KILMARNOCK with the villages of Riccarton and Kilmaurs
Ayrshire Directory, 1837, by Pigot & Co

KILMARNOCK is a large and important manufacturing town, in the parish of its name, and in the District of Cunningham; 651/2 miles sw of Edinburgh through Glasgow, from the latter city 211/2 ssw, 12 n from Ayr, and between 6 and 7 e from Irvine; situate on level ground, near the confluence of the Kilmarnock water with the Irvine.

Two centuries ago, this now thriving and populous town was a mere hamlet, dependent upon the baronial castle in its neighbourhood. The advantages of the place, as a site for manufactures, were the presence of coal, healthiness of situation, a populous country around, and abundance of provisions: for many years and generations, however, it seems to have been distinguished only for the production of broad flat bonnets, so long the characteristic wear of the Scottish lowland peasantry, as also the striped cowls which yet bear the name of the town.

As this business increased, the population augmented; and in the year 1731 the number had swelled so much, that the parish was found inadequate for its accommodation, and a new one was erected.

Subsequently, and for a considerable period, the staple manufacture was that of carpets, and in this branch it yet stands pre-eminent: in 1832 the ascertained product of this article amounted to 150,000; it is made of every possible kind and texture, from the plainest to the richest colour and fabric; a few years since the Brussels carpet was successfully imitated; and lately a variety, termed the "three-plie", of extreme beauty and durability, has been introduced. An extensive trade is carried on in the manufacture of shoes for exportation - likewise that of leather, for the tanning and dressing of which there are several highly respectable and large establishments. There are four very extensive nursery-grounds, two breweries, and the like number of rope-walks; iron-founding and machine making are important branches, and there are numerous well-furnished and handsome shops, in the various occupations usually found in large and populous towns.

One particular description of productive industry and skill seems, however, of late years, to have outstripped all those before mentioned - namely, the making and printing of shawls: for, in the year 1832, the amazing number of 1,128,814 of this denomination of garment issued from the manufactories of this place, amounting in value to upwards of 200,000; and the demand since that year has greatly increased.

The trade and commerce of Kilmarnock are assisted by branches of the "Ayr Bank", of the "Ayrshire Banking Company" and the "Commercial Bank of Scotland".

About half a mile north-west of the town is an extensive coal-field, from which fuel is obtained for the works of Kilmarnock, beside large supplies transmitted continually by railway to Troon, where they are shipped for various places. There are five incorporated trades, namely, the bonnet-makers, skinners, tailors, shoe-makers and weavers; the first named is the most ancient - it was incorporated in 1646.

The aspect of the town is agreeable, especially in its central part, where the streets are regularly laid out, and the greater portion of the houses are of freestone; it has of late considerably extended to the south and east, and in these directions has now many elegant edifices. The improvements of Kilmarnock are under trustees, nominated by act of parliament in 1802; these are the provost and magistrates for the time being, his Grace the Duke of Portland, and several gentlemen also interested in improving the town; this trust is expected soon to be wound up. The town-house, built in 1805, contains a court-room for the magistracy, and public offices, besides a prison for criminals. In 1814 a superb and commodious news-room was erected in the centre of the town, serving the double purpose of a reading-room and a place of general resort. The gas-works were constructed in 1823, at an expense of from 5,000 to 6,000, defrayed by means of shares of 10 each, which, to the credit of the inhabitants, were taken up in the course of a few weeks; the works are under the management of twelve gentlemen, and a sub-committee of four.

Kilmarnock possesses an excellent academy, in which various branches of education are taught by able masters; there are, besides, several private seminaries of a high character, and many schools that impart instruction to children of the poorer classes. The institutions likewise comprise some well-conducted societies, amongst which are the procurators' and the merchants', a philosophical institution, an excellent subscription library, with numerous benefit clubs and associations. A very fine observatory, with valuable machinery and telescopes of a superior description, has been constructed by the inventive genius of Mr Thomas Morton, of this town, a self-instructed mechanist, who also originated many important improvements in the process of carpet-weaving.

The civil government is vested in the Provost, four bailies and eleven councillors; the magistrates preside in their civil and criminal courts by turns, and the justices sit once a fortnight in what is called the small debts court. The town joins with Dumbarton, Port Glasgow, Renfrew, and Rutherglen, in returning one member to parliament.

Kilmarnock consists of two parishes - the High and the Low - each containing an established church. In the latter parish there has been lately erected, in addition, a large and handsome edifice, connected with the establishment, possessing accommodation for 1,700 persons; the style of architecture is that which prevailed in England during the latter part of the fourteenth century; it is ornamented with an admirable Gothic tower, and cost 5,000; Messrs Howie and Brown, of this town, were the builders. Near to the church, in King-street, is a very neatly-designed relief church, of recent erection, with an elegant spire; there are likewise two burgher chapels, one Cameronian, and one independent, with several other places of worship for different sects.

The most remarkable object in this vicinity is the ruin of Dean castle - an ancient, extensive, and well defended mansion, formerly the property of the Earls of Kilmarnock; it stands in a "dean", or hollow, less than a mile north from the town; it was burnt down in 1735, from the carelessness of a servant girl, who in preparing some lint for spinning heedlessly let it catch fire. Kilmarnock house, another edifice once belonging to, and the last residence of, that noble family, is also in the parish: from this house proceeded the last unfortunate earl, in 1745, to join the standard of rebellion, which cost him his head. The Duchess of Portland and the Marchioness of Hastings (Countess of Loudon) are the principal proprietors of this conjoined parish.

The markets, which are held on Tuesday and Friday, are abundantly supplied with every necessary article of domestic consumption; a market for grain has also been established of late years, and promises to become of considerable utility. The fairs are held in February ("Fastens-even"), first Tuesday in May, third Wednesday in July (commonly called "the gooseberry fair"), and the third Wednesday in October - the last three are old style.

Riccarton

The parish of RICCARTON is in the district of Kyle, lying on the left or south bank of the Irvine river, which separates it from Kilmarnock. The village stands on an eminence, a mile to the south of that town, on the right bank, but almost connected with Kilmarnock by a long street. The parish extends about six miles in length, by between two and three in breadth.

