KILMARNOCK is a large and important manufacturing town, in the parish of its name, and in the District of Cunningham; 65½ miles sw of Edinburgh through Glasgow, from the latter city 21½ ssw, 12 n from Ayr, and between 6 and 7 e from Irvine; situate on level ground, near the confluence of the Kilmarnock water with the Irvine.
Two centuries ago, this now thriving and populous town was a mere hamlet, dependent upon the baronial castle in its neighbourhood. The advantages of the place, as a site for manufactures, were the presence of coal, healthiness of situation, a populous country around, and abundance of provisions: for many years and generations, however, it seems to have been distinguished only for the production of broad flat bonnets, so long the characteristic wear of the Scottish lowland peasantry, as also the striped cowls which yet bear the name of the town.
As this business increased, the population augmented; and in the year 1731 the number had swelled so much, that the parish was found inadequate for its accommodation, and a new one was erected.
Subsequently, and for a considerable period, the staple manufacture was that of carpets, and in this branch it yet stands pre-eminent: in 1832 the ascertained product of this article amounted to £150,000; it is made of every possible kind and texture, from the plainest to the richest colour and fabric; a few years since the Brussels carpet was successfully imitated; and lately a variety, termed the "three-plie", of extreme beauty and durability, has been introduced. An extensive trade is carried on in the manufacture of shoes for exportation - likewise that of leather, for the tanning and dressing of which there are several highly respectable and large establishments. There are four very extensive nursery-grounds, two breweries, and the like number of rope-walks; iron-founding and machine making are important branches, and there are numerous well-furnished and handsome shops, in the various occupations usually found in large and populous towns.
One particular description of productive industry and skill seems, however, of late years, to have outstripped all those before mentioned - namely, the making and printing of shawls: for, in the year 1832, the amazing number of 1,128,814 of this denomination of garment issued from the manufactories of this place, amounting in value to upwards of £200,000; and the demand since that year has greatly increased.
The trade and commerce of Kilmarnock are assisted by branches of the "Ayr Bank", of the "Ayrshire Banking Company" and the "Commercial Bank of Scotland".
About half a mile north-west of the town is an extensive coal-field, from which fuel is obtained for the works of Kilmarnock, beside large supplies transmitted continually by railway to Troon, where they are shipped for various places. There are five incorporated trades, namely, the bonnet-makers, skinners, tailors, shoe-makers and weavers; the first named is the most ancient - it was incorporated in 1646.
The aspect of the town is agreeable, especially in its central part, where the streets are regularly laid out, and the greater portion of the houses are of freestone; it has of late considerably extended to the south and east, and in these directions has now many elegant edifices. The improvements of Kilmarnock are under trustees, nominated by act of parliament in 1802; these are the provost and magistrates for the time being, his Grace the Duke of Portland, and several gentlemen also interested in improving the town; this trust is expected soon to be wound up. The town-house, built in 1805, contains a court-room for the magistracy, and public offices, besides a prison for criminals. In 1814 a superb and commodious news-room was erected in the centre of the town, serving the double purpose of a reading-room and a place of general resort. The gas-works were constructed in 1823, at an expense of from £5,000 to £6,000, defrayed by means of shares of £10 each, which, to the credit of the inhabitants, were taken up in the course of a few weeks; the works are under the management of twelve gentlemen, and a sub-committee of four.
Kilmarnock possesses an excellent academy, in which various branches of education are taught by able masters; there are, besides, several private seminaries of a high character, and many schools that impart instruction to children of the poorer classes. The institutions likewise comprise some well-conducted societies, amongst which are the procurators' and the merchants', a philosophical institution, an excellent subscription library, with numerous benefit clubs and associations. A very fine observatory, with valuable machinery and telescopes of a superior description, has been constructed by the inventive genius of Mr Thomas Morton, of this town, a self-instructed mechanist, who also originated many important improvements in the process of carpet-weaving.
The civil government is vested in the Provost, four bailies and eleven councillors; the magistrates preside in their civil and criminal courts by turns, and the justices sit once a fortnight in what is called the small debts court. The town joins with Dumbarton, Port Glasgow, Renfrew, and Rutherglen, in returning one member to parliament.
Kilmarnock consists of two parishes - the High and the Low - each containing an established church. In the latter parish there has been lately erected, in addition, a large and handsome edifice, connected with the establishment, possessing accommodation for 1,700 persons; the style of architecture is that which prevailed in England during the latter part of the fourteenth century; it is ornamented with an admirable Gothic tower, and cost £5,000; Messrs Howie and Brown, of this town, were the builders. Near to the church, in King-street, is a very neatly-designed relief church, of recent erection, with an elegant spire; there are likewise two burgher chapels, one Cameronian, and one independent, with several other places of worship for different sects.
The most remarkable object in this vicinity is the ruin of Dean castle - an ancient, extensive, and well defended mansion, formerly the property of the Earls of Kilmarnock; it stands in a "dean", or hollow, less than a mile north from the town; it was burnt down in 1735, from the carelessness of a servant girl, who in preparing some lint for spinning heedlessly let it catch fire. Kilmarnock house, another edifice once belonging to, and the last residence of, that noble family, is also in the parish: from this house proceeded the last unfortunate earl, in 1745, to join the standard of rebellion, which cost him his head. The Duchess of Portland and the Marchioness of Hastings (Countess of Loudon) are the principal proprietors of this conjoined parish.
The markets, which are held on Tuesday and Friday, are abundantly supplied with every necessary article of domestic consumption; a market for grain has also been established of late years, and promises to become of considerable utility. The fairs are held in February ("Fastens-even"), first Tuesday in May, third Wednesday in July (commonly called "the gooseberry fair"), and the third Wednesday in October - the last three are old style.
The parish of RICCARTON is in the district of Kyle, lying on the left or south bank of the Irvine river, which separates it from Kilmarnock. The village stands on an eminence, a mile to the south of that town, on the right bank, but almost connected with Kilmarnock by a long street. The parish extends about six miles in length, by between two and three in breadth.
The village is remarkable for having been the residence of the venerable Sir Ronald Crawford, the maternal uncle of Wallace, with whom, it is said, the hero sometimes sojourned; and it was to Riccarton that he generally retired after performing any of his daring exploits, before he openly unfurled his country's banner. On revenging the treacherous murder of his uncle and other chieftains, by burning the barns of Ayr, he took his way by night to this village, accompanied by a few followers; when he reached a certain eminence, about six miles from Ayr, he turned round, and, seeing the flames still ascending, exclaimed with stern exultation, "the barns burn well!" From this laconic expression (tradition adds) the spot obtained the name of "Burn-well", which it still retains.
