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"The County of CARNARVAN is 93 Miles in Circumference, contains about 307000 Acres, 6 Market Towns, and only one Borough [viz. Carnarvan which is the County town] 68 Parishes & about 2765 Houses. The Air is sharp & Cold for ye Country rises into very high Mountains, which are full of Lakes & Rocks, ye highest in Wales; & not improperly called ye British Alps. yet there are many fruitfull Bottoms, & pleasant Valleys. It is plentifull in Cattle, Fowl, Fish & Wood." [Emanuel Bowen, Britannia Depicta, 1720]


Archives and Libraries

Caernarfon Record Office

Gwynedd Archives Service - Includes Gwynedd Archives' On-line Catalogue service. Currently (5/04), 12,000 pages from their catalogues have been loaded into the online database.  Additionally, 2,000 images have been added to the on-line collection. There is also a growing section relating to their Collections

Conwy County Archives
The Old Board School, Lloyd Street, Llandudno, LL30 2YG  Tel.: 01492 577550  
email: archifau.archives@conwy.gov.uk
Llandudno Library
Mostyn Street, Llandudno, Gwynedd LL30 2RS, Tel.: 01492 574020
Deganwy Library
Station Road, Deganwy, LL31 9EX, Tel.: 01492 584705; Email: llyfr.lib.deganwy@conwy.gov.uk

Caernarfonshire County Library Papers and Miscellanea 1883-1973 - details of extant records on Archives Network Wales

The National Library of Wales

The National Archives has details of many archive repositories in the UK with links to their web sites, if any.


A Caernarfonshire Bibliography - Books of General Interest for Family Historians

It is acknowledged that the principal source of the details of books etc included  on these pages is the online catalogues of the National Library of Wales

Gwynedd Family History Society have an online listing of their extensive library of  books

Gwynedd Family History Society have published a selection of Memorial Inscription indexes


The UK BMD web site offers links to over 400 web sites that provide on-line information for UK births, marriages and deaths and censuses.

There are census transcriptions on the following parish pages;- Abergwyngregin 1851; Bangor 1851 ; Betws Garmon 1851 ; Llanddeiniolen 1851 ; Llandegái 1851 ; Llandwrog ; Llanfaglan ; Llanfair-is-gaer 1851 ; Llanllechid 1851 ; Llanrug ; Llanwnda .

There are 1861-1891 census transcriptions for many parishes on the Llyn Peninsula on the Rhiw.com site

Gwynedd Family History Society have published a selection of census indexes

Church History

Welsh Chapels & Churches

Gwynedd Family History Society  have a map of the ecclesiastical parishes of Caernarvonshire (Publications) on which there are links to photographs of some parish churches.

Church Records

Joyce Hinde has supplied a list of Parish Registers held at the Caernarfon Area Record Office

Parish register copies (Caernarvonshire) in the library of the Society of Genealogists.

The FreeReg site has a list of churches and chapels in the county

Capeli Llyn - Llyn Nonconformist chapels - on the Penllyn.com  site

Gwynedd Family History Society have published a selection of Baptism and Marriage Indexes

National Library of Wales  Manuscripts and Records. An online searchable index of Marriage Bonds and Allegations.It contains details of some 90,000 marriages by licence which took place in Wales between 1616 and 1837.

Listings of (present-day) Clerics, Benefices, and parishes of the Diocese of Bangor

Family Search UK/Ireland - Historical Record Collections 
IGI Batch Numbers - Hugh Wallis's site  and Archer Software's site  

Civil Registration

The UK BMD web site offers links to over 400 web sites that provide on-line information for UK births, marriages and deaths and censuses.

Brett Langston has provided details of the Registration Districts in Caernarvonshire for the period 1837 to 1930.

Certificates of birth, death and marriage can be obtained from the Superintendent Registrars at the following District Register Offices:

North Wales BMD  Births, Marriages and Deaths on the internet. Clwyd and Gwynedd Family History Societies, and Montgomeryshire Genealogical Society are collaborating with the local Registration Services to make the indexes to these records freely searchable via the Internet. Although the indexes are not yet complete for all years and districts, it is hoped that the database will eventually cover all North Wales births, marriages and deaths for the years 1837 to 1950.

