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County Roscommon

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"Roscommon, a county of Ireland, province of Connaught, bounded E by Longford and Westmeath, S by Galway, W by Mayo, N by Sligo, and NE by Leitrim, 50 English m. long, and 37 broad. It is a flat open coutry, in some places sprinkled with rocks, in many interrupted by extensive bogs, and but little diversified by hills. The Shannon divides it from Longford and Westmeath, and the Suck from Galway. It has excellent pastures. Pop. 207,777." [From The New London Gazetteer (1826)]

"ROSCOMMON, an inland county of the province of Connaught, Ireland. It lies between 53° 16' to 54° 7' N. lat., and from 7° 50' to 8° 46' W. long. It is bounded on the E. by the river Shannon, on the S. and S.W. by county Galway, on the W. by counties Galway and Mayo, on the N. by Sligo, and on the N.E. by Leitrim. It is 60 miles long, and its greatest breadth is 37 miles, comprising an area of 607,691 acres, of which 440,522 are in cultivation, 132,299 uncultivated, 768 occupied by the sites of towns, villages, and roads, 29,370 under water, and 6,732 in plantations. The general character of the surface is undulating or flat, except towards the N., where it becomes mountainous. The Curlew Mountains in the N.W., the Slievebawn range in the W., the Braulieve or Braughlieve on the Leitrim border, and some hills which skirt Lough Allen in the N., are the principal elevations, some of the summits attaining a height of 1,000 to 1,200 feet above the sea level. The principal rivers are the Suck and Shannon; the former traverses the N. boundary, and the latter drains it on the E. The lakes are numerous, and constitute a leading feature in this part of the island; Loughs Key, Garra, Skean, Meelagh, Aelagh, Erritt, and Glynn are the principal waters.............More" [Description from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2018]

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Archives & Libraries

Roscommon Library

Local Studies & Archives- at Roscommon Library

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Cemeteries

Roscommon Cemetery Records - on IGP

Roscommon Headstone Photos - on IGP

County Roscommon, Ireland Cemetery Records - on interment.net

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Census

National Censuses/Substitutes , list - on fianna

1911 Census - Co Roscommon FHLC numbers - on fianna

LEITRIM-ROSCOMMON; 1901 Census Home Page   "A searchable data base containing data transcribed from the 1901 census of Ireland for Leitrim, Roscommon, Mayo & Sligo (and other cos.)."

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Church Records

Roscommon Church Records - on IGP

Roscommon Roman Catholic records - on Irish Ancestors

County Roscommon; Roman Catholic Records, dates, FHLC - on fianna

County Roscommon; Church of Ireland Records, dates, status - on fianna

County Roscommon; Roman Catholic Records, dates, locations - on fianna

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Civil Registration

Roscommon Vital Records - on IGP

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Description & Travel

County Roscommon  - on wikipedia

"This county comprises nine baronies-Athlone, North and South Ballintober, Ballymoe, Boyle, Castlereagh, Frenchpark, Moycarn, and Roscommon, which together include 58 parishes. The population in 1851 was 173,798, and in 1861 100,000. The principal towns are Roscommon, Boyle, and Elphin." [Description from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2018]

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Directories

Directories, list - on fianna

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Emigration & Immigration

County Roscommon Emigrant/Immigration Records - on IGP

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Gazetteers

The transcription for this county from the National Gazetteer (1868), provided by Colin Hinson.

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Genealogy

The Ireland Genealogy Project's County Roscommon page, and its listing of the Project's available Roscommon Records.

The Irish Ancestors website (subscription) has the following types of records: State Registration of Births, Marriages & Deaths, Census returns, Land records, Church records, Genealogical Office records, Gravestone inscriptions, Directories, Newspapers, Wills, Deeds, and Occupations.

Irish Ancestors' extensive County Roscommon website.

The LDS FamilySearch Wiki's Ireland Online Genealogy Records for County Roscommon.

The Fianna website's pages for County Roscommon provide important addresses and extensive information about online and other genealogy resources.