The church at Riccarton is a modern structure, having been erected in 1823; it has a fine steeple, and from its elevated position has an ornamental effect upon the country all around. A new bridge across the Irvine is now in progress, which will materially improve the approach from Ayr road to Kilmarnock. A considerable quantity of coal is raised in this parish; the Duke of Portland is the principal landed proprietor.
Kilmaurs, a small town, a burgh of Barony, and capital of the parish of its name, in the district of Cunningham, two miles from Kilmarnock, is situate on the right bank of a rivulet, called Kilmaur's water, or "Carmel water", it was erected into a burgh of barony by James V, at the insistence of Cuthbert, Earl of Glencairn, and his son, Lord Kilmaurs. The government of the town invested in two bailies (chosen annually by the portioners), before whom debts may be recovered.
Kilmaurs is composed principally of one street, in the middle of which is a small town house with a steeple and clock. Formerly this place was somewhat noted for the manufacture of clasp knives, or "whittles" - the sharpness of the edge of which instruments gave rise in Ayrshire to a jocular expression of comparison. A man of acute understanding, and quickness of action, is said to be "as sharp as a Kilmaurs whittle". The most prominent trades now are those of shoemaking and weaving, for the Glasgow and Paisley markets.
Coals are mined in the parish, the surface of which consists of large level fields, interspersed with gentle declivities and elevations; the summits of the latter are well wooded, and the whole district has a pleasing appearance. There is an old pile of building near to the church, seemingly of very ancient origin; but with respect to its founder, or the date or object of its erection, even tradition itself is silent. In the cemetery of the Glencairn family, adjacent to the church, is a piece of beautiful sculpture, a specimen of the taste and execution of former times, erected as a monument to the memory of the chancellor, William, the ninth earl.
The market, which was for many years held on the Friday, has fallen into disuse; but fairs are held on the 11th of June, 11th of November, and the first Wednesday in August - all old style.
Kilmarnock, King street, William Rankin, Post master. Letters from London arrive every afternoon at half past four, and are despatched every night at half past eleven - Letters from Edinburgh and Glasgow arrive every morning at five and evening at half past seven, and are despatched every evening at seven and night at half past eleven - the Irish mail, with letters for Ayr, Maybole, Girvan, Ballantrae, and Stranraer, are despatched every evening at half past seven, and arrive every night at half past eleven - Letters from Ayr arrive every evening at seven, and are despatched every morning at five - Letters from Irvine, Saltcoats and Troon arrive every evening at half past six, and are despatched every morning at five - Letters from Cumnock and Mauchline arrive every afternoon at half past four, and are despatched every morning at five - Letters from Stewarton arrive every evening at half past six, and are despatched every morning at five.
Kilmaurs, James Dickie, Post master - Letters from Kilmarnock arrive every morning at six, and are despatched every evening at half-past five.
|GENTRY AND CLERGY || |
|Aitken, Mrs., Kilmaurs Road ||Allan, Mr James, Braehead|
|Andrew, John, esq., of Gillsturn ||Brown, Rev. Adam, Mill lane |
|Campbell, George James, esq., Treesbank ||Campbell, Rev. Peter, Wellington st|
|Carswell, Mrs Fanny, Wallacebank ||Clark, Lieut. Col. H., Shaw hill|
|Clark, the Misses, Elm bank ||Crawford, Colonel, of New field|
|Crawford, William H. esq., of Crawsford Land castle ||Cunningham, Chas., esq, of Thornton|
|Cunningham, Gilbert, esq., of Carmel bank ||Cunningham, John Smith, esq., of Caprington castle|
|Dunlop, James, esq., Annan hill ||Dykes, Mrs Jane, Braehead|
|Fairlie, James, esq., Holms ||Fairlie, Mrs of William field|
|Finnie, William, esq., Titchfield st ||Gilchrist, John, esq., of Plan|
|Greenshields, Miss Isabel, Spring bank ||Greenshields, Thomas, esq., Bellevue|
|Guthrie, Alexander, esq., of Mount ||Guthrie, John, esq., Holms|
|Hamilton, Rev. Andrew, Bank st ||Hamilton, Wm., esq., Braehead house|
|Kelso, Colonel, of Dankeith ||Kirk, Miss Elizabeth, Braehead|
|Lawson, Rev. George, Wellington st ||McDougall, Rev. William, 99 King st|
|Mackinlay, Rev. Dr. James, Manse ||Mitchell, Moncrieff, esq., Tower hill|
|Moody, Rev. John, Riccarton manse ||Morris, Mrs Colonel, Wellington st|
|Morris, Miss of Craig ||Parker, John, esq., Asloss|
|Parker, the Misses, 100 King st ||Paterson, Martin, esq., Belfield|
|Pedden, Mrs Ann, Braehead ||Porteous, Mrs Margaret, Braehead|
|Rankin, William, esq., Fairlie house ||Robertson, Rev. David, Kilmaurs|
