"PEN MAEN, in the Cwmwd of Gwyr, Cantref of Eginog (now called the Hundred of Swansea), County of GLAMORGAN, South Wales: a discharged Rectory valued in the King's Books at £4..10..0: Patron, The Lord Chancellor: Church dedicated to St. John the Baptist. The Resident Population of this Parish, in 1801, (including the little Hamlet of Paviland) was 131. The Money raised by the Parish Rates, in 1803, was £7..7..9. It is 9 m. W. S. W. from Swansea. This Parish contains about 450 acres of inclosed Land, and about 300 acres uninclosed. The Hamlet of Paviland is six miles to the Westward of Pen Maen: and from which, one of the Church wardens and Overseers of the Poor for the Parish are chosen. Below the Church, on the Sea shore, are some very grand Rocks, particularly one called The Great Tor, which runs up to a great height, terminating in a sharp point: at 1ow water spring tides, there is a Passage under this Rock, which allows of a pleasant ride over Oxwich Sands and Pen Arth Burrows to Swansea, and is a saving of between two and three miles. The Rocks form the Eastern side of Oxwich Bay. About a quarter of a mile further is a small Pill or Rivulet, running up into Nicholaston Marsh, which divides one part of this Parish, and Oxwich, from that of Nicholaston. According to the Diocesan Report, in 1809, the yearly value of this Benefice, arising from Augmentation, Tythes, Glebe, and Surplice Fees, was £143..10..0." From: A Topographical Dictionary of The Dominion of Wales by Nicholas Carlisle, London, 1811.
"PENMAEN (PEN-MAEN), a parish in the hundred of SWANSEA, county of GLAMORGAN, SOUTH WALES, 9 miles (W. S. W.) from Swansea, containing 137 inhabitants. The name of this place, signifying literally "the head of the rock," is derived from its situation at the extremity of a ridge of rocks forming the eastern side of Oxwich bay, in the Bristol channel. The parish comprises but a small tract of land, of which little more than half is enclosed and cultivated. The rocks on the coast below the church rise with majestic grandeur from the shore, and have a strikingly imposing appearance : one of them, called the Tor, after attaining a considerable elevation, terminates nearly in a point. At low water there is a pleasant ride to Oystermouth and Swansea, over the Oxwich sands, by which from two to three miles are saved in the distance. About six miles to the west of the church is the small hamlet of Paviland, belonging to this parish, from which place one of its churchwardens and one of its overseers are invariably chosen. The living is a discharged rectory, in the archdeaconry of Carmarthen, and diocese of St. David's, rated in the king's books at £4. 10., endowed with £200 private benefaction, and £200 royal bounty, and in the patronage of the King, as Prince of Wales. In the hamlet of Paviland there is a small meeting-house, built by Lady Barham. It is in contemplation to erect a school-house, and to establish a school here, for the gratuitous instruction of poor children, in connexion with the National Society in London. The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor amounts to £48. 14." ( A Topographical Dictionary of Wales by Samuel Lewis 1833)