The village is remarkable for having been the residence of the venerable Sir Ronald Crawford, the maternal uncle of Wallace, with whom, it is said, the hero sometimes sojourned; and it was to Riccarton that he generally retired after performing any of his daring exploits, before he openly unfurled his country's banner. On revenging the treacherous murder of his uncle and other chieftains, by burning the barns of Ayr, he took his way by night to this village, accompanied by a few followers; when he reached a certain eminence, about six miles from Ayr, he turned round, and, seeing the flames still ascending, exclaimed with stern exultation, "the barns burn well!" From this laconic expression (tradition adds) the spot obtained the name of "Burn-well", which it still retains.

The church at Riccarton is a modern structure, having been erected in 1823; it has a fine steeple, and from its elevated position has an ornamental effect upon the country all around. A new bridge across the Irvine is now in progress, which will materially improve the approach from Ayr road to Kilmarnock. A considerable quantity of coal is raised in this parish; the Duke of Portland is the principal landed proprietor.

Kilmaurs

Kilmaurs, a small town, a burgh of Barony, and capital of the parish of its name, in the district of Cunningham, two miles from Kilmarnock, is situate on the right bank of a rivulet, called Kilmaur's water, or "Carmel water", it was erected into a burgh of barony by James V, at the insistence of Cuthbert, Earl of Glencairn, and his son, Lord Kilmaurs. The government of the town invested in two bailies (chosen annually by the portioners), before whom debts may be recovered.

Kilmaurs is composed principally of one street, in the middle of which is a small town house with a steeple and clock. Formerly this place was somewhat noted for the manufacture of clasp knives, or "whittles" - the sharpness of the edge of which instruments gave rise in Ayrshire to a jocular expression of comparison. A man of acute understanding, and quickness of action, is said to be "as sharp as a Kilmaurs whittle". The most prominent trades now are those of shoemaking and weaving, for the Glasgow and Paisley markets.

Coals are mined in the parish, the surface of which consists of large level fields, interspersed with gentle declivities and elevations; the summits of the latter are well wooded, and the whole district has a pleasing appearance. There is an old pile of building near to the church, seemingly of very ancient origin; but with respect to its founder, or the date or object of its erection, even tradition itself is silent. In the cemetery of the Glencairn family, adjacent to the church, is a piece of beautiful sculpture, a specimen of the taste and execution of former times, erected as a monument to the memory of the chancellor, William, the ninth earl.

The market, which was for many years held on the Friday, has fallen into disuse; but fairs are held on the 11th of June, 11th of November, and the first Wednesday in August - all old style.

Post Offices

Kilmarnock, King street, William Rankin, Post master. Letters from London arrive every afternoon at half past four, and are despatched every night at half past eleven - Letters from Edinburgh and Glasgow arrive every morning at five and evening at half past seven, and are despatched every evening at seven and night at half past eleven - the Irish mail, with letters for Ayr, Maybole, Girvan, Ballantrae, and Stranraer, are despatched every evening at half past seven, and arrive every night at half past eleven - Letters from Ayr arrive every evening at seven, and are despatched every morning at five - Letters from Irvine, Saltcoats and Troon arrive every evening at half past six, and are despatched every morning at five - Letters from Cumnock and Mauchline arrive every afternoon at half past four, and are despatched every morning at five - Letters from Stewarton arrive every evening at half past six, and are despatched every morning at five.

Kilmaurs, James Dickie, Post master - Letters from Kilmarnock arrive every morning at six, and are despatched every evening at half-past five.

GENTRY AND CLERGY  
Aitken, Mrs., Kilmaurs Road Allan, Mr James, Braehead
Andrew, John, esq., of Gillsturn Brown, Rev. Adam, Mill lane
Campbell, George James, esq., Treesbank Campbell, Rev. Peter, Wellington st
Carswell, Mrs Fanny, Wallacebank Clark, Lieut. Col. H., Shaw hill
Clark, the Misses, Elm bank Crawford, Colonel, of New field
Crawford, William H. esq., of Crawsford Land castle Cunningham, Chas., esq, of Thornton
Cunningham, Gilbert, esq., of Carmel bank Cunningham, John Smith, esq., of Caprington castle
Dunlop, James, esq., Annan hill Dykes, Mrs Jane, Braehead
Fairlie, James, esq., Holms Fairlie, Mrs of William field
Finnie, William, esq., Titchfield st Gilchrist, John, esq., of Plan
Greenshields, Miss Isabel, Spring bank Greenshields, Thomas, esq., Bellevue
Guthrie, Alexander, esq., of Mount Guthrie, John, esq., Holms
Hamilton, Rev. Andrew, Bank st Hamilton, Wm., esq., Braehead house
Kelso, Colonel, of Dankeith Kirk, Miss Elizabeth, Braehead
Lawson, Rev. George, Wellington st McDougall, Rev. William, 99 King st
Mackinlay, Rev. Dr. James, Manse Mitchell, Moncrieff, esq., Tower hill
Moody, Rev. John, Riccarton manse Morris, Mrs Colonel, Wellington st
Morris, Miss of Craig Parker, John, esq., Asloss
Parker, the Misses, 100 King st Paterson, Martin, esq., Belfield
Pedden, Mrs Ann, Braehead Porteous, Mrs Margaret, Braehead
Rankin, William, esq., Fairlie house Robertson, Rev. David, Kilmaurs
Roxburg, Rev. Jno, Kilmaurs manse Smith, Lieut. James, Kilmaurs house
Smith, Mr Robert, Mill lane Smith, William, esq., Hillhouse cottage
Spiers, Mrs Janet, 48 Titchfield st Stevenson, Rev. Jas. Brougham place
Strong, Rev. David, Kilmaurs road Thomson, Rev. Peter, 108 King st
Wallace, Mrs Ferrier, of Cairn hill Ward, Rev. John, Mill lane
Wilson, Rev. David, Clerk lane Woodburn, Mrs, Ward end
 