|Roxburg, Rev. Jno, Kilmaurs manse ||Smith, Lieut. James, Kilmaurs house|
|Smith, Mr Robert, Mill lane ||Smith, William, esq., Hillhouse cottage|
|Spiers, Mrs Janet, 48 Titchfield st ||Stevenson, Rev. Jas. Brougham place|
|Strong, Rev. David, Kilmaurs road ||Thomson, Rev. Peter, 108 King st|
|Wallace, Mrs Ferrier, of Cairn hill ||Ward, Rev. John, Mill lane|
|Wilson, Rev. David, Clerk lane ||Woodburn, Mrs, Ward end|
|ACADEMIES AND SCHOOLS|
|Academy, Green street:- Writing, Arithmetic, & Bookkeeping - William Henderson - English Grammer - Andrew Weir - Latin, Greek & English Composition - Alexander Harkness - Mathematics - Francis Nelson|
|Black, Archobald, Kilmaurs ||Cameron, John, Kilmaurs|
|Campbell Sisters, Portland st ||Craig, James, 107 King st|
|Cuthbertson, John, East George st ||Kemp, Samuel, Queen st|
|McClelland, Alexander, Clark st ||Osborne, William, Clark st|
|Parochial Kilmaurs - Thos. Hamilton, master ||Smith, Mary, (ladies boarding), Kilmarnock house|
|AGENTS - MISCELLANEOUS(see also Fire, &c, Office agents)|
|Guthrie, Alexander (coal), Mount ||McCrossan, John (weaving utensils), 51 Portland st|
|Newbigging, John (coal), Clark st ||Stevenson, Humphrey (worsted yarn), Queen street|
|Wilson, James (law), 23 King st || |
|AGENTS TO MANUFACTURERS|
|Brown, Francis, Kilmaurs ||Bunten, John, 44 Titchfield st|
|Gibson, William, 55 Titchfield st ||Oliphant, William, Kilmaurs|
|Oliver, Andrew, Market lane ||Richmond, Robert, Kilmaurs|
|Shearer, Robert, Titchfield st ||Smith, James, 52 High st|
|Wallace, Matthew, 37 Titchfield st ||Wallace, William, 67 Robertson pl|
|Wilson, Wm. & Son, 63 Robertson pl || |
|Brown, John, 93 King st ||Wilson, James, 23 King st|
|BAKERS AND FLOUR DEALERS|
|Alexander, David, 43 King st ||Alexander, John, 61 King st|
|Arbuckle, John, Titchfield st ||Dinning, Andrew (& spirit dealer), 51 King st|
|Higgins, James, 90 King st ||Kennedy, John, 42 High Glencairn|
|Law, John, 6 Waterloo st ||Logan, John, Kilmaurs|
|MacFee, John, 8 Fore st ||McIntyre, David, Fore st|
|Miller, William, 5 Cheapside ||Osborne, George, 4 Bank st|
|Rankin,Robert, 25 Regent st ||Smith, David, Market lane|
|Thomson, Joseph, 22 King st ||Towers, William, 15 Portland st|
|Young, Alexander, 70 Portland st ||Young, Robert, Portland st|
|Young, William, 71 King st || |
|Ayr Bank (branch of) Hunters' & Co. Bank st - (draw on Sir Wm. Forbes & Co., Edinburgh and Herries, Farquhar & Co. London) - Charles D Gardner, agent ||Ayrshire Banking Company (Branch of) Portland st - (draw on Royal Bank, Edinburgh, and Williams, Deacon & Co. London), - James Urie, agent|
|Commercial Bank of Scotland (Branch of) 50 King st - (draws on the Commercial Bank of Scotland, Edinburgh, and Jones, Loyd, and Co. London) - Alexander John Bruce, agent ||Savings Bank, Bank st - (open on Monday from nine to ten) - Thomas Greenshields, president; Wm. Bunten, treasurer; James Anderson, secretary|
|King, Alexander, Kilmaurs ||Law, Andrew, Regent st|
|London, John, Kilmaurs ||McCrath, John, Croft st|
|McIlwraith, James (farrier), Mill lane ||McIlwraith, James Jnr (and farrier), George st|
|Murphy, Peter, Croft st ||Paton, William, Strand st|
|Williamson, John, Riccarton || |
|Andrews, James, Townholm ||Craig, David, Townholm|
|BONNET & WOOLLEN CAP MANUFACTURERS|
|Armour, John, High st ||Boyd, James, Menford lane|
|Boyd, William, Fulton's lane ||Gremmell, James, Kilmaurs road|
|Laughland, John, 43 High st ||McLean, David, Nelson st|
|Raeburn, John & Son, High st ||Weir, John, 31 Boyd st|
|BOOKSELLERS, BINDERS AND STATIONERS|
|Crawford, Hugh & Son, 2 King st ||Davie, John, 33 Bank st|
|Mathie, James, 1 King st ||Nelson, Robert, 18 King st|
|BOOT AND SHOE MAKERS (Marked thus * are Wholesale)|
|Aitken, Hugh, 20 Cheapside ||Arbuckle, Robert, Clark st|
|Beckett, John, New st ||* Clark, Thos & James, 25 Portland st|
|Crom, David, 106 King st ||Cuthbertson, George, Kilmaurs|
|Fulton, George, 25 Titchfield st ||Gait, James, Croft st|
|Gait, James, Strand st ||Gilmer, Robert, George st|
|Hunter, William, 73 King st ||Kerr, Thomas, 26 Bank st|
|* Kirkhop, George, 89 King st ||Lewis, Robert, 2 Bank st|
|Logan, William, Fore st ||* Loudon, George, Cross|
|Loudon, George, Strand st ||Lymburn, John, 30 Portland st|
|* McFederis, David & Thos, Mill lane ||McLintock, John, 201 Portland st|
|McMaster, William, Nelson st ||McMichael, James, Low Glencairn st|
|Marshall, John, 118 King st ||Montgomerie, Archibald, Kilmaurs|
|Montgomerie, James, Kilmaurs ||Montgomerie, William, Kilmaurs|
|Nicol, Edward, Mill lane ||Smith, John, Kilmaurs|
|* Smith, Robert, 19 & 48 Portland st ||Spiers, James, Fore st|
|Steel, John, Kilmaurs ||Stevenson, John, Morton place|
|* Stevenson, Thos, 22 Titchfield st ||* Strang, Allan, 13 Portland st|
|* Strang, Matthew, Portland st ||Wallace, John, 56 Portland st|
|Wallace, Robert, Croft st ||Weir, James, 14 Waterton st|
|Wilkinson, Merrion, 24 Bank st ||Wood, Francis, 36 King st|
