"PEN MARC, in the Cwmwd of Is Caeth, Cantref of Brenhinol (now called the Hundred of Dinas Powys), County of GLAMORGAN, South Wales: a Vicarage, annexed to the Vicarage of Lantwit Major, and valued in the King's Books at £8..13..4: Patrons, The Dean and Chapter of Gloucester: Church dedicated to St. Mark. The Resident Population of this Parish, in 1801, (consisting of the Hamlets of East Aber Ddaw, Burton, Cwm Cidy, Fonmon, Fontigary, Nurston, Pen Marc, Rhôs, and Treduckan) was 424. The Money raised by the Parish Rates, in 1803, was £309..15..3, at 2s. 11d. in the pound. It is 6 m. S E. b. S. from Cowbridge. A Fair is holden here on the 15th of April. This Parish has been inclosed from time immemorial, and contains 2827 computed acres. The Chapels of East Aber Ddaw, and Rhôs, have been demolished, or, at least, disused, since the time of Oliver Cromwell. The ancient Castle of Pen Marc, which belonged to Gilbert Humphreville, one of the Norman Adventurers, has been in ruins ever since the time of Owain G1andwr. Fonmon Castle is habitable, and is now the Seat of ROBERT JONES, Esq. There is a Tradition that, in the times of Popery, a human Skull, pretended to be that of St. Mark, was kept in the Church-yard, and that it was from this Relick the Church and Parish were named. According to the Diocesan Report, in 1809, the yearly value of this Benefice, arising from Tythes, and Glebe, was £140..19..10." From: A Topographical Dictionary of The Dominion of Wales by Nicholas Carlisle, London, 1811.



Here is a substantial reading list of books which relate to Glamorgan, either county or parish.



The Glamorgan Family History Society have produced a set of microfiche containing Monumental Inscriptions for the following burial grounds :-

  • Parish Church of St. Mary

Church History

Chapels Database - a list of all known non-conformist chapels or other non-Anglican religions in the parish

From Kelly's South Wales Directory 1923  (ArchiveCDBooks)  - transcribed by Gareth Hicks

  • Fonmon, Fontygary, Tredogan, Burton and Nurston are other hamlets in the parish; there is a Congregational chapel at Nurston; the “Jubilee Hall,' at Rhoose, erected at the cost of John Cory esq. is used for religious services generally, and at Aberthaw is a Mission church and Baptist chapel.

Church Records

For full and up-to-date details of their holdings see the sites of Glamorgan Record Office and/or West Glamorgan Archives

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on  FreeReg

The church is dedicated to St. Mary, and is in the Benefice of Penmark with Porthkerry. Details of the present incumbent of this benefice can be found at the Church in Wales website. The church can be located at grid reference ST058688.

A transcription of the registers is available from the Glamorgan Family History Society for the years: Baptisms, 1696-1893, Marriages, 1696-1837, Burials, 1696-1898.

Anglican Parish Registers Held at the Glamorgan Record Office, Cardiff
Baptisms Marriages Burials Banns Bishops Transcripts
1751, 1764-1972 1751, 1755-1970 1751, 1764-1985 1939-1980 1696, 1724-1746, 1748-1756, 1758-1770, 1772-1837

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Penmark Ecclesiastical Parish records         " ....... including registers of baptisms, 1751-1972; marriages, 1751-1970; burials, 1751-1985; banns, 1939-1980; services, 1940-1976; records relating to: overseers, 1800-1836; property, 1805-1923; chruchwardens, 1862-1891; church affairs, 1969-1981; vestry, 1859-1967; civil and miscellaneous records, 1804-1924"

Modern Parishes & Chapels of Ease :-

Non Conformist Registers Deposited
Chapel Baptisms Marriages Burials OS Map Ref Deposited/Copies
Calvinistic Methodist
1818-1837 - - ST 05736884 PRO/WGAS

PRO - Public Record Office, London
WGAS - West Glamorgan Archive Service

The following Religious Institutions are covered in the Mormon International Genealogical Index (IGI) :-

  • Penmark, St. Mary - Christenings (BT's), 1791-1875
  • Penmark, Sardis and Aberthaw Tabernacle Calvinistic Methodist - Christenings, 1818-1837

Description & Travel

Penmark - on Wikipedia

Conservation areas within the Vale of Glamorgan. See Penmark, Rhoose & East Aberthaw - "Conservation areas are areas of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance"

Various landscapes  - on the People's Collection Wales site

You can see pictures of Penmark which are provided by:



Transcript of complete name listing for Cowbridge, with the Llanblethian and districts, from Slaters Directory for 1850.

Transcript of complete name listing for St. Athan, with the parishes and villages of Eglwys Brewis, Gileston, Llancarfan and Penmark, from Slaters Directory for 1880.



The transcription of the section for Penmark from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.

Description of parish from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1833) by Samuel Lewis



Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Lewis, Thomas, of Penmark         "Household accounts of Thomas Lewis, of Penmark, Glamorgan, 1688-1689; inventory of his estate, 1690; and answer to a bill of complaint of Mary Thomas, widow, and others, [c. 1700]."

Historical Geography

Some of the hamlets, towns and villages within this parish

  • Fontygary
  • Nurston
  • Pen-onn
  • Rhoose
  • Tredogan

You can see the administrative areas in which Penmark has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.



Description and image of Penmark Castle at www.castlewales.com by Jeff Thomas

RCAHMW colour transparency showing view of Penmark Castle, taken by Iain Wright, c.1991 - on the People's Collection Wales site


Land & Property

  • Lewis family of Penmark
    • Penmark, Glamorgan
      1684-1710: deeds and papers
      [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]
    • 1688-89: household accounts of Thomas Lewis
      [Glamorgan Archive Service, Cardiff]


This diagram shows the position of this parish within the county of Glamorgan - click on this to see a full size diagram of the county



 Plan of the parish of Penmark in the County of Glamorgan - on the People's Collection Wales site

Parish map (Kain/Oliver)

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference ST063676 (Lat/Lon: 51.399899, -3.347783), Penmark which are provided by:


Names, Geographical

Places, villages, farms etc within Penmarkas shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Glenys Travis)

  • Penmark [171] - Blackton Fm, Burton Br, Cement Works, Cement Works, Chapel and Grave Yard (Site of) AM, Cowcliff Mill, Cringallt, Cwm, East Aberthaw, Fonmon Castle AM, Fonmon Fm, Fonmon, Font y gary, Font-y-gary Bay, Kenson, Lodge, Lower Fm, Nurslon, Penmark Castle AM, Penmark, Pleasantharbour, Port of Aberthaw, Porthkerry Rectory, Rhoose Fm, Rhoose, River Waycock, Sutton, Tredogan, Ty-uchaf, Watch House Point, Welford, Woodhouse.




The Population of Penmark was as follows, and a more detailed breakdown is available.

1841 - 486 1851 - 495 1861 - 529 1871 - 496 1881 - 480 1891 - 503

Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Penmark Civil Parish records       " ......... comprising tithe plan and apportionment, 1841; assistant overseers receipt and payment book, 1902-1927"