owen[Rev],Bethesda-Ynysmeudwy,148Hughes,W T[Rev], Beula-Cwmtwrch,165
Hughes,W[teacher], Pontardawe National school,184Huws,Llywelyn C [Rev],Carmel-GCG,174
Ildebrand,---,GCG mine owner,267Isaac,John[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,225
Jackson,---Mr[musician],Ystalyfera,258James,---[Miss][teacher], Cilybebyll school ,197
James,Benjamin[Rev], Beula-Cwmtwrch,165,166James,Christopher,Clydach ?,198
James,David,Gilbertson works,66James,David[teacher],Clydach,200
James,Edward[Rev],Canaan-Swansea/Gwrhyd chapel,172James,Evan,Swansea,79,106
James,Ezer, Tabernacle-Pontardawe,140James,J T[Rev],Baran chapel,145
James,Jane[wife of Ebenezer Rees],---,268James,John,Cwmllynfell mines,106
James,John,Gellionen chapel,132,133,134,183James,John,Llwynyrhaf,149
James,John, [teacher],Godre'rgraig Council school,212James,John,Godr'er Garth,215
James,John,Godre'rgarth,227James,John[JP-miners agent],Cwmgors,112
James,John[Rev],Vardre,197James,T R Walters[Canon],Ystradgynlais/Llangiwg church,125,139
James,Thomas, New Church Temple-Ynysmeudwy,149James,William, New Church Temple-Ynysmeudwy,149
James,William Abel[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,223James Wight,Phoebe,Wern-Ystalyfera,162
Jeffreys,---,Cwmgors mining,103Jeffries,John[Rev],Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167
Jenkins,Daniel,Ty Isaf Quarry-GCG,263Jenkins,David,Fagwyr Baptists,150
Jenkins,David[Rev],Rhos,128,130Jenkins,David[teacher],Penclyn school,204
Jenkins,Edgar, All Saints-Pontardawe,139Jenkins,Evan H[Ifan Afan][Rev], Pantycrwys-Craigcefnparc,156
Jenkins,George and wife[teachers], Cilybebyll school ,196,197Jenkins,Grif T, Tabernacle-Pontardawe,142
Jenkins,H P[Rev],Wern-Ystalyfera,162Jenkins,Harry, All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Jenkins,I,Clydach,199Jenkins,Ivor[Rev], Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167
Jenkins,James[barrister],---,196Jenkins,John[musician[Gwauncaegurwen,259
Jenkins,John[Rev],Treffynnon/Pan-Teg chapel-Ystalyfera,160Jenkins,Laura [teacher],Pontardawe Boys school,187
Jenkins,Llewelyn E [Rev],Pantycrwys-Craigcefnparc,156Jenkins,Matilda[teacher],Cwmgors primary school,212
Jenkins,Owen, Siloam-Brynamman,176Jenkins,R,Gellivefan,204
Jenkins,Richard H[Rev],Wern-Ystalyfera,162Jenkins,Samuel,Cwmgors farm,264
Jenkins,Thomas[Rev],Llangiwg church,125,183Jenkins,Trevor, Tabernacle-Cwmgors,175
Jenkins,W G, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139Jenkins,William[Sir-MP],Neath,111,115
Jersey,Lord,Ynysmeudwy Farm,74Jevan,Sarah[teacher],Rhydyfro school,227
John,Daniel[Rev],Gosen-Trebannws,144John,E Stanley[Rev],Hebron-Clydach,154
John,Howell,Glyncoch,199John,I Cyril[Rev], Seion-Cwmgors,177
John,John,Ynysderw,183John,Lewis,Mynydd Bach/ Tabernacle-Pontardawe,140
John,W H[teacher],Pontardawe Boys school,187Johns,J,Penclyn school board,204
Johns,Joseph[Rev],English Congregational-Ystalyfera,169Jones,---[Dr],Clydach,202
Jones,Abraham[teacher], Ystalyfera schools,208Jones,Albert[Rev], Carmel-Clydach,155
Jones,Arthur[Rev],Pan-Teg-Ystalyfera,161Jones,B D[Rev],bethania-Clydach,153
Jones,B H[teacher], Pontardawe National school,185Jones,Ben[teacher], Ystalyfera Grammar school,209
Jones,Benjamin,Cloth Hall-Clydach,152Jones,D,Gellionen chapel,132
Jones,D Benjamin[Rev],Bethesda-Ynysmeudwy,149Jones,D Eiddig[Rev],Hebron-Clydach,154
Jones,D G[Rev],Soar,144Jones, D H[Gaius][Rev],Nantyffin/ Adulum chapel-Pontardawe,142
Jones,D Jeremy[Rev],Cwmllynfell chapel,171Jones,D[Rev],---,184
Jones,D[Rev],Wern school-Ystalyfera,206,207Jones,D[Rev],Pontardawe-Cwmllynfell school board election,225
Jones,Dafydd,Gelligron Mill,146Jones,Dafydd[y gat],GCG,35
Jones,Daniel[Rev],Tresgyrch/Baran chapel,145Jones,David,Gilbertsons works,67
Jones,David,Arminians-Clydach,152Jones,David,Llangiwg church,125
Jones,David John[Rev],Gellionen chapel,134Jones,David[Rev],Talhirion/Hebron-Clydach,154
Jones,Dyfed[musician],Ystalyfera,259Jones,E Aman[Rev],Gurnos-Ystalyfera,163
Jones,E D[architect],Pontardawe,171Jones,E D[architect],---,255
Jones,Edryd[Rev],Alltwen chapel,129,131Jones,Edward Mornant[Rev],Rhos,130
Jones,Edwin[Rev],Cwmllynfell chapel,171Jones,Elfyn[Rev], Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141
Jones,Emlyn[Rev],Morriston/ Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141Jones,Emrys[Rev], Tabernacle-Cwmgors,175
Jones,Griffith,Llanddowror,173,179,182,183,195,212Jones,Gwen[teacher],Godre'rgraig Mixed school,211
Jones,Gwilym Morgan, Ebenezer-Brynamman,178Jones,Gwyn, Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167
Jones,Gwynedd[Rev],Danygraig chapel,131Jones,H O[Rev], Ebenezer-Brynamman,178
Jones,Hannah [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,189Jones,Henry[teacher], Cilybebyll school,197
Jones,Henry[teacher],Brynamman,220Jones,Idwal[Rev],Saron-Rhydyfro,147
Jones,Ifor[Rev],Clydach/Soar-Ystalyfera,164Jones,Iorwerth[Rev],Pant-teg,162
Jones, J D,Gellionen chapel,133Jones,J H[Rev],Wern-Ystalyfera,162
Jones,J Jeffrey,Plas Gellionen,29Jones,J Ll,Godre'rgraig?-Ystalyfera ?,258
Jones,J Rowland[Rev], Adulum chapel-Pontardawe,142Jones,J W [Rev], St Mary's-Clydach,158
Jones,J[Rev][Mathetes], Adulum chapel-Pontardawe,142Jones,James[Rev], St John's-Clydach,157
Jones,Jenkin[teacher],Brynamman,221Jones,John,Brynbrain,35,45,97,170
Jones,John,Gwaincaegurwen level,105Jones,John,Fountain Hall-Ystalyfera,159
Jones,John, Siloam-Brynamman,176Jones,John,Craig-Trebanwws,199
Jones,John Benjamin,Clydach,199Jones,John[Rev],Llangiwg/ Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141
Jones,John[Rev],Saron-Rhydyfro,146Jones,John[Rev][Jones Llangiwg],Carmel-GCG,174
Jones,John[teacher],Brynamman,221Jones,Joseph[Rev] [teacher],Brynamman,221
Jones,Lewis[Rev],Tyncoed/ Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141Jones,Mary [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,189
Jones,Millicent[teacher],Tairgwaith school,217Jones,---Miss,Garth-Pontardawe,265
Jones,Noah[Rev],GCG,173,212Jones,Owen,Bethesda-Ynysmeudwy,148
Jones,Owen[Rev],Wern-Ystalyfera,162Jones,P Idwal,Ynysgedwyn Tinplate co,56
Jones,R O [DR],---,12Jones,Randall[Rev], Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167
Jones,Rees,---,31Jones,Richard,Cwmllynfell,106
Jones,Richard,Glyn Neath/Tabernacle-Pontardawe,140Jones,Sal [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,189
Jones,Secundus[Rev],Ystalyfera church,168Jones,T Emrys[Rev],Bethesda-Ynysmeudwy,148
Jones,T Madoc,Llangiwg church,125,139Jones,Theophilus[History of Brecknock],---,50
Jones,Thomas,Tabernacle-Pontardawe,140Jones,Thomas Noah,Llangiwg church,125
Jones,Thomas[teacher],Brynamman,220Jones,Tom Emrys[musician],Ystalyfera,259
Jones,Towyn[Rev,MP],---,221Jones,Trevor Burgess[Rev], Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141
Jones,Trevor[Rev],Pantteg/ Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141,161Jones,W Henry[Rev],Danygraig chapel,131
Jones,W J, Tabernacle-Cwmgors,175Jones,W M,Ystalyfera Tinplate co,86
Jones,W M[teacher], Pontardawe National school,184Jones,W M[teacher], Pontardawe National school,185
Jones,W Morgan[Rev],Danygraig chapel,131Jones,Walford[Rev], Ebenezer-Brynamman,178
Jones,Watkin Morgan[teacher], Ystalyfera school,206Jones,Will[teacher], Pontardawe National school,184
Jones,William,Cilhendre Fawr,127Jones,William,Llwynhen Brewery,107
Jones,William, Tabernacle-Pontardawe,140Jones,William, Siloam-Brynamman,176
Jones,William,Tytwt-Cwmgors,213Jones,William,Caegurwen Common,263
Jones,William Isaac[Isaac o'r Felin], New Church Temple-Ynysmeudwy,149Jones,William Oswald [teacher],Pontardawe Secondary County school,190
Jones,William[Rev],Soar-Ystalyfera,164Jordan,John[Alderman],90
Kirkham,---,GCG colliery owner,267Lancaster,---[Miss],Ystalyfera school,206
Landeg,John[Captain],Bringwhilach,33Langer,Carl,Mond Nickel,101
Leach,---[Mrs],Cilybebyll,124Leach,Francis Edwardes,Killebill,33
Leach,Henry,Killebill,33,124Leach,William Henry,Killebill,33
Lee Davies,Joseph [Rev],Llanelli/ Siloam-Brynamman,176Leeke,S J[Rev], Siloam-Brynamman,176
Leigh,Capel Hanbury,Monmouthshire,96Leigh,H[Captain-Lord of the manor],---,97
Leonard,James[teacher],Brynamman,221Lessingham,Thomas Lettsom Gronow,134
Letson,Samuel Fothergill,---,33Lewis,A G[Rev],Ystalyfera church,168
Lewis,Catherine,Penclyn school,205Lewis,Cyril Benjamin H [teacher],Pontardawe Secondary County school,189
Lewis,Daniel,Tabernacle-Pontardawe,140Lewis,Daniel, Tanyrallt-Ystalyfera,215
Lewis,Daniel,Ystalyfera- Cwmllynfell school board election,225Lewis,Dyfed[musician],Ystalyfera,258
Lewis,E D[Rev],Caersalem-Ystalyfera,164Lewis,E D[teacher], Ystalyfera Grammar school,209
Lewis,E[Miss] [teacher],Rhydyfro school,227Lewis,Edward[Lewis Risca][teacher],Cwmllynfell school,224
Lewis,Evan, Siloam-Brynamman,176Lewis,Evan[Rev],Carmel-GCG,174
Lewis,Griffith,Cilybebyll school board,196Lewis,Gwen [teacher],Pontardawe Boys school,187
Lewis,Gwyn[Rev], St Mary's-Clydach,157Lewis,John,Danygraig-Ystalyfera,163,164
Lewis,Johnny[Rev], Ebenezer-Brynamman,178Lewis,L G[Rev], Adulum chapel-Pontardawe,142
Lewis,L J[teacher],Cwmgors primary school,212Lewis,Mary Anne [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,188
Lewis,Morgan,Salem-Clydach,151,152Lewis,Morgan, Siloam-Brynamman,176
Lewis,Richard, Siloam-Brynamman,176Lewis,Richard[teacher],Brynamman,220
Lewis,Richard[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,224Lewis,Sulwyn L [teacher],Pontardawe Grammar County school,190
Lewis,Thomas,Ynyspenllwch,95,96Lewis,William[Lewys Afan],---,60
Llan Davies,W, Tabernacle-Cwmgors,175Llewelyn,Arthur[Rev, Seion-Cwmgors,177
Llewelyn,Elizabeth[teacher],Tairgwaith school, 218Llewelyn,Griff,---,79
Llewelyn,Ivor,Darren colliery,67Llewelyn,Llewelyn,Ynyspenllwch,97,198
Llewelyn,Tom, All Saints-Pontardawe,139Llewelyn,W Craven,Darren colliery,67
Llewelyn,William,Ynyspenllwch,97Llewelyn Evans,B[Rev],Godre'rgraig chapel,168
Llewelyn Jones,Hugh[Rev], Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167Lloyd,---[Mr -a shipwright],---,41
Lloyd,A[Miss] [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,189Lloyd,C[Miss] [teacher],Rhydyfro school,227
Lloyd,D H[Rev], Carmel-Clydach,155Lloyd,Dan,GCG Band,260
Lloyd,David,Pheonix Tinplate co-Ystalyfera,56,166Lloyd,David,Gilbertsons works,66
Lloyd,Elizabeth,Cilmaenllwyd,138Lloyd,Ellen,Plas Cilybebyll,60
Lloyd,F E,Plas-Cilybebyll,124,136Lloyd,Francis,Plas Cilybebyll,60
Lloyd,Henry[teacher], Cae'r Doc school,183,195Lloyd,Herbert,Cilybebyll,29,139,196,197,273
Lloyd,J H P,Cilybebyll,121Lloyd,Luther Mrs, Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167
