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National Gazetteer (1868) - Miscellaneous

"ABDICK and BULSTONE HUNDRED, in the southern part of Somersetshire, bounded on the N. by North Carry hundred, part of Somerton hundred, and Pitney hundred; on the E. by East Petherton and South Kingsbury hundreds; on the S. by part of South Petherton hundred and part of East Kingsbury hundred; and on the W. by Taunton and Taunton Dean hundreds It contains the parishes of Ashill, Beer-Crocombe Bickenhall, South Braden, Broadway, Buckland St. Mary, Cricket-Malherbe, Curland, Curry-Malet, Curry-Rivel, Donyatt, West Dowlish, Drayton, Earnshill, Fivehead, Hatch-Beauchamp, Ilminster, Ilton, Isle-Abbots, Isle-Brewers, White-Lackington, Puckington, Staple-Fitzpaine, Stokelinch St. Magdalen, Stokelinch-Ottersay, and Swell."

"ANDERSFIELD HUNDRED, in the county of Somerset, is bounded on the N. by Cannington hundred, on the E. by Whitley hundred, on the S. by North Petherton hundred, and on the W. by Taunton Dean hundred; and comprises the parishes of Broomfield, Creech St. Michael, Enmore, Goathurst, and Lyng, with parts of Durleigh, Chilton Trinity, and North Petherton. The area of the hundred is about 11,000 acres."

"BATH FORUM HUNDRED, one of the 40 hundreds or subdivisions of the county of Somerset, situated in the eastern division of the county, and bounded on the N. by the county of Gloucester, on the E. by Wiltshire, on the S. by the hundred of Wellow, and on the W. by the hundred of Keynsham. It contains the city of Bath, and the parishes of Batheaston, Bathford, Bathwick, St. Katherine Freshford, Kelston, Langridge, Lyncombe and Widcombe, Moncktoncombe, North Stoke, South Stoke, Swainswick, Weston, and Woolley. It comprises an area, exclusive of the city, of about 15,600 acres."

"BEMPSTONE HUNDRED, one of the 40 hundreds or subdivisions of the county of Somerset, situated in the eastern division, and bounded on the N. by the hundred of Winterstoke, on the E. by the hundred of Wells Forum, on the S. by the hundreds of Glaston-Twelve-Hides, Whitley, and Huntspill and Puriton; on the W. by the Bristol Channel, and on the N.W. by part of the hundred of Brent-with-Wrington. It contains the parishes of Allerton Chapel, Biddisham, Breane, Burnham, Mark, Weare, and Wedmore, and comprises an area of about 24,530 acres."

"BRENT-CUM-WRINGTON HUNDRED, one of the 40 hundreds or subdivisions of the county of Somerset, situated in the eastern parliamentary division of the county It is in two parts, which lie at the distance of several miles from each other; the Brent district being on the W. side of the Mendip hills, and surrounded by the Bristol Channel and the hundreds of Bempstone and Winterstoke; the Wrington district being bounded on the N. and E. by the hundred of Harteliffe-with-Bedminster, and on the S. and W. by the hundred of Winterstoke. The parishes contained in the hundred are those of Borrow, East Brent, South Brent, Barrington, Lympsham, and Wrington. The hundred spreads over an area of about 18,200 acres."

"BRUTON HUNDRED, one of the 40 hundreds or subdivisions of the county of Somerset, situated in the eastern parliamentary division of the county, and hounded on the N. by the hundreds of Wells-Forum and Frome, on the E. by the hundred of Norton Ferris, on the S.W. by the hundred of Catsash, and on the W. by the hundred of Whitestone. It contains the parishes of North Brewham, South Brewham, Bruton, Eastrip, Milton-Clevedon, Pitcombe, Upton Noble, and Yarlington. The hundred comprises an area of about 14,250 acres."

"CANNINGTON HUNDRED, one of the 40 hundreds or subdivisions of the county of Somerset, situated in the western parliamentary division of the county, and bounded on the N. by the Bristol Channel; on the E. by the hundred of North Petherton; on the S. by the hundreds of Andersfield and Taunton Dean; and on the W. by the hundred of Williton. It contains the parishes of Aisholt, Cannington, Charlinch, Fiddington, Otterhampton, Spaxton, Stockland-Bristol, Stogursey, Over Stowey, and Stringston. The hundred comprises an area of about 25,480 acres."

"CARHAMPTON HUNDRED, one of the 40 hundreds or subdivisions of the county of Somerset, situated in the western parliamentary division of the county, and bounded on the N. by the sea, on the E. and S. by the hundred of Williton Freemanors, and on the W. by Devonshire. It contains the parishes of Carhampton, Culbone, Cutcombe, Dunster, Exford, Luckham, Luxborough, Minehead, Care, Porlock, Selworthy, Stoke-Pero, Timberscombe, Treborough, Withycombe, and Wootton-Courtenay. The hundred extends over an area of about 60,350 acres."

