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Caerwys

"Caerwys, a small market town containing, according to the returns made to Parliament, 162 houses, and 773 inhabitants. ... It having been a Roman station, and afterwards a seat of judicature: the assize, or great sessions for the county of Flint being held for several centuries at this place."
[From North Wales ; Rev. J. Evans, 1812]

Caerwys is one of the "ancient parishes" of Flintshire. It comprises the townships of Tref Edwyn, Tre-dre, Bryngwyn Ucha and Bryngwyn Isa. The town of Caerwys was at one time a place of considerable importance.

 

Bibliography

Church History

See Welsh Chapels and Churches for a photograph of Caerwys, St Michael

Ordnance Survey reference SJ 127728
The earliest recorded mention of the church dates from AD 1291.
"The church, dedicated to St. Michael, is a neat edifice, with a square embattled tower, consisting of a nave and north aisle, and appropriately accommodated to the use of the parishioners."
[From Handbook for the Vale of Clwyd , William Davis, 1856]
The Clwyd FHS website has a photograph of the church.

Nonconformist Churches "Welsh Church Commission - County of Flint - The Statistics of the Nonconformist Churches for 1905"lists the following nonconformist places of worship in the Civilparish of Caerwys:

Name of Chapel Denomination Number of "adherents"
Sion - Welsh Baptist 40
Bethel Calvinistic Methodist 140
Penycefn Calvinistic Methodist 105
Not named English Presbyterian 90
Not named - Welsh Wesleyan 112
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Church Records

Parish Registers

Baptisms Marriages Burials
1673 - 1957 1673 - 1983 1673 - 1936
Baptisms Marriages Burials
1673 - 1812 1673 - 1812 1673 - 1812

Bishop's Transcripts

Deposited at the National Library of Wales Microfilmed copies
1666 - 1842 1666 - 1842

I.G.I.

Nonconformist Records

Name of Chapel Denomination Type of Record Years Covered I.G.I. Batch Number
Pen-y-cefn Calvinistic Methodist Births and Baptisms 1827 - 1835 C098291
Bethel Calvinistic Methodist Births and Baptisms 1810 - 1836 C098281
Name of Chapel Denomination Type of Record Years Covered
Penycefn Calvinistic Methodist Baptisms 1878 - 1983
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Civil Registration

When Civil Registration was introduced (on 1 July 1837), the parish of Caerwys was assigned to the No. 1 ("Whitford") sub-district of the Holywell Registration District, which was co-extensive with the Holywell poor law Union.

In the GRO indexes to civil registration, entries for Caerwys are found under:

(GRO index references have no relevance at the local Superintendent Registrar's Office)

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Description and Travel

Caerwys Town Council

Caerwys - on wikipedia

Caerwys photographs - on geograph.org.uk

Maps

View maps covering the area of this parish and places within its boundaries

On Clwyd FHS's site there is a diagram showing parish names/positions with links to pages for the parish church

Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R., Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. Colchester, Essex: History Data Service, UK Data Archive [distributor], 17 May 2001. SN: 4348.   Here is a gazetteer/finding aid plus a set of overview maps to accurately identify the position of parishes within the county

Population

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Statistics

Archdeacon Thomas (1911) gives the area of the parish as 2603 acres.
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