Genuki homepage Kendal  Genuki WES homepage Westmorland Go to information for each parish in Westmorland WES Parishes Genuki contents page Genuki contents See neighbouring places for this parish Nearby places

Location of parish on undated map by William Mackenzie, scanned by Sarah Reveley.Area around the parish on undated map by William Mackenzie, scanned by Sarah Reveley.There were 15 townships that later became separate parishes:  Kendal, Helsington, Natland, New Hutton, Old Hutton, Grayrigg, Selside, Burneshead, Long SleddaleKentmere, Crook, Winster, Staveley, Ings  [Hugill], and Underbarrow.

It formerly even included Windermere and Grasmere.

Description & Travel

Nicolson and Burn:
The history and antiquities of the counties of Westmorland and Cumberland. 1777. Transcribed by Anne Nichols.

"The parish of Kirkby in Kendale is very extensive, comprehanding 24 townships or constablewicks, viz. Kendal, Helsington,, Natland , Scalthwaite Rigg (including Hay and Hutton in the Hay), New Hutton , Old Hutton  and Holme Scales, Docker, Lambrigg, Grayrigg , Whinfell, Fawcet Forest, Whitwell and Selside , Slelsmergh and Patton, Burmeshead  , Strickland Roger, Strickland Ketel, Long Sleddale  , Kentmere , Crook  , Winster, Over Staveley, Nether Staveley, Hugill, Underbarrow and Bradley Field; and some of these, for convenience, have been subdivided:- And 15 chapelries, viz. Kendal, Helsington, Natland, New Hutton, Old Hutton, Grayrigg, Selside, Burneshead, Long Sleddale, Kentmere, Crook, Winster, Staveley, Ings [Hugill], and Underbarrow.
This parish was anciently larger; for
Windermere and Gresmere were parts thereof, though now they have obtained by reputation the name of distinct parishes, and are the only rectories within the barony of Kendale.
It is bounded on the East by the parishes of Shap, Orton, Sedberg, and Kirkby Lonsdale; on the South, by the parishes of Kirkby Lonsdale, Burton, and Heversham; on the West, by the parishes of Heversham and Windermere; and on the North, by the parishes of Windermere, Gresmere, and Orton.

The church of Kendal stands in Kirkland, from whence the place hath received its name. It is a very large, neat, and handsome building, and contains every Sunday as large a congregation, as almost any parish church in the kingdom. It is 180 feet long, and 99 feet in breadth; with five alleys, each of them being parted by a row of 8 fair pillars; and with a strong square steeple, wherein there are 6 large and very tunable bells.
It is a vicarage, in the patronage of Trinity college in Cambridge

Helsington [is] below Kendal, on the West side of the river Kent.

Advancing Eastward from Helsington, we come to Natland, which is a small manor or lordship, containing only about 30 families [in 1777]. It seems to have had its name from the Nativi or bondmen probably placed there, as attendent upon the capital lord at Kendal castle to do servile offices, like as the inhabitants of Bongate nigh Appleby, or the Drengage tenants nigh Brougham castle. The chapelry also of Natland is commensurate to the manor.

Old Hutton, New Hutton, and Holme Scales... At first there was only one general name of Hutton. The distinction between Old and New Hutton seems to have come in about the beginning of the reign of king Edward the first [c.1272]. Holme Scales is in the parish of Burton; being, as the name imports, scales or huts belonging to Holme in that parish. But for the sake of vicinity and convenience, Holme Scales hath for a long time been annexed to Old Hutton, and is now deemed part of that township or constablewick.

Docker.. this place claims, and in some respects exerciseth, a privilege of exemption from ecclesiastical jursidiction; but by whom, or in what instances, the same hath been granted, we have not found.

Lambrigg... This perhaps might be the place to which they carried their lambs at certain seasons. For many places received their name of distinction from such like circumstances; as Sheepshead, Ramsbottom, Ewbank, Stirkland, Cowbrow, Oxenholme, and the like.

Dillaker... Adjoining to lambrigg on the East, is the hamlet of Dillaker; of which we have met with no particular account.

Grayrigg... Having now advanced to the Eastern extremity of the parish of Kendal, we incline Northwards to the manor of Grayrigg; so called probably from being frequented by badgers, brocks, or grays; as on the east side of the river Lune, opposite thereto, is a place which yet bears the name of Brockholes. The hollow between is called Grayrigg-hause, from haustus perhaps, which signifies a draught; even as yet a throat or gulley is by the common people called a hause. There is a meeting-house in Grayrigg belonging to the Quakers.

