St Nicholas


"NICHOLAS, ST., in the Cwmwd of Is Caeth, Cantref of Brenhinol (now called the Hundred of Dinas Powys), County of GLAMORGAN, South Wales: a discharged Rectory valued in the King's Books at £11..10..0: Patron, The Hon.William Booth Grey. The Resident Population of this Parish, in 1801, was 319. The Money raised by the Parish Rates, in 1803, was £140..7..7, at 1s. 7d. per acre. It is 6 m. W. from Caerdiff. The Fairs, for horned Cattle and Sheep, are holden on the 19th of May, 21st of August, and 19th of December. This Parish contains about 1900 acres of cultivated Land, and about 100 acres of Underwood. It is situate on the Turnpike Road, between Caerdiff and Cowbridge. The present worthy Rector, The Rev. DAVID THOMAS, most obligingly adds, "There is an House adjoining the Church-yard, which is kept in repair at the expense of the Parish, and wherein poor People live: it appears to me, on its first Institution, to have been either a Chantry, or an Alms-house. At the distance of a quarter of a mile, in a Field on the South side of the Village, there is a very remarkable stone, measuring in length 24 Feet and in breadth 10 feet, erected on others about 6 feet high, and so constitutes a spacious Room: I judge it to be a Druidical Temple: it has a Mound raised round it, except in one place where you enter. On the North side of the Village, at an equal distance, there are the remains of a Roman Camp."-The Petty Sessions for the Hundred of Dinas Powys are holden here. From: A Topographical Dictionary of The Dominion of Wales by Nicholas Carlisle, London, 1811



Here is a substantial reading list of books which relate to Glamorgan, either county or parish.

An on-line index to the book St. Nicholas A Historical Survey of a Glamorganshire Parish, by Charles F. Shepherd [1934] has been provided by David Webb.



The Glamorgan Family History Society have produced a set of microfiche containing Monumental Inscriptions for the following burial grounds :-

  • Parish Church of St. Nicholas

Church History

Glamorgan Chapels Database - Here are references to non-conformist chapels found in this parish;

  • Croes-y-parc, Baptist - See Church Records below and also under Peterston-super-Ely chapel database
  • Trehill CM chapel (Presbyterian Church), Tre-hill, St Nicholas ST08637428 Built before 1800
    (The Chapels Recording Project in Wales (RCAHMW))
  • Trehill CM Erected before 1800 Edward Jones, Elder (Informant) (1851 Religious census)
  • [St Nicholas] 1801, January 31; Methodist; a house called Freehill ? Meeting-House; William Frances, Thomas Watkins, Evan David, Thomas John, John Thomas
    (Dissent in the Counties of Glamorgan and Monmouth )
  • Trehil CM, St Nicholas Extant records (Glamorgan Record Office ) and Glamorgan FHS - the publications lists etc(under Vale of Glamorgan Collection)
  • There are also chapels for Calvinists and Welsh Baptists [latter must be Croes-y-parc]
    (Slaters Directory 1880)
  • There are Baptist and CM chapels
    (Kelly's Directory, South Wales 1895 - Archive CD Books Cd)
  • There is a CM chapel in the village and a Baptist chapel at Croes-y-parc
    (Kelly's Directory, South Wales 1910 - Archive CD Books Cd)
  • Trehill St Nicholas English CM chapel Chapel Lane, , St Nicholas, Morgannwg CF5 6SJ - still open in 2006 as per The Presbyterian Church of Wales site

St Nicholas Church - on the People's Collection Wales site


Church Records

For full and up-to-date details of their holdings see the sites of Glamorgan Record Office and/or West Glamorgan Archives

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

The church is dedicated to St. Nicholas, and is in the Benefice of St. Nicholas with Bonvilston and St. George-super-Ely. Details of the present incumbent of this benefice can be found at the Church in Wales website. The church can be located at grid reference ST090743

A transcription of the registers is available from the Glamorgan Family History Society for the years: Baptisms, 1724-1900, Marriages, 1724-1837, Burials, 1724-1902.

Anglican Parish Registers Held at The Glamorgan Record Office
Baptisms Marriages Burials Banns Bishops Transcripts
1762-1915 1755-1930 1762-1966 1824-1973 1724-1754, 1756-1837

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • St Nicholas Ecclesiastical Parish records " ........ including registers of baptisms, 1762-1915; marriages, 1755-1812; banns, 1802-1973; burials, 1762-1966; licences, 1884; records relating to property, 1829-1850; churchwardens, 1876-1878, parochial church council, 1925-1960; vestry, 1800-1960; civil parish, 1792-1955; church affairs, 1890"
Non Conformist Registers Deposited
Chapel Baptisms Marriages Burials OS Map Ref Deposited/Copies
Croes-y-parc, Baptist

See under Peterston-super-Ely
chapel database

1801-1849 - - ST 07947583 NLW

NLW- The National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth

The following Religious Institutions are covered in the Mormon International Genealogical Index (IGI) :-

  • St. Nicholas, St. Nicholas - Christenings (BT's), 1724-1871
  • St. Nicholas, Trehill Calvinistic Methodist - Christenings, 1823-1836


Non Conformist Registers
Chapel Baptisms Marriages Burials OS Map Ref Deposited/Copies
St. Nicholas, Trehill
Calvinistic Methodist
1823-1836 - - ST 08637428 PRO/

PRO - Public Record Office, London
WGAS - West Glamorgan Archive Service


Description & Travel

St Nicholas Castle - on Castle Wales

Conservation areas within the Vale of Glamorgan. See St Nicholas - "Conservation areas are areas of special architectural or historic interest, the character or appearance of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance"

Various landscapes - on the People's Collection Wales site

You can see pictures of St Nicholas which are provided by:



Transcript of complete name listing for St. Nicholas, with the parishes and villages of St. George's, St. Lythans, Peterstone-super-Ely, and Pendoylan, from Slaters Directory for 1880.