Roots Ireland (subscription) "offers access to a unique database of more than 20 million Irish records". Its Roscommon coverage includes Baptismal/Birth Records, Marriage Records, Burial/Death Records and Griffith's Valuation (Free Access).

The Leitrim-Roscommon Home Page

WorldGenWeb - Roscommon Queries

The Leitrim-Roscommon Surnames List

The Leitrim-Roscommon Townland search engine - an extensive and very useful database

Farrell, Noel. Roscommon Town. (In the "Exploring Family Origins" Series.). Noel Farrell, Park Road, Longford, Ireland (1998).
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Historical Geography

Roscommon civil parishes - on Irish Ancestors

The ROSCOMMON Transferred Townlands Page

See the county Roscommon page on logainm.ie which has links to its civil parish pages

  • "The Placenames Database of Ireland was created by Fiontar & Scoil na Gaeilge in collaboration with The Placenames Branch (Department of Culture, Heritage and the Gaeltacht). This is a comprehensive management system for data, archival records and placenames research conducted by the State. It is a public resource for Irish people at home and abroad, and for all those who appreciate the rich heritage of Irish placenames."
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Land & Property

Searchable database of Griffiths Valuation for Leitrim and Roscommon

Roscommon Landowners 1870's - on IGP

General Valuation - Cancelled Valuations - Electoral Dist. Kilteevan ca 1911-1920's - on IGP

Roscommon Land Records - on IGP

Griffiths Valuation 1847/64 on the Ask about Ireland site. Use the search box to bring up entries showing Barony/Parish/Townlands and lists of Occupants

Tithe Applotment Books for county Roscommon and its  parishes are available online on the National Archives of Ireland website (free).

  • The Tithe Applotment Books were compiled between 1823 and 1838 as a survey of land in each civil parish to determine the payment of tithes (a religious tax). Unlike Griffith's Valuation they do not cover cities or towns.
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Maps

The Leitrim-Roscommon Home Page provides the following maps:

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Military Records

Roscommon Military & Constabulary (Irish Constabulary with native county of Roscommon 1840+) - on IGP

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Monumental Inscriptions

Roscommon Headstone Photos - on IGP

Roscommon Memorial Cards - on IGP

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Names, Personal

Surnames found County Roscommon in  1100 thru 1600 - on IGP

"The ancient inhabitants of Roscommon are said to have been the Auterii; subsequently the county was divided among the O'Connors in the midland, the MacDermots in the northern, and the O'Kellies in the southern districts. " [Description from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2018]

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Newspapers

Freeman's Journal Aug/Sept 1840, Repeal Association (names) - on IGP

Newspaper collection - at Roscommon LIbrary

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Obituaries

Roscommon Obituaries - on IGP

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Occupations

".....and in the northern part of the county they include a considerable coal field with three beds of coal, and resting on beds of the millstone-grit series, known as the Arigna district. Iron ore is worked here, and extensive smelting and casting operations are carried on, also potters' fire and pipe clays are obtained indifferent parts."  [Description from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2018]

"Agriculture is in a backward state, and the poorer classes of the inhabitants are extremely wretched. There are few dairies, though the pastures are luxuriant. The principal crops are oats, wheat, and potatoes. The breeds of cattle and sheep are good; the former long horned, and the latter long woolled...................... The linen manufacture was at one time extensively diffused over the county, but it is now nearly extinct." [Description from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868) Transcribed by Colin Hinson ©2018]

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Periodicals

From Fianna:

Roscommon Historical and Archaeological Society Journal (annual)
Mr. M. Kelly, Hon. Secretary, Ederaun, Elphin, Co. Roscommon
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Population

A Population Summary for Kilglass Civil Parish County Roscommon   "Terry McCormick has put together a tabulated listing of the population for all the townlands in the Civil Parish of Kilglass in County Roscommon between 1749 and 1881"

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Probate Records

Roscommon Wills - on IGP

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Schools

Schools Folklore collection - at Roscommon Library