Whinfell... From Grayrigg, travelling northwards, along the eastern extremity of the parish, we come to Whinfell; which carries its own derivation along with it.

Fawcet Forest...Pursuing our course northwards, we come to Fawcet Forest, at the utmost extremity of the parish towards the east and north. It was anciently called Fauside. It is within the chapelry of Selside.Whitwell and Selside... Inclining westward, we come to Whitwell and Selside, which though separate divisions, yet make but one constablewick, and seem to have been originally but one manor. When they were first separated doth not appear.

Skelsmergh and Patton... Skelsmergh and Patton are one constablewick, but they have been separate divisions for a long time. There was heretofore a chapel in Skelsmergh, dedicated to St. John Baptist; with the stream of a well, called St. John's well, running through it from East to West.

Burneshead... This name is variously written in ancient time, but most commonly Burneshead, and seems intended to signify the head of the burn or river which springs a little above in Kentmere. The chapel of Burneshead is common to Burneshead, Strickland Roger, and Strickland Ketel. To what saint it was dedicated, we have not certainly found. There is a well called the Miller's, formerly St. Oswald's well, about 30 yards north-east from the chapel, which probably leads to the name of the tutelar saint

Strickland Roger and Strickland Ketel... Strickland anciently was always written Stirkland, being no other than the pasture ground of the stirks or steers and other young cattle.

Long Sleddale... The chapel stands about the middle of the dale, and was made parochial... in 1712. Sleddale Beck, commonly called Spret, springs up in Wrangdale- head in this dale (a place famous for fine blue slate got there), runs southward all along the dale on the west side of the chapel and Ubarrow Hall, from thence on the east side of Burneshead Hall, and about half a mile below falls into the river Kent.Kentmere... This place hath its name from the river Kent, which springs there, and from a mere or lake therein called Kentmere; which river gives name not only to this particular district, but to all the south-west part of this county, called Kendale. It springs about 3 miles north from the chapel, and from thence runs southward through Kentmere, Staveley, Strickland, the township of Kendal, by Natland, Helsington, Levins, and from thence into the sea. It receives in its course two small rivers, Sprit and Mint. The former springs in Long Sleddale , and runs in at Burneshead. The other springs in Fawcet Forest, and its course meets with Grayrigg water which springs above the hall, and falls into Kent about a mile above Kendal. Kentmere is bounded on the East by the chapelry of Long Sleddale, on the South by the chapelries of Staveley and Ings, on the West by the top of Garburne Fell, and on the North by Patterdale in the parish of Barton and Mardale in the parish of Shap.

Staveley and Hugill... Having now advanced to the furthest extremity of the parish towards the north-west, we turn southwards to Staveley and Hugill. Staveley and Hugill are bounded on the east by Long Sleddale, being divided therefrom by the ridge of Potter Fell; on the south by Underbarrow, being divided by the top of Ratherhead; on the west by Crook, being divided by the ridge of Brackenthwait Fell; and on the north by Kentmere, being divided by Blackbeck which runs by Milrigg. The chapel of Staveley is a fair building, with a handsome steeple and three good bells. To what saint it was dedicated is not certain: From the inscription on one of the bells, it seems to have been St. Margaret. Staveley and Hugill were originally one chapelry. But afterwards a separate chapel was erected at Ings in Hugill, so called from a long Ing or watery meadow, at the head of which it stands. As Grasgarth there was anciently a chapel called St. Anne's, about a quarter of a mile north-west from the present chapel of Ings.

Crook and Winster... These two, in like manner as Staveley and Ings, were originally one chapelry; but now they are two distinct chapelries. The chapel of Crook is a fair building, with a tower steeple, and one bell. Winster, though it is in the parish of Kendal, yet is said to be in the constablewick of Undermilbeck in the parish of Windermere. The chapelry of Winster was anciently a part of the chapelry of Crook. This place gives name to the rivulet called Winster Beck; which almost from head to foot divides Westmorland from Lancashire.
Underbarrow and Bradley Field... This is the last division that remains to be spoken of in the parish of Kendal. Underbarrow hath its name from its situation under the barrow, hill, or scar, which extends from north to south all along in this division. That part which is called Bradley Field received its denomination from a family of the name of Bradley, which came from Bradley in Lancashire. There was an ancient chapel at this place [Underbarrow]. In the year 1708, this chapel was rebuilt at the expence of the inhabitants of Underbarrow only (for Bradley Field is not in the chapelry). "

Cemeteries

M.I.s for Kendal were transcribed in Monumental Inscriptions of Westmorland by E. Bellasis 1888-89 and are available on Westmorland Papers.