|Wyly, Moses, Fore st || |
|BRAZIERS AND TINMEN|
|Bicket, John (& brass founder and coppersmith), 53 King st ||Boyd, Thomas & John, 1 Waterloo st|
|Lawson, John (& coppersmith) 33 & 37 Portland st ||Reid, John, 11 Waterloo st|
|Paxton, George, Richard land ||Thomson, John, Grange st|
|Howie & Brown, Bridge lane ||Johnstone, Robert ( and architect), Langland st|
|CABINET MAKERS (Marked thus * are also upholsterers)|
|Alexander, John, 8 Waterloo st ||Dickie, David, 91 King st|
|Hood, James & John, 100 Portland st ||Hunter, John, Portland st|
|Love, John, Robertson place ||* Riley, James & Co, 32 King st|
|* Smith, Robert, Portland st ||* Wilson, James, 39 Portland st|
|CARPENTERS AND JOINERS|
|Aitken, Andrew, Glencairn square ||Gemmell, James & Sons, Back st|
|Goudie, George, Riccarton ||Gulliland, Wm., 52 Titchfield st|
|Hutchison, Hugh, George st ||Johnston, William, Langland st|
|Johnstone, Robert, Langland st ||Millar, Robert, Kilmaurs|
|Paterson, Andrew, Titchfield st ||Wyllie, William, Bank st|
|Brown, William and Sons, Grange st ||Cuthbertson, Sawers, Taylor, and Company, Bank st|
|Gregory, Thomsons & Co, Green st ||Taeburn, John Jnr, High st|
|Wilson, Hugh, Grange st ||Wyllie, William, Welbeck st|
|Boyd, Duncan, Riccarton ||Brown, Matthew, High st|
|Brown, William, Croft st ||McMillan, George, Kilmaurs|
|Morton, William, Croft st ||Murray, Thomas, Nelson st|
|CLOTHES, &c DEALERS|
|Hay, Charles, David's lane, Green st ||Keenan, Ann, Fore st|
|Reid, Peter, Fore st ||Weir, Ann, Fore st|
|Becket, Hugh, 28 King st ||Gilmour, John, 64 Portland st|
|Karnagham, John, Regent st, Cross ||Macdougall, David, 58 King st|
|Murray, John, 33 Nelson st ||Roxburgh, Hugh, 4 Waterloo st|
|Armour & Co, Portland st ||Clark, Jane, Regent st|
|Hopkin, James, Back lane ||McCrae, William Ronald, Low Glencairn st|
|Sandilands, William, 10 Bank st || |
|Bishop, Robert, Town head ||Campbell, John, Church lane, Soulis st|
|Clark, James, Menford lane ||Crooks, Robert, Lade side|
|Nisbet, Thomas, 23 Regent st || |
|Mill, James & John, Old Rome || |
|Rankin, William, 7 King st ||Smith, James, 16 Cheapside|
|Smith, James Taylor, 41 King st ||Walker & Young, 62 King st|
|Reyburn, Robert, Titchfield st || |
| || |
|DYERS || |
|Alexander, William, Titchfield st ||Houston, William, 27 Soulis st|
|Hutchison, Hugh, Green st ||Jameison, William, 25 High st|
|Morton, Thomas (and manufacturer of reflecting telescopes), Morton place ||Stevenson, Humphrey, East George st|
|Bicket, John, 53 King st ||Duncan, William & Daniel (& copperplate printers), 44 Portland st|
|FIRE, &c. OFFICE AGENTS|
|British Commercial, James Murdock, 29 Portland st ||Caledonian, Thomas Borland, 83 King st|
|Edinburgh Life Assurance Co, Thos Dykes, 54 Portland st ||Hercules, Wm. Anderson, Dunlop st|
|London Union, Thos Dykes, 54 Portland st ||Manchester Assurance Co, John Sturrock, 47 Portland st|
|North British, Douglas & Hamilton, Town hall ||Norwich Union, David Ramsay Andrews, Portland st|
|Sun, John Torrance, 44 Portland st ||West of Scotland, David & Chas Rankin, King st|
| || |
|FLESHERS || |
|Alexander, John, Glencairn st ||Arbuckle, James & Co, Flesh markets|
|Cunningham, Alex., Titchfield st ||Cuthbertson, John, Kilmaurs|
|Dick, John & William, 31 King st ||Hillhouse, James, Flesh market|
|Hillhouse, William, Regent st, Cross ||Hillhouse, Wm & Co, Flesh market|
|Neairn, William, High Glencairn ||Paterson, James, 34 Fore st|
|Robertson, William, Glencairn st || |
|GAS APPLIANCE MANUFACTURES AND FITTER|
|Bicket, John, Queen st || |
|GLASS, CHINA AND EARTHENWARE DEALERS|
|Davies, James, 6 Portland st, and 63 King st ||McAllister, Rosina, 7 Portland st|
|Moore, Archibald, 4 King st ||Pennington, Samuel, Green st|
|GROCERS & SPIRIT DEALERS (marked thus * are also wine merchants)|
|* Aitken & Paton, 24 King st ||Anderson, John, Kilmaurs|
|Bowie, John, 21 Cheapside ||* Brown & Howie, 83 & 85 King st|
|Brown, David, Kilmaurs ||Campbell, Thomas, 87 King st|
|Dickie, James, Kilmaurs ||Dinning, James, Kilmaurs|
|Findlay, William, 29 King st ||* Forrest, William, 2 Portland st|
|Gilchrist, Daniel, 10 Nelson st ||Glass, James, 17 Glencairn st|
|Harper, Andrew, 12 Bank st ||Howie, John, Strand st|
|Lamberton, John, Kilmaurs ||Lambroughton, John, Kilmaurs|
|* McLean, James, 11 Portland st ||Mair, Alexander (grocer & meal dealer), 43 Titchfield st|
|Morton, John, Grange st ||Muir, John, 12 West Shaw st|
|Neill, Matthew jnr, Glencairn square ||* Orr, John, 20 King st|
|Paton, Hugh, 5 Regent st, Cross ||Paton, Robert, Cross|
|* Rankin, Wm. & Son, 30 King st ||Reid, David, 69 King st|
|* Reid,Hugh & Co, 14 Cheapside ||Robertson, William, 62 Portland st|
|Stevenson, Alexander, 47 King st ||* Stevenson, John, 3 Portland st|
|Stewart, John, Bank st ||Taylor, James, Portland st|
|Taylor, Peter (grocery & meal), 1 Bank st ||Thomson, Mary (grocery and meal), 17 Titchfield st|