The transcription of the section for St Nicholas from The National Gazetteer (1868) provided by Colin Hinson.

Description of parish from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1833) by Samuel Lewis.


Historical Geography

Some of the hamlets, towns and villages within this parish

  • Cottrell
  • Duffryn
  • Tre-hill

You can see the administrative areas in which St Nicholas has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.



This diagram shows the position of this parish within the county of Glamorgan - click on this to see a full size diagram of the county



Parish map (Kain/Oliver)

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference ST090748 (Lat/Lon: 51.46478, -3.311777), St Nicholas which are provided by:


Names, Geographical

Places, villages, farms etc within St Nicholas parish as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

  • St Nicholas (145); Breach; Brook; Caia; Castle Mound; Cottrell; Croes-y-parc; Glyn Cor?; Homri; Long Barrow; St Nicholas (village); Standing Stone; Tinkinswood; Tre-Hill; Vianshill; Y Gaer


There are many references to this area in the 15 million Welsh and English language articles from Welsh newspapers transcribed by the NLW and viewable on Welsh Newspapers Online
Below are English language articles that have been re-transcribed and extracted randomly to illustrate what is available, there are many that are not extracted here that include names of local people

  • From The Cardiff Times 2nd February 1878

ST. NICHOLAS. NATIONAL SCHOOLS.—The prizes in connection with these schools were distributed on Friday evening, at the schoolroom. The successful competitors numbered eleven, this number including those girls who had secured recognition of their aptitude for needlework. The books constituting the prizes were given jointly by Mr A. C. Bruce-Pryce and Mr W. C. Bruce, the rector of the parish. After the distribution, which is an annual one, an interesting entertainment, in the shape of dissolving views, was given by the rector to those who attended. On Saturday evening the pupils of the parish Sunday school were invited to the Rectory, and there provided with tea by the rector and some ladies of the parish.

  • From The Cardiff Times 3rd July 1869

ST. NICHOLAS. LEGERDEMAIN.—On Monday, the 28th ult., our old friend, Professor Ingleton, the Wizard of the South, paid us a visit, and delighted a highly respectable company, at the Three Tuns, in this village. Professor Ingleton has visited Pendoylan, Peterstone, St. Fagans, Cadoxton, Wenvoe, and Penmark, where he has won golden opinions from all who have witnessed his performances.

  • From The Cardiff Times 17th March 1877

ST NICHOLAS. WORKING MEN'S CLUB.—A correspondent writes — "With the praiseworthy intention of providing suitable recreation for the long and otherwise monotonous winter evenings incidental to village life, as well as to wean the young men of the parish from the too common practice of spending their evenings in the public-house, the Rev W. C. Bruce, rector of St Nicholas, has succeeded in organising a working men's club. The commodious class- room of the National school has been utilised for the purpose, a good stock of books by standard authors      ......(part extract)........

  • From the Weekly Mail 4th September 1886

ST. NICHOLAS. LICENSING SESSIONS. — The general annual licensing meeting was held on Wednesday. Mr. O. H, Jones, General Lee, and Major Tylor were the presiding magistrates. All the old licences were renewed. The offenders during the year were David Thomas, Sportsman's Rest, Peterston Frank Clode, Calcot Arms, Merthyr Dovan and John Dunscombe, Marine Hotel, Barry Island. Edward Aubrey, Thomas Harry, and Lewis Lyscombe, Penmark, were cautioned to be more careful how they conducted their houses.

  •  From the Barry Dock News 23rd December 1892

ST. NICHOLAS. CHRISTMAS FAIR.—The usual fair for fat and store stock was held on Monday last, when an average amount of business was transacted, but at low prices. Mr John Thomas, of Cowbridge, conducted an auction sale of cattle, brought in by Mr Watts, of Tydraw, and Mr Lewis, of Brigam. There were not many sheep on sale, but a few ewes changed owners. Fat stock realised 5d to 6½d per lb, Store cattle, two-years-old, sold for £5 10s or £6 each.

  • From the Barry Dock News 15th September 1893

ST. NICHOLAS. LOCAL POST-OFFICE NOTICE.—A wall letter-box has been erected at Groes Farm, Marshfield, to be cleared at 5.35 p.m. on week days, and also at Treharne Arms-terrace, near Coedriglan, which will be cleared at 6.25 p.m. on week days



The Population of St Nicholas was as follows, and a more detailed breakdown is available.

1841 - 425 1851 - 414 1861 - 354 1871 - 419 1881 - 349 1891 - 318

Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • St Nicholas Civil Parish records " ........ comprising copy of tithe plan and apportionment, 1838 [copied 1980]; assistant overseer's rate book, 1919-1925; assistant overseer's receipt and payment book, 1907-1927; parish council minutes book, 1894-1950; parish council receipt and payment books, 1920-1970"