Lloyd,Randall, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139Lloyd,Robert[teacher],Ystalyfera school,206,207
Lloyd,William,Pheonix Tinplate co-YstalyferaLloyd family,Plas-Cilybebyll,121,126
Lloyd Hill,J,Clydach,199Lumley Evans,William[Rev],Beula/Soar-Ystalyfera,164,165
Mabon,---[MP],---,see AbrahamMackworth,Humphrey [Sir],---,53,120
Mackworth,Robert h[Sir],---,96Maddocks,Gwen[teacher], Ystalyfera schools,208
Madge,W A, All Saints-Pontardawe,139Mainwaring,J D,Wern-Ystalyfera,162
Mainwaring,John,New Church Temple-Ynysmeudwy,149Mainwaring,W G,Danygraig chapel,130
Mansel,Bussy[Hon],Gellionen chapel,132Mark,Jenkin,GCG-Post Office,48
Martin,Edward P,Ynystawe,38,90Martin,Timothy,---,90
Mathias,---[Rev],Mount Elim chapel,143Mathias,Edward,Danygraig chapel,131
McKinley,---[ congressman],USA,61Meers,James[Sir],Clydach,95
Melbourne James,William Sir,Lord Chief Justice,198Mercer,Robert,Ystalyfera,79
Mere,John[Sir-of Kirton],---,95Mere,Robert de la,---,95
Meredith,D Glyn,clerk Pont.RDC,266Meredith,D Glyn[clerk to Pontardawe RDC],---,210
Meredith,Daniel,---,51Meredith,Mary[teacher],GCG school,215
Meredith,William,GCG Colliery,266Michael,Llewellyn, New Church Temple-Ynysmeudwy,149
Michell,Catherine [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,188Michell,Elizabeth [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,188
Middleton,Christopher,Middleton Hall-CMN,51Middleton,Rachel,Middleton Hall-CMN,51
Miers,---,Mr,landowner-GCG,264Miers,family estates,GCG,276
Miers,Henry Nathaniel,Ynyspenllwch,94,95,97,199Miers,John Nathaniel,---,38,96,97
Miers,M N,Clydach,180,198Miers,Mary Ann[Molly],Clydach,96
Miers,Nathaniel[tinplates],---,96Miers,Richard Hill& Jane Bonner,Ynyspenllwch,94
Miers,Thomas[Sir],Clydach,95Mitchell,J J [Mr],Ynysgedwyn Tinplate co,56
Mitchell,Margaret[teacher],Penclyn school,204Mon Williams,W [Rev], Anglesey/Siloam-Brynamman,176
Mond,Ludwig/Robert/Alfred,Clydach,99Moore-Gwyn,Ellen,Dyffryn,65
Morfydd Morgan,S[Miss] [teacher],Cwmgors primary school,212Morgan,B[Mrs][teacher], Cilybebyll school,197
Morgan,Cassie[Mrs],Cwmllynfell Post Office,47Morgan,Charles,GCG mine owner,267
Morgan,Charles[musician],Ystalyfera,258Morgan,D Hopkin[Rev],Calfaria-Clydach,153
Morgan,David, Siloam-Brynamman,176Morgan,David,Cilpentan,214
Morgan,David Hugh[Rev[,Calfaria-Clydach,154Morgan,David[alderman],Ystalyfera Grammar school,208
Morgan,David[architect],Waunleision-GCG,255Morgan,David[teacher],Rhydyfro school,227
Morgan,Edgar[international rugby],Pontardawe,256Morgan,Edgar[teacher],Tairgwaith school, 218
Morgan,Elizabeth[Miss][teacher],Penclyn school,204,205Morgan,Fred, Siloam-Brynamman,176
Morgan,G [teacher],Pontardawe Primary Boys school,188Morgan,Griffith,Banwen School,178
Morgan,Griffith[teacher],Brynamman,222Morgan,Henry,Capel y Graig-Trebannws,134
Morgan,Hilda[Mrs],Cwmllynfell Post office,47Morgan,Isaac[Rev],Soar,144
Morgan,J Gwynne[Brigadier Gen.-JP],Mond Nickel,102Morgan,J T[Thalamis][Rev], Adulum chapel-Pontardawe,142,143
Morgan,Jane[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,224Morgan,John,Cwmllynfell Post Office,47
Morgan,John, Siloam-Brynamman,176Morgan,John, Penlan Fach,215
Morgan,John,Ystalyfera-Cwmllynfell school board election,225Morgan,John Lloyd, Ebenezer-Brynamman,178
Morgan,John[teacher],GCG school,216Morgan,Leslie[Rev],Gosen-Trebannws,144
Morgan,Llew,---,24Morgan,Morgan[teacher],Brynamman,221
Morgan,Philip[Rev],Adulum chapel,142Morgan,Richard, Siloam-Brynamman,176
Morgan,Richard[teacher],GCG school,214Morgan,S G[BSc],Alltwen,126
Morgan,Thomas,Penlanfach-Ystalyfera,159Morgan,Thomas[musician[Gwauncaegurwen,259
Morgan,Thomas[musician],Ystalyfera,258Morgan,W R,Danygraig chapel,130
Morgan,William,Plas Mount level,105Morgan,William Samuel[MSc],---,12
Morgan,William[Rev],Soar,144Morgan R H,Llangiwg church,125
Morgans,---Mr[musician],Cwmtawe,258Morris,Ben[Rev], Carmel-Clydach,155
Morris,Ceriog, Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167Morris,Claud,Llais Llafur Co Ltd,269
Morris,D W[Rev], Beula-Cwmtwrch,165Morris,Daisy[teacher],Tairgwaith school, 218
Morris,Evan, Siloam-Brynamman,176Morris,M[Mrs] [teacher],Cwmllynfell school,226
Morris,Mary[teacher],GCG school/Porthcawl,216Morris,Prosser,---,31
Morris,Robert,Ynyspenllwch,97Morris,S H, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Morris,T J[Rev],Soar-Ystalyfera,164Morris,Tal,GCG Band,260
Morris,Thomas[Canon], St Mary's-Clydach,157,158Morris,William[school inspector,---,195
Morse,John,Ynyspenllwch,95Moses,Arthur, Siloam-Brynamman,176
Moses,Arthur[teacher],Pontardawe Boys school,187Moses,Arthur[teacher],Tairgwaith school, 218
Moses,D J[Rev],Gurnos-Ystalyfera,163Moses Williams,D[Rev],Beula-Cwmtwrch,165
Neville,Richard[Earl of Warwick],---,120Newton,---[Dr],Ystalyfera Tinplate co,86
Newton,---[Mr],Ystalyfera school,207Nicholas,Rees[teacher], Ystalyfera school,207
Nicholas,T E[Rev] Seion-Clydach,155Nisbet,M A[Miss][teacher],Clydach,201
O'Donovan,---[Father],Catholic-Clydach,157Oak,Edward[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,224
Oliver,David[Rev],Gellionen chapel,133Owen,Alfred Williams[teacher],Rhydyfro school,227
Owen,Dyfnallt[Rev[,Cwmllynfell,170Owen,Esau[y][Rev],Hebron-Clydach/Gosen-Trebannws,143,154,198,199,203
Owen,John[Bishop],St David's,177Owen,John[Dr],Bishop of St David's,157
Owen,Mary[teacher],Rhydyfro school,227Owen,T G[Rev], Pantycrwys-Craigcefnparc,156
Owen,W T[Rev], Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141Padley,William,Swansea,37,38
Painter,John, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139Palmer,George,Gilbertsons works,66,67
Parker,John Henry[verger],St Peter's church,136Parry,Ellis[Rev],Godre'rgraig chapel,167
Parsons,John,Pontardawe,40,41,53,57,67,184Parsons,Mary[wife of William],---,58
Parsons,Richard,Ynysgedwyn,31,32,52,53,57,89,90,105Parsons,Samuel,---,53
Parsons,William,Pontardawe,40,42,53,57,58,136,137,180,183Patti,Madam,---,273
Payne,Albert S[teacher],Brynamman,220Peel,Charles E,Gyrnos Tinplate co,56
Peel,E Morton,Gyrnos Tinplate co,57Pembroke, Earl of,27
Penderel,E A H,Garth-Pontardawe,106,170Pendrill,Edward,Llangiwg church,125
Pendrill,Richard,---,79Penry,David,Gellionen chapel,132,169
Penry,John,Bethesda chapel-Ynysmeudwy,148Penry,Margaret,Llychard Vach,28
Phillips,D,Neuadd Lwyd,127Phillips,D Rhys,---,96
Phillips,Frank,Ynysmeudwy Tinworks,76Phillips,G[Mr],Pheonix Tinplate co,56
Phillips,Gwilym, Siloam-Brynamman,176Phillips,H M[Miss] [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,189
Phillips,John H[teacher],Brynamman,220Phillips,Mary[teacher], Pontardawe National school,184
Phillips,Melville[Rev],English Congregational-Ystalyfera,169Phillips,T George[Rev], Pantycrwys-Craigcefnparc,156
Phillips,Tom Ellis[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,226Philpot,Gwenllian[teacher],Rhydyfro school,227
Player,John,Gyrnos Tinplate co,56,97,98Player,Percy,Clydach,99
Player,W H[Mr],Gyrnos Tinplate co,56,97,98Player,W J Percy,Gyrnos Tinplate co,57,97,98,99
Popkin,John Bennett,---,38Popkin,Thomas,---,52
Popkins,---[tinplates],---,96Portray,Christopher,Ynysgedwyn,51
Portray,Richard/Catherine,Cheriton/Rhosili/Ystradgynlais,51Powell,---,Mr[first aid man],John Player & sons Ltd,99
Powell,---,Ynysmeudwy Tinplate,76Powell,D J, All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Powell,Gabriel,---,28Powell,Marianne[teacher],Clydach,201
Powell,Thomas,County school inspector,205Powell,William,Llychard Vawr,28
Price,---[Dr],---,184Price,David John[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,226
Price,David[Rev], Beula/Bryn Seion-Cwmtwrch,165,166Price,Evan[musician[Gwauncaegurwen,259
Price,Gomer,Ystalyfera school,207Price,Hilton,Pontardawe Grammar County school,190
Price,J R[Rev],Saron -Rhydyfro,147Price,L[Rev],Llandilo,177
Price,Mary[teacher],Godre'rgraig Mixed school,211Price,Morgan,Llangiwg church,125
Price,Rees,Ystalyfera Isaf,159Price,Rees[Rev],Gellionen chapel,132,145
Price,Rhys[Rev],Cwmllynfell chapel,146,170Price,Richard H, Siloam-Brynamman,176
Price,Thomas,Llangiwg church,125Price,Vicar[?],---,183
Price,Walter,Llangiwg church,125Pritchard,Jevan Morgan,TirYnysgedwyn,51
Pritchard,Robert Islwyn[Rev],Gellionen chapel,134Probyn,Lydia Kate[Miers,Ynyspenllwch,94
Prosser,---bach[Eos Cynlais] [musician],Ystalyfera,258Prosser,William[teacher],Crofte-Brynamman,219
Prutherch,---[Mr],Gellionen chapel,132Pryce,Tanner,Ynysgedwyn,52
Pryce,Thomas[Pryce Bach],Ynysgedwyn,52Pryse,Thomas,tinplate,96
Pugh,David[MP],Garnant colliery,265Pugh,Dillwyn, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Pugh,John[Rev],Sketty/ Adulum chapel-Pontardawe,142Pughe,William[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,224
Pytt,Rowland,Ynyspenllwch,95Ramsey,Alex G[Dr-JP],Mond Nickel,102
Rawson,---[Mrs],Ystalyfera,206Rawson,Emily[Budd],Ystalyfera,80
Rees,Arthur Gwyn [teacher],Pontardawe Boys school,187,188Rees,Beddoe Sir[architect],Tabernacle-Cwmgors,175
Rees,D H,Western Valley co,77Rees,D L Godre'rgraig Council school,212
Rees,David Gwenog[Rev],Gellionen chapel,134Rees,David J,Scranton-USA,268
Rees,David T[Rev],Godre'rgraig chapel,167Rees,David[Rev],Caersalem-Ystalyfera,164
Rees,Ebenezer,South Wales Voice,268Rees,Enoch,Brynamman,109
Rees,Enoch[Rev],Clydach,137,157Rees,F E[Director Education],---,209
Rees,Gerwyn Godre'rgraig Council school,212Rees,H[DR],School Board-Ystalyfera,207
Rees,H[Dr],GCG-Cwmllynfell school board election,225Rees,Henry Alfred[BA],Ystalyfera Grammar sch,129,209
Rees,Henry[headmaster], Ystalyfera Grammar school,209Rees,Hywel[Dr],Ebenezer-Brynamman,178
Rees,Idwal, Siloam-Brynamman,176Rees,John[Rev], Beula-Cwmtwrch,165
Rees,John[Rev],Cwmllynfell chapel,170,172Rees,John[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,226
Rees,Josiah[Rev],Gellionen chapel,132,133,213Rees,Levi[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,223
Rees,Lewis,Tirdwncyn,169Rees,Llewelyn[overseer],Mawr Llanguke,41
Rees,Morgan,Salem-Clydach,151Rees,Owen,Gellionen,133
Rees,Philip,Caegurwen Arms-GCG,213Rees,Rees B,Caersalem-Ystalyfera,166
Rees,Rees[Rev & Mrs],Aberavon/Alltwen,128,130,131Rees,Rees[Rev],Alltwen/ Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141,142,208
Rees,Richard,Hendre Caradog-Cilybebyll,29Rees,Stanley Gordon [teacher],Pontardawe Grammar school,190
Rees,T J,Tabernacle-Cwmgors,175Rees,T J,GCG Band,260
Rees,Thomas, [Rev],Swansea/Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141Rees,Thomas[Dr],London,133
Rees,Vernon[Rev], Adulum chapel-Pontardawe,143Rees,W J]Rev],Porth/Alltwen,129,131