|Walker, John, 25 King st ||Walker, Thomas, Dunlop st|
|* Wallace, Wm. & Co, 55 Portland st || |
|Andrews, Wm. (& perinmer), 84 King st ||Hill, George, 72 King st|
|McGregor, John, Croft st ||Reid, James, 4 Fore st|
|Smith, William, Croft st || |
|Eaton, William, 38 Fore st ||Gibson, Alex & Co, 39 Portland st|
|Thomson, John & William (& manufacturers), 5 King st ||Waugh, Wm. (& manufacturer), 37 King st|
|Anderson, James, 110 King st ||Borland, John, Titchfield st|
|Brown, John, 26 King st ||Kenmuir, Andrew, 39 King st|
|Ranken, Janet, 57 King st ||Robertson, Robert (manufacturer) 73 King st|
|Osbourne, Geo. Moore, 69 Titchfield st ||Wilson, Alexander, Titchfield st|
|INNS & POSTING HOUSES|
|Black Bull (commercial), Alexander Murdock, 16 Portland st ||George (commercial), Robert Gardner, Portland st|
|Turf (commercial), Agnes Dinning, Cheapside || |
|Finnie and Guthrie, Kilmarnock Foundry, Townholm ||Rogers and Blair, Low Glencairn|
|Finnie, Alexander, 6 Regent st, Cross ||Finnie, Archibald, Market lane|
|Stewart, Thomas and Sons (and hinge and lock manufacturers), 15 Regent st, Cross ||Miller and Donald (and wholesale manufacturers of reaping hooks), 8 Portland st|
|McCaa, Hugh, 12 King st || |
|Crawford, Hugh & Son (circulating), 2 King st ||Mathie, James (circulating), 1 King st|
|Subscription, 18 Cheapside - James Rankin, librarian || |
|LINEN & WOOLLEN DRAPERS AND HABERDASHERS|
|Aitken, Andrew, 27 Portland st ||Chrystal, James, 46 Portland st|
|Craig, Hugh, 29 King st ||Ferguson, John, 70 King st|
|Fulton, John and Son, 13 King st ||Gregory & Stevenson, 48 King st|
|Gregory, Thomas & Co, 12 Portland st ||Halbert, George, 20 Portland st|
|Hamilton, John, 10 King st ||Sharp, James, 39 Portland st|
|Smith, James, 9 King st ||Smith, John, 28 Portland st|
|Stewart, John & Andrew, 23 King st ||Taylor, William, 57 Portland st|
|Watt, John, Cheapside || |
|Blair, Bryce, Sandbed st Morton, Thomas (inventor of the 3-pile Brussels and other carpet machines, & of the ten patterns), Morton place ||Stevenson, Humphrey, East George|
|Paxton, George, Richard land ||Thomson, John, Grange st|
|Browning, James, 79 King st ||Wilson, James, 23 King st|
|MILLINERS AND DRESS MAKERS|
|Brown, Margaret, 14 Bank st ||Brown, Mary and Margaret, 79 King st|
|Cady, Mrs., 83 King st ||Duncan, Ann, 86 Portland st|
|Galbraith, Elizabeth, Queen st ||Gibson, Catherine, Langland st|
|Laurie, Jane, 39 Boyd st ||McLelland,Jane, Langland st|
|Morton, Mary & Sister, 23 Portland st ||Muir, Martha, Queen st|
|Murray, Eliza, 22 King st ||Smith, Margaret, 8 Waterloo st|
|Tassie& Hardie, Green st ||Taylor, Elizabeth, 79 King st |
|Young, Isabella, 2Waterloo st || |
|Blair, Bryce, Sandbed st ||Lauder, Hugh, Menford lane|
|Richmond, John, Titchfield st || |
|Bell, John, Kilmaurs ||Cuthbertson, William, Langland st|
|Finnie, Alexander, 6 Regent st, Cross ||Finnie, Archibald, Market lane|
|McCaa, Hugh, 12 King st ||Miller & Donald, 8 Portland st|
|Stewart, Thomas & Sons, 15 Regent st, Cross || |
|NURSERY AND SEEDSMEN AND FLORISTS (See also Seedsmen - Wholesale)|
|Christie, James & Co, Regent st, Cross ||Dykes, John, 14 King st|
|Fowlds, & Lymburn, Flower Bank Nursery, and 36 Portland st ||Samson, William & Co, 3 Cheapside|
|Fleming, William, 44 King st ||Reid, John, 22 Cheapside|
|Reid, William Pattison (and spirit dealer), 34 Portland st ||Robertson, James, Clerk lane|
|Finnie, Alexander, 6 Regent cross || |
|Miller, Alexander & Co, 29 King st || |
|Borland, John, 97 King st ||Paxton, John, 101 King st|
|Reed, James, Braehead ||Walker, Robert, 64 King st|
|Dunsmore & Patton, Langland st ||McClure, John, Clark st|
|Bicket & Reid, (& lead merchants), Queen st ||Brown, Charles, 20 Waterloo st|
|Lawson, John, (& lead merchant), 33 & 37 Portland st ||Reid, Thomas, Wellington st|
|Crawford, Hugh & Son, Cross ||Mathie, Jas. (& lithographer), 1 King st|
|Nelson, Robert, 18 King st || |
|Boyd, Adam (music), 79 King st ||Macready, Angelo (languages), 1 Cheapside|
|Macready, Wm. (drawing), 1 Cheapside ||Tunnock, William (portrait painter), 2 Grange st|
|ROPE AND TWINE MAKERS|
|Campbell, William, West Langland st ||Thomson, Thomas, George st|
|SADDLERS AND HARNESS MAKERS|
|McChesney, William, 42 King st ||Mutter, George, 31 Portland st|
|Stevenson, James, 3 King st || |
|SEEDSMEN - WHOLESALE|
|Fowlds, Alexander & Co, 17 King st ||Samson, William & Co, 3 Cheapside|
|SHAWL & PLAID MANUFACTERS (Marked thus * are also printers)|
|* Anderson, McGregor & Company, Mensford lane ||* Andrew, John, Wellington st|
|Bicket & Young, 104 King st ||Bicket, James, Wellington st|
|* Dick & Kerr, Ladeside ||* Geddes, William, Welbeck st|
|Laughland, Jas. sen, 6 West Shaw st ||Logan, James, Titchfield st|
|* Neil, Thomas, East Shaw st ||* Templeton, Robt, Burnside printfid|
|* Wardrop & Hall, Low Glencairn ||* Young, Glassford and Co, East Shaw st|
|SHOPKEEPERS & DEALERS IN SUNDRIES|
