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LLANFIHANGEL-Y-CREUDDYN

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"LLANVIHANGEL Y CREIDDYN (LLAN-VIHANGEL-Y-CREUDDYN), a parish in the upper division of the hundred of ILAR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 7 miles (S. E.) from Aberystwith, on the road to Rhaiadr, comprising the chapelry of Eglwys-Newydd, or Llanvihangel y Creiddyn Uchāv, and the township of Llanvihangel y Creiddyn Isāv each supporting its own poor, and containing 1971 inhabitants, of which number, 944 are in Llanvihangel y Creiddyn Isāv.This parish, which is situated on the river Ystwith, and intersected by various other streams, is eminently distinguished by scenery which is equally remarkable for picturesque beauty and strikingly romantic grandeur...."  [From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]

Census

The Benjamin Indexes
These are held at Ceredigion Archives who are prepared to carry out a reasonable search , they are transcripts (& indexes ) of the census for Aberystwyth and North Cardiganshire, prepared by the late Mr.Benjamin, and deposited at various locations including that office. They are very good transcripts, and represent a massive amount of work - inevitably there are a few small mistakes, but they are generally useful and accurate. They cover the period 1841-1881 and include the parishes of Llanbadarn Fawr, Llanfihangel y Creuddyn, Llanfihangel Geneu'r-glyn, Llancynfelyn, (bits of ) Llanbadarn y Creuddyn, Lanychaearn, Llanafan and others.
Also, the 1891 census for Aberystwyth only has been transcribed by William Howells, the County Librarian, and is also available at Ceredigion Archives .

Church History

Llantrisant church - photograph on Dyfed FHS

See John Ball's site Welsh Churches and Chapels Collection for a photograph/data re St Michael's Church

St Michael's church - photograph on Dyfed FHS LLANFIHANGEL-Y-CREUDDYN, St. Michael 1870-1874   - on the Church plans online site

LLANTRISANT, Old Church 1873-1890   - on the Church plans online site

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

1. Upper Llanfihangel-y-Croyddin (Eglwys Newydd chapelry) - see Chapels database

2. Lower  Llanfihangel-y-Croyddin township  - see Chapels database

 

Parish entry from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

 

Davies, T.R. Nodiadau ar hanes Eglwys a phlwyf Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn . Eglwys Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn [1980?]

Church Records

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1791-1990, Llantrisant 1895-1991. Marriages 1786-1970 [Banns 1786-1812, 1823-1900]. Burials 1781-1993  NLW with copies of some dates at Cer.RO
Copies ts PR M 1786-1837 with index  NLW/Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts;
1674-5, 1680-2, 1686, 1701, 1811, 1813-16, 1820, 1822-37, 1839-66, 1869-72, 1874-6 NLW

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

I.G.I; Baptisms 1811-76

See Eglwys Newydd [Hafod] parish page for its own entries

Nonconformist Chapels;  see Chapels database

Index to Burials from Parish Registers 1813-1837 available for purchase from  Cardiganshire Family History Society Volume 2: Ilar (Upper) Hundred . Parishes covered: Eglwys Newydd, Gwnnws, Llanafan, Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn, Llanilar, Lledrod, Rhostļe, Ysbyty Ystwyth, Ystrad Meurig.

Held at Ceredigion Archives;

Description and Travel

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

Places, villages, farms etc within Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn parish  as shown on the online parish map from the CD of  Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

Description of the parish of Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn  from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1833) by Samuel Lewis.

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895 entry for Llanfihangel y Creuddyn Lower

Emigration and Immigration

"In 1847 the "Tamerlane" left Aberystwyth with 462 passengers and crew.
The passengers were mainly from the parts of Cardiganshire, such as Lledrod, Mynydd-bach, and Tai-hirion-y-rhos" (Tai-hirion, near Blaenpennal).
The newspaper, The Welshman, identified the male passengers as 75 farmers, 65 labourers, 13 carpenters, 17 tailors, 6 blacksmiths, 5 hatters, and 10 miners, the latter probably came from the lead mining district north east of Mynydd Bach. "

Genealogy

Cardiganshire Families

 

Hamer, Joy. 200 Years of the Hopkin Family of Llanfihangel y Creuddyn. The story of the Hopkins family back to the mid C18th and also a history of this parish with a detailed insight into farming over 200 years. Well illustrated.

History

The book   Mynegai i Ceredigion [Index to Ceredigion] 1-X, edited by Howells,W.H.  1990, has numerous references to Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn, to Thomas Johnes and to Hafod Uchtryd.

Hughes, Simon J.S.  The Decline of Mining in Cwmystwyth.  Ceredigion : Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society, Vol VIII, No 4, 1979

Jenkins, David. Rhyfel y Sais Bach ( The War of the little Englishman)  (NLW's site).   Ceredigion Vol1

Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print  has now been reprinted. The section relating to this parish is on pages 286/98 (including a large section on Eglwys Newydd chapel of ease); the last 6 church incumbents were --- Stokes of Pembrokeshire, John Jenkins, 1737 Edward Griffiths of Carmarthenshire, 1780 Isaac Williams of Ystrad Teilo, 1799 Daniel Davies of Troed yr aur, 1802 Lewis Evans of Tynrhelig. Sections on Abertrinant, and Pen-ywch farm.

Williams, David.  'Rhyfel y Sais bach: an enclosure riot on Mynydd Bach (NLW's site) Ceredigion, Vol II

Land and Property

Reconstruction of Gelmest, Llanfihangel-y-Creuddyn - on the People's Collection Wales site    ["Planned or 'experimental' farmstead established by Thomas Johnes of Hafod, Cwmystwyth, Cardiganshire, c.1803. Also known as New Farm"]

Documents held at the NLW :

Maps

View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

Occupations

The NLW's People's Collection Wales site has material for this parish, use the onsite search box

Cwmystwyth Mine , planning application for safety work Response on behalf of the Welsh Mines Society.
"The Cwmystwyth Mine is probably the most important non-ferrous metal mining site in Wales. It is certainly the premier example of mining heritage in Ceredigion..........."

Cwmystwyth Mine . During the summer of 1989, a survey was made of the building remains on the area of Copa Hill covered by the Kingside Lode workings of Cwmystwyth Mine (NGR SN805748)...............Since we now know that Cwmystwyth was worked at a date of 1500BC, it seems difficult to believe that 3,000 years passed until the Elizabethan miners "discovered" the mine in the 16th century. Where are the Roman remains? ..........."

Cwmystwyth - on the Spirit of the Miners site

 

Davies, O.  Cwm Ystwyth mines. Arch Camb (1946/7)

Hughes, Simon J.   The Cwmystwyth Mines, (2nd edn., Talybont, 1993). For a comprehensive account of the mine during the historic period. For the prehistoric period, see Timberlake, S. and Mighall, T., 'Historic and Prehistoric Mining on Copa Hill', Archaeology in Wales, 32 (1992), pp. 38-44.

Hughes, Simon J S. The decline of mining at Cwmystwyth  (NLW's site) Ceredigion, viii 4 : 419-38 (1979)

Rees, D Morgan. Industrial Archaeology in Cardiganshire. Ceredigion : Journal of the Cardiganshire Antiquarian Society. Vol V/2, 1965. Mentions; Cwmystwyth Mine.

Schools

Here is an extract from The Reports of the Commissioners appointed to enquire into the state of Education in Wales. 1847

Social Life and Customs

Edwards, Emyr.   Beirdd y Mynydd Bach.  Barddas, 1999

 

This page has been partly compiled from material previously published in their journal
by kind permission of Cardiganshire Family History Society

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[Gareth Hicks  - 9 Dec 2012]

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