Rees,William[Rev],Llechryd-CGN,149Rees,William[Rev][Arianglawdd],Bryn Seion-Cwmtwrch,166
Reynolds,John,Greenfield,79Reynolds,John,Cwmllynfell mines,106
Reynolds,Thomas[teacher],Ystalyfera school,207Richard,Lewis,Bryncarnau farm-Alltwen,127
Richards,Alfa[Rev],Gellionen chapel,134Richards,Brinley[county councillor],Ystalyfera Grammar school,208
Richards,D Gower[Rev],Gosen-Trebannws,144Richards,David,Ynysmeudwy Tinworks,76
Richards,David, All Saints-Pontardawe,139Richards,J D W[Rev], Carmel-Clydach,155
Richards,J Lundy,Llangiwg church,125,139Richards,Mary[teacher],Rhydyfro school,227
Roach,B J,Western Valley co,77Roberts,---[Principal],Aberystwyth,188
Roberts,C[Mr],Swansea,37Roberts,David[Rev], Seion-Clydach,155
Roberts,Gwladys[teacher], Ystalyfera schools,208Roberts,J J[Rev],Hebron-Clydach,154
Roberts,J J[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,225Roberts,J[Rev],Cwmllynfell chapel,171
Roberts,John,Cwmllynfell mines,106Roberts,John James,schoolmaster,58
Roberts,John Jones[teacher], Pontardawe National school,184,185,186Roberts,John[Rev],Siloam-Brynamman,176
Roberts,John[Rev],Conway/ Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141Roberts,Maud[teacher], Ystalyfera schools,208
Roberts,Percy[teacher],Pontardawe Grammar County school,190Roberts,Redvers Percy[MA],Grammar school,58
Roberts,Robert[deacon],Alltwen,130Roberts,Thomas,Royal Oak Inn-Ystalyfera,272
Roberts,W D[Rev], Ebenezer-Brynamman,178Roberts.E S[Rev], Pantycrwys-Craigcefnparc,156
Roderick,T M[Rev], Tabernacle-Cwmgors,175Roderick,William D [Rev],Rhiwfawr/Gwrhyd,172
Rogers,Thomas,Llangiwg church,125Rosser,A D,Qualiton,78
Rowlands,Clive[international rugby],Cwmtwrch,256Rowlands,Dafydd[Rev], Ebenezer-Brynamman,178
Rowlands,John[Rev],Cwmllynfell chapel,170,173Russell,Charles Taze,Jehovah Witnesses,156
Sails,Richard,GCG mine owner,267Samuel,A Irfon[Rev], Tabernacle-Cwmgors,175
Samuel,Astley W,School Board,186,195,205Samuel,Astley W,Alltwen Collegiate school,269
Samuel,M A[Miss ?], [teacher],Godre'rgraig Mixed school,211Samuel,William,Collegiate school,194,196
Samuel,Wynne[barrister],Ystalyfera ?,164Scale,Mary[teacher],Rhydyfro school,227
Selby Jones,T[Rev]Carmel-GCG,174Sellers,Frank,GCG mine owner,267
Semple,F B[teacher],Pontardawe Boys school,187Simmonds,Joseph,Gellionen chapel,132
Simonds,Joseph[Rev],Gellionen chapel/Cwmllynfell chapel,132,169Smith,Alex[teacher], Pontardawe National school,184
Smith,David, Cilybebyll school board,196Smith,John[colliery owner],Llansamlet,90
Smith,Margaret[teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,188Smith family,Cilybebyll,126
Spence,---Mrs[teacher],Tairgwaith school,217Spencer,---Mr[postal deliveries],Swansea,46,47
Spratt,---Miss[teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,185Stamp,Dudley[geographer],---,99
Stephens,D W[Rev], Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167Stephens,Thomas,Foundry,78
Stewart,William,Hendreforgan colliery,108Strick,Courtney C [Capt],Gyrnos Tinplate co,57
Strick,George Henry,Gyrnos Tinplate co,56,57Strick,Henry,Ynyspenllwch,97
Strick,John,Craigyrhwper colliery,90Strick,John,limekilns-Clydach,275
Strick,John J,Clydach Foundry,97Strick,---Mr,Amman Iron Works-Brynamman,221,222
Strick family,Tawe Valley,90Sully,Arthur Blount[headmaster], Ystalyfera Grammar school,209
Taylor,Robert,English Congregational-Ystalyfera,169Taylor,W T[teacher], Pontardawe National school,185
Terry,D J[teacher],Rhydyfro school,227Thomas,Alice[teacher],Tairgwaith school,217
Thomas,Benjamin[Rev]Gurnos-Ystalyfera,163Thomas,C S[architect],Swansea,147
Thomas,Ceridwen[teacher], Ystalyfera schools,208Thomas,Clem[international rugby],Brynamman,256
Thomas,D,Ynysmeudwy Tinworks,76Thomas,D G[Mr],Ynysgedwyn Tinplate co,55
Thomas,D I[teacher],Clydach Secondary County School,190Thomas,D Ll[teacher],Pontardawe Boys school,187
Thomas,D[Mr],Pheonix Tinplate co,56Thomas,David,Salem-Clydach,151
Thomas,David,Medical Officer of Health,186,208Thomas,David,Ystalyfera- Cwmllynfell school board election,225
Thomas,David [teacher],Pontardawe Grammar school,190Thomas,David E, Ebenezer-Brynamman,178
Thomas,David[Rev], Beula-Cwmtwrch,165Thomas,David[the younger],Pwll-y-wrach,33
Thomas,David[USA],Ystradgynglais,53,54Thomas,Elizabeth Margretta,Groeswen,175
Thomas,Evan,Danygraig chapel,130Thomas,Evan[Rev], Llanfair-Cwmgors,177
Thomas,Henry,Gilbertsons works,66Thomas,Henry,Lacharn,126
Thomas,Henry[builder],Rhydyfro school,227Thomas,Henry[Rev],Alltwen,126,127
Thomas,J Aaron,Ynysmeudwy Tinworks,76Thomas,J J A[Rev],Bishop of Swansea & Brecon,158
Thomas,J R, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139Thomas,John,Cwmllynfell mine,106
Thomas,John E[Rev],Seion-Cwmgors,177Thomas,John William,Danygraig chapel,130
Thomas,John William[teacher],Pontardawe Grammar school,190Thomas,John[Jack-MA],Ystradgynlais,113
Thomas,John[Rev],Gurnos-Ystalyfera,163Thomas,Joseph,llwynrhidiau colliery,103
Thomas,Margaret[teacher], Ystalyfera schools,208Thomas,Margaret[teacher],Godre'rgraig Mixed school,211
Thomas,Margaret[teacher],GCG school,215Thomas,Meredith,---,51
Thomas,Richard [OBE.JP],Clydach,93,94Thomas,Robert[Rev],Gellionen,132
Thomas,Robert[Rev],Glandwr/ Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141Thomas,Roger[Adolphus],---,81
Thomas,Roger[poet],---,38Thomas,Rosser Elwyn, [curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139
Thomas,Sally[Mrs],Cwmllynfell Post Office,47Thomas,T G[Rev],Cwmllynfell chapel,171
Thomas,Tawelfryn[Rev],Groeswen,175Thomas,Thomas,Abernant,33
Thomas,Thomas[Rev],Llandilo/Hebron-Clydach,154Thomas,W,Llangiwg church,125
Thomas,W D[Rev],Gibea-Brynamman,178Thomas,W G [teacher],Pontardawe Primary Boys school,188
Thomas,W P[Rev], Beula-Cwmtwrch,165Thomas,William,Blaen-nant-hir farm-GCG,124
Thomas,William,Llangiwg church,125,126,183Thomas,William,Hebron-Clydach,154,155
Thomas,William John[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,226Thomas,William[musician],Pantteg,258
Thomas,William[Rev],Seion-Clydach,155Tobias,Thomas,Llanelly/ Tabernacle-Pontardawe,140
Town,Morris,---,38Treacher,Benjamin,Ystalyfera,79
Treherne,David[teacher],Penclyn school,204Tudor,Jasper[Duke of Bedford],---,120
Tudor Morris,G[Rev], Siloam-Brynamman,176Turberville,D B,School Board,185,207,215
Turberville,Richard/Elizabeth,Cilybebyll,138Vivian,H H [MP][Lord Swansea],---,43,92
Walker,E Glyn[Rev],Wern-Ystalyfera,162Walker,George,Swansea,106
Walters,---[Dr],Llanfair-Cwmgors,177Walters,D D[Rev][Gwallter Ddu],Ynysmeudwy/Saron-Rhydyfro,147
Walters,P,Wern-Ystalyfera,162Walters,Thomas,Graigola vein,90,91,92
Walters,Thomas,Cwmllynfell mine,106Walters,Thomas,Ystradgynlais,137
Walters,Thomas[grocer],Ystalyfera,162Walters family,Walters Rd,Swansea,91
Walters-Jones,Phyllis,Wern-Ystalyfera,162Warner,R [Rev],---,96
Watkin,Evan,Mynydd Bach level,105Watkin,Jeffrey,Brynamman Post Office,47
Watkin,W R [Rev],Clydach,150Watkins,John[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,226
Watkins,Mary [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,188Watkins,Philip J,Swansea,57
Webb,Henry, All Saints-Pontardawe,139Whitaker,---Mr[violin],Swansea,186
White,T R[Mr],Gurnos Tinplate co,56White,Thomas Richardson,Fountain Hall-Ystalyfera,215
William,Dafydd,Cwmgarw,218Williams,---,Maesygwernen,60
Williams,Alice[school governess],Ystalyfera,207Williams,B[Rev],Cannan/ Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141
Williams,Charles,Ynysmeudwy Pottery,75Williams,Charles[Rev],Soar-Ystalyfera/Adulum chapel-Pontardawe,142,164,175
Williams,Charles[Rev], Siloam-Brynamman,176Williams,Charles[Rev], Ystalyfera,215
Williams,D D,Bryn Works Ltd-Penybryn Sketty,76Williams,D M [teacher],Pontardawe Boys school,187
Williams,D T[alderman],Ystalyfera Grammar school,208Williams,D Watkin[teacher],Brynamman,220
Williams,D[Rev],Capel y Cwar,151Williams,David,Llychard Vawr,28
Williams,David,Caeglas-Brynamman,47Williams,David Alexander, Tabernacle-Pontardawe,140
Williams,David James[MP],Tairgwaith/Neath,111,116Williams,David[Rev], St John's-Clydach,157
Williams,Emrys, Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167Williams,Evan[Rev],Cwmllynfell chapel,169
Williams,G,Clydach,199Williams,H Seiriol[Rev], Tabernacle-Pontardawe,141
Williams,Ieuan, Jerusalem-Ystalyfera,167Williams,J,Ynysmeudwy Tinworks,76
Williams,J Caradog[Rev],Saron-Rhydyfro,147Williams,J M[Rev], Carmel-Clydach,155
Williams,J P]Rev], Beula-Cwmtwrch,165Williams,J R[contractor],Ystalyfera,147
Williams,J T [Rev],Cwmtwrch/ Adulum chapel-Pontardawe,142Williams,J T[Rev], Carmel-Clydach,155
Williams,James,Pwllbach,215Williams,James[teacher], Ystalyfera school,206,207
Williams,James[teacher],Brynamman,220Williams,John,Ty Isaf Quarry-GCG,263
Williams,John[MP],Gower,111Williams,John[Rev],Llangeler,177
Williams,Leonard D,Swansea bank Ltd,215Williams,Lewis[musician],Ystalyfera,259
Williams,Llewelyn,Wern-Ystalyfera,162Williams,M [Miss] [teacher],Cwmllynfell school,226
Williams,M J [Miss][teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,189Williams,M[teacher], Pontardawe National school,185
Williams,Mary,Gelligron,182Williams,Mary[teacher],Godre'rgraig Mixed school,211
Williams,---Miss [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,188Williams,Moses[Rev],Arminians,151
Williams,---Mr[chief clerk],John Player & sons Ltd,99Williams,---Mrs[teacher],Brynamman,221
Williams,---Mrs[teacher],Rhydyfro school,227Williams,N A{Miss] [teacher],Brynamman,221
Williams,Richard[teacher],Waun Esgyrn-Garnant,219Williams,Robin J [Rev], Pantycrwys-Craigcefnparc,156
Williams,Samuel,Gilbertsons works,66Williams,Samuel[teacher],Cwmllynfell school,224
Williams,T Harris[Canon], St Mary's-Clydach,157Williams,T L V[teacher],Pontardawe Primary Boys school,188
Williams,T Roger[teacher],Ystalyfera schools,208Williams,Taliesin[teacher],Pontardawe Boys school,188
Williams,Thomas,Brynheulog,144Williams,Thomas R,Gilbertsons works,66
Williams,Thomas Roger[teacher],Pontardawe Boys school,186,187Williams,Thomas[Rev], Beula-Cwmtwrch,165
Williams,William,Maesygwernen,147Williams,William,Ynysmeudwy,75
Williams,William John[musician],Pant-teg-Ystalyfera,259Williams,William[JP-councillor],
Williams,William[smith],Brynamman,47Wills,Mary [teacher],Pontardawe Infants school,189
Wolfe,Godfrey[curate],All Saints-Pontardawe,139Woodman,Henry[teacher], Pontardawe National school,184
Wyn,Watcyn[Rev],[Cwmllynfell?],146Wyn Evans,Ellis[teacher],GCG school,216
Young,George,Glamorganshire Banking co,216Young,Glasnant[Rev], Beula-Cwmtwrch,165
  

