"A parish in the county of Roxburgh, extending in length about 6, and in breadth 4½ miles. There are a few eminences; but the surface is in general level ... There are remains of military road through the parish, and a ruin at Holydean, once a strong fortification, and the residence of the Dukes of Roxburgh. The family of Carre of Cavers, one of the most ancient in Scotland, have their seat in this parish. Population in 1801, 829."
From Gazetteer of Scotland published 1806, Edinburgh.