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Ruan Major

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The parish of Ruan Major, (Cornish: Ruan Veur), was situated in the Deanery and Hundred of Kerrier. At a point on the north called Dry Trees, it met the parishes of Cury, Mawgan, St Martins and St Keverne. It is bounded on the east by St Keverne and a detached part of Grade parish, on the south by Ruan Minor, and on the west by Mullion and Cury. There was a detached portion of the parish called Bednas which measured only two furlongs in length by one and a half in breadth, which is bounded on the east and south by Landewednack, and on the west and north by Mullion.

Ruan Major was a thinly populated parish in the south-west 'heel' of Cornwall, known as the Lizard. It is named Major because it is larger than its neighbouring parish of Ruan Minor to the south-east, and takes the name Ruan after the patron saint of Ruan or Rumon. Dry Trees, on Goonhilly Downs, is now the site of the UK's main satellite communication Earth Station.

The main village of Grade-Ruan is Cadgwith, although this was not really ever in Ruan Major; other villages in this former parish are Treal and Ruan Vean. Because of falling population, in 1934, this parish was united with Ruan Minor and Grade to form the parish of Grade-Ruan.

Cemeteries

Census

Census information for parishes in this town (1841 - 1901) is held in the Cornwall Record Office. The Cornwall Family History Society offers a census search service for its members. The Cornwall Family History Society have also published on-line census detail by surname on the FamilyHistoryonLine site.

Specific census information for this parish is available as follows:

Church History

Anglican. The parish church is located in OS Grid Square SW7016 and was dedicated to St Rumon. It originally comprised a chancel, nave, and north and south aisles, the rood stairs in the north wall, a south porch, a priest's door, and a north door. Having become considerably dilapidated, it was pulled down around 1866, and rebuilt with chancel and nave only. The arcades which each had five four-centred arches, were with their pillars built into the walls. The original tower remains. It is 45 feet high, and has two stages and is finished with battlements and crocketed pinnacles. The building is now a ruin.

Church Records

Civil Registration

The parish of Grade-Ruan was originally in the Helston Registration District as Grade, Ruan Major and Ruan Minor; there were sub-districts at Breage, Crowan, Helston, St Keverne and Wendron. It is now in the Kerrier Registration District. Parishes in this registration district are: Breage, Crowan, Cury, Germoe, Gunwalloe, Grade, Helston, Landewednack, Manaccan, Mawgan in Meneage, Mullion, Ruan Major, Ruan Minor, St. Anthony in Meneage, St. Keverne, St. Martin in Meneage, Sithney, Wendron.

The address of the Registration Office is: The Willows, Church Street, Helston, TR13 8NJ.
Tel: 01326 562848.

Description & Travel

Genealogy

Maps

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Ruan Major parish was part of the Helston Union for Poor Law administration and parish relief.

Population

Grade - Ruan parish was formed 1934 from an amalgamation of Ruan Major, Ruan Minor and Grade. After this date, population figures are given under Grade.

  • Population in 1801 - 142 persons
  • Population in 1811 - 167 persons
  • Population in 1821 - 187 persons
  • Population in 1831 - 162 persons
  • Population in 1841 - 163 persons
  • Population in 1851 - 173 persons
  • Population in 1861 - 141 persons
  • Population in 1871 - 109 persons
  • Population in 1881 - 94 persons
  • Population in 1891 - 79 persons
  • Population in 1901 - 97 persons
  • Population in 1911 - 88 persons
  • Population in 1921 - 78 persons
  • Population in 1931 - 55 persons

Probate Records

Wills & Admons for Ruan Major 1660-1767 are available on-line.

Statistics

The parish comprised 2325 acres of land.

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