FAILSWORTH, a township, a chapelry, and a sub-district, in Manchester parish and district, Lancashire. The township lies on the Rochdale canal, and near the Lancashire and Yorkshire railway, 4½ miles NE by E of Manchester; and has a post office under Manchester. Acres, 1,064. Real property, £16,052; of which £450 are in gas-works. Pop. in 1851, 4,433; in 1861, 5,113. Houses, 1,054. The increase of population arose from the erection of cotton mills and manufactories, the enlargement of a foundry, and the facilities afforded for traffic by canal. The chapelry is conterminate with the township; and was constituted in 1844. The living is a p. curacy in the diocese of Manchester. Value, £211.* Patron, alternately the Crown and the Bishop. The church was built in 1846. There are four dissenting chapels, a Roman Catholic chapel, and national schools. The sub-district includes Moston township. Pop., 8,312.
John Marius Wilson, Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales (1870-72)