|Adam, Elizabeth, 40 Hgh Glencairn st ||Aird, Andrew, 41 Titchfield st|
|Aitken, Agnes, Fore st ||Auld, William, 60 Titchfield st|
|Borland, Thomas, Low Glencairn st ||Bowman, Robert, High Glencairn st|
|Bruce, Alexander, 19 Back st ||Buchanan, John, Welbeck st|
|Burnet, William, Fore st ||Cameron, John, Fore st|
|Clark, John, Langland st ||Cunningham, John, Riccarton|
|Findlay, Alexander, 40 King st ||Fisher, Robert & Co, Riccarton|
|Fulton, Hugh, 4 Boyd st ||Gibson, Walter, Langland st|
|Henderson, John, Dean lane ||Lymburn, James, 76 King st|
|McAloine, George, Robertson place ||McCloy, John, 23 Regent st|
|McCrone, Alexander, Robertson place ||McIndoe, Robinson, Wellington st|
|McLaren, Sarah, 120 King st ||McLelland, William, Langland st|
|McPhail, Daniel, 1 Soulis st ||Manson, William, Titchfield st|
|Miller, James, High Glencairn st ||Miller, James, 65 Fore st|
|Mitchell, Janet, Glencairn square ||Morton, George, 32 Fore st|
|Muir, James, 63 Fore st ||Neill, John, 10 High Glencairn st|
|Nisbet, John, Riccarton ||Pride, Margaret, Strand st|
|Quigley, Sarah, 65 Fore st ||Richmond, John, 9 Low Glencairn st|
|Rodman, Wm., 24 Low Glencairn st ||Roome, George, 11 High st|
|Steadman, James, 38 High st ||Stewart, Agnes, Clark st|
|Stewart, Wm., 22 Low Glencairn st ||Young, Andrew, 18 Back st|
|McColl, Solomon, West Shaw st ||Robertson, Widow, Burnside|
|Crooks, Adam (& fellmngr) 7 Soulis st ||Crooks, James, Ladeside|
|Crooks, Robert, Ladeside ||Dalziel, James, High st|
|Goudie, James, Sandbed ||Grayham, David, 18 Soulis st|
|Mair, Jane, 25 Soulis st ||Orr, Peter, Townholm|
|Parton, John, Oldfast ||Porteous, Alexander, 27 High st|
|Porteous, John, Townholm || |
|Brown, James, Langland st ||McReath, James, Mill lane|
| || |
|STONE MASONS || |
|Barkley, John, Soulis st ||Boyd, Robert, Kilmaurs|
|Howie & Brown, Bridge st, King st ||Ramsey, William James and David, Kilmaurs road|
|Tait, James & Co. Kilmaurs road ||Wallace, John, Dunlop st|
|Wilson, John, Kilmaurs road || |
| || |
|STONE MERCHANTS || |
|Brown, Robert, Kilmaurs ||Brown, Robert, Brougham place|
|Craig, Matthew, Dean quarry ||Langmuir, Gabriel, Kilmaurs|
|Raeburn, Robert, Kilmaurs || |
|STRAW HAT MAKERS|
|Adam, Isabella, 18 Waterloo st ||Aitken, Margaret, 20 Cheapside|
|Black, Sarah, East George st ||Blair, Janet, 50 Portland st|
|Lamey, Rosina, George st ||Wallace, Elizabeth, 114 King st|
|Watson, Agnes, Queen st ||Young, Isabella & Sister, 30 King st|
| || |
|SURGEONS || |
|Aitken, James, 42 Portland st ||Crooks, John, 23 Bank st|
|Guthrie, James, 67 King st ||Hood, Alexander, 19 King st|
|Kalley, Robert Reid, 80 Portland st ||Laurie, John, Portland st|
|Miller, John, 77 King st ||Paxton, John, 101 King st|
|Sloan, John, Kilmaurs ||Smith, Hugh, Bank st|
|Stevens, James, 6 King st ||Thomson, James, 82 King st|
|Walker, Robert, 64 King st ||Whitelaw, Alexander, Mill lane|
|Young, Robert, 58 Portland st || |
|TAILORS (Marked thus * are clothiers)|
|* Adam, Andrew, 10 Portland st ||Allan, William, Cheapside|
|Brown, Alexander, 30 High Glencairn st ||Brown, Hugh, Kilmaurs|
|Dunlop, Alexander, 9 Portland st ||Gibb, Robert, Croft st|
|Granger, John, 63 King st ||Harper, James, 2 Regent st, Cross|
|Hunter, John, 73 King st ||Irvine, Andrew, West Shaw st|
|Kelly, John, Riccarton ||* Lymburn & Hamilton, 19 Portland st|
|McCubben, Thomas, Cheapside ||McGammon, John, Strand st|
|McGill, Robert, Titchfield st ||McKay, Adam, Market lane|
|McLaughland, Alexander, Robertson pl ||Macready, Matthew, 1 Cheapside|
|* McWinnie, John & Son, 35 King st ||Manson, John, Titchfield st|
|Mitchell, Ebenezer, 84 Portland st ||Parker, John, 60 Portland|
|Paterson, James, 10 Portland st ||Saddler, Robert, 70 King st|
|Shannon, Edward, Regent st ||Stewart, James, Kilmaurs|
|* Stewart, John & Andrew, 23 King st ||Templeton, Robert, Kilmaurs|
|Crooks, James, 22 Portland st ||Tomlinson, Jas., 2 Cheapside & Back la|
|Aitken, James, Town head ||Bishop, Robert, Town head|
|Colvil, John (and leather dresser), Titchfield st ||Crooks, James, Lade side|
|Cumming, William & Sons (and tawers), 9 Soulis st ||Orr, Peter, Townholm|
|Porteous, John, Townholm || |
|Brown, James & Son, 4 Portland st ||Grieve, Robert & Son, 24 Portland st|
|Johnson, John, 7 Cheapside ||Weir, James, 18 Portland st|
|TURNERS AND WHEEL MAKERS|
|McKerrow, William, 63 King st ||Robertson, Thomas, Regent st|
|Russell, Alexander, Portland st || |
|UPHOLSTERS (See also Cabinet Makers)|
|Muir, William, 47 Portland st || |
|Brown, Hugh, 52 Portland st ||Gray, John, 3 Waterloo st|
|Kenneth, Andrew, 68 King st ||Miller, Thomas, 68 Portland st|
|Mitchell, James, 78 King st ||Ramsay, John, 66 Robertson place|
|Smith, George, 64 Titchfield st ||Stevenson, Thomas, 45 Portland st|
|Symington, Thomas, 6 Fore st ||Templeton, John, 8 Cheapside|
|Weir, John, Portland st ||Wilson, William, 20 Bank st|
|Aird, Charles, 30 Boyd st ||Allen, Andrew, (Buck's Head), 11 Regent st|