ACADEMIES AND SCHOOLS
Academy, Green street:- Writing, Arithmetic, & Bookkeeping - William Henderson - English Grammer - Andrew Weir - Latin, Greek & English Composition - Alexander Harkness - Mathematics - Francis Nelson
Black, Archobald, Kilmaurs Cameron, John, Kilmaurs
Campbell Sisters, Portland st Craig, James, 107 King st
Cuthbertson, John, East George st Kemp, Samuel, Queen st
McClelland, Alexander, Clark st Osborne, William, Clark st
Parochial Kilmaurs - Thos. Hamilton, master Smith, Mary, (ladies boarding), Kilmarnock house
 
AGENTS - MISCELLANEOUS(see also Fire, &c, Office agents)
Guthrie, Alexander (coal), Mount McCrossan, John (weaving utensils), 51 Portland st
Newbigging, John (coal), Clark st Stevenson, Humphrey (worsted yarn), Queen street
Wilson, James (law), 23 King st  
 
AGENTS TO MANUFACTURERS
Brown, Francis, Kilmaurs Bunten, John, 44 Titchfield st
Gibson, William, 55 Titchfield st Oliphant, William, Kilmaurs
Oliver, Andrew, Market lane Richmond, Robert, Kilmaurs
Shearer, Robert, Titchfield st Smith, James, 52 High st
Wallace, Matthew, 37 Titchfield st Wallace, William, 67 Robertson pl
Wilson, Wm. & Son, 63 Robertson pl  
 
AUCTIONEERS
Brown, John, 93 King st Wilson, James, 23 King st
 
BAKERS AND FLOUR DEALERS
Alexander, David, 43 King st Alexander, John, 61 King st
Arbuckle, John, Titchfield st Dinning, Andrew (& spirit dealer), 51 King st
Higgins, James, 90 King st Kennedy, John, 42 High Glencairn
Law, John, 6 Waterloo st Logan, John, Kilmaurs
MacFee, John, 8 Fore st McIntyre, David, Fore st
Miller, William, 5 Cheapside Osborne, George, 4 Bank st
Rankin,Robert, 25 Regent st Smith, David, Market lane
Thomson, Joseph, 22 King st Towers, William, 15 Portland st
Young, Alexander, 70 Portland st Young, Robert, Portland st
Young, William, 71 King st  
 
BANKERS
Ayr Bank (branch of) Hunters' & Co. Bank st - (draw on Sir Wm. Forbes & Co., Edinburgh and Herries, Farquhar & Co. London) - Charles D Gardner, agent Ayrshire Banking Company (Branch of) Portland st - (draw on Royal Bank, Edinburgh, and Williams, Deacon & Co. London), - James Urie, agent
Commercial Bank of Scotland (Branch of) 50 King st - (draws on the Commercial Bank of Scotland, Edinburgh, and Jones, Loyd, and Co. London) - Alexander John Bruce, agent Savings Bank, Bank st - (open on Monday from nine to ten) - Thomas Greenshields, president; Wm. Bunten, treasurer; James Anderson, secretary
 
BLACKSMITHS
King, Alexander, Kilmaurs Law, Andrew, Regent st
London, John, Kilmaurs McCrath, John, Croft st
McIlwraith, James (farrier), Mill lane McIlwraith, James Jnr (and farrier), George st
Murphy, Peter, Croft st Paton, William, Strand st
Williamson, John, Riccarton  
 
BLEACHERS
Andrews, James, Townholm Craig, David, Townholm
 
BONNET & WOOLLEN CAP MANUFACTURERS
Armour, John, High st Boyd, James, Menford lane
Boyd, William, Fulton's lane Gremmell, James, Kilmaurs road
Laughland, John, 43 High st McLean, David, Nelson st
Raeburn, John & Son, High st Weir, John, 31 Boyd st
 
BOOKSELLERS, BINDERS AND STATIONERS
Crawford, Hugh & Son, 2 King st Davie, John, 33 Bank st
Mathie, James, 1 King st Nelson, Robert, 18 King st
 
BOOT AND SHOE MAKERS (Marked thus * are Wholesale)
Aitken, Hugh, 20 Cheapside Arbuckle, Robert, Clark st
Beckett, John, New st * Clark, Thos & James, 25 Portland st
Crom, David, 106 King st Cuthbertson, George, Kilmaurs
Fulton, George, 25 Titchfield st Gait, James, Croft st
Gait, James, Strand st Gilmer, Robert, George st
Hunter, William, 73 King st Kerr, Thomas, 26 Bank st
* Kirkhop, George, 89 King st Lewis, Robert, 2 Bank st
Logan, William, Fore st * Loudon, George, Cross
Loudon, George, Strand st Lymburn, John, 30 Portland st
* McFederis, David & Thos, Mill lane McLintock, John, 201 Portland st
McMaster, William, Nelson st McMichael, James, Low Glencairn st
Marshall, John, 118 King st Montgomerie, Archibald, Kilmaurs
Montgomerie, James, Kilmaurs Montgomerie, William, Kilmaurs
Nicol, Edward, Mill lane Smith, John, Kilmaurs
* Smith, Robert, 19 & 48 Portland st Spiers, James, Fore st
Steel, John, Kilmaurs Stevenson, John, Morton place
* Stevenson, Thos, 22 Titchfield st * Strang, Allan, 13 Portland st
* Strang, Matthew, Portland st Wallace, John, 56 Portland st
Wallace, Robert, Croft st Weir, James, 14 Waterton st
Wilkinson, Merrion, 24 Bank st Wood, Francis, 36 King st
Wyly, Moses, Fore st  
 
BRAZIERS AND TINMEN
Bicket, John (& brass founder and coppersmith), 53 King st Boyd, Thomas & John, 1 Waterloo st
Lawson, John (& coppersmith) 33 & 37 Portland st Reid, John, 11 Waterloo st
 
BREWERS
Paxton, George, Richard land Thomson, John, Grange st
 
BUILDERS
Howie & Brown, Bridge lane Johnstone, Robert ( and architect), Langland st
 
CABINET MAKERS (Marked thus * are also upholsterers)
Alexander, John, 8 Waterloo st Dickie, David, 91 King st
Hood, James & John, 100 Portland st Hunter, John, Portland st
Love, John, Robertson place * Riley, James & Co, 32 King st
* Smith, Robert, Portland st * Wilson, James, 39 Portland st
 
