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St Lythans

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"LYTHIAN'S, ST., in the Cwmwd of Is Caeth, Cantref of Brenhinol (now called the Hundred of Dinas Powys), County of GLAMORGAN, South Wales: a discharged Vicarage valued in the King's Books at £6..1..3: Patron, The Rev. Morgan Deere. The Resident Population of this Parish, in 1801, was 72. The Money raised by the Parish Rates, in 1803, was £54..0..8 1/2. It is 6m. W. S.W. from Caerdiff. This Parish contains about 1000 acres of Land, all inclosed. Here is a Druidical Altar. According to the Diocesan Report, in 1809, the yearly value of this Benefice, arising from Tythes, and Glebe, was £115..16..4." From A Topographical Dictionary of The Dominion of Wales by Nicholas Carlisle, London, 1811.

"LYTHAN'S, ST. (ST. LYTHIAN), a parish in the hundred of DINAS-POWIS, county of GLAMORGAN, SOUTH WALES, 6 miles (W. S. W.) from Cardiff, containing 103 inhabitants. It is situated on elevated ground, overlooking both sides of the Vale of Glamorgan, about a mile south of the turnpike road leading from Cardiff to Cowbridge : the common commands one of the most extensive, luxuriant, and diversified prospects in South Wales. The living is a discharged vicarage, endowed with the great tithes, in the archdeaconry and diocese of Llandaf, rated in the king's books at £ 6. 1.3., and in the patronage of the Archdeacon of Llandaf. A school for all the poor children of this parish is supported by the Hon. Mrs. Grey, of Dyfryn House, an ancient mansion in the vicinity, formerly belonging to the Price family, the heiress of which conveyed it by marriage to the Greys. The sum of £ 10 was bequeathed by Mr. Thomas Williams, for the benefit of the poor. There is a cromlech on St. Lythan's common. The average annual expenditure for the maintenance of the poor amounts to £60. 11." ( A Topographical Dictionary of Wales by Samuel Lewis 1833)

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Bibliography

Here is a substantial reading list of books which relate to Glamorgan, either county or parish.

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Cemeteries

The Glamorgan Family History Society have produced a set of microfiche containing Monumental Inscriptions for the following burial grounds :-

  • Parish Church of St. Bleiddian
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Churches

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Church History

Glamorgan Chapels Database- None found in this parish

St Lythans Church - on the People's Collection Wales site

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Church Records

For full and up-to-date details of their holdings see the sites of Glamorgan Record Office and/or West Glamorgan Archives

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on  FreeReg

The church is dedicated to St. Bleiddian, and is in the Benefice of Wenvoe and St. Lythans. Details of the present incumbent of this benefice can be found at the Church in Wales website. The church can be located at grid reference ST111729.

A transcription of the registers is available from the Glamorgan Family History Society for the years: Baptisms, 1724-1901, Marriages, 1724-1838, Burials, 1724-1901.

Anglican Parish Registers Held at the Glamorgan Record Office, Cardiff
Baptisms Marriages Burials Banns Bishops Transcripts
1750-1985 1748-1970 1749-1983 - 1724-1731, 1733-1735, 1737-1747, 1751-1757, 1759-1766, 1768-1837
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Description & Travel

Various landscapes - on the People's Collection Wales site

You can see pictures of St Lythans which are provided by:

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Directories

Transcript of complete name listing for St. Nicholas, with the parishes and villages of St. George's, St. Lythans, Peterstone-super-Ely, and Pendoylan, from Slaters Directory for 1880.

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Gazetteers

The transcription of the section for St Lythans from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.

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Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which St Lythans has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

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Maps

This diagram shows the position of this parish within the county of Glamorgan - click on this to see a full size diagram of the county

 

image

 Map of St Lythans parish in the County of Glamorgan - on the People's Collection Wales site

parish map

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference ST097725 (Lat/Lon: 51.444429, -3.300962), St Lythans which are provided by:

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Names, Geographical

Places, villages, farms etc within St Lythans parish as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

  • St Lythans (153); Dyffryn; Dyffryn Golych; Hamston-fawr; Long Barrow; Nant-bran; St Lythans; Tinkinswood
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Newspapers

There are many references to this area in the 15 million Welsh and English language articles from Welsh newspapers transcribed by the NLW and viewable on Welsh Newspapers Online
Below are English language articles that have been re-transcribed and extracted randomly to illustrate what is available, there are many that are not extracted here that include names of local people

  •  From The Cardiff Times 15th August 1862

ST. LYTHANS On Monday last the Rev. David Owen, Curate of this place, gave a treat to all the school children at Barry. Upwards of forty sat down in the evening to the "cheering cup." There were a great many farmers' families from the locality also present. A most pleasant evening was spent. When the shades of evening came the company parted to their respective homes highly pleased with their treat.

  •  From The Cardiff Times 16th October 1880

PLOUGHING MATCH.AT ST. LYTHANS. The Wenvoe, St Nicholas, and St George's ploughing match was held on Wednesday on Nant- brane Farm, in the parish of St Lythans, in the occupation of Messrs Bassett. The three parishes cooperated this year with a better result than hitherto. Subscriptions came in very satisfactorily, and especially so, it may be mentioned, from Cardiff tradesmen.   .....(part extract)......

  • From The Cardiff Times 7th November 1862

ST. LYTHANS. THANKSGIVING FOR THE HARVEST.— Service was held at the parish church of St. Lythans, on Wednesday evening week, for the purpose of returning thanks for the harvest to the "Giver of all goodness." An excellent discourse was delivered by the Rev. David Owen, the esteemed curate of the parish. The church was crowded, persons of all denominations in the vicinity attending

  • From The Cardiff Times 12th June 1863

ST. LYTHANS. This living has become vacant by the promotion of the Rev. William Bruce to the vacant canonry of Llandaff Cathedral. We are glad to find that all the householders in the parish have petitioned in favour of the Rev. David Owen, the respected curate of the parish. Mr. Owen has been here for the last two years and a half, and it is evident that the rev. gentleman has won the esteem of all the parishioners among whom he has ministered. Mr. Owen is a most exemplary clergyman, and an eloquent preacher.

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Population

The Population of St Lythans was as follows, and a more detailed breakdown is available.

1841 - 110 1851 - 135 1861 - 136 1871 - 121 1881 - 81 1891 - 114
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Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • St Lythans Civil Parish records             "....... comprising tithe plan and apportionment, 1839; assistant overseers rate book, 1926; assistant overseers receipt and payment book, 1907-1927; parish meeting minutes book, 1894-1968"