|Anderson, Thomas, 82 Portland st ||Arnot, John, Grange st|
|Auld, John, Strand st ||Baird, Janet, Dean st|
|Barr, Hugh, 6 George st ||Blair, William, 7 Waterloo st|
|Boyd, Robert, Kilmaurs ||Brown, Hugh, Kilmaurs|
|Brown, Thomas, 55 King st ||Calderwood, William, 9 Regent st|
|Campbell, George, Riccarton ||Campbell, John, Portland st|
|Cooper, Peter, (Sun), 29 King st ||Cuthbertson, John, Kilmaurs|
|Dalgleish, James (and horse hirer), 19 Cheapside ||Ferguson, John, 34 Langland st|
|Findlay, George, 47 Grange st ||Galt, Janet, (Commercial Inn), Croft st|
|Gardner, John, Market lane ||Hamilton, Hugh, Regent st|
|Harvie, Thomas, Kilmaurs ||Hiddly, Thomas, Riccarton|
|Howat, Hugh, Riccarton ||Inglis, George, Green st|
|Johnston, Mary, (Burn's Tavern), Low Glencairn st ||Kennedy, William, 95 King st|
|Kerr, Margaret, Kilmaurs ||Kirkland, John, Grange st|
|Kiteley, John, 114 King st ||Kiteley, Samuel, Fore st|
|Latta, James, East Shaw st ||Lennard, Peter, Fore st|
|Loudon, John, Kilmaurs ||McCulley, John, Fore st|
|McCulley, William, Low Glencairn ||McGill, William, 27 Fore st|
|McGoven, James, 10 Regent st ||McGregor, John, 20 High st|
|McMichael, Duncan, Strand st ||Mathieson, Edward, Welbeck st|
|Mitchell, John, (Angel), Market lane ||Montgomerie, James, Kilmaurs|
|Moore, David, Riccarton ||Morton, John, Riccarton|
|Muir, Mary, Riccarton ||Oliver, Andrew, Market lane|
|Parker, Ninian, Waterloo st ||Parker, Robert, New Bridge|
|Paton, Jane, 10 George st ||Paton, John, 101 King st|
|Pinkerton, John, Back st ||Richardson, John, 16 Bank st|
|Richmond, Robert, Kilmaurs ||Robb, Jas., (Wheat Sheaf), Croft st|
|Roxburgh, William, 2 Soulis st ||Seward, Thomas, Clerk lane|
|Shank, Robert, Grange st ||Sheden, Lewis, Riccarton|
|Smith, David, 8 Waterloo st ||Smith, James, 35 High st|
|Smith, John, Kilmaurs ||Smith, Moses, Sandbed|
|Steele, John, (Sun), Green st ||Steele, William, Kilmaurs|
|Stevens, Hugh, Market lane ||Stevenson, John, Market lane|
|Stewart, Thomas, 16 Waterloo st ||Symington, Isabella, 1 Regent st|
|Thomson, David, Glencairn square ||Thomson, Hugh, Kilmaurs|
|Weir, Thomas, Croft st ||Wilson, John, 12 Waterloo st|
|Worland, Robert, 24 Fore st ||Young, Jas., (Star), 2 Regent st, Cross|
|WATCH & CLOCK MAKERS|
|Alexander, Dav. Crichton, 8 King st ||Breckenridge, Alexander, Market la|
|Kennedy, Thomas (and jeweller and gun maker), 1 Portland st ||Thomson, George (and jeweller and silversmith), 14 Portland st|
|Law, David, 1 Croft st || |
|WINE AND SPIRIT MERCHANTS|
|Calderwood, William, 9 Regent st ||Dreghorn, Hugh (retail) 6 Cheapside|
|Forrest, William, 2 Portland st ||Orr, John, 20 King st|
|Rankin, William & Son, 30 King st ||Reid, Hugh & Co, 14 Cheapside|
|Stevenson, John, 3 Portland st ||Wallace, Wm & Co 55 Portland st|
|Wright, John, 101 King st || |
|Blackwood, Robt. & Jas. Menford la ||Brown, James, Brae side|
|Wyllie, William, Welbeck st || |
|WRITERS (Marked thus * are also Notaries, and thus # Procurators)|
|* Alison, Robert, Market lane ||#* Anderson, David Ramsay, Portland st|
|#* Borland, Thomas, 83 King st ||Brown, John, 9 Portland st|
|* Douglas & Hamilton, Town hall, King st ||#* Dykes, Thomas, 54 Portland st|
|#* Kay, David, 6 King st ||#* Mason, Hugh, East George st|
|Sturrock, John, 47 Portland st ||Torrance, John, 44 Portland st|
| || |
|MISCELLANEOUS || |
|Aitken, Wm., veter surgeon, Theatre close ||Alexander, Chas., leather seller, 50 King st|
|Anderson, Wm., session clerk, Dunlop st ||Ballantyne, Chas., carver &c, 44 Portland st|
|Bowie, Jane, muslin printer and baby linen manufacturer, 17 Portland st ||Brown, Jane, stay maker, 73 King st|
|Bunting, Robert, accountant, Clarke st ||Christie, Robt., pattern drawer, 101 King st|
|Cooper, James, brush maker, 20 High st ||Cowan, Charles, dealer in bottled ale and porter, Croft head|
|Dickson, Wm., umbrella maker, 53 King st ||Dinning, John, corn miller, Kilmaurs|
|Donald, Robert, jeweller, 9 Cheapside ||Eldred, Edgar, supervisor, Hunters hill|
|Hamilton, Hugh, ?? dealer, Regent st ||Harvie, Margaret, ?? , 1 George st|
|Hood, William, session clerk, Riccarton ||Ingram, James, machinist, ?? lane|
|Mack, Thomas, ?? maker and dealer linen cloth, thread &c, 2 Titchfield st ||Moffat, John, linen cloth & thread dealer, 30 Titchfield st|
|Montgomerie, Wm., town officer, Kilmaurs ||Nicol, John, tea dealer, Croft st|
|Owens, Joseph, edge tool maker, David's lane ||Peden, John, coach maker, 7 Bank st|
|Petrie, David, general dealer, Grange st ||Ralston, William, flax dresser, Kilmaurs|
|Reid, Matthew, spade and shovel manufacturer, Town head ||Stevens, Hugh, snuff-box maker, Market lane|
|Stevenson, Robert, glazier, College lane ||Stewart, James, cork cutter, Regent st|
|Taylor, John, salt dealer, Kilmaurs ||Thomson, John, toy dealer &c., 21 King st |
Low Church - Rev James Mackinlay, DD., Rev David Strong, and Rev James Stevenson.