Census

Returns survive for the 'census' of 1787 for Stricklandgate only and are held at the Kendal Record Office of Cumbria Archives Service. The Record Office reference is WQ/SP/C. They are transcribed in Vital Statistics published by Curwen Archives Trust.

Census returns are available from the usual sources for 1841-1911.

Church History

Holy Trinity.
Click for full-size image on Geograph: SD5192 : Holy Trinity Church - rear .© Copyright Peter Turner and licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence.  
©
Peter Turner licensed under Creative Commons

 Impressive 5-aisled church possibly widest in country. Includes C13th arcade. Also C15, 16 and 19th work. Oldest feature is C9th cross-shaft. C15th black marble font. 
This and other photographs on Geograph site
History and description on Wikipedia.
Photograph(s) and description on VisitCumbria.
Acess and contact details on Church of England site
Holy Trinity has its own website

St George.


1839-41 by Webster. Chancel of 1910-11 by Austin & Paley.
Church plans from ICBS archive 1837-41 and 1903-11 are on Church Plans Online (Lambeth Palace Library).
Photograph(s) and description on VisitCumbria.
Acess and contact details on Church of England site

St Thomas.
1837 also by Webster.
Historical and architectural notes on National Heritage List (English Heritage site).
Church plans from ICBS archive for 1970-71 and 1978 on Church Plans Online (Lambeth Palace Library).
Photograph(s) and description on VisitCumbria.
Acess and contact details on Church of England site

Christchurch
Historical and architectural notes on National Heritage List (English Heritage site)

St John Baptist Skelsmergh       1871 by Joseph Birtley
Click here for larger photo of church by Kath Hayhurst

Church plans (1869-71) from ICBS archive on Church Plans Online (Lambeth Palace Library).
Photograph(s) and description on VisitCumbriaSt John.
Acess and contact details on Church of EnglandSt John the Baptist site

SS Robert and Alice, Dodding Green  (RC)
Historical and architectual notes on National Heritage List (English Heritage site)

Return to top of page

Church Records

The parish records and Bishop' Transcripts are held at the Kendal Record Office of Cumbria Archives Service. There will be microfilm copies at Carlisle Record Office.


All Hallows Holy Trinity St George St Thomas Skelsmergh

WPR38 WPR38 WPR31 WPR94 WPR87
Baptism registers 1883-1940 1558-1940 1841-1914 1837-1966 1871-1936
Marriage registers - 1558-1919 1849-1922 1853-1980 1872-1969
Banns registers - 1754-1904 1892-1957 - 1872-1917
Burial registers - 1558-1855 1842-1855 1838-1960
Bishops transcripts - 1673-1845 1856-1873 1838-1875 1871-1884

The following registers have been transcribed by Roland Grigg (available through Wayback Machine Internet Archive) :

Baptisms for 1558-1587 (A to D) : (E to M) : (N to Y)

Baptisms 1596 - 99, Marriages and Burials 1591 - 99 and Baptisms 1607 - 31
(
A ) : ( Ba-Bi) : ( Bl-By) : ( C ) : ( DE) : ( FG) : ( H ) : ( IJ) : ( K-M) : ( N-Q) : ( R ) : ( S ) : ( T-V) : ( Wa-Wh) : ( Wi-Z)

and these registers are included in a combined Cumbrian parish register index (available through Wayback Machine Internet Archive): .

For searching on www.familysearch.org see Jake Prescott's list of IGI batch numbers.

