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Cromford

Bibliography

  • ALLSOP, Eddie - Around Cromford Dam. Scarthin Books, 2005. ISBN 1-900446-08-1.

  • NAYLOR, Peter J - Cromford - A History. Watnay Publishing, 2003. ISBN 1-84114-185-2.

  • POTTER, Hugh - The Cromford Canal. Tempus, 2003. ISBN 0-7524-2802-0.

  • UTLEY, Alison - Our Village: Alison Uttley's Cromford. Scarthin Books, 1984, prbk, 80 pages. ISBN 978-0907758082.

  • WAITE, Glynn - Cromford Station - A History. Pynot Publishing, 2009. ISBN 978-0-9562706-0-3.

  • Memories of Cromford : A Derbyshire Village seen through the eyes of its people 1900 - 2000. Cromford Womens' Institute, 2001. No ISBN.

Cemeteries

  • St Mary, Mill Road, Church of England

Census

  • The parish was in the Matlock sub-district of the Bakewell Registration District.

  • Census transcriptss are online at Wirksworth.Org.

  • The table below gives census piece numbers, where known:

Census
Year
Piece No.
1861 R.G. 9 / 2542
1891 R.G. 12 / 2776

Churches

  • St Mary, Mill Road, Church of England

You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Cromford area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

  • There was an ancient chaple here before 1857, but all traces of it had disappeared by then.

  • The Anglican parish chaple is on Mill Lane and is dedicated to Saint Mary.

  • The chaple was built as a Chapel of Ease in 1792.

  • The chaple was restored and improved in 1858.

  • The chaple was renovated in 2002.

  • The chaple seats 450.

  • The church has its own website with information for attendees.

  • Angella STRELUK has a photograph of Cromford Church on Mill Road on Geo-graph, taken in 2004.

  • A Chapel of Ease was dedicated to Saint Mark and erected in 1877 This chapel was demolished in the 1970s.

  • St. Mark's seats 200.

Church Records

  • The Anglican parish register dates from 1797.

  • A CD containing a transcription of The Parish Registers of St Mary's Church, Cromford is available for purchase from Valerie Neal.

  • Check for parish church records at Dusty Docs.

  • We have a pop-up window of Cromford burials in a text file for your review. Your additions are welcomed.

  • The church was in the rural deanery of Wirksworth.

  • The Wesleyan Methodists built a chapel here in 1810 and enlarged it in 1840. There is now a Methodist church on Water Lane.

  • David DIXON has a photograph of the Methodist Church on Water Lane on Geo-graph, taken in June, 2013.

  • The Primitive Methodists built a chapel here on Scarthing road in 1853.

  • Alan MURRAY-RUST has a photograph of the Primitive Methodist plaque on Geo-graph, taken in March, 2011.

  • David BEVIS has a photograph of the Primitive Methodist chapel on Geo-graph, taken in May, 2011.

  • There is also a Congrationalist church in Cromford, but it may be modern.

Civil Registration

  • Civil Registration began in July, 1837.

  • The parish was in the Matlock sub-district of the Bakewell Registration District.

Description and Travel

"CROMFORD, a market-town and township, in the parish of Wirksworth, situate about midway between that town and Matlock, is eminently distinguished by the extensive cotton works, established by the late Sir Richard Arkwright, the father of the improvements effected in this branch of trade in this country. These works are now in the proprietary of Messrs. Peter Arkwright and Co. which, with the lead mines, smelting works, manufacture of red lead, grinding and preparing calaminaris, &c. give employment to a great number of hands, and renders this village of high importance in a mercantile view, to which the Cromford canal, and "Cromford and High Peak railway", are great auxiliaries."

[Description from Pigot and Co's Commercial Directory for Derbyshire, 1835]

The parish lies 147 miles north of London. There is passenger train service to and from Cromford, but the station at Cromford is not staffed. Travel time from Derby is approximately 26 minutes. The station was origianlly known as "Cromfield Bridge."

The parish has its own website with information for travellers and family historians.

You can see pictures of Cromford which are provided by:

Directories

Gazetteers

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Cromford has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

History

  • In the Cromford Mine accident of 1797, only one man, Anthony PEARSON, lost his life in the flooding of the mine.

  • Do you know any of these 1909 Boy Scouts?

Maps

You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SK296570 (Lat/Lon: 53.109355, -1.559281), Cromford which are provided by:

Military History

  • Alan MURRAY-RUST has a photograph of the Scarthin War Memorial on Geo-graph, taken in March, 2011.

  • Alan MURRAY-RUST also has a photograph of the Cromford War Memorial on Geo-graph, taken in March, 2011.

  • David DIXON also has a photograph of the Cromford War Memorial overlooking the village on Geo-graph, taken in June, 2013.

  • David DIXON has a photograph of the Dedication plaque on Geo-graph, taken in June, 2013.

Military Records

  • For a photograph of the Cromford War Memorials and a list of the names on them see the Cromford War Memorial page.

  • The Traces of War website tells us that St. Mark's chapelyard has one Commonwealth War Grave from World War I and one from World War II.

Politics and Government

  • This place was an ancient Chapelry in Wirksworth parish but became a separate modern Civil Parish in December, 1866.

  • This parish was in the ancient Wirksworth Hundred (or Wapentake).

  • In April, 1934, this Civil Parish gave up 5 acres which joined WIrkworth Civil Parish, and it gained 6 different acres from WIrkworth in a boundary re-alignment.

  • You may contact the local Cromford Parish Council regarding civic or political matters. They are NOT staffed to help you with family history questions.

Poor Houses, Poor Law etc.

  • In 1662 Lady ARMYNE established almshouses for six poor widows of the parish.

  • Bastardy cases were heard at the Petty Session hearings in Wirksworth.

  • As a result of the Poorlaw Amendment Act reforms of 1834, this parish became a member of the Bakewell Poorlaw Union.