CARPENTERS AND JOINERS
Aitken, Andrew, Glencairn square Gemmell, James & Sons, Back st
Goudie, George, Riccarton Gulliland, Wm., 52 Titchfield st
Hutchison, Hugh, George st Johnston, William, Langland st
Johnstone, Robert, Langland st Millar, Robert, Kilmaurs
Paterson, Andrew, Titchfield st Wyllie, William, Bank st
 
CARPET MANUFACTURERS
Brown, William and Sons, Grange st Cuthbertson, Sawers, Taylor, and Company, Bank st
Gregory, Thomsons & Co, Green st Taeburn, John Jnr, High st
Wilson, Hugh, Grange st Wyllie, William, Welbeck st
 
CARTWRIGHTS
Boyd, Duncan, Riccarton Brown, Matthew, High st
Brown, William, Croft st McMillan, George, Kilmaurs
Morton, William, Croft st Murray, Thomas, Nelson st
 
CLOTHES, &c DEALERS
Hay, Charles, David's lane, Green st Keenan, Ann, Fore st
Reid, Peter, Fore st Weir, Ann, Fore st
 
CONFECTIONERS
Becket, Hugh, 28 King st Gilmour, John, 64 Portland st
Karnagham, John, Regent st, Cross Macdougall, David, 58 King st
Murray, John, 33 Nelson st Roxburgh, Hugh, 4 Waterloo st
 
COOPERS
Armour & Co, Portland st Clark, Jane, Regent st
Hopkin, James, Back lane McCrae, William Ronald, Low Glencairn st
Sandilands, William, 10 Bank st  
 
CURRIERS
Bishop, Robert, Town head Campbell, John, Church lane, Soulis st
Clark, James, Menford lane Crooks, Robert, Lade side
Nisbet, Thomas, 23 Regent st  
 
DISTILLERS
Mill, James & John, Old Rome  
 
DRUGGISTS
Rankin, William, 7 King st Smith, James, 16 Cheapside
Smith, James Taylor, 41 King st Walker & Young, 62 King st
 
DRYSALTERS
Reyburn, Robert, Titchfield st  
   
DYERS  
Alexander, William, Titchfield st Houston, William, 27 Soulis st
Hutchison, Hugh, Green st Jameison, William, 25 High st
 
ENGINEERS
Morton, Thomas (and manufacturer of reflecting telescopes), Morton place Stevenson, Humphrey, East George st
 
ENGRAVERS
Bicket, John, 53 King st Duncan, William & Daniel (& copperplate printers), 44 Portland st
 
FIRE, &c. OFFICE AGENTS
British Commercial, James Murdock, 29 Portland st Caledonian, Thomas Borland, 83 King st
Edinburgh Life Assurance Co, Thos Dykes, 54 Portland st Hercules, Wm. Anderson, Dunlop st
London Union, Thos Dykes, 54 Portland st Manchester Assurance Co, John Sturrock, 47 Portland st
North British, Douglas & Hamilton, Town hall Norwich Union, David Ramsay Andrews, Portland st
Sun, John Torrance, 44 Portland st West of Scotland, David & Chas Rankin, King st
   
FLESHERS  
Alexander, John, Glencairn st Arbuckle, James & Co, Flesh markets
Cunningham, Alex., Titchfield st Cuthbertson, John, Kilmaurs
Dick, John & William, 31 King st Hillhouse, James, Flesh market
Hillhouse, William, Regent st, Cross Hillhouse, Wm & Co, Flesh market
Neairn, William, High Glencairn Paterson, James, 34 Fore st
Robertson, William, Glencairn st  
 
GAS APPLIANCE MANUFACTURES AND FITTER
Bicket, John, Queen st  
 
GLASS, CHINA AND EARTHENWARE DEALERS
Davies, James, 6 Portland st, and 63 King st McAllister, Rosina, 7 Portland st
Moore, Archibald, 4 King st Pennington, Samuel, Green st
 
GROCERS & SPIRIT DEALERS (marked thus * are also wine merchants)
* Aitken & Paton, 24 King st Anderson, John, Kilmaurs
Bowie, John, 21 Cheapside * Brown & Howie, 83 & 85 King st
Brown, David, Kilmaurs Campbell, Thomas, 87 King st
Dickie, James, Kilmaurs Dinning, James, Kilmaurs
Findlay, William, 29 King st * Forrest, William, 2 Portland st
Gilchrist, Daniel, 10 Nelson st Glass, James, 17 Glencairn st
Harper, Andrew, 12 Bank st Howie, John, Strand st
Lamberton, John, Kilmaurs Lambroughton, John, Kilmaurs
* McLean, James, 11 Portland st Mair, Alexander (grocer & meal dealer), 43 Titchfield st
Morton, John, Grange st Muir, John, 12 West Shaw st
Neill, Matthew jnr, Glencairn square * Orr, John, 20 King st
Paton, Hugh, 5 Regent st, Cross Paton, Robert, Cross
* Rankin, Wm. & Son, 30 King st Reid, David, 69 King st
* Reid,Hugh & Co, 14 Cheapside Robertson, William, 62 Portland st
Stevenson, Alexander, 47 King st * Stevenson, John, 3 Portland st
Stewart, John, Bank st Taylor, James, Portland st
Taylor, Peter (grocery & meal), 1 Bank st Thomson, Mary (grocery and meal), 17 Titchfield st
Walker, John, 25 King st Walker, Thomas, Dunlop st
* Wallace, Wm. & Co, 55 Portland st  
 
HAIR DRESSERS
Andrews, Wm. (& perinmer), 84 King st Hill, George, 72 King st
McGregor, John, Croft st Reid, James, 4 Fore st
Smith, William, Croft st  
 
HATTERS
Eaton, William, 38 Fore st Gibson, Alex & Co, 39 Portland st
Thomson, John & William (& manufacturers), 5 King st Waugh, Wm. (& manufacturer), 37 King st
 