"CATSASH HUNDRED, one of the 40 hundreds or subdivisions of the county of Somerset, situated in the east parliamentary division of the county, and bounded on the N. by the hundreds of Whitley, Glaston Twelve Hides, and Whitestone; on the E. by the hundred of Bruton; on the S. by the hundred of Horethorn; and on the W. by the hundred of Somerton. It contains the parishes of Alford, Almsford, Babcary, North Barrow, South Barrow, St. David Barton, North Cadbury, South Cadbury, Castle-Cary, Compton-Pauncefoot, Keinton-Mansfield, Kingweston, Lovington, West Lydford, Maperton, Queen Camel, Sparkford, Sutton-Montis, and Weston-Bampfield. The hundred extends over an area of about 25,300 acres."

"CHEW, a hundred in the north-eastern portion of the county of Somerset; contains the parishes of Chew Magna, Chew Stoke, Clutton, Dundry, Norton-Hawkfield, Norton-Malreward, Stowey, and Timsbury, comprising 15,120 acres. The deanery of Chew, in the diocese of Bath and Wells, includes the whole of the hundred"

"CHEWTON, a hundred in the N.E. portion of county Somerset; it contains the parishes of Brockley, Cameley, Chewton-Mendip, Chilcompton, Compton-Martin, Emborough, Farrington-Gurney, West Harptree, Hinton-Blewett, Kingston-Seymour, High Littleton, Midsomer-Norton, Paulton, Stone Easton, and Ubley, comprising, 31,580 acres. It forms part of the deanery of Chew."

"CREWKERNE, a hundred in the S. part of the county of Somerset, contains the parishes of St. George Hinton, Crewkerne, Misterton, Merriott, Wayford, and Seaborough, comprising 13,260 acres. Crewkerne gives name to a deanery in the archdeaconry of Taunton, and diocese of Bath and Wells."

"DUNKERRY BEACON, a hill in the county of Somerset, 7 miles S.W. of Dunster. It rises to the height of 1,700 feet, and commands a fine view of the surrounding country."

"EXE, a river rising in Exmoor Forest on the borders of counties Somerset and Devon. It was anciently called the Isca or Isaca, and after passing Exeter, falls into the Channel by a wide mouth at Exmouth Bar."

"FROME HUNDRED, one of the 20 hundreds or subdivisions of county Somerset, situated in the eastern part of the county, and bounded on the N. by the hundred of Wellow, on the E. by the county of Wilts, on the S. by the hundred of Norton Ferrers, and on the W. by the hundred of Kelmersdon. It comprises the borough of Frome-Selwood, and the parishes of Beckington, Berkeley, Cloford, East Cranmore, Elm, Laverton, Leigh, Luddington, Marston-Bigott, Mells, Nunney, Orchardleigh, Road, Rodden, Standerwick, Wanstrow, Whatley, Witham-Friary, and Woolverton. The hundred contains an area of 37,620 acres."

"GLASTON-TWELVE-HIDES, a hundred in the middle division of county Somerset, containing the parishes of Baltonsborough, West Bradley, Glastonbury, Meare, Nyland, West Pennard, and North Wootton, comprising together about 24,610 acres."

"HAMPTON, a hundred or liberty in county Somerset, contains the parishes of Bathampton, Charlcombe, and Claverton; comprising an area of 2,610 acres."

"HARTCLIFFE, a hundred in the county Somerset, contains the parishes of Long Ashton, Backwell, Barrow-Gurney, Bedminster, Butcombe, Chelvey, and Winford, comprising an area' of 19,440 acres."

"HORETHORNE, a hundred in county Somerset, contains the parishes of Abbas Combe, Charlton Horethorne, North Cheriton, Corton-Denham, Goathill, Henstridge, Hersington, Marston Magna, Milborne Port, Pointington, Sandford Orcas, Stowell, and Trent, comprising an area of 26,370 acres."

"HOUNDSBOROUGH, (and Barwick and Coker) a hundred in county Somerset, contains the parishes of Barwick, Chilton Cantelo, Chinnock (East, Middle, and West), Chiselborough, Closeworth, Coker, Hardington-Mandeville, Haselbury Plucknett, Norton-under-Hamdon, Odcombe, Pendomer, North Perrott, and Sutton Bingham, comprising an area of 18,890 acres."

"HUNTSPILL AND PURITON, a hundred in county Somerset, contains the parishes of Huntspill and Puriton, comprising about 6,800 acres."