High Church - Rev Andw. Hamilton.
New Church - Rev James Mackinlay, DD., Rev David Strong, and Rev James Stevenson.
Established Church, Kilmaurs - Rev John Roxburgh.
Relief Church, King street - Rev William M Dougall.
Burghers' Original, Wellington street - Rev Peter Campbell.
United Secession, Fulton's lane - Rev George Lawson.
United Secession, Clerk lane - Rev David Wilson.
United Secession Church, Kilmaurs - Rev David Robertson.
Reformed Presberty, Mill lane - Rev Adam Brown.
Independent, Mill lane - Rev John Ward.
Riccarton Church - Rev John Moody and Rev Peter Thomson.
Coffee Rooms, 7 Portland st.
Commercial Reading Rooms, 9 Portland st.
Excise Office, George Inn - Edgar Eldrod, supervisor.
Gas Works, Park Street - James Stirling, manager, Humpry Stevenson, treasurer.
Philosophical Institution - John Miller, president, Archibald Finnie, treasurer, John Torrance, secretary.
Stamp Office, 13 King st - John Fulton, distributor.
Tax Office, 2 Titchfield st - John Wyllie, surveyor.
Town's Buildings, King St - Douglas and Hamilton, town clerks, William Blane, superintendent of police.
To Ardrossan, the 'Ayrshire Lass', from the Turf Inn, every morning at eight, and the 'Time-Keeper', every afternoon at four, both go through Irvine, Kilwinning and Saltcoats.
To Ayr, the 'Royal Mail' (from Glasgow), calls at the George Inn, every night at a quarter past seven; the 'Telegraph', from the same Inn, every morning at half past nine; the 'Defiance' (from Glasgow), calls at the Black Bull, every afternoon at a quarter past one; the 'Marquess of Hastings' (from Edinburgh), calls at the Sun, every afternoon at a quarter past three; and an omnibus, from the Angel Inn, every morning at half past eight.
To Carlisle - see London.
To Edinburgh, the 'Marquess of Hastings' (from Ayr), calls at the Sun, every morning at a quarter past nine.
To Glasgow, the 'Royal Mail' (from Portpatrick), calls at the George Inn, every night at half past eleven; the 'Telegraph', from the same Inn, every morning at eight and afternoon at a quarter past four - both go through Fenwick; the 'Britannic', from the Black Bull and Commercial Inns, every morning at seven; the 'Defiance' (from Ayr), calls at the same Inns, every morning at a quarter past eleven; and the 'Perserverance' from the Commercial and Mr Young's office, Cross, every morning at half past seven and eleven and afternoon at four.
To London (by Carlisle), the 'Independent' (from Glasgow) calls at the Turf Inn every morning at half past eight; goes through Mauchline, Catrine, Cumnock Sanquhar, Thornhill, Dumfries and Annan.
To Newmilns & Galston, a car, from the Commercial Inn, every Friday afternoon at five.
To Portpatrick, the 'Royal Mail', (from Glasgow), calls at the George Inn, every night at a quarter past seven; goes through Ayr, Maybole, Girvan, Kirkoswald, Ballantrae and Stranraer.
To Saltcoats, see Ardrossan.
To Troon, the 'Kilmarnock' from Regent street, every morning at ten; and omnibuses, from the George Inn, every forenoon at eleven and evening at eight - during the summer season only.
To Ayr, John Cuthbert, from the Commercial Inn, daily, Mrs Dalziel, from the Angel Inn, every Mon, Wed & Sat and Thomas Frew, every Tues & Fri.
To Beith, James Love, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Friday.
To Castle Douglas, Thomas Wallat from the Commercial Inn, and David McClure, from the Wheat Sheaf, alternately, every Friday.
To Catrine, Francis Blaine, from the Commercial Inn, every Tues and Fri.
To Cross Hill, Robert Richie, from the Commercial Inn, every Thursday.
To Cumnock, William Beard, from the Commercial Inn, every Monday, and John Kerr, every Wednesday & Saturday; Mrs Byran, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Thursday; and John Ferguson, from the Black Bull, every Saturday.
To Darvel, James Wilson, from N Parker's, Waterloo street, daily.
To Dumfries, J & W Robb, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Wednesday & Saturday, and Thomas Ferguson, from the Black Bull every Saturday.
To Dunlop, Henry Frew, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Friday.
To Edinburgh, John Steadman, from Gunlop Street, every Monday.
To Galston, - Robertson, from Mrs Symington's, Cross, daily.
To Girvan, Robert Hannah, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Friday.
To Glasgow, Andrew Mackin, from Green Street, and James & Charles Robb, from the Wheat Sheaf, daily, and Jas Robinson George St, Mon & Thurs.
To Irvine, George Willock, from the Commercial Inn, daily.
To Mauchline, Andrew Gibson, from the Commercial Inn, every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, and William Wallace, every Tuesday and Friday.
To Maybole, John Dunn, every Fri.
To New Cumnock, James Campbell and John Campbell, from the Commercial Inn, every Thursday.
To Newmilns, John Howie, from the Commercial Inn, every Tuesday and Fri.
To Newton-Stewart, William McClure and Hugh Steel, from the Wheat Sheaf, every alternate Friday.
To Ochiltree & Cumnock, Mrs Bryan, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Thursday, and James McCrae, from the Commercial Inn, every Thursday.
To Paisley, William Russell, from the Commercial Inn, every Wednesday and Saturday, and John Stevenson, from Market lane, every Mon and Thursday.
To Paisley and Glasgow, James Whitford, from Kilmaurs, twice a week.
To Saltcoats, John Banks, from the Commercial Inn, every Tues and Fri.
To Stewarton, Alexander Picken, from the Wheat Sheaf, daily, and George Smith, from the Commercial Inn, every Tuesday and Friday.
To Strathaven, Robert Taylor, from the Commercial Inn, every Friday.
To Torbolton, John Highet, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Tuesday and Friday, and Andrew Fisher, from the Commercial Inn, every Wednesday.
To Troon, Thomas Cuthbertson, from Strand street, daily.
This transcript was kindly provided by Keith Muirhead from Queensland.