HOSIERS
Anderson, James, 110 King st Borland, John, Titchfield st
Brown, John, 26 King st Kenmuir, Andrew, 39 King st
Ranken, Janet, 57 King st Robertson, Robert (manufacturer) 73 King st
 
HOT PRESSERS
Osbourne, Geo. Moore, 69 Titchfield st Wilson, Alexander, Titchfield st
 
INNS & POSTING HOUSES
Black Bull (commercial), Alexander Murdock, 16 Portland st George (commercial), Robert Gardner, Portland st
Turf (commercial), Agnes Dinning, Cheapside  
 
IRON FOUNDERS
Finnie and Guthrie, Kilmarnock Foundry, Townholm Rogers and Blair, Low Glencairn
 
IRONMONGERS
Finnie, Alexander, 6 Regent st, Cross Finnie, Archibald, Market lane
Stewart, Thomas and Sons (and hinge and lock manufacturers), 15 Regent st, Cross Miller and Donald (and wholesale manufacturers of reaping hooks), 8 Portland st
McCaa, Hugh, 12 King st  
 
LIBRARIES
Crawford, Hugh & Son (circulating), 2 King st Mathie, James (circulating), 1 King st
Subscription, 18 Cheapside - James Rankin, librarian  
 
LINEN & WOOLLEN DRAPERS AND HABERDASHERS
Aitken, Andrew, 27 Portland st Chrystal, James, 46 Portland st
Craig, Hugh, 29 King st Ferguson, John, 70 King st
Fulton, John and Son, 13 King st Gregory & Stevenson, 48 King st
Gregory, Thomas & Co, 12 Portland st Halbert, George, 20 Portland st
Hamilton, John, 10 King st Sharp, James, 39 Portland st
Smith, James, 9 King st Smith, John, 28 Portland st
Stewart, John & Andrew, 23 King st Taylor, William, 57 Portland st
Watt, John, Cheapside  
 
MACHINE MAKERS
Blair, Bryce, Sandbed st Morton, Thomas (inventor of the 3-pile Brussels and other carpet machines, & of the ten patterns), Morton place Stevenson, Humphrey, East George
 
MALTSTERS
Paxton, George, Richard land Thomson, John, Grange st
 
MESSENGERS
Browning, James, 79 King st Wilson, James, 23 King st
 
MILLINERS AND DRESS MAKERS
Brown, Margaret, 14 Bank st Brown, Mary and Margaret, 79 King st
Cady, Mrs., 83 King st Duncan, Ann, 86 Portland st
Galbraith, Elizabeth, Queen st Gibson, Catherine, Langland st
Laurie, Jane, 39 Boyd st McLelland,Jane, Langland st
Morton, Mary & Sister, 23 Portland st Muir, Martha, Queen st
Murray, Eliza, 22 King st Smith, Margaret, 8 Waterloo st
Tassie& Hardie, Green st Taylor, Elizabeth, 79 King st
Young, Isabella, 2Waterloo st  
 
MILLWRIGHTS
Blair, Bryce, Sandbed st Lauder, Hugh, Menford lane
Richmond, John, Titchfield st  
 
NAIL MAKERS
Bell, John, Kilmaurs Cuthbertson, William, Langland st
Finnie, Alexander, 6 Regent st, Cross Finnie, Archibald, Market lane
McCaa, Hugh, 12 King st Miller & Donald, 8 Portland st
Stewart, Thomas & Sons, 15 Regent st, Cross  
 
NURSERY AND SEEDSMEN AND FLORISTS (See also Seedsmen - Wholesale)
Christie, James & Co, Regent st, Cross Dykes, John, 14 King st
Fowlds, & Lymburn, Flower Bank Nursery, and 36 Portland st Samson, William & Co, 3 Cheapside
 
PAINTERS
Fleming, William, 44 King st Reid, John, 22 Cheapside
Reid, William Pattison (and spirit dealer), 34 Portland st Robertson, James, Clerk lane
 
PAPER MANUFACTURERS
Finnie, Alexander, 6 Regent cross  
 
PAWNBROKERS
Miller, Alexander & Co, 29 King st  
 
PHYSICIANS
Borland, John, 97 King st Paxton, John, 101 King st
Reed, James, Braehead Walker, Robert, 64 King st
 
PLASTERERS
Dunsmore & Patton, Langland st McClure, John, Clark st
 
PLUMBERS
Bicket & Reid, (& lead merchants), Queen st Brown, Charles, 20 Waterloo st
Lawson, John, (& lead merchant), 33 & 37 Portland st Reid, Thomas, Wellington st
 
PRINTERS
Crawford, Hugh & Son, Cross Mathie, Jas. (& lithographer), 1 King st
Nelson, Robert, 18 King st  
 
PROFESSORS
Boyd, Adam (music), 79 King st Macready, Angelo (languages), 1 Cheapside
Macready, Wm. (drawing), 1 Cheapside Tunnock, William (portrait painter), 2 Grange st
 
ROPE AND TWINE MAKERS
Campbell, William, West Langland st Thomson, Thomas, George st
 
SADDLERS AND HARNESS MAKERS
McChesney, William, 42 King st Mutter, George, 31 Portland st
Stevenson, James, 3 King st  
 
SEEDSMEN - WHOLESALE
Fowlds, Alexander & Co, 17 King st Samson, William & Co, 3 Cheapside
 
SHAWL & PLAID MANUFACTERS (Marked thus * are also printers)
* Anderson, McGregor & Company, Mensford lane * Andrew, John, Wellington st
Bicket & Young, 104 King st Bicket, James, Wellington st
* Dick & Kerr, Ladeside * Geddes, William, Welbeck st
Laughland, Jas. sen, 6 West Shaw st Logan, James, Titchfield st
* Neil, Thomas, East Shaw st * Templeton, Robt, Burnside printfid
* Wardrop & Hall, Low Glencairn * Young, Glassford and Co, East Shaw st
 
