"KIRKBY MOORSIDE, a parish, post and market town, in the wapentake of Ryedale, North Riding county York, 8 miles N.E. of Hovingham, 8 W. of Pickering, and 28 N. of York. It is situated on the Dove, a branch of the river Rye, near the York and North Midland railway. The parish contains the townships of Fadmoor, Farndale, Low Quarter, Brandale East Side, Keldholme, Kirby Mills, Gillamoor, and Langthorpe. The town, which is small and irregularly built, stands on the banks of the Dove, and on the high road between Pickering and Helmsley. It is almost surrounded by steep hills, and is the centre of a large agricultural district. It is a polling place for the North Riding, a petty sessions town, and the seat of a Poor-law Union. It contains the Tolbooth, a new building, a mechanics' institute, union poorhouse, and gaol. The inhabitants are chiefly employed in agricultural pursuits, and in the manufacture of agricultural implements. There are also iron and brass foundries, brick and tile works, flour mills, a brewery, malthouses, and rope walks. Windsor chairs are made, and sent to various parts of the country. Near the town are limestone and freestone quarries and coal mines. A Cistercian nunnery formerly stood about a mile from the town, founded in the reign of Henry I. by Robert de Stuteville, and which on its dissolution had an income of £29 68. 1d., and was granted to the Earl of Westmoreland. During the reign of Queen Elizabeth the manor was forfeited by the rebellion of that nobleman, and the estates reverted to the crown. It was afterwards given by James I. to the Duke of Buckingham, whose son, the noted George Villiers, through extravagance, was reduced to poverty, and died at a house on the moor, having previously disposed of his estates to Sir Charles Duncombe, an ancestor of the present owner. The living is a vicarage* with the curacies of Cockham and Gillamore annexed, in the diocese of York, value £417, in the patronage of the lord chancellor. The church, dedicated to All Saints, is an ancient structure, with a tower rebuilt in 1803. In the interior is an antique brass of the year 1600, in fine preservation, hearing the figures of Lady Brooke and her eleven children in kneeling posture. The parochial charities produce about £27 per annum. There are places of worship for Wesleyans, Primitive Methodists, Independents, and Quakers. The Ryesdale and Pickering Lythe Agricultural Society holds its meetings here. Wednesday is market day. Fairs are held on Whit-Wednesday and on the 18th September for horses and cattle, also a statute fair for hiring servants on the Wednesday after the 5th November."
"BRANSDALE EAST SIDE, a hamlet in the township of Farndale High Quarter, and parish of Kirkby-Moorside, in the wapentake of Ryedale, North Riding of the county of York, 2 miles to the E. of Bransdale West-Side."
"FADMOOR, a township in the parish of Kirkby Moorside, wapentake of Ryedale, North Riding county York, 4 miles N.E. of Helmsley."
"FARNDALE HIGH QUARTER, a township in the parish of Kirkby Moorside, wapentake of Ryedale, North Riding county York, 9 miles N.W. of Kirkby Moorside. It includes Barnsdale-East-Side. Here is a chapel-of-ease, also a parochial school. Lord Feversham is lord of the manor. The township is of large extent, comprising near 9,000 acres, and but thinly inhabited."
"FARNDALE LOW QUARTER, a township in the parish of Kirkby Moorside, wapentake of Ryedale, North Riding county York, 6 miles N.W. of Kirkby Moorside. Ironstone and coal are obtained. The Wesleyans have a place of worship, and there is a day school. Lord Feversham is lord of the manor, and owner of the whole of the soil."
"GILLAMOOR, a township and chapelry in the parish of Kirkby-Moorside, wapentake of Ryedale, North Riding county York, 2½ miles N. of Kirkby-Moorside, its post town, and 6 N.E. of Helmsley. It is situated amid undulating scenery, with extensive views over the moors. Limestone abounds here. The living is a curacy annexed to that of Kirkby-Moorside, in the diocese of York. The Wesleyans have a chapel. There is a school for both sexes, with an endowment of £15 per annum. Lord Feversham is lord of the manor. Here is a meet for the Sinnington hounds."
"KELDHOLME, a hamlet in the parish of Kirkby-Moorside, wapentake of Ryedale, North Riding county York, 1 mile E. of Kirkby, and 6½ miles N.W. of Pickering. Here was formerly a Cistercian nunnery, founded by Robert De Stuteville in the reign of Henry I."
"KIRBY MILLS, a hamlet in the parish of Kirkby Moorside, North Riding county York, 3 miles from Kirkby Moorside."
The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland
by Colin Hinson ©2013