Places,mountains,rivers,groups,events,companies,things

Abbey Works,53Abercrave,52,274
Abercrave[post office],46Aberdare,27
Aberdulais forge,96Aberdulas Tinplate Co Ltd,61
Abergelli colliery,92Abergwynfi,115
Aberlash Farm-Ammanford,83Abernant,17,20
Abernant colliery,70,71,72,76Adulum Baptist chapel-Pontardawe,142
Ainon chapel-Ystalyfera,164Aladin Industries,77
All Saints Church-Pontardawe,61,137,138,139Alloy Works,63
Alltacam,48Alltacham farm-Llangiwg ,29
Alltwen,37,47,48,143,204Alltwen & Pontardawe Cooperative Society,77
Alltwen gap,13,14Alltwen Independent chapel,126,130,140,141,148,158
Alltwen school,53Alltwen Sunday school,128
Alltygreeg,28,41Alltygrug farm-Llangiwg ,29
Alltygrug fault,17Alltygrug hamlet,81,205
Alltygrug Hill-Ystalyfera,207Amalgamated Association of Miners,111
Ambulance Hall-Clydach,156Amman Iron Works collieries,109,264
Amman Iron/Tinplate Works-Brynamman,44,45,47,56,97,221Amman river,12,14,27,35
Amman Valley,44Amman Valley Grammar school,221
Ammanford Colliery,114Arminians,132,133,151
Arthur & Hockin-Clydach,91Bala College,170,171
Bangor College,165,171Banwen school-Brynamman,222
Baptists at Clydach,150Baptists at Ystalyfera,163
Baptists-Cwmtwrch,165Baran,48,49
Baran chapel,145,146,155Baran coal mine,76
Baron Court-Gwauncaegurwen,103Barry Dock,24
Battery Mill-Ynyspenllwch,97Beddau'r Derwyddon-Llygad llwchwr,25,26
Beili-glas-isaf/uchaf farms-Llangiwg ,29,30,44,104Ben Thomas & Son-Cwmllynfell,107
Berlei[UK] Ltd-Pontardawe,73,77Bethania chapel -Cwmtwrch,167
Bethania Chapel-Clydach,152Bethania Rd-Clydach,152
Bethel chapel,127Bethel chapel,new-Garnant,130
Bethel-Cwmtwrch,148Bethesda chapel,140,141,148
Bethesda chapel-Glanamman,175Beting isaf farm-Llangiwg ,30
Beting uchaf farm-Llangiwg ,30Bettinge,28
Betws[CMN],113Beula chapel-Cwmtwrch,164,165
Big Vein[Nine Feet],16,44,68,69,89,102,104,105,265Birchgrove railway station,46
Black Mountains,31,35Blackband & Big Vein,107
Blaen nant meilir,28Blaen y hir,28
Blaencaegurwen Colliery co,263Blaen-egel farm-Llangiwg ,30,169
Blaen-nant farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29Blaen-nant-hir farm-Gwauncaegurwen,124,263
Blaennantmeilir-GCG,263Board school,131
Board school-Gellinudd,195Board school-Llangiwg,149
Book of Sports,126,132Boundary Colliery,61,94
Bowen & bevan-Clydach,94Braint,266
Brancher & Co-Ystalyfera,80Brass vein,69,89,106,107
Brecon,73Brecon College,128,147,162,169,175
Brecon Rd,,58,73,143,188Bridgend Inn-Brynamman,219
Brin Morgan level,105British & Foreign School Society,198
British Assoc. for Advancement of Science,81,82British Iron Steel & Kindred Trade Association,63
British Schools,180,198,200Brobdingnagian steel works-Margam,57
Brook collier-Cwmllynfell,264Bryn Gorof coal mine,76
Bryn Gwilym-Cwmllynfell,166Bryn lygos farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29
Bryn Morgan Colliery,108,109Bryn Salem chapel-Clydach,151
Bryn Seion chapel-Cwmtwrch,165Bryn Seion chapel-Gellinudd,128,131
Bryn Works Ltd-Ynysmeudwy,76Bryn Yeddis Gwylfe,28
Brynamman,14,16,17,31,35,44,45,46,103Brynamman chapel,146
Brynamman colliery,110Brynamman Football Club[Rugby],221
Brynamman Library,220Brynamman school,218-222
Brynamman-Co-op shop,47Brynamman-Station Rd,47,267
Brynasgallog farm-Cilybebyll,127Bryncarnau farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29,127
Bryn-chwyth farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Bryncoch mine,129
Bryncoch vein,18Bryncoed farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29
Bryn-glas farm-Llangiwg ,30Brynhenllys colliery/drift,107,109,223
Brynllefrith Farm,264,276Brynllefrith farm-Llangiwg ,29
Brynlliw colliery,70Brynllynfell chapel,167
Brynmelyn Quarry and Tramway-Penlle'rfedwen Common,263Brynysgallog farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29
Buckland Pit-Cwmgors,45Bwlch y gwynt farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29
Bwlch-y-groes chapel-Cardiganshire,129Cadoxton,53
Cae'r Doc school,58,142,183,195,196Cae'r Doc-Pontardawe,41,136
Cae'r Efail-Cilybebyll,118Cae'r Ffalde-Cwmllynfell,170
Caeglas Terrace-GCG,44,104Caegurwen,103
Caegurwen Arms[school]-GCG,213,214Caegyrwen school,212
Caersalem chapel-Ystalyfera,164Calfaria Baptist Chapel,152,153,154
Calvinism,133Cambrian Daily Leader,269
Cambrian Mercantile Syndicate Ltd,69,88Capel Bach school-Brynamman,219
Capel pen steps-Ystalyfera,164Capel y Groes,133
Capel-y-Cwar[Arminian,151Capel-y-Graig chapel-Trebannws,134
Cardiff castle,120Carmarthen College,133,167,172,177
Carmarthen Presbyterian College,134Carmel [Old]Chapel-GCG,31
Carmel Chapel-Clydach,155Carmel Chapel-GCG,48,146,173,174,216
Carreg Cennen castle school,195Carreg-ffylfan-GCG,32,260
Carreg-Pentwyn farm Llangiwg ,30Castellhywel School,133
Cathelid colliery,91,92Cathelyd fach farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29
Cathelyd ganol farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Cawdor colliery,104,109
Cefn celfi farm/mine-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29,118,129Cefn Gwrhyd,12,25
Cefn parc farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Cefneithrum farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29
Cefn-Llangiwg uchaf farm-Llangiwg ,30Cefnllan-isaf farm-Llangiwg ,30
Central Labour College-London,112Cerrig Pikes-Mynydd Carn Llechart,25
Cholera-GCG,173Christian Temple,Ammanford,128
Church inWales-Clydach,157Cigerwen school-Llanguick,212
Cilhendre,31Cilmaengwyn,48,188
Cilmaengwyn isaf farm-Llangiwg ,30Cilybebyll,48,49,50,52,53,118
Cilybebyll church,125Cilybebyll Infants school,130
Cloth Hall-Clydach,154,275Clwyd Gwilym-GCG,263
Clydach,18,27,32,41,49,90,91,99,180Clydach,St Mary's Church,98
Clydach Boys Club,99Clydach Fair,202
Clydach Faithful Friends,271Clydach Foundry,97
Clydach Hospital,203Clydach Merthyr colliery,92,203
Clydach Reading Room,271Clydach Secondary County School,190
Clydach Society,The,271Clydach Uchaf river,37
Clydach valley,92Clydach-clubs,271
Clydach-on-Tawe,52,53Coed Parc-Cwmafon,59
Coed y falde level,105Coedcae mawr farm-Llangiwg ,30
Coedffaldau-Llanguke,79Coedgwilym,48
Coles,Miers & Lewis-Ynyspenllwch,95Coliseum Cinema-Ystalyfera,268
Colliers,The-Clydach,271Compass-Clydach,271
Conciliation Board system,110Copper Miners' Tinplate Co Ltd,59
Cory,Yeo & co-Craigyrhwper colliery,90,92,94County Junior Primary school,188
Cox's colliery-Cwmllynfell,108Crach-llwyn farm-Llangiwg ,30
Craig Cilhendre,94Craig Trebannws,21,23,122
Craig yr allt,92Craig yr Hwper,91
Craigcefnparc,91,156,180,204Craigfelen Primary school[list of names 1957+],203
Craig-y-nos,24,52Crane's Level colliery,68
Crimea Pit-Godre'rgraig,40,69,88Crofte -Brynamman,219
Cross Inn-Ammanford,220Cross keys Hotel-Swansea,124
Cross-GCG,45Crowley & Co-Ystradgynlais,52
Curtis row-Ynysmeudwy,148Cwm Capel colliery,92
Cwm Clic,68Cwm Du,73,76
Cwm levels,92Cwm Shon stream,73
Cwmamman chapel,170Cwmamman-Farmers Bridge,47
Cwmamman-Post Office,47Cwmamman-Ty Gwyn,47
Cwmbach Farm-GCG,173,212Cwmbach Independent school-GCG,213
Cwmclyd coal mine,76Cwmclyd farm-Llangiwg ,30
Cwmclydach colliery,92Cwmdu -Ynysmeudwy,21,73
Cwmgors,14,20,32,35,44,103,261Cwmgors Primary School,44,104
Cwmgors Brickworks,46,264Cwmgors Colliery,46,110,112,264
Cwmgors Co-operative Society,112Cwmgors farm-Llangiwg ,29
Cwmgors Post Office,48Cwmgors Primary school,212
Cwmgors-Clydach Railway,67Cwmgors-Red Vein coal,104
Cwmllynfel-Bryn Rd.47Cwmllynfell,41,103,180
Cwmllynfell Brook,106Cwmllynfell chapel,127,132,146,158,169,172,173
Cwmllynfell Colliery,106,107,110,223Cwmllynfell Farm,106
Cwmllynfell fault,17,18,264Cwmllynfell school,222,223
Cwmllynfell-Gwilym Rd,47Cwmllynfell-Old Post Office,47
Cwm-mainllwyd-Cilybebyll,195Cwmnant coal mine,76
Cwm-nant-hopkin farm-Cwmgors,28,263Cwm-nant-hopkin farm-Llangiwg ,29,35
Cwmnant-lleici farm-Llangiwg ,30Cwm-nant-llwyd colliery,18,68
Cwmtawe,37Cwmtawe Highway,30,31
Cwmtawe isaf farm-Llangiwg ,30Cwmtawe uchaf farm-Llangiwg ,30
Cwmteg fault,264Cwmtwrch,17,41,52,80
Cwmtwrch Branch Railway,44Cwmtwrch colliery,223
Cwmtwrch level,105Cwmtwrch school,223
Cwm-yr-heol farm-Llangiwg ,30Cwndwn Mawr,32
Cwrtybariwns farm-Llangiwg ,30Cyfyng,50
Cyfyng colliery,69,79,89Cyfyng Rd[heol]-Ystalyfera,163,164
Cygerwen school,212Cymer-Porth,141
Cymmer Drift,115Dan-y-graig chapel,128,130
Danygraig House,30,60,139Dan-yr-Ogof-near Craig-y-nos,24
Darren colliery-Trebannws,20,23,67Darren Widdon,21,22
Defynnog,55Deri isaf farm-Llangiwg ,30
Deri uchaf farm-Llangiwg ,30Derwydd,,GCG,44,104
Diseases -cause of school absence-Clydach,201Disestablishment & Disendowment Act,137
Dissenters-the,131Dollgraig cottage-Cwmtrubit-Brynamman,219
Drum and Fife Band,258Duke seam,17
Dyffryn Clydach river,14Dyffryn fault/trough,18,94
Dyffryn-near Neath,53Dynevor Arms,140
East Pit GCG,20Ebenezer Cemetery-Cilybebyll,118
Ebenezer chapel-Brynamman,178Ebenezer chapel-Cwmtwrch,171
Ebenezer chapel-Llansamlet,144Ebenezer Chapel-Rhos,128,130
Economic Pressworks,77Education Act 1870,180,196,199
Education Act 1944,188Education at Ystalyfera,205
Egel river,14,34English Congregational Church-Ystalyfera,169
English Wesleyans-Ammanford,220Esiah Rees & Co-Bryn Works Ltd Ynysmeudwy,76
Eskair y llwn kyll [Cwmllynfell],28Evan's Foundry,77
Fagw[y]r farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29,150Fair Field,Pontardawe,77
Fan Pit-GCG,267Farewell Rock,15
Farmers Arms-Brynamman,35,175,219Feeder Drift,69,89
Felin Fran colliery,Clydach,18,94Felindre tinplate works,57
Ffalde field-Cwmllynfell,106Fforch-egel farm-Llangiwg ,30