"KEYNSHAM, a hundred in county Somerset. It contains the parishes of Brislington, Burnett, Chelwood, Compton-Dando, Farmborough, Keynsham, Marksbury, Nempnett Thrubwell, Pensford. Priston, Publow, Queen Charlton, Saltford, Stanton-Drew, Stanton-Prior, and Whitchurch, comprising 24,520 acres."

"KILMERSDON, a hundred in the county Somerset, contains the parishes of Ashwick, Babington, Buckland-Denham, Hardington, Hemington, Holcombe, Kilmersdon, Radstock, Stratton-on-the-Fosse, and Writhlington, comprising an area of 15,400 acres."

"KINGSBURY, a hundred in county Somerset, in six detached portions. It contains the parishes of Chard, Combe, Huish-Episcopi, Kingsbury-Episcopi, Winsham, Ash Priors, West Buckland, Fitzhead, Bishops Lydeard, Wellington, and Wiveliscombe, comprising an area of 36,690 acres."

"LANSDOWN HILL, near Prior Park, county Somerset, 2 miles S.E. of Bath. It rises to the height of 800 feet, and commands a view of 40 miles. On its summit are remains of a Saxon camp, also Beckford's Tower, and a column to Sir Bevill Granville, who fell in a battle fought here in 1643, in which Waller was defeated. On its slopes are a range of houses, St. Stephen's church, and a cemetery. The Petty family take from this place the title of marquis."

"MENDIP HILLS, a range of rugged heights in the northern division of county Somerset, between the rivers Axe and Yeo, and stretching from near Shepton Mallet to the coast. The hills, which consist chiefly of mountain limestone and Old Red sandstone, are broken with caverns and chasms, and were once covered with a dense wood. They are rich in lead, iron, calamine, manganese, red ochre, and other minerals. Professor Ansted has recently (1862) discovered, at St. Cuthbert's, in the Mendip Hills, about three miles from Wells, a deposit of lead-producing debris of old mines and lead washings of ancient miners, filling up the bed of a stream that flowed in former ages. This metallic slime, of exceeding richness, amounts, he says, to 600,000 tons, extends over 25 acres, to the depth of 30 feet, and is computed to be worth half a million of money for the lead which it contains."

"MERSTON, a deanery in county Somerset. See Marston Magna."

"MILVERTON, a hundred in county Somerset, contains the parishes of Ashbrittle, Bathealton, Kittisford, Langford-Budville, Milverton, Runnington, Sampford-Arundell, Stawley, and Thorn St. Margaret, comprising an area of 12,250 acres."

"NORTH CURRY, a hundred in the county of Somerset; contains the parishes of West Hatch, St. Gregory Stoke, North Curry, Thurlbear, and Thorne Falcon, comprising 12,940 acres.

"NORTH PETHERTON, a hundred in the county of Somerset, contains the town of Bridgwater and the parishes of Bawdrip, Chedzoy, Chilton Trinity, Durston, St. Michael Church, Pawlett, North Petherton, Thurloxton, and part of Wembdon, comprising an area of 23,150 acres, exclusive of Bridgwater.

"NORTON-FERRIS, a hundred in the county of Somerset, contains the parishes of Bratton-Seymour, Charlton-Musgrave, Chucklington, Kilmington, Penselwood, Shepton-Montague, Stoke-Trister, Wincanton, and parts of Maiden Bradley, and Stourton, comprising an area of 18,730 acres."

"PARRET, (or Perrott), a river rising on the borders of Dorsetshire and Somersetshire, and falling into the Bristol Channel at Stert Point, near Burnham lighthouse. It is navigable to its junction with the Yeo.

"PENNY-POUND, a barren spot on Sedgmoor, county Somerset, 4 miles S.E. of Bridgwater. It is situated near Weston Zoyland, at the place where Sir Thomas Fairfax encamped after the battle of Langport in 1645, and where the adherents of James II., under the Earl of Feversham, defeated the Duke of Monmouth in 1685."

"PITNEY, a hundred in the county of Somerset, contains the parishes of Langport-Eastover, Muchelney, and Pitney, comprising an area of 3,690 acres."

"PORTBURY, a hundred in the county of Somerset, contains the parish of Abbots Leigh, Bourton, Glapton, Clevedon, Easton-in-Gordano, Nailsea, Portbury, Portishead, Tickenham, Walton, Weston-in-Gordano, and Wraxall, comprising an area of 23,980 acres."

"RALEIGH'S CROSS, a meet for the West Somerset hounds, county Somerset, 4 miles N.W. of Wiveliscombe."

"SEDGMOOR, an extensive marshy tract in the hundred of Whitley, county Somerset, 5 miles S.E. of Bridgwater. The Duke of Monmouth was defeated here in 1685. It is celebrated in the scientific world as the spot where a base line of the Trigonometrical Survey was measured."

