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Breage

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Originally called St Breock-in-Kirrier (Kerrier), St Breaca or St Briack, the parish is now just called 'Breage' (Cornish: Eglospennbro). It is situated in the Deanery and Hundred of Kirrier (Kerrier), and is bounded on the north by Crowan, on the east by Sithney, on the west by St Hilary and Germoe, and on the south by the sea. The parish of Breage is named after Saint Breage and is either pronounced 'Braig', or 'Breeg' as it is now more often heard.

Tregoning Hill (596 feet) and Godolphin Hill (495 feet) are in this parish. On the top of the former are the remains of a large Iron Age fort. It appears to have been of great strength and was one of the largest of the kind in Cornwall. The granite on Tregoning was of two types: one was used for ornamental building under the name of Breage stone; the other, abounding in talc, was worked as china clay.

Besides the Churchtown, the principal villages in this parish are: Ashton, Trew, Rinsey, Kenegy, Hendra, Tregunno, Trescow, Trevervas and Herland (where the Godolphin church stood). The fishing village of Porthleven was partly in this parish and partly in Sithney. The two new parishes of Godolphin and Porthleven were created from parts of this parish in 1846.

Archives & Libraries

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Bibliography

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Cemeteries

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Census

Census information for this parish (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

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Church History

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Church Records

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Civil Registration

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Description & Travel

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Directories

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Genealogy

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Historical Geography

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History

A Parochial History of Breage (PAROCHIAL HISTORY OF THE COUNTY OF CORNWALL VOLUME 1, 1867. Pages 132 to 140 [S. BREOCK IN KIRRIER, OR BREAGE]) is available on-line.

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Land & Property

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Maps

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Names, Personal

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Newspapers

Newspaper extracts from THE WEST BRITON AND CORNWALL ADVERTISER (by Julia Symons Mosman and Rita Bone Kopp) relating to events in Breage are available on-line as follows:

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Occupations

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Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

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Population

The parish of Porthleven was created from parts of this parish and Sithney parish in 1846.

  • Population in 1801 - 2534 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 2888 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 3668 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 5149 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 6166 persons in Breage Village and 80 persons in Breage Workhouse
  • Population in 1851 - 4543 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 5173 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 4449 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 3017 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 2751 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 2475 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 2349 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 2171 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 2202 persons
  • Population in 1951 - 2174 persons
  • Population in 1961 - 2230 persons
  • Population in 1971 - 2380 persons
  • Population in 1981 - 2620 persons
  • Population in 1991 - 2850 persons
  • Population in 2001 - 2955 persons
  • Population in 2011 - 3151 persons

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Probate Records

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Religion & Religious Life

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Statistics

The parish comprises 7257 acres of land, 9 acres of water and 121 acres of foreshore. The two parishes of Godolphin and Porthleven were created from parts of this parish in 1846.

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Taxation

Cornwall Subsidies in the reign of Henry VIII were a form of taxation. There were a number of subsidy rolls, although the main ones are those for each of 1524 and 1543, each listing my name those who were taxed. A man could be taxed on: Goods, Wages or Land; whichever had the biggest revenue. Any woman included in the rolls were widows. The process involved assessment by Assessors, then sub or petty collectors in each parish. This money was then passed to the High collectors, who would deliver the monies to the Exchequer. The OPC has placed those for Breage parish on line as follows:

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