Fforestgoch,48Five Feet vein-Clydach,92
Foresters,The-Clydach,271Forge Uchaf/Fach-Clydach,151
Foundry,Pontardawe,78Four Feet vein/seam,69,89,92,94
Foxhole-Clydach,152Gardeners fault,18
Garnant,22,32,35,44,45,104Garnant Colliery,265
Garnant gorge,45Garnant river,22
Garnant Stream,45Garnswllt school,204
Garth Farm,Glais,94Garth farm-Llangiwg ,29
Garw river,14,15Garw valley,15
Gate House,30Gate House/shop-GCG,35
Gelli Onen school,182Gellifowy fach farm-Llangiwg ,30
Gellifowy ganol farm-Llangiwg ,30Gelligron farm-Llangiwg ,29,274
Gelligron House,65Gelligron school,182
Gellilwca fach farm-Llangiwg ,30Gellilwca fawr farm-Llangiwg ,30
Gellinudd,18Gellinudd gap,13
Gellionen,12Gellionen chapel,132,133,134,145,154,169,182
Gellionen Mountain,31,132,203Gellionen sculptured stone,134,135
Gelliwarog farm-Llangiwg ,30Gelly lwcha,28
Gelly lyog,28Gelly varog,28
Gelly vowis,28Gelly vowis mawr,28
Gelly vowis vach,28Gellygron,28,188
Gibea chapel-Brynamman,170,178,220Gilbertson,William & Co Ltd,65
Gilbertson & Co Ltd,66Gilbertson's Works[tinplate],61
Gilfach Goch farm-Llangiwg ,29Gilfach-yr-haidd farm-Llangiwg ,30,205
Gilwen Drift-Ystalyfera,69,88,89Gilwen Tinplate co,56
Glais,12,42,46,47,143,154Glamorgan Education Authority,179,180,186
Glan y Garnant,28Glanamman,165
Glanrhyd road-Trebanwws,31Glanrhyd Tinplate Works Co Ltd,61,65
Glanrhyd-Cwmdu,60Glantawe Tinplate works,61
Gleision pit-Godre'rgraig,68,102Glyn school-Brynamman,222
Glynbeudy Tinplate works-Brynamman,61,176,222Glyncoch farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29
Glyncorrwg,115Glyneithrum farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29
Glynmeirch farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29,182Godre'rgarth farm-Llangiwg ,29
Godre'rgraig,48,73,83,159Godre'rgraig chapel,167
Godre'rgraig Mixed & Council schools,211,212Godre'r-rhos,126,158
Godre'rwaun-GCG,103,213Gors river,14,17
Gorsto,170Gorsygranod farm-Llangiwg ,29
Gosen Apostolic Church-Pontardawe,145Gosen chapel,140,141,143
Gower,23Graig Forest,37
Graig-Alltwen,197Graig-arw -Ystalyfera,21,37,158,159,205
Graigola,12,53Graigola colliery,21,92
Graigola Merthyr Co.Ltd,Clydach.92Graigola seam/vein,17,18,90,92,93,93,94,105
Grammar school-Pontardawe,58Great vein,79,106,108
Great Western Railway Co,41,45,64,67,94Greenhill[post office],46
Groes,Y-Cwmgors,261Grosvenor-Herbert St,143
Gurnos chapel-Ystalyfera,163Gurnos-Ystalyfera,41,275
Gurwen gap,13Gwaincaegurwen level,105
Gwaith y Focsen-Cwmgors,109Gwaith y Poweliaid,109
Gwaun Clawdd Level-Ystradgynlais,69,88,89Gwaun Marchog mine,127
Gwauncaegurwen,14,16,20,31,32,33,35,44,103,104,180Gwauncaegurwen,Tyl'er Cwm road/Cwm Farm,22
Gwauncaegurwen colliery,109,110,264,267Gwauncaegurwen Colliery Co Ltd,45,46,263,264,265,266
Gwauncaegurwen common,263,276Gwauncaegurwen Elementary School,116
Gwauncaegurwen Post Office-The Shop,48Gwauncaegurwen Primary school,216
Gwauncaegurwen Secondary Modern school,216Gwauncaegurwen Station,263
Gwayn cae gurwen commons,28Gwlyd farm-GCG,31
Gwrachyllwynau farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Gwrhyd,48,49
Gwrhyd chapel,146,147,172Gwrhyd gap,13
Gwrhyd isaf farm-Llangiwg ,30Gwrhyd uchaf farm-Llangiwg ,30
Gwrid,28Gwter Fawr,35,47,218
Gwyn coal mine,76Gwynfe,14,15
Gwynfryn Academy-Ammanford,172Gwys railway station,46
Hafod farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Hafod works-Swansea,68,88
Heathfield Rd-Pontardawe,186Hebron Ind Chapel-Clydach,154,199
Hen Noyadd,38Hendre-Caradog farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29
Hendreforgan colliery-Cwmllynfell,108,224Hendrelas farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29
Hendy farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Henllys Vale colliery,107
Henryd farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Heol Eithrum,31
Heolffordd Academy,204Herbert St,188
Hermon chapel-Gwauncaegurwen,134Hewl hir-GCG,31,173
Hill,Messrs-Clydach,42Hill's colliery-Clydach,105
Holy Trinity-Ystalyfera,168Hopkins & Co colliery-GCG,45,104
Howell's School-Baran,146Hughes seam,17,23,67
Incline Cottage-GCG,263Independent Association of Tinplate workers,60
International Nickel Company [Mond] Ltd,102Iron & Steel Trades Confederation,63
Ivorites,The,-Brynamman,273Ivorites,The,-Clydach,271
James,Buckley,Wilson & Price-Llanelli,168James & Aubrey,79,106,107,223
James St-Pontardawe,144Jehovah Witnesses,156
Jenkins & Brown-Clydach,92Jerusalem Methodist Chapel,Ystalyfera,166
John Miers & Co-Ynyspenllwch,95Jones,Griffith schools,120
Jones,John Brynbrain colliery-Brynamman,45Jones & Sanders-Bryn Morgan Pit,108
Jones's Pontardawe Press Ltd,77Kaegurwen Mill,33
Keel vach y haidd,28Keven y gwrche,28
Keven y llan,28Kilhendre,37
Kilybebyll,47Kingdom Hall-Capel Rd-Clydach,156
Knoll Castle-Neath,96Krayth lwyn,28
Labour Certificate Exam,186Ladies fellowship,138
Landore[post office],46Leet Court-Black Mountain,107
Limekilns,274,275Little vein-Cwmllynfell,107
Llais Llafur,268Llanddeusant,51,52,169
Llandeilo,27,51,52Llandilo Fairs,45
Llandwr,38Llandyfan forge,31,32,52,53,151
Llandysul,133Llaneithrum,122
Llanelly Railway Dock Company,44,45Llanfair church-Cwmgors,177
Llangadog,31,35,169Llangiwg,50,51,119
Llangiwg Board school,58,185,186,188Llangiwg church,121,122,123,125,138,169
Llangiwg church school,182,183Llangiwg Vestry,105
Llanguicke tenements,28Llangyfelach,122,197
Llangyfelach Fair,202,204Llansamlet,42,46
Llechart gap,13,14Lletycrydd-Cwmgors,213
Llety-siac farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29Lliw gap,13,14
Llwyn Ifan Farm,145Llwyn meudwy isaf farm-Llangiwg ,30
Llwyn y meydow,28Llwyn y pryfed,28
Llwyncelyn farm-Llangiwg ,29Llwyndu brickworks,94
Llwynhen Brewery,107Llwyn-hen farm-Llangiwg[Cwmgors] ,29,33,44,264,276
Llwynifan farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Llwynmeudwy,204
Llwynpryfed farm-Llangiwg ,30Llwynrhidiau colliery,104,265
Llwyn-rhidiau farm-Llangiwg ,29Llwyn-y-celyn school-Llanguick,212
Llwynygroes-Llanybyther/Llidiadog,134LMS Railway,86
London Midland & SR,45Lord of the manor,95
Lower Brynamman,178,222Lower Cwmtwrch colliery,51
Loyal Independent Order of Alfreds-Ystalyfera,272Lyric Cinema,188
Mabon's Day,111,203Maendy Inn,Llangiwg,272
Maeslan farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29Maesmelyn vein,94
Manor of Kaegurwen,28Mawr Llanguke,41
McGarry Bros-Ynysmeudwy mine,77Merthyr,27
Methodist Women Association,167Meudwy coal mine,76,77
Midland Railway Company,44,46,67,76Milford Vein,44,104,108
Miner's lockout 1921,187Miners' Federation of Great Britain,110,111
Mines Regulation Act 1842,266Mines Regulation Act 1864,266
Mines Regulations Act 1873,184,215Mining & Technical Institute-Pontardawe,153
Mond Nickel Works-Clydach,99,100,157Moody Brothers,Clydach,92
Moody's Graigola colliery,92,93Morgan & Thomas[Gwaith y Focsen]-Mountain Colliery-Cwmgors,265,266
Moriah chapel,Brynamman,167Mothers' Union,137
Mount Elim chapel-Ynysmeudwy,142,143Mount Hill-Ystalyfera,22
Mount Pleasant Baptist chapel-Swansea,91Mount Pleasant Inn-GCG,259
Mountain Colliery-Cwmgors,109Mount-Craigcefnparc,155
Mynydd Alltygrug,12Mynydd Bach,154
Mynydd Bach level,105Mynydd Carn Llechart,12
Mynydd Du,14,15Mynydd Gellionen,25
Mynydd Gelliwastad,12Mynydd Marchywel,12,25
Mynydd y Betws,104Mynydd y Garth,12
Mynydd y Gwair,90Mynydd y Gwrhyd,172
Nant Gors-Cwmgors,261Nant y gasseg,28
Nantmelyn gap,13,14Nantmoel isaf farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29
Nantmoel uchaf farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29,145Nantyffyn,165
Nantygaseg farm-Llangiwg ,29,263Nantygaseg smithy-Cwmgors,35
National Coal Board,67,107National School,58,180,183,188,198
National Telephone Company,49National Union of Miners,111
Neath Abbey,119Neath Castle,119
Neath river,119Nebo chapel,Felindre,155
Neithior,266Neuadd farm-Garnant,212
Neuadd Lwyd,127Neuadd-Llanguick school,212
New Church Temple-Ynysmeudwy,149New Cwmgors Colliery,104,264,265
New Duke coal mine,76New National School-Brecon Rd,58
New Primrose Coal Co-Rhos,130New Primrose colliery,68
New Rd-GCG,216New Star-Cwmgors,174
Nixon & bell,Clydach,92Nixon.s colliery,92
North Dock-Swansea Bay,24Noyadd Farm-GCG,264,276
Noyadd Wen,27Oddfellows,The,-Clydach,271
Odyn,Yr[limekiln],275Ogof yr Esgyrn,24
Old Carmel chapel-GCG,172,174,213Old Farmers-Brynamman,273
Old Pit-GCG,45,104,105,174,214,266Old Primrose colliery,60
Old Star Inn-Cwmgors,35,48Palais de Dance-Cae'r Doc,73,183
Palleg railway,44Pant farm-Llangiwg ,30
Pant y bara,28Pan-teg Blue Ribbon Brass Band,258
Pan-teg cemetery-Ystalyfera,159Pan-teg school,211
Pant-teg chapel -Ystalyfera,21,83,158,159,160,163,167,172,205Pantybara-Llanguke,79
Pantyboblen school-Cwmgors,213Pantycrwys-Craigcefnparc,145,155
Pantydderi farm-Llangiwg ,30Pant-y-defaid,133
Pantyffynnon Farm-Ystalyfera,159Pantyffynon,37
Pant-y-gwanyd farm-Llangiwg ,30Pantygwin farm-Llangiwg ,30
Parcell Rhundwy-Clydach,28Park Lane/St-Brynamman,222,267
Park Level coal mine,76Parke y granod,28
Parson's Iron &Tinplate works,136,183Particular Baptists,152
Paviland Cave-Gower,23Peacock vein,68,72,106
Pedol river,14Pen Llwyn-teg farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29
Pen y banc farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Pencaedu fault,264
Pencelyn Mawr school,204Penclyn,180
Penclyn Board School,204Penclyn school,201
Pendarren farm-Llangiwg ,30Pendine-Carmarthenshire,23
Penhow farm-Llangiwg ,30Penlan fach farm-Llangiwg ,30
Penlan Road-Trebannws,31Penlanau,91