SHOPKEEPERS & DEALERS IN SUNDRIES
Adam, Elizabeth, 40 Hgh Glencairn st Aird, Andrew, 41 Titchfield st
Aitken, Agnes, Fore st Auld, William, 60 Titchfield st
Borland, Thomas, Low Glencairn st Bowman, Robert, High Glencairn st
Bruce, Alexander, 19 Back st Buchanan, John, Welbeck st
Burnet, William, Fore st Cameron, John, Fore st
Clark, John, Langland st Cunningham, John, Riccarton
Findlay, Alexander, 40 King st Fisher, Robert & Co, Riccarton
Fulton, Hugh, 4 Boyd st Gibson, Walter, Langland st
Henderson, John, Dean lane Lymburn, James, 76 King st
McAloine, George, Robertson place McCloy, John, 23 Regent st
McCrone, Alexander, Robertson place McIndoe, Robinson, Wellington st
McLaren, Sarah, 120 King st McLelland, William, Langland st
McPhail, Daniel, 1 Soulis st Manson, William, Titchfield st
Miller, James, High Glencairn st Miller, James, 65 Fore st
Mitchell, Janet, Glencairn square Morton, George, 32 Fore st
Muir, James, 63 Fore st Neill, John, 10 High Glencairn st
Nisbet, John, Riccarton Pride, Margaret, Strand st
Quigley, Sarah, 65 Fore st Richmond, John, 9 Low Glencairn st
Rodman, Wm., 24 Low Glencairn st Roome, George, 11 High st
Steadman, James, 38 High st Stewart, Agnes, Clark st
Stewart, Wm., 22 Low Glencairn st Young, Andrew, 18 Back st
 
SIN?RING WORKS
McColl, Solomon, West Shaw st Robertson, Widow, Burnside
 
SKINNERS
Crooks, Adam (& fellmngr) 7 Soulis st Crooks, James, Ladeside
Crooks, Robert, Ladeside Dalziel, James, High st
Goudie, James, Sandbed Grayham, David, 18 Soulis st
Mair, Jane, 25 Soulis st Orr, Peter, Townholm
Parton, John, Oldfast Porteous, Alexander, 27 High st
Porteous, John, Townholm
 
SLATERS
Brown, James, Langland st McReath, James, Mill lane
   
STONE MASONS  
Barkley, John, Soulis st Boyd, Robert, Kilmaurs
Howie & Brown, Bridge st, King st Ramsey, William James and David, Kilmaurs road
Tait, James & Co. Kilmaurs road Wallace, John, Dunlop st
Wilson, John, Kilmaurs road  
   
STONE MERCHANTS  
Brown, Robert, Kilmaurs Brown, Robert, Brougham place
Craig, Matthew, Dean quarry Langmuir, Gabriel, Kilmaurs
Raeburn, Robert, Kilmaurs  
 
STRAW HAT MAKERS
Adam, Isabella, 18 Waterloo st Aitken, Margaret, 20 Cheapside
Black, Sarah, East George st Blair, Janet, 50 Portland st
Lamey, Rosina, George st Wallace, Elizabeth, 114 King st
Watson, Agnes, Queen st Young, Isabella & Sister, 30 King st
   
SURGEONS  
Aitken, James, 42 Portland st Crooks, John, 23 Bank st
Guthrie, James, 67 King st Hood, Alexander, 19 King st
Kalley, Robert Reid, 80 Portland st Laurie, John, Portland st
Miller, John, 77 King st Paxton, John, 101 King st
Sloan, John, Kilmaurs Smith, Hugh, Bank st
Stevens, James, 6 King st Thomson, James, 82 King st
Walker, Robert, 64 King st Whitelaw, Alexander, Mill lane
Young, Robert, 58 Portland st  
 
TAILORS (Marked thus * are clothiers)
* Adam, Andrew, 10 Portland st Allan, William, Cheapside
Brown, Alexander, 30 High Glencairn st Brown, Hugh, Kilmaurs
Dunlop, Alexander, 9 Portland st Gibb, Robert, Croft st
Granger, John, 63 King st Harper, James, 2 Regent st, Cross
Hunter, John, 73 King st Irvine, Andrew, West Shaw st
Kelly, John, Riccarton * Lymburn & Hamilton, 19 Portland st
McCubben, Thomas, Cheapside McGammon, John, Strand st
McGill, Robert, Titchfield st McKay, Adam, Market lane
McLaughland, Alexander, Robertson pl Macready, Matthew, 1 Cheapside
* McWinnie, John & Son, 35 King st Manson, John, Titchfield st
Mitchell, Ebenezer, 84 Portland st Parker, John, 60 Portland
Paterson, James, 10 Portland st Saddler, Robert, 70 King st
Shannon, Edward, Regent st Stewart, James, Kilmaurs
* Stewart, John & Andrew, 23 King st Templeton, Robert, Kilmaurs
TALLOW CHANDLERS
Crooks, James, 22 Portland st Tomlinson, Jas., 2 Cheapside & Back la
 
TANNERS
Aitken, James, Town head Bishop, Robert, Town head
Colvil, John (and leather dresser), Titchfield st Crooks, James, Lade side
Cumming, William & Sons (and tawers), 9 Soulis st Orr, Peter, Townholm
Porteous, John, Townholm  
 
TOBACCO MANUFACTURERS
Brown, James & Son, 4 Portland st Grieve, Robert & Son, 24 Portland st
Johnson, John, 7 Cheapside Weir, James, 18 Portland st
 
TURNERS AND WHEEL MAKERS
McKerrow, William, 63 King st Robertson, Thomas, Regent st
Russell, Alexander, Portland st  
 