A Vision of Britain Through Time. "This site contains information about your home area from the 2001 census -- and from every earlier British census back to 1801. It can present this information both as maps of the whole country and as graphs showing change over time in your area. It truly offers a Vision of Britain through time"

Gazetteer of Markets and Fairs in England and Wales to 1516. The Gazetteer compiled by Dr Samantha Letters is a catalogue of markets and fairs in medieval England and Wales. This is the first comprehensive national survey.

The A-Z Guide of the Llyn Peninsula - tourist site

The Penllyn.com site - links to various Llyn community sites and more

The Llyn Peninsula site- " ......... The Llyn Peninsula is one of Wales finest beauty spots. The Llyn Peninsula (the Llyn) is usually defined as the strip of land which is South West of the A487 which runs from Caernarfon to Porthmadog...."

Caernarfonshire - on wikipedia

Caernarfonshire - on Old Uk Photos site

Caernarfonshire - on Cyndi's List


The section of The National Gazetteer (1868) relating to Caernarvonshire - transcribed by Colin Hinson.

Tallis's Topographical Dictionary of England and Wales, published in 1860 in six vols, editor E. L. Blanchard.  
See Welsh Family History Archive   for all the excellent county maps (showing the hundreds) and the alphabetical gazetteer 
From the preface;
"In the following pages will be found fully described the past history and present aspect of every place of any significance in England and Wales, forming a work of permanent importance to the commercial world, of ready service to the tourist of the day, and of constant interest to the general reader, who may derive from this source a large supply of entertainment, as well as of information for the amusement and instruction of a leisure hour."


Online Welsh Names Directory by Graham Jaunay

Here are details of the Genealogy Mailing Lists serving the Welsh counties

John Ball's Welsh Family History Archive provides some very useful material and links for those with Welsh ancestry.

See the All Wales Lookup Exchange  gateway page to see whether there is a current Lookup Exchange for this county

Timeline of genealogically interesting dates by Gareth Hicks


Gwynedd Family History Society  have a history of Wales feature on their site (Publications)

Castles Wales site - Medieval Gwynedd and The Early Welsh Kingdoms, Gwynedd

The County of Gwynedd - on the British Towns and Villages Network

Land and Property

Caernarfonshire Quarter Sessions, private papers  - details of extant records on Archives Network Wales
"Miscellaneous Papers being mainly Wynne, Spicer, and Robinson Papers and Papers of the Tre'r dafarn Estate found among the Quarter Sessions Records........."

Law and Legislation

Records of the Caernarfonshire Quarter Sessions, 1546-1795 - on the People's Collection Wales site

Map of Caernarfonshire in 1833  - Copied from the original in "A Topographical Dictionary of Wales" by Samuel Lewis 1833

Map of Carnarvonshire from the Report of the Boundary Commissioners for England and Wales. Printed by Eyre and Spottiswoode, London, 1885.

Map of Snowdonia, Anglesey, Caernarvon & Merioneth in 1910 on the Baedeker's Old Guide Book site

Gwynedd Family History Society  have a diagram of the ecclesiastical parishes of Caernarfonshire - under Parishes

Welsh county maps by Samuel Lewis and published in 1833

Report of the Boundary Commissioners for England & Wales - Map of Carnarvonshire 1885

Maps of Carnarvonshire on the Carnarvon Traders site

Merchant Marine

The Llyn Peninsula and the Sea  - on the Rhiw.com site

Survey of 20th century Welsh Seafarers for North-West Wales Papers - details of extant records on Archives Network Wales          "The Welsh Seafarers for North-West Wales project recorded the careers of twentieth century seafarers. Forms were distributed via the Caernarfon, Dolgellau and Anglesey Record Offices, with help from local maritime museums and individuals" Caernarfonshire Shipping Registers 1786-1918; 1960 - details of extant records on Archives Network Wales
"Beaumaris, Angelsey, was the principal port of North Wales until the Port of Caernarfon was established. Pwllheli was a sub-port of Beaumaris between 1840 and 1844 and a sub-port of Caernarfon after 1844. The ports were responsible to the Crown for the registration of shipping and the collection of duties on imports; their shipping registers record details of vessels including the owner, the master, changes of owner, and the eventual fate of the vessel...."