Penlannau farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Penlle'r fedwen,12,25,31,263,264,276
Penlle'rcastell,12Pennlle'r Fynwent
Pennsylvania,145Penpontbren farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29
Penrhiw coal mine,76Penrhiwen,15
Pentrehaearn farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29Pentremalwod-Clydach,154
Pentwyn farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29Pentwyn farm-Llangiwg ,30
Pentwyn-Clydach,155Penwyllt,52
Penybanc& Bethlehem chapel-Towy valley,129Penycae,47
Pen-y-garn farm-Llangiwg ,30Penygraig farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29
Pen-y-graig farm-Llangiwg ,30Penygraig farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29
Penylan Farm,264,276Pen-yr heol farm-Llangiwg ,29
Pen-yr-incline house[school]-GCG,213,214Pen-y-waun farm-Llangiwg ,30
Perthi-gwynion farm-Llangiwg ,30Pheasant Bush mills -Trebannws,57
Pheasant Bush-Clydach,199Pheasant Road-Trebannws,31
Pheonix Tinplate Co Ltd,56Pistyll Gwyn farm-Gwrhyd-Llangiwg ,30,158
Plas farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Plas-Cilybebyll,119,121,124,127
Plasnewydd farm-Llangiwg ,29Plass Mount level,105
Plas-y-waun,195Player,John & Sons,Clydach,98
Pont Gwaunclawdd,38Pontardawe Air Training Corps,189,192
Pontardawe Boys School,186Pontardawe bridge,33
Pontardawe Club,The,272Pontardawe Collegiate School,194
Pontardawe Cross,188Pontardawe Fair,202
Pontardawe Foundry & Engineering Works,78Pontardawe Grammar County School[list of staff 1966],190
Pontardawe Grammar school,180,190Pontardawe Higher Elementary School,190
Pontardawe Infant School,181,185Pontardawe Mixed National School,184
Pontardawe Primary Boy's School,188Pontardawe Public Hall and Institute,273
Pontardawe Railway Station,195Pontardawe RDC,77
Pontardawe Secondary County school[list of staff in 1958],189Pontardawe Sheet Metal & Engineering co,77
Pontardawe Steelworks,76,77Pontardawe Technical College,189
Pontardawe Tinplate works,59,61,65Pontardawe Union,118
Pontardawe-Swansea Rd,48Pontclydach,37
Pontrhyd-y-fro,33Pont-y-Groes,Cwmgors,261
Pontygwaith-Rhondda,148Pontypool College,153
Port Talbot,27,Port Talbot Steel Works,61
Porth chapel,129Powell's colliery,109
Presbyterian Academy-Swansea,133Presbyterian College-Carmarthen,129
Primrose colliery,41,68,129,196Primrose Row-Pontardawe,138
Prince Albert Inn-Garnant,45Prophets' School-Llangadog,128
Pwll Cynan,119Pwllbach colliery,20,83
Pwllbach vein,69,89Pwllwatkin coal mine,76
Pwllybobln-GCG/Cwmgors,261Pwll-y-ffan,267
Pwll-y-wrach Farm,33Pwll-y-wrach-GCG,45,261
Qualiton Records[Wales]Ltd,78Quarr House-Clydach,98
Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee 1897,202Reading room-Alltwen,196
Rechabites,The,-Clydach,271Rechabites Hall,185,188
Red Vein,68,69,72,88,89,103,104,264Red vein-Godre'rgraig,40
Rees' drift,68Revival-the religious,128
Rhiwfawr chapel,171,172Rhondda & Swansea Bay Railway ,115
Rhos,14,15,18,27,48,49,129,130,197Rhos Brynhir-Cefn Celfi farm,129
Rhos colliery,67,68Rhos gap,13
Rhydding fault,18Rhyddwaun gap,13
Rhydyfro,14,34,35,47,48,180Rhydyfro school,226
Rhyndwyglydach ,30,41Rhyndwyglydach School Board,95,199,200
Richard Thomas & Baldwin Ltd,65,76,77Roman Catholic Church -Clydach,157
Royal Oak Inn-Ystalyfera,272Russellites,156
Salem-Clydach,151,204Sardis,Ystradgynlais,163
Saron chapel-Rhydyfro,141,145,146,170,226School Board-Llangiwg,171,179
School charges-Clydach,201Secondary Modern School-Alltacham,188
Seion Chapel-Clydach,155Seion chapel-Cwmgors,177
Seion chapel-Ystalyfera,163Seventh Day Adventists,156
Sheep Dog Trials-Gellionen,203Siloam chapel-Brynamman,175,177
Siloh -Gwauncaegurwen,144Sliding Scale[1875],109
Smallpox-GCG,174Smith Arms-Ystalyfera,69,89
Smithfield Rd-Pontardawe,186Soar chapel-Llandyfan,175
Soar chapel-Mountain Ash,171Soar chapel-Pontardawe,144
Soar chapel-Ystalyfera,163,164Solomon Harris School-Swansea,133
South Wales Coalfield,16South Wales Miner' Federation,111
South Wales Primrose Coal Co Ltd,68South Wales Royal Institution Museum-Swansea,75
South Wales Siemens Steel association,65South Wales Tinplate Manufacturers' Association,60
South Wales Transport Co,77South Wales Voice,268
Spencer's Mail,47Sports on Sundays,150
St David's College-Lampeter,177St David's-Ystalyfera,168
St James Holy Trinity-Ystalyfera,168St John's Church, Clydach,139,157
St John's Church-Alltwen,126St John's National school-Clydach,198,200
St Joseph's Convent school-Clydach,94St Mary's Church-Clydach,157
St Mary's-Pontardawe,138,139St Michael's and All Angels Church-Trebannws,158
St Michael's Church,Rhyndwyglydach ,30St Peter's Church-Pontardawe,50,57,58,59,136,195
Stalvera,37Steel Company of Wales-Margam,52,61,77
Steel Smelters Assoction,63Steer Pit-Cwmgors,45
Survey of Gower,103Swansea & Brecon Diocesan Board,65
Swansea Bay,14,21Swansea canal,37,40,41,50,51,53,56,68,73,76,81,88,97,104,108,112,136,183,274
Swansea Canal Navigation,37,38,44Swansea Four Feet vein,18,90,92
Swansea Head Post Office,49Swansea -High St Station,49
Swansea Hospital,124Swansea Metal exchange,64,65
Swansea University College,65Swansea Vale Railway,42,43,44,46,58
Tabernacle-Cwmgors,111,174Tabernacle-Morriston,83
Tabernacle-Pontardawe,128,140,141,142Tabernacle-Trebannws,144
Tairgwaith church,178Tairgwaith Infants School,116,217
Tairgwaith Post Office,48Tairgwaith Vestry/school,217
Taith,266Tanyrallt-Alltwen,195
Tarenni Gleison farm/shafts/colliery-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29,53,68,102Tawe river,12,14,21,27,31,37,38,43,57,68,76,88,118,119,155,159
Technical College for Further Education,Pontardawe[names not extracted],192Territorial army/militia-Crimean war,75
The Buildings-Clydach,197Thomas & North,77
Thomas & Sheasby & Co- Brin Morgan level,105,108Thomas St,188
Three Compasses,140Tin & Steel Millmen's Association,63
Tinplate association,67Tir llwyn tanglus,28
Tir nant y gaseg,28,263Tir Nant y Gurnos[Coed y falde],28
Tir Vellen dew,28Tir y bryb dy,28
Tir y Kae dy,28Tir y Wayn,28
Tirhen fault/trough,17,18,20Toll Gate-GCG,33
Tor Clawdd,12Trebannws,18,30,31,48,134,134
Trebannws-tinplate works,41Trecynon Seminary College,147
Trenache farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29Tresgyrch farm-Rhyndwyglydach,29
Trigloyn Vein,265Trinity Church-Ystalyfera,163,206
Tro'r Derlyn,15Trostre,27
Truck system,109Twllygwyddel farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29
Twrch river/valley,21,38,56,107,209Twrch road,35
Twyn-ty'r-ysgol-Ystalyfera,158,164Twynybedw school-Clydach,198,203
Twyn-y-cacwn-Gwterfawr,218Ty gwyn farm-Llangiwg ,30
Ty wrth y bont,28Ty'n y pant farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29
Ty'n y waun farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Ty'nycoedcae farm-Llangiwg ,29
Ty'n-y-coedcae farm-Llangiwg ,30Ty'n-y-coedcae school-Cwmgors,213
Tylwydyn farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Tyn y nant llwyd,28
Ty-ucha'r felin farm-Rhyndwyglydach ,29Unismedw Farm,colliry & Mill,74
Unitarian chapel-Gellionen,132,133,145,154University College of S Wales & Mon,147,153,154,175
Upper Bank railway station,46Upper Clydach bridge,30
Upper Clydach river,12,91,183Upper Cwmtwrch,165
Urdd Gobaith Cymru,256Urdd y Seren Fore,176
Varteg [Farteg]Hill,12,25Varteg colliery,69,88
Velindre,27,90Watch Tower Society,156
Watcyn Wyn's Gwynfryn Academy-Ammanford,112,129Waun Cygurwen school,212
Waun Esgyrn-Clydach,219Waun Fach-Cilybebyll,118
Waunleision-GCG,35Waun-y-coed colliery,196
Welch Piety,182Welsh Catholic Church,122
Welsh Circulating Charity Schools,195,197,205Welsh Not/Note,219,223
Welsh Revival-GCG,174Wern,New schools,207
Wern schools,206Wern chapel-Ystalyfera,162.169,205
Wern Fawr Inn,258Wernbwll-GCG,263
Wernddu Colliery,61,94Wernfadog-Clydach,98,99
Wernfawr Hotel-Ystalyfera,268Wernfraith seam,17,18,90
Wern-Ystalyfera,258West Cross-St Helens-Swansea,24
West Glamorgan Assoc.of the Union of Welsh Independents,130West Wales Observer,269
Western Merthyr colliery,92Western Valley Engineering & Welding Co,77
Wharf Inn-Clydach,271Wigfa farm-Cilybebyll/Ynysmwn ,29
Williams Brothers Builders & Contractors,77Working Men's Club and Institute-Clydach,157
Wren Boys school-Ystalyfera,187Y Cwt school-GCG,213
Ynis meydow ycha/ isha,74Ynisdderw,28
Ynisderrw,37Yniskedwin,37
Ynismedw,37Ynisymwyn,37
Ynysarwed seam,17,69,88Ynyscedwyn,32,38
Ynys-ci colliery,69,88Ynysdaren Rd-Ystalyfera,163
Ynysdarren Brass and Reed Band,258Ynysdarren House-Ystalyfera,80
Ynysderw House,59Ynysfechan colliery,68
Ynysgedwyn Works,41,52,53,55Ynysgeinon pit,68,69,88,196
Ynysgeinon railway station-junction,46,68,69,88Ynysgelynen,28
Ynysgelynen canal bridge/limekiln,274Ynysmeudwy,22,48,73,130
Ynysmeudwy Brick works,74Ynysmeudwy farm-Llangiwg ,30,74,275
Ynysmeudwy Pottery works,74,75Ynysmeudwy school,188
Ynysmeudwy Tinplate Co,76Ynysmond coal mine,76
Ynysmudw[post office],46Ynyspenllwch forge/iron works/mill,95
Ynyspenllwch House-Clydach on Tawe,94Ynyspenllwch[post office],46,47
Young People's Society,148Ystalyfera,15,17,21,22,38,42,43,46,47,49,50,52,55,73,79,80,180
Ystalyfera Boys school,206Ystalyfera colliery,110
Ystalyfera Intermediate school,194Ystalyfera Iron & Tinplate works,40,41,81,83,84,85,88,166
Ystalyfera Iron co,69Ystalyfera-Commercial St,50
Ystalyfera-Grammar school,84,129,180,208Ystalyfera-Holy Trinity Church,82,83
Ystalyfera-Old Wern Schools,82,206Ystalyfera-Town/Public Band,258
Ystrad Fair,207Ystradfawr-Ystradgynlais,170
Ystradgynlais,17,37,38,46,49,50,51,53,55,180,205Ystradowen,205
Zinc school,Ynysmeudwy,189 