Non-conformist records:

Roman Catholic
Kendal 1762-1941 bap
1856-1900 marr
1856-1966 bur
Kendal RO
London PRO (1762-1840)
Dodding Green, Skelsmergh 1864-1889 bur Kendal RO
Methodist
Wesleyan Circuit Register 1848-1953 bap Kendal RO
Lowther Street Primitive 1929-37 bap Kendal RO
Stricklandgate Wesleyan 1802-1837 bap
1900-1976 mar
1808-1852 bur
Kendal RO & London PRO
Kendal RO
Kendal RO & London PRO
Presbyterian
Kendal 1687-1834 bb London PRO
Kendal 1823-1853 bap
1845-1859 mar
1773-1855 bur
Kendal RO
Baptist
Kendal Unitarian Baptist 1801-1839 bap Kendal RO
Unitarian
Kendal 1687-1843 bap
1725-1855
Kendal RO
Inghamites
Kendal Pear Tree Chapel 1757-1782 bap
1779-1801 bur
London PRO
Quakers
Kendal 1764-1889 births
1765-1927 mar
1764-1893
Kendal RO

Return to top of page

Description

There is a picture of Kendal Market in 1924.

Return to top of page

Directories

The details for the parish from the Parson & White's Directory for 1829 are transcribed on Edenlinks site.

Return to top of page

History

Described in 1199 as Kirkeby in Kendal - i.e. the valley of the River Kent.

Kirkby in Kendale - c.1100-1350 Records relating to the Barony of Kendale,  CWAAS, William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors) are available on British History Online
Kirkby in Kendale - 1352-1450  Records relating to the Barony of Kendale,  CWAAS, William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors) are available on British History Online
Kirkby in Kendale - 1453-1530   Records relating to the Barony of Kendale,  CWAAS, William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors) are available on British History Online
Kirkby in Kendale - 1532-60  Records relating to the Barony of Kendale,  CWAAS, William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors) are available on British History Online
Kirkby in Kendale - 1572-1650  Records relating to the Barony of Kendale,  CWAAS, William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors) are available on British History Online
Kirkby in Kendale - 1663-1739 and addenda  Records relating to the Barony of Kendale,  CWAAS, William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors) are available on British History Online
Supplementary Records - Kirkby in Kendale

Dillicar  Records relating to the Barony of Kendale,  CWAAS, William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors) are available on British History Online
Supplementary Records - Dillicar

Skelsmergh and Paton  Records relating to the Barony of Kendale,  CWAAS, William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors) are available on British History Online
Supplementary Records - Skelsmergh and Paton

 Strickland Roger  Records relating to the Barony of Kendale,  CWAAS, William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors) are available on British History Online
Supplementary Records - Strickland Roger and

Strickland Ketel  Records relating to the Barony of Kendale,  CWAAS, William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors) are available on British History Online

Strickland Ketel   Records relating to the Barony of Kendale,  CWAAS, William Farrer & John F. Curwen (editors) are available on British History Online

Records relating to The Barony of Kendale by William Farrer have also been transcribed on EdenLinks

Kendal from Magna Britannica et Hibernia.Volume 6: Westmorland by Thomas Cox 1731.

Much historical material is available for Dodding Green on the Edenlinks site.
Some museums have websites:

  • Abbot Hall Art Gallery. Georgian villa, with important collections 18th, 19th and 20th century art.
  • Blackwell. Arts and Crafts house
  • Kendal Museum. Founded 1796 - one of the country's oldest museums. Local archaeology, history, geology, and natural science from around the world.
  • Museum of Lakeland Life . Collections on: the Arts and Crafts movement; Arthur Ransome; and Victorian social history of Lakeland Victorians.

Return to top of page

Maps

There is a C17th map of Kendale by John Speed on Univ. of Portsmouth, Geography Dept. site.

Return to top of page

Poor Houses / Poor Law

Details of Kendal Union werkhouse are given on on the websites of Ross Brett (Internet Archive) and Peter Higginbotham .

Return to top of page

Probate Records

Wills for Kendal will be at Carlisle since about 1858 but before that will be at the Preston R.O. as it was in the Diocese of Chester until that time.

Return to top of page

Taxation

Hearth Tax records for 1674 Kendal Parke & Oxenholme transcribed on Edenlinks.
Hearth Tax records for 1674 Dilliker (Kendal) transcribed on Edenlinks
Hearth Tax records for 1674 Patton & Skelsmergh transcribed on Edenlinks
Hearth Tax records for 1674 Strickland Roger (Kendal) transcribed on Edenlinks.

Return to top of page


Last updated November 2013 Dave Huddart


Hosted by Mythic Beasts Ltd.