UPHOLSTERS (See also Cabinet Makers)
Muir, William, 47 Portland st  
 
VICTUALLERS
Brown, Hugh, 52 Portland st Gray, John, 3 Waterloo st
Kenneth, Andrew, 68 King st Miller, Thomas, 68 Portland st
Mitchell, James, 78 King st Ramsay, John, 66 Robertson place
Smith, George, 64 Titchfield st Stevenson, Thomas, 45 Portland st
Symington, Thomas, 6 Fore st Templeton, John, 8 Cheapside
Weir, John, Portland st Wilson, William, 20 Bank st
VINTERS
Aird, Charles, 30 Boyd st Allen, Andrew, (Buck's Head), 11 Regent st
Anderson, Thomas, 82 Portland st Arnot, John, Grange st
Auld, John, Strand st Baird, Janet, Dean st
Barr, Hugh, 6 George st Blair, William, 7 Waterloo st
Boyd, Robert, Kilmaurs Brown, Hugh, Kilmaurs
Brown, Thomas, 55 King st Calderwood, William, 9 Regent st
Campbell, George, Riccarton Campbell, John, Portland st
Cooper, Peter, (Sun), 29 King st Cuthbertson, John, Kilmaurs
Dalgleish, James (and horse hirer), 19 Cheapside Ferguson, John, 34 Langland st
Findlay, George, 47 Grange st Galt, Janet, (Commercial Inn), Croft st
Gardner, John, Market lane Hamilton, Hugh, Regent st
Harvie, Thomas, Kilmaurs Hiddly, Thomas, Riccarton
Howat, Hugh, Riccarton Inglis, George, Green st
Johnston, Mary, (Burn's Tavern), Low Glencairn st Kennedy, William, 95 King st
Kerr, Margaret, Kilmaurs Kirkland, John, Grange st
Kiteley, John, 114 King st Kiteley, Samuel, Fore st
Latta, James, East Shaw st Lennard, Peter, Fore st
Loudon, John, Kilmaurs McCulley, John, Fore st
McCulley, William, Low Glencairn McGill, William, 27 Fore st
McGoven, James, 10 Regent st McGregor, John, 20 High st
McMichael, Duncan, Strand st Mathieson, Edward, Welbeck st
Mitchell, John, (Angel), Market lane Montgomerie, James, Kilmaurs
Moore, David, Riccarton Morton, John, Riccarton
Muir, Mary, Riccarton Oliver, Andrew, Market lane
Parker, Ninian, Waterloo st Parker, Robert, New Bridge
Paton, Jane, 10 George st Paton, John, 101 King st
Pinkerton, John, Back st Richardson, John, 16 Bank st
Richmond, Robert, Kilmaurs Robb, Jas., (Wheat Sheaf), Croft st
Roxburgh, William, 2 Soulis st Seward, Thomas, Clerk lane
Shank, Robert, Grange st Sheden, Lewis, Riccarton
Smith, David, 8 Waterloo st Smith, James, 35 High st
Smith, John, Kilmaurs Smith, Moses, Sandbed
Steele, John, (Sun), Green st Steele, William, Kilmaurs
Stevens, Hugh, Market lane Stevenson, John, Market lane
Stewart, Thomas, 16 Waterloo st Symington, Isabella, 1 Regent st
Thomson, David, Glencairn square Thomson, Hugh, Kilmaurs
Weir, Thomas, Croft st Wilson, John, 12 Waterloo st
Worland, Robert, 24 Fore st Young, Jas., (Star), 2 Regent st, Cross
WATCH & CLOCK MAKERS
Alexander, Dav. Crichton, 8 King st Breckenridge, Alexander, Market la
Kennedy, Thomas (and jeweller and gun maker), 1 Portland st Thomson, George (and jeweller and silversmith), 14 Portland st
Law, David, 1 Croft st  
 
WINE AND SPIRIT MERCHANTS
Calderwood, William, 9 Regent st Dreghorn, Hugh (retail) 6 Cheapside
Forrest, William, 2 Portland st Orr, John, 20 King st
Rankin, William & Son, 30 King st Reid, Hugh & Co, 14 Cheapside
Stevenson, John, 3 Portland st Wallace, Wm & Co 55 Portland st
Wright, John, 101 King st  
 
WOOL SPINNERS
Blackwood, Robt. & Jas. Menford la Brown, James, Brae side
Wyllie, William, Welbeck st  
 
WRITERS (Marked thus * are also Notaries, and thus # Procurators)
* Alison, Robert, Market lane #* Anderson, David Ramsay, Portland st
#* Borland, Thomas, 83 King st Brown, John, 9 Portland st
* Douglas & Hamilton, Town hall, King st #* Dykes, Thomas, 54 Portland st
#* Kay, David, 6 King st #* Mason, Hugh, East George st
Sturrock, John, 47 Portland st Torrance, John, 44 Portland st
   
MISCELLANEOUS  
Aitken, Wm., veter surgeon, Theatre close Alexander, Chas., leather seller, 50 King st
Anderson, Wm., session clerk, Dunlop st Ballantyne, Chas., carver &c, 44 Portland st
Bowie, Jane, muslin printer and baby linen manufacturer, 17 Portland st Brown, Jane, stay maker, 73 King st
Bunting, Robert, accountant, Clarke st Christie, Robt., pattern drawer, 101 King st
Cooper, James, brush maker, 20 High st Cowan, Charles, dealer in bottled ale and porter, Croft head
Dickson, Wm., umbrella maker, 53 King st Dinning, John, corn miller, Kilmaurs
Donald, Robert, jeweller, 9 Cheapside Eldred, Edgar, supervisor, Hunters hill
Hamilton, Hugh, ?? dealer, Regent st Harvie, Margaret, ?? , 1 George st
Hood, William, session clerk, Riccarton Ingram, James, machinist, ?? lane
Mack, Thomas, ?? maker and dealer linen cloth, thread &c, 2 Titchfield st Moffat, John, linen cloth & thread dealer, 30 Titchfield st
Montgomerie, Wm., town officer, Kilmaurs Nicol, John, tea dealer, Croft st
Owens, Joseph, edge tool maker, David's lane Peden, John, coach maker, 7 Bank st
Petrie, David, general dealer, Grange st Ralston, William, flax dresser, Kilmaurs
Reid, Matthew, spade and shovel manufacturer, Town head Stevens, Hugh, snuff-box maker, Market lane
Stevenson, Robert, glazier, College lane Stewart, James, cork cutter, Regent st
Taylor, John, salt dealer, Kilmaurs Thomson, John, toy dealer &c., 21 King st

PUBLIC BUILDINGS, OFFICES, &c

Places of Worship

Low Church - Rev James Mackinlay, DD., Rev David Strong, and Rev James Stevenson.

High Church - Rev Andw. Hamilton.

New Church - Rev James Mackinlay, DD., Rev David Strong, and Rev James Stevenson.

Established Church, Kilmaurs - Rev John Roxburgh.