Pontardawe and the American connection.

These two extracts below  from "The History of Pontardawe" by John Henry Davies,  might be of general interest as they show an interesting "American connection" to the place. the book itself  has been summarised on A history of Caegurwen

Firstly from a section concerning the Ynysgedwyn Iron Works which is in the upper part of the Tawe Valley;

"In 1823 George Crane of Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, took the Ynysgedwyn Iron Works. During his time, David Thomas and Crane introduced J. Beaumont Neilson's hot blast method. Crane was a short, active and energetic man, and very enterprising in business affairs.In those days, public houses opened on Sundays, and as he was a strict sabbatarian and a terror to drunkards, he visited focal public houses on Sundays, and woe betide the man he found there. Sometimes he stopped the works while he held a religious service in the carpenter's shop. He kept David Thomas as manager of the coal and iron-ore mines and the iron works. In 1828, J. B. Neilson patented a hot blast method of heating the furnace. When David Thomas heard of this in 1836, he travelled to Scotland to see the hot blast method in operation. He decided this would be a success with anthracite, so obtained a licence from Nielson and employed an expert mechanic on heating ovens to construct them at Ynysgedwyn.

On February 5, 1837, the hot blast furnace using anthracite was blown in. This discovery was also claimed by George Crane, who employed David Thomas as steward. Crane read a paper on "The Smelting of Iron with Anthracite Coal " at the Liverpool Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science in 1837. The success of the experiment in the hot air with anthracite was so satisfactory in the quantity and quality of iron produced, the cheapness of the process, that he changed the three cold furnaces using coke from bituminous coal to hot blast furnaces using anthracite. Probably Crane and Thomas were jointly responsible for the application of Neilson's patent to anthracite. A patent for the hot blast was taken out by Crane for the use of anthracite in 1836. To show the superior strength of the iron made with anthracite coal alone, a pig-iron was broken by one of Crane's men. The man struck fifty-eight blows with a sledge hammer about 20lbs. in weight, but was unable to break it. The strongest pig-iron made in the ordinary way was broken by three to six blows. The works expanded and, before Crane's death in 1846, he controlled not only seven furnaces. but also several collieries and auxiliary industries, which employed more than a thousand workmen.

News of the successful process reached America, and the Lehigh Coal and Navigation Company sent Mr. Hazard, their Colliery Director, across the Atlantic to Ynysgedwyn to see it. Before his arrival, David Thomas, the steward, had gone to Defynnog to superintend the construction of a tramway from Defynnog to Ynysgedwyn. Mr. Crane drove Mr. Hazard a distance of twelve miles, and he strongly recommended David Thomas as the only man who could help him to erect and use both hot blast anthracite furnaces. David Thomas accepted a five-years engagement to go to the United States of America. When he and his wife arrived in New York City in June 1839, Mr. Thomas was laid up with fever, and during his illness, Mrs. Thomas found it difficult because she neither spoke nor understood a word if English and, consequently, was unable to understand the directions of her husband's medical attendant. He fortunately recovered. David Thomas organised the Crane Iron Company of Catasangue, U.S.A., constructed six new furnaces and had the first run of iron on July 4th,1840, with great success. In 1854, he formed at the Hoken-danqua on the Lehigh River, the Thomas Iron Company, and in 1855 relinquished the superintendence of the Crane Iron Company in order to devote his full time to his own works. David Thomas became a director of many  ironworks, coalmines and railways, but unsuccessfully contested an election as a Republican candidate for Congress in 1866. He occupied the chair as president of the Ironmasters' Convention in Philadelphia in 1874. Mr. and Mrs. D. Thomas celebrated their 65th wedding anniversary, and he died just before reaching the age of 88 years.

And from a section concerning Arthur Gilbertson, one of a well known local industrialist family.

"In 1893, there were ten tinplate mills at Gilbertson's Works but owing to the McKinley tariff put on tinplates being imported to America, Gilbertson abandoned the manufacture of tinplate temporarily, and he substituted sheet mills and galvanizing equipment . Politics in America affected the living of Pontardawe tinplate workers. America imported large quantities of tin-sheets from South West Wales, so much so that Congressman McKinley, who later became President of the United States called for a tariff duty on imported tin-plate. "It is plain that the Welsh people ", said McKinley, "have a peculiar aptitude for this manufacture as to make successful production impossible" . This McKinley tariff came into operation on July 1, 1891, when this barrier brought lean times at Pontardawe Tinplate Works. Arthur Gilbertson was a very resourceful and enterprising man His "Comet" brand of galvanised sheets was well known throughout the world, particularly in America and Japan. Some years before his death he received an important order for terne plates to roof the White House, the residence in Washington, D.C., of the President of the United States of America. These plates were made under the patented process known as G.O.M. (Gilbertson's Own Method). Arthur Gilbertson's interests were not confined to Pontardawe. He was associated with the building of the Port Talbot Steel Works, which was owned later by Baldwins Ltd., and afterwards by the Steel Company of Wales"

[From The History of Pontardawe & District by John Henry Davies 1967. Gareth Hicks 1999 G]

 

CAEGURWEN

The information here has largely been summarised from the book
The History of Pontardawe and District by John Henry Davies 1967.

Gwaun-cae-gurwen village is situated at the north west of the county of West Glamorgan, is in the parish of Llangiwg, in the Caegurwen ward.

To the north lies Brynamman, formerly Y Gwter Fawr, to the north east is Cwmllynfell, to the south east Ystalfera with Gwrhyd lying in between.

To the south the road leads to Pontardawe through Cwmgors and Rhydyfro while to the west the road leads to Garnant, Glanamman and Ammanford.

Local pride demands mention of the sub divisions of Gwaunlesion, Tairgwaith, Caenewydd, Cwmgors and Godre'r Waun.

Here and there on the hillsides are dotted many scattered farmhouses and beyond these are large areas uninhabited apart from grazing sheep.

The soil is of poor quality, the boulder clay underneath the surface rendering it heavy and cold.

There are extensive moorlands and wide valleys, rounded hills and deep ravines; there are green hills and running streams.

The Black Mountains loom to the north, reposeful and majestic.[5.5.2000 G]

 

Two streams

Y Groes serves as the boundary between GCG and Cwmgors.

It begins at 950 ft near Penhow farm, crosses the main road at Pont y groes.

Then joins Nant Gors at Pwll y boblen, then known as Y Wrach.

The Gwrach leads us back to the period when superstition was rampant and witches were supposed to haunt the villages with their curses.There is a pool called Pwll y wrach......the witch's pool. From Pwll y wrach the stream leaps down steep rocks towards Garnant, the name Garnant is derived from Garw nant, or rough stream. It then loses itself in the R Amman a tributary of the Llwchwr[Lougher]which goes on to the sea.

 

The people

Many generations of men and women have lived and died in its homes. They have toiled on the hillsides and tunnelled in it's mines, sang songs of love and bewailed their sorrows , just as their offspring do today

Up to about 1750 most people obtained their living on farms where they eked out a poor subsistence.

The population was almost stagnant between say 1550 and 1800.

There were large families but there was no means of keeping them alive.

With the growth of iron smelting, the use of tin and the working of the extensive anthracite coal fields the population increased rapidly, especially between 1900/1911.

Men and their families flocked to the area from Llandeilo and it's environs with a few Englishmen from Somerset and Devon. Later followed puddlers and miners from Merthyr, Aberdare and mid Glamorgan.

In the depression of the 1920's unemployed miners, and young men who had never had a job, left the area for work in places such as London, Birmingham and Coventry.

In 1801 the population of Glamorgan was 587,000, by 1911 it was 2.4m.

The first language of the people was of course Welsh, prior to the growth of schooling most people did not speak English, and the evidence of many of the birth/marriage and death certificates is that very many of them could not write their names.[5.5.2000 G]

 

Roads

The first condition, as well as the first signs of progress , is the development of roads and highways for traffic.

We need not go back very far in this area to find that the only means of transport were beasts of burden and the shoulders of the people themselves.

At the end of the C18 ,the only road at Gwauncaegurwen was Hewel hir from the Glwyd farm to Penlle'rfedwen. Traders from Llangadog to Neath had to find their way along rugged mountain paths. At the side of this road was built Old Carmel Chapel.

In 1741 the Highway Act was passed but the road through Cwmgors, Gwauncaegurwen and Garnant was not built until 1817.

In 1805 an Act was passed covering the maintenance of roads in Glamorgan, that part of the Act dealing with this area has references to " a road....from Pontrhyd-y-fro ......thence by Llwynha [Llwynhen] farm.....over Wain Kaegurwen to the River Amman " and "a road from Wain Kaegurwen to the confines of the county of Carmarthen near Kaegurwen Mill ." and " so much of the road leading from Pontrhyd y fro and thence by Pwll y Wrach farm to or near the Gate placed across said road adjoining the Common of Kaegurwen."

These were turnpike roads , there was a turnpike house near the Old Star but in 1856 it was moved to GCG [ where Gate shop used to be] because people avoided paying the tolls by walking up over Cwmnanthopkin farm and down the Nantygaseg track.

In 1819 the road across the Black Mountain from Brynamman was built.

In 1854 George Borrow came over the Waun from the Farmer's Arms, Brynamman and his book refers to " the morning was wretched and drizzly."

These main roads opened up the valleys.

 

Canals

The Swansea Canal was built in 1798, 16 miles from Swansea to Ystradgynlais.

There were wharves at Clydach, Gurnos and Pontardawe ; coal ,iron and manufactured articles were transported and this provided a great spur to industry in the Tawe valley.

 

Railways

The fastest means of transport through the Tawe valley until 1860 was by horseback along a rough road.

The railway from Swansea to Pontardawe opened in 1860, was extended in 1861 to Ystalfera, the first passenger trains reached Brynamman in 1868. The Llanelli Railway Dock Co built a railway to Garnant in 1838, this was extended along the narrow gorge of Garnant stream right up to Pwll y Wrach.

In 1831 Roger Hopkin of GCG sank a pit near Caeglas Terrace, there were no railways so he made a tramway from the pit through Cwmgors towards Pontardawe.His idea was to take the coal in horse drawn drams to the Swansea Canal at Pontardawe.