Gwynedd Maritime database

Lighthouse Personnel in England and Wales and the Channel Islands 1841-1910. Includes;- Table of  Keepers; Table of Stations by county; Location map of the lighthouse sites.

Welsh Mariners  by Dr Reg Davies---includes a searchable database of over 17,000 Welsh born (or Wales resident) Master mariners, mates and engineers who held certificates of competency or service; in practice it is an index of men active from 1850 to 1945 in the merchant navy.

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Gwynedd Archive Services have a substantial collection of the following publications;

Yr Arweinydd

Baner ac Amserau Cymru

Caernarfon & Denbigh Herald

Caernarfon - Llyn Chronicle

Cambrian News

Y Cymro

Y Dydd

Y Ddraig Goch

Eco'r Wyddfa

Y Genedl Gymreig


Yr Herald Gymraeg

Illustrated London News

Llais Ogwan

North Wales Chronicle

North Wales Weekly News

Y Rhedegydd

Y Tyst

Yr Udgorn



Victorian Professional Photographers in Wales 1850-1925 - a county based database compiled by Mari Alderman, includes sources and a bibliography

Slatesite - history, communities, photographs etc

The Slate Industry of North and Mid Wales - by David Sallery

The Railways of North Wales -  by David Sallery

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

The Workhouse  - on Peter Higginbotham's site

Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Caernarfonshire County Architect's Plans : 1860-1973
  • Caernarfonshire / Gwynedd County Councils Social Services Department Records 1918-1983
  • Caernarfonshire County Council Archives, Papers of the Air Raid Precautions and Civil Defence Departments 1935-1970
  • Caernarfonshire County Council archive, Clerk's Department records 1833-1983
  • Caernarvonshire County Council, Land Agent's Records and Caernarfonshire Rivers Catchment Board Records 1898-1979
  • Caernarvonshire War Agricultural Committee Maps 1900-[ c.1944] (accumulated 1917-1944
  • Caernarfonshire Land Tax assessment records 1746-1956
  • Caernarfonshire Official Maps and Plans 1774-1949
  • Caernarfonshire Quarter Sessions Records 1541-1901   "The Court of Quarter Sessions in Caernarfonshire sat four times a year, attended by the Justices of the Peace of the county. Quarter sessions courts began in Wales after the Acts of Union, 1536-1543.
  • Caernarvonshire Quarter Sessions County Gaol Records    "Caernarfonshire Court of Quarter Sessions was responsible for maintaining the County Gaol, re-built in the 1780s............"
  • Caernarfonshire Quarter Sessions Licensing Records 1626-1945
  • Caernarfonshire Quarter Sessions, Gamekeepers' Deputations 1812-1888
  • Caernarfonshire County Council, Caernarfonshire War Agricultural Executive Committee papers 1917-1922
  • Caernarvonshire and Anglesey Infirmary, records 1811-1969    "The Loyal Dispensary, Bangor was opened in 1810, primarily to provide vaccines for smallpox. In 1845, the institution moved premises to Upper Bangor, and was re-named the Caernarvonshire and Anglesey Infirmary (C. & A. Infirmary)......"
  • Caernarvonshire Constabulary records 1857-1969  "The Caernarvonshire Constabulary was formed in 1857....."
  • Caernarvonshire Motor taxation records 1904-1977  "Under the Motor Car Act 1903, all motor vehicles and motor cycles had to be licensed by their local county for use on public roads, and were assigned a unique registration number. Drivers of motor vehicles were also licensed by their local authority....."
  • Records of the National Farmers' Union in Caernarfonshire 1937-1978  "The National Farmers' Union was formed in 1908 and represents farmers and growers in England and Wales........."


Conwy Schools (Ysgolion Conwy) records 1838-1998 -  details of extant records on Archives Network Wales
"Records of school within Conwy County Borough Council....."

The Blue Books of 1847.  An inquiry into the state of education in Wales - on the NLW's Digital Mirror site

Day Schools in Caernarfonshire in 1847. This database consists of day schools which existed in 1847 included here within an alphabetical list of parishes 
It contains the names and types of day schools listed in the Reports of the Commissioners of Inquiry into the State of Education in Wales published in 1847

The GENUKI Caernarfonshire pages are maintained by Gareth Hicks.  Help and information has been provided by a number of assistants.