Relief Church, King street - Rev William M Dougall.

Burghers' Original, Wellington street - Rev Peter Campbell.

United Secession, Fulton's lane - Rev George Lawson.

United Secession, Clerk lane - Rev David Wilson.

United Secession Church, Kilmaurs - Rev David Robertson.

Reformed Presberty, Mill lane - Rev Adam Brown.

Independent, Mill lane - Rev John Ward.

Riccarton Church - Rev John Moody and Rev Peter Thomson.

Coffee Rooms, 7 Portland st.

Commercial Reading Rooms, 9 Portland st.

Excise Office, George Inn - Edgar Eldrod, supervisor.

Gas Works, Park Street - James Stirling, manager, Humpry Stevenson, treasurer.

Philosophical Institution - John Miller, president, Archibald Finnie, treasurer, John Torrance, secretary.

Stamp Office, 13 King st - John Fulton, distributor.

Tax Office, 2 Titchfield st - John Wyllie, surveyor.

Town's Buildings, King St - Douglas and Hamilton, town clerks, William Blane, superintendent of police.

COACHES

To Ardrossan, the 'Ayrshire Lass', from the Turf Inn, every morning at eight, and the 'Time-Keeper', every afternoon at four, both go through Irvine, Kilwinning and Saltcoats.

To Ayr, the 'Royal Mail' (from Glasgow), calls at the George Inn, every night at a quarter past seven; the 'Telegraph', from the same Inn, every morning at half past nine; the 'Defiance' (from Glasgow), calls at the Black Bull, every afternoon at a quarter past one; the 'Marquess of Hastings' (from Edinburgh), calls at the Sun, every afternoon at a quarter past three; and an omnibus, from the Angel Inn, every morning at half past eight.

To Carlisle - see London.

To Edinburgh, the 'Marquess of Hastings' (from Ayr), calls at the Sun, every morning at a quarter past nine.

To Glasgow, the 'Royal Mail' (from Portpatrick), calls at the George Inn, every night at half past eleven; the 'Telegraph', from the same Inn, every morning at eight and afternoon at a quarter past four - both go through Fenwick; the 'Britannic', from the Black Bull and Commercial Inns, every morning at seven; the 'Defiance' (from Ayr), calls at the same Inns, every morning at a quarter past eleven; and the 'Perserverance' from the Commercial and Mr Young's office, Cross, every morning at half past seven and eleven and afternoon at four.

To London (by Carlisle), the 'Independent' (from Glasgow) calls at the Turf Inn every morning at half past eight; goes through Mauchline, Catrine, Cumnock Sanquhar, Thornhill, Dumfries and Annan.

To Newmilns & Galston, a car, from the Commercial Inn, every Friday afternoon at five.

To Portpatrick, the 'Royal Mail', (from Glasgow), calls at the George Inn, every night at a quarter past seven; goes through Ayr, Maybole, Girvan, Kirkoswald, Ballantrae and Stranraer.

To Saltcoats, see Ardrossan.

To Troon, the 'Kilmarnock' from Regent street, every morning at ten; and omnibuses, from the George Inn, every forenoon at eleven and evening at eight - during the summer season only.

CARRIERS

To Ayr, John Cuthbert, from the Commercial Inn, daily, Mrs Dalziel, from the Angel Inn, every Mon, Wed & Sat and Thomas Frew, every Tues & Fri.

To Beith, James Love, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Friday.

To Castle Douglas, Thomas Wallat from the Commercial Inn, and David McClure, from the Wheat Sheaf, alternately, every Friday.

To Catrine, Francis Blaine, from the Commercial Inn, every Tues and Fri.

To Cross Hill, Robert Richie, from the Commercial Inn, every Thursday.

To Cumnock, William Beard, from the Commercial Inn, every Monday, and John Kerr, every Wednesday & Saturday; Mrs Byran, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Thursday; and John Ferguson, from the Black Bull, every Saturday.

To Darvel, James Wilson, from N Parker's, Waterloo street, daily.

To Dumfries, J & W Robb, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Wednesday & Saturday, and Thomas Ferguson, from the Black Bull every Saturday.

To Dunlop, Henry Frew, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Friday.

To Edinburgh, John Steadman, from Gunlop Street, every Monday.

To Galston, - Robertson, from Mrs Symington's, Cross, daily.

To Girvan, Robert Hannah, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Friday.

To Glasgow, Andrew Mackin, from Green Street, and James & Charles Robb, from the Wheat Sheaf, daily, and Jas Robinson George St, Mon & Thurs.

To Irvine, George Willock, from the Commercial Inn, daily.

To Mauchline, Andrew Gibson, from the Commercial Inn, every Monday, Wednesday and Friday, and William Wallace, every Tuesday and Friday.

To Maybole, John Dunn, every Fri.

To New Cumnock, James Campbell and John Campbell, from the Commercial Inn, every Thursday.

To Newmilns, John Howie, from the Commercial Inn, every Tuesday and Fri.

To Newton-Stewart, William McClure and Hugh Steel, from the Wheat Sheaf, every alternate Friday.

To Ochiltree & Cumnock, Mrs Bryan, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Thursday, and James McCrae, from the Commercial Inn, every Thursday.

To Paisley, William Russell, from the Commercial Inn, every Wednesday and Saturday, and John Stevenson, from Market lane, every Mon and Thursday.

To Paisley and Glasgow, James Whitford, from Kilmaurs, twice a week.

To Saltcoats, John Banks, from the Commercial Inn, every Tues and Fri.

To Stewarton, Alexander Picken, from the Wheat Sheaf, daily, and George Smith, from the Commercial Inn, every Tuesday and Friday.

To Strathaven, Robert Taylor, from the Commercial Inn, every Friday.

To Torbolton, John Highet, from the Wheat Sheaf, every Tuesday and Friday, and Andrew Fisher, from the Commercial Inn, every Wednesday.

To Troon, Thomas Cuthbertson, from Strand street, daily.

This transcript was kindly provided by Keith Muirhead from the Sunshine Coast of Queensland.

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[Last updated 22 Nov 2010 - 15:23 by Mel Lockie]