"Name. - The etymology of the name is sufficiently obvious, - Ben a hill, and holme a piece of low-lying level ground. This derivation suggests the idea of a diversified surface of hill and dale; and this is not undescriptive of the general aspect of the parish.
Extent, &c. - The length and breadth of the parish are nearly equal, as it extends about 3 miles from north to south, and the same distance from east to west: consequently it may contain about 9 square miles. It is bounded on the south-west, by the parish of St Cyrus; on the north-west, by that of Garvock; on the north-east, by that of Bervie; and on the south-east, by the German Ocean. The parish forms nearly a square, and is thus remarkably compact."
The New Statistical Account of Scotland, Vol XI Forfar-Kincardine