"SELWOOD, an extensive forest on the borders of counties Wilts and Somerset, between Westbury and Frome. It was called by the Britons Coed-mawr, or "the great wood," and by the Saxons Sealwuda, and is celebrated in history as being the retreat of Alfred the Great before the battle of Ethandune."

"SOMERTON, a hundred in county Somerset, contains the parishes of Aller, West Carmel, Charlton-Adam, Charlton-Mackrell, Kingston, East Lydford, Somerton, Long Sutton, and Yeovilton, comprising an area of 25,450 acres."

"SOUTH PETHERTON, a hundred in the county of Somerset, contains the parishes of Barrington, Chaffcombe, Chillington, Cricket St. Thomas, Cudworth, Dinnington, Dowlish Wake, St. Giles Knowle, Lopen, Niden, South Petherton, Seavington, Shepton-Beauchamp, and Whit-Staunton, comprising an area of 14,680 acres,

"STERT, (or Start), an islet in Bridgwater Bay, county Somerset, 7½ miles N. of Bridgwater, at the mouth of the river Parret.

"STONE, a hundred in the county of Somerset, contains the parishes of Ashington, Brimpton, Chilthorne, Domer, Limington, Lufton, Mudford, Preston, Plucknett, and Yeovil, comprising an area of 10,720 acres."

"TAUNTON, (or Taunton Dean), a hundred of county Somerset, contains the town of Taunton and the parishes of Angersleigh, West Bagborough, Bradford, Cheddon Fitzpaine, Combe-Florey, Corfe, Cothelstone, Heathfield, Hillfarrance; Hull-Bishop's, Kingston, Lydeard St. Lawrence, Norton-Fitzwarren, Nynehead, Cake, Orchard-Portman, Otterford, Pitminster, Rimpton, Ruishton, Staplegrove, Stoke St. Mary, Tolland, Trull, Wilton, and Withiel-Florey, comprising an area of about 41,000 acres.

"TINTINHULL, a hundred, county Somerset, contains the parishes of Ilchester, Kingston, Montacute, Northover, Stoke-under-Hamdon, Thorne-Coffin, and Tintinhull, comprising 7,450 acres."

"TONE, a river of county Somerset, rises near Brompton Ralph, and joins the Parret at Borough Bridge."

"WELLOW, a hundred in county Somerset, contains the parishes of Camerton, Charterhouse-Hinton, Comb-Hay, Corston, Dunkerton, English Combe, Farleigh-Hungerford, Forscote, Newton St. Loe, Norton St. Philip, Tellisford, Twerton, and Wellow; comprising 21,900 acres."

"WELLS-FORUM, a hundred, county Somerset, contains the city of Wells, and the parishes of Binegar, Cranmore West, Dinder, Evercreech, Litton, Priddy, Westbury, and Wookey; comprising 30,000 acres."

"WHITLEY, a hundred in county Somerset, contains the parishes of Ashcott, Blackford, Butleigh, Compton-Dunton, Cossington, Greinton, High Ham, Holford, Holton, Middlezoy, West Monckton, Moorlinch, Othery, Milton-Podimore, Shapwick, Street, Walton, Weston Zoyland, Wheathill, and Woolavington, besides King's Sedgmoor, comprising together 49,640 acres."

"WHITSTONE, a hundred, county Somerset, contains the parishes of Batcombe, Croscombe, Ditcheat, Doulting, Downhead, Hornblotton, Lamyatt, East Pennard, Pilton, Pylle, Shepton-Mallet, and Stoke-Lane; comprising 33,150 acres."

"WILLITON AND FREEMANNERS, a hundred in the N.W. division of county Somerset, contains the small market town of Watchet, and the parishes of Bicknoller, Brompton Ralph, Brompton Regis, Brushford, Chipstable, Clatworthy, Old Cleeve, Crowcombe, St. Decuman, where is the workhouse, Dodington, Dulverton, Elworthy, Exmoor Forest, Exton, Halse, Hawkridge, Huish Champflower, Kilton, Kilve, Lilstock, Monksilver, Nettlecombe, East and West Quantoxhead, Raddington, Sampford Brett, Skilgate, Stogumber, Nether Stowey, Upton, Winsford, and Withypoole; comprising 114,870 acres."

"WINTERSTOKE, a hundred in the northern division of county Somerset, contains the parishes of Axbridge, Badgworth, Banwell, Blagdon, Bledon, Charterhouse-on-Mendip, Cheddar, Christon, Churchill, Compton Bishop, Congresbury, East Harptree, Hutton, Kenn, Kewstoke, Locking, Loxton, Puxton, Stoke Rodney, Rowberrow, Shipham, Uphill, Weston-super-Mare, Week St. Lawrence, Winscombe, Worle, and Yatton, comprising 62,030 acres."

[Description(s) from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland (1868)
Transcribed by Colin Hinson 2003]

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