"CWM-TOYDDWR (CWM-DAUDDWR), otherwise LLANSANTFRAID CWM-TOYDDWR, a parish in the hundred of RHAIADR, county of RADNOR, SOUTH WALES, 1/4 of a mile (W. S. W.) from Rhaiadr, containing 867 inhabitants. The name of this place, signifying " the dingle of the two rivers," or " the church of St. Bridget in the dingle of the two rivers," is derived from that of the saint to whom the church is dedicated, and its situation near the confluence of the rivers Wye and Elain, which unite towards the southern extremity of the parish. From this latter circumstance some etymologists have supposed the name to have been originally Cymmer Dau Ddwr, signifying " the junction of two rivers," from which they derive its present appellation. The parish, which is pleasantly situated on the western side of the river Wye, by which it is separated from the town of Rhaiadr, extends nearly ten miles in length, and in the central part is nearly five miles in breadth : ...........In the vale of the Elain are the Cwm Elain lead mines, discovered in 1796, which have been for some time discontinued ; and in other parts of the parish there are some quarries of good slate. ...........The living is a discharged vicarage, in the archdeaconry of Brecknock, and diocese of St. David's, endowed with £200 royal bounty, and £400 parliamentary grant, and in the patronage of the Bishop of St. David's. ............The church, dedicated to St. Bridget, and rebuilt in 1778..............At Nant Wyllt, about four miles from the mother church, is a small but well-built chapel of ease, erected in the year 1772. ..........Vestiges of two ancient chapels are still visible, called respectively Capel Madoc and Aber Henllau : they are supposed to be of more ancient foundation than the original parish church,.............The name of a neighbouring farm, called Coed y Mynach, or "the monks' wood," has led to an opinion that there was anciently a monastery at this place ;.............The average annual expenditure for the support of the poor amounts to £414. " ( A Topographical Dictionary of Wales, Samuel Lewis, 1833)
Bidgood, Ruth. Early families of Rhydoldog, Llansanffraid Cwmteuddwr. Radnorshire Society Transactions Vol 56 1986 Welsh Journals Online & Vol 57 1987 Welsh Journals Online
Hawkins, Desmond The Groves of Cwm Elan Radnorshire Society Transactions Vol 55 1985 Welsh Journals Online
Jones, T Thornley The giants' graves Radnorshire Society Transactions, vol. 21 1951 Welsh Journals Online
Jones, T Thornley The 'Llannau' of Cwmdaudddwr parish Radnorshire Society Transactions Vol 36 1966 Welsh Journals Online
Lewis,Stedman R Extracts from "The Manor of the Grange, Cwmtoyddwr Presentment Book" Radnorshire Society Transactions Vol 34 1964 Welsh Journals Online
Lewis, Stedman R 'This Cupboard is not bare' Radnorshire Society Transactions Vol 35 1965 Welsh Journals Online
Oliver, R C B The 'Gwardole' letters of 1843 Radnorshire Society Transactions, vol. 62 1992 Welsh Journals Online
Price, Hetty Cwmdauddwr memories Radnorshire Society Transactions Vol 18 1948 Welsh Journals Online
Pugh, Jonathan Argoed Notes on the Parish of Cwmteuddwr Radnorshire Society Transactions, vol. 6 1936 Welsh Journals Online
Church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by I.G Jones, & D. Williams. UWP, Cardiff, 1976. The names given towards the end of each entry are those of the informants.
Cwmteuddwr Parish consisting of the Townships of Dyffryn-Gwy and Dyffryn-Elan; Statistics; Area 32000 acres;; Population 416 males, 419 females, total 835
See Welsh Chapels and Churches for a photograph of Elan Valley, Bethania Baptist Chapel, Elan Valley
Church of St Winifred, Llansantffraed Cwmdeuddwr on the Radnorshire Churches Survey site
Detailed information on deposited registers and transcripts for this parish is given on the Powys Archives page Radnorshire parish registers
As a guide only, the principal extant parochial church records for this parish span the dates shown below (as detailed in Parish Registers of Wales, NLW 2000) but exact current holdings should be confirmed with the individual Archives;
- Baptisms 1737-1811, 1813-1897; Marriages 1737-1837, 1972-1978, Nant-gwyllt 1875-1971; Burials 1737-1811, 1813-1936
Parish Registers, or copies, for all or part of these dates are held at the NLW and/or Powys Archives.
Bishops Transcripts for various periods are held at the NLW
- Ask for a calculation of the distance from Llansanffraid Cwmteuddwr to another place.
You can see the administrative areas in which Llansanffraid Cwmteuddwr has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.
Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;
- Lewis family, of Y Neuadd, Llansanffraid Cwmteuddwr , papers "Records of the Lewis-Lloyd and Lewis families of Nantgwyllt and of their estates, mainly in Llansanffraid Cwmteuddwr , and Rhayader, Radnorshire and Llanwrthwl, Brecknockshire, including deeds and documents relating to the Nantgwyllt and Camdeuddwr estates in Radnorshire, 1579-1902,........"
Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348. Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county
Family Search have an interactive map called "England and Wales Jurisdictions 1851" showing parish (and other) boundaries with optional background maps such as Ordnance Survey. There is also a Search facility, do read the guidance notes to get maximum benefit from this useful resource. See here for further background information to assist in the interpretation of this data
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN895687 (Lat/Lon: 52.305099, -3.622484), Llansanffraid Cwmteuddwr which are provided by:
- Google Maps
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- OpenStreetMap Cymru (Welsh counties only)
- Bing (was Multimap)
- Old Maps Online (Other old maps.)
- National Library of Scotland (Old Ordnance Survey maps)
- Vision of Britain (Click "Historical units & statistics" for administrative areas.)
- Magic (Geographic information) (Click + on map if it doesn't show)
- GeoHack (Links to on-line maps and location specific services.)