Cuttings and embankments can be traced through Derwydd and Beiliglas farms and passed Cwmgors School. [ also through garden of house in Llwyn Rd where David Rees and Bess Hicks lived].

However excessive water in the pit made the tramway redundant before any coal was raised.[ he made a second attempt in 1837 and succeeded in hitting the Big Vein at 173 yds].

To overcome the differences in level between Garnant and the Cross ,GCG a self acting incline was made with full trucks going down and pulling up empty ones. The wheel and brake were known as the 'Machine', David Evans worked this for many years, he was known as 'Dafydd Machine', a name that stuck to his descendants . At first horses pulled wagons along a tram road from the top of the incline to the Old Pit.

Many GCG people went to the seasonal Llandeilo Fairs by way of the Llanelli Railway Dock railway, they got on via a temporary platform through the Prince Albert Inn in Garnant, coaches resembling cattle trucks took them on ordinary days but on Fair days ordinary coal trams were used .

The LRD extended the line from Garnant to Brynamman in 1846 to transport coal from Brynamman Colliery and iron from the Amman Iron Works in Brynamman down to the docks.

In 1869 the first steam train came up ' the incline', superseding horses.

In a brochure of October 21 1927, printed by the GCG Colliery Co Ltd, on the occasion of the Foundation stone laying at Buckland Pit, Cwmgors, and the official opening of Steer Pit, it is stated

" The GCG pits are situate at GCG a short distance south of Brynamman, and by virtue of connections with the GWR and the LM & SR are within easy access to the Ports of Swansea, Llanelli, Briton Ferry, and Port Talbot".

The railway serving Cwmgors Colliery and the brickworks opened in 1901.

 

Postal deliveries

In 1866 the first Post Office came to Brynamman, known as the Brynamman PO which removed all doubts about the name of the place i.e Gwter Fawr previously.

In 1886 Jenkin Mark, boot and shoe manufacturer, had the first PO in GCG, later moved to near Carmel chapel.

In 1897 a branch opened at Thomas Howell's shop in Cwmgors.

 

Farming

At a Baron Court of the Earl of Pembroke held at Noyadd Wen in 1610, in the reign of James I , the list of farms in the' Manor of Kaegurwen' and their annual rents were given.

These would mostly still be recognised today and included Cwmnanthopkin and Tir nant y gaseg, both rents 5.5d.

The tenants recorded in The Survey included; John Rees ap John at Tir nant y gaseg, Lln ap Jevan at Cwm Nant hopkin and Rees ap Richard and Catherine John at Wernbwll.

In 1894 a Report and Enquiry into Farming in Wales includes references to various local farms including Pentwyn, Garth Eithin, Cwmnanthopkin and Penhow.

 

Industrial development

There was a iron foundry in Ystradgynlais as early as 1612.

Iron was smelted in Pontardawe/ Clydach before 1750 [Parsons].

The necessary ingredients were ore [ from Abercrave,Ystalfera and Cwmtwrch].......limestone [ from Penwyllt and Craig y Nos]....... fuel [originally charcoal made from timber from Llandeilo, Llanddeusant and Breconshire] and then from 1780 coal [ from Cilybebyll].

 

Tin

Mined from early times in Cornwall, brought over to Swansea which was one of the nearest ports. Then put on canal barges and taken up to Ystalfera. In 1861 Ystalfera Tin Works was reckoned to be the largest in the world, employed 4000 people plus another 1000 in the ore and coal mines belonging to the works.

The Mond Nickel Co opened in Clydach in 1901. Nickel ore was mined in Canada and sent to Clydach for refining where there were skilled men and local anthracite available.

 

Coalmining in Caegurwen

Anthracite was worked in Caegurwen [ GCG, Brynamman and Cwmllynfell] over 360 years ago, [ Survey of Gower 1610].

Brynamman and Cwmgors were developed earler than GCG because valuable coal seams ' cropped out' there. The Red vein outcropping at Cwmgors was 4ft 3ins thick, worked by Jeffreys in 1833 and quite close by Joseph Thomas opened the small Llwynrhidiau colliery. Jeffreys employed 4 colliers and in 1835 Thomas had 2 colliers and 4 boys . Cawdor colliery on Mynydd y Bettws worked the Red Vein at the same time.

Coal seams at GCG were at some depth below the surface so shafts were necessary.

In 1832 Roger Hopkin sank a pit near Caeglas Terrace [see Railways] and at his second attempt reached the Big Vein at the Old Pit in 1839. Old Pit had one shaft divided by a wooden partition [ fresh air down, foul air up] with a fire at the bottom to create an air current.

One day pump rods broke and smashed the partition and an explosion took place in the workings. Eighty men were down at the time, they ran to the pit bottom and put out their candles to conserve air. There was no other means of escape but the partition was repaired and all came up safely.

In 1847 another shaft was sunk to the Big Vein and this was used as the up shaft with a furnace at the bottom.

To illustrate wage levels, at Cwmllynfell colliery in 1849/53 a collier earned between 17 shillings and £2..4...3d per fortnight, an overman £1..8...0 per week, a labourer 1/10d a day and a boy with horse 1/0d a day.

The official Sliding Scale operated locally from 1862.

Female labour underground was prohibited by the 1842 Act, women did not work underground at GCG, they did work on the surface at the Mountain Colliery, Cwmgors .

Also prohibited was the employment of boys under 10 although evidently latter not enforced as boys under 10 continued to work underground until 1856 at most local collieries including GCG and Cwmgors.

In 1860 checkweighers were allowed , were paid for by the miners themselves.

In the 1864 Act the maximum numbers of hours to be worked underground was reduced from 12 to 10 hours a day, again not vigorously enforced.

But often the colliers, accompanied by boys, prepared the next day's timber on top of the 'incline' until 10.0pm,for this extra work the men paid for cakes for the boys in a 'braint' which was a special kind of wedding reception, also known as ' taith ' in Carms. This was an important function held when a pair got married , refreshments were sold and could raise £20/40 for the newly married couple which gave them a good start in their married life.

Eight hours a day was the aim at the end of the C19, as shown in the jingle;

Wyth awr o weithio;

Wyth awr yn rhydd;

Wyth awr o gysgu;

A Wyth swllt y dydd

Abernant Colliery, one of the deepest shafts in the anthracite area, sinking of shafts finished in 1958. The first coal worked from the Peacock Vein, switched to Red Vein in 1963.

 

Unions

Mine owners looked on the formation of an union as ' interference with management'.

Activists were victimised by the owners, often these were then employed as checkweighers by the men.

The Government took over control of mines in 1916.

Miners leaders often became Members of Parliament to try to influence matters and fight their corner more effectively.

One such was William Abraham[ known as Mabon], he became the Liberal MP for Rhondda in 1885.

He was also largely responsible for the creation of the Miners Federation of GB in 1899, there were previously 7 separate independent federations in S. Wales.

Mabon was a lay preacher, , and a singer. On the 1st Monday in every month the miners took a holiday known as ' Mabon's day'.

When he spoke on a Saturday evening at meetings to support John Williams, the first Labour MP for Gower, he stayed over on Sunday and preached and sang at Tabernacle, Cwmgors.

Another local man of some note was John James JP , born GCG. He was a Miner's Agent, first worked as a checkweigher at Cwmgors, became a ' champion of the workers' during the 1898 strike. He was victimised by the mine owners but made checkweigher by the men at Cwmgors, for 13 yrs.

Won 1st prize at the National Eisteddfod for his essay on " The Economic Doctrines of Karl Marx".

And another was David James Williams, MP for Neath. He was born in Tairgwaith in 1897, went to GCG Elementary school, then the Labour College London and Ruskin College, Oxford. He became Secretary of the Miner's Lodge and was checkweigher at the Maerdy Pit. One of his books was " Capitalist Combination of the Coal Industry".

In the early period of coal mining there were no disputes or strikes .

At the end of C19 the Compensation Act came into force.

In the C20 the insurance companies had a tendency to contest cases thus causing a rift between the workers and the owners.

 

The coming of the Dissenters

In the C16 revolt against the Roman Catholic Church during The Reformation, Henry VIII set out to make the Church of England the only religion for the whole of England and Wales.

By the C17 many people in the Pontardawe area were moving away from tacit compliance with the Anglican religion towards an evangelicism of their own and held secret meetings in local farm houses. They were liable to punishment for their ' non- conformity'.

In 1634 the Justices of the Peace were ordered by the Archbishop of Canterbury to enter houses suspected of holding meetings of dissenters.

The Independents eventually gained the' right of private judgement' in the Toleration Act of 1689 having successfully rejected the Church and State as theological authorities.

In 1692 the Unitarian Chapel on Gellionen Mountain, Pontardawe had its first official pastor.

Baran Chapel was built in 1805 at Nantymoel by the Independents, people went on foot and horseback over the mountains to the little lonely chapel. When it was flourishing 50 members emigrated to Pennsylvania. Saron Chapel, Rhydyfro branched off from Baran in 1844.

In 1762 a schoolroom was built at Cwmbach farm,on the hillside above and between GCG and Cwmgors, this was used for preaching sermons thus began Carmel Chapel.

A " house called Hewlhire in Kaegurwen was certified in 1767 as a proper place for Protestant dissenters".

In 1821 the thatched schoolroom became too small for the congregation, John Harries of Nantricet farm sold the 11 members some more land and Carmel Chapel was built with 50 members switching from Cwmllynfell Chapel.

In 1874 Old Carmel had 75 members.

In 1877 the new Carmel Chapel was built down on the main Pontardawe road in GCG.

In 1904/5 during the pastorate of the Rev.B D Davies the 'Welsh Revival' took place with Carmel Chapel full every night...enthusiasm bordered on hysteria. At the end of 1904 membership was 755.

Members from Cwmgors were allowed to form a church their own and 215 asked for their release.

In 1887 members of Carmel used the long room of the New Star, Cwmgors for Sunday school until a new Vestry was built in 1894. This was soon too small, as Cwmgors village grew, and Tabernacle Independent Chapel was built in 1912.

The Rev. T M Roderick was ordained in 1913 and continued until his death in 1944, followed by Ifor Samuel in 1948.

Seion Baptist Chapel, Cwmgors was formed in 1894, Llanfair Church,Cwmgors in 1886.

 

Education

The first record of the Circulating schools initiated by the Rev.Griffith Jones, Llanddowror, was in 1739/40 when 45 children and adults were enrolled in GCG. Following this , Sunday schools began to be used as places of elementary education.

In 1832 ' Hen Abraham' kept a day school in the stable loft of Old Carmel Chapel.

The Rev Noah Jones, Walsall[ a native of GCG] gave the land at Cwmbach and paid for the building of a school in 1762.

As the population increased in GCG the school shifted to a room above the stable at the Caegurwen Arms. Philip Rees the proprietor , who lost a leg in the Crimean war, taught the children.

Afterwards a school was held in Pen yr Incline House, John Harries, Cwmbach, had a school at 'Y Cwt' and there was one at Ty'n y Coedcae, Cwmgors.

In 1866, at Caegurwen Arms, miners and others held a meeting and decided to build a ' British' school and contribute 1/- a month for the school and it's maintenance.

By Dec 1867 there were 90 children at the school.

In 1873 the Mines Regulation Act came into force compelling children in collieries to attend school for 10 hours per week.

In 1939 the new GCG primary school was built at the rear of the old which was demolished.

In 1912, Cwmgors primary school opened, Rees Evans was the first head teacher.

 

Health

In 1849 cholera was rampant in the district, particularly bad in Brynamman.

In 1865 there was a bad outbreak of smallpox.

Cholera again in the district in 1866, hundreds died, people flocked to the chapels for refuge and solace.

Many people also died from Tuberculosis or consumption.

 

Sport

Many rugby players of the district played for Wales in international matches.

These included....

Clive Rowlands/Cwmtwrch , Clem Thomas/Brynamman , Claude Davey and my maternal uncle

Wil [Sgili ] Davies/Cwmgors and Edgar Morgan and Phil Hopkin/Pontardawe.

 

Culture

Until the C20 the culture of the Welsh people in the area was firmly based on the bible.

It is impossible to over emphasise the cultural aspects of the churches and chapels, sunday schools and young people's societies etc.

People met in their homes to discuss the rules of poetry, the englyn, and the ballads of the National Eisteddfod. Eisteddfodau served to some extent as a spur to poets, essayists, soloists, instrumentalists, male , ladies and mixed choirs. Writing dramas, acting plays and holding celebrity concerts assisted culture in the district.

Several famous local choir conductors won first prizes at the National Eisteddfod.

The GCG Silver Band was started in 1892 , in 1911 it won 1st prize 5 years out of 6 at the National and in 1925 began a radio broadcasting 'career'.