"Cheadle is about ten miles from Leek, Uttoxeter and Stone, thirteen miles E of Newcastle-under-Lyme, about three miles from Froghall and Oakamoor Stations on the Churnet Valley line, and four miles ENE of Blythe Bridge Station on the North Staffordshire Railway. It is a small but neat market town, seated in a pleasant vale, between the small River Tean and one of its tributary streams, surrounded by lofty hills, amongst which are several valuable collieries, from which the inhabitants are supplied with coal. Its parish contains about 6700 acres of land, divided into four quarters for the reparation of the public roads, Cheadle, Above-Park, Cheadle Grange, and Huntley. The soil belongs to a number of proprietors, the largest of whom are Sir JBY Buller, Bart, lord of the manor of Cheadle, John Bill, Esq, lord of Cheadle Grange, and James Beech, William Allen and John W Patten, Esqrs.
The hamlets of the parish, and their distances from the town, are Brookhouses, on the River Tean, three quarters of a mile SW, Cheadle Mill, half a mile S, Above-Park, two miles NW, Cheadle Grange, one and a half miles E, Huntley & Mobberley, one and a half miles S, and Oakamoor, on the River Churnet, two and a half miles E by N.
Messrs Patten & Co have extensive brass and copper works at Oakamoor, where they smelt ingots of copper and brass, and manufacture them into bars, sheets, rollers, wire, etc, as do Messrs Keys & Sons at the Brass & Copper Works at Brookhouses. The copper ore was formerly supplied from the mines at Mixon and Ecton, in this county, but is now mostly bought from Wales, Scotland, and other distant places, and the calamine from Derbyshire. Messrs J & N Philips & Co have a large tape works in Cheadle, which employs about 300 people.
Cheadle is the head of a rural deanery, a Polling and County Court district, a Poor Law Union, and a Police and Petty Sessional division. The town has been much improved during the last 20 years and has Gas Works, erected in 1841, a branch bank, and its market is held every Friday. It has six annual fairs and a wake held on the first Sunday after September 1st, and races on the following Monday & Tuesday.
Oakamoor, a picturesque village on the south western side of the Churnett Valley, is two and a half miles ENE of Cheadle. Oakamoor Railway Station is situated about midway between Cheadle and Alton Towers, and was designed by the celebrated architect, AW Pugin, in his rich mediaeval style. A small part of Oakamoor is in Kingsley and Alton parishes, and the rest in Cheadle parish"
[From History, Gazetteer and Directory of Staffordshire, William White, Sheffield, 1851]