"Cauldon or Caldon, is a straggling village, on a declivity, seven miles NE of Cheadle, and seven miles W by N of Ashbourne. Its parish contains 326 inhabitants, and 1570 acres of land, in a barren part of the Moorlands. Cauldon Lowe, a lofty hill in this parish, is valuable for its extensive quarries of excellent Limestone, of which immense quantities are sent by a railway to the Caldon Canal and the station at Froghall, and thence dispatched to various parts of the country for manuring the land, for building purposes, and for the use of iron smelting furnaces, for which latter purpose it is peculiarly adapted.
The North Staffs Railway Company are lessees of the quarries, and pay three-fifths of the rent to the Earl of Shrewsbury, one-fifth to the Hon Mrs Cavendish and the remaining one-fifth to Mr Cropper, J Bill, Esq, and Mr George Woolliscroft.
Waterhouses, a scattered village, one mile NW of Cauldon, on the banks of the Hamps river, is partly in Waterfall parish."
[From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851]