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"TREMAEN (TRE-MAEN), a parish in the lower division of the hundred of TROEDYRAUR, county of CARDIGAN, SOUTH WALES, 4 miles (E. N. E.) from Cardigan, containing 241 inhabitants. This place is supposed to derive its name, signifying " the town of the stone," from the vast rude stone called Llêch yr Ast and the adjacent kistvaens, situated near the village, though within the limits of Llangoedmore parish, and, together with a large tumulus on a farm in this parish, called Canllevarvaes, supposed to commemorate a decisive battle that took place here between the Welsh and the Flemings, soon after a body of the latter had effected a landing at a place called Mount, about three miles distant, on the sea-shore......"
[From Samuel Lewis's A Topographical Dictionary of Wales 1833]


Monumental inscriptions for St Michael and All Angels Church, Tremain are available on microfiche from Dyfed FHS.

A Memorial Inscriptions index has been produced by Dyfed FHS for Tre-main: [Ffynnon-bedr]


You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Tre-Main area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

St Michael's & All Angels - photograph on Dyfed FHS

Some church and chapel data from The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales. Ed. by   I.G   Jones, & D. Williams. UWP,   Cardiff, 1976. The names are those of the informants

  • Tremain Parish Church     Rebuilt in 1846, 47, 48 by subscription and grant from the Incorporated Building Society  "The Congregation on the above day was much under the usual average of attendants, several being absent by reason of illness"                   Griffith Evans, Incumbent

Parish entry for Blaenporth with Tremaen from The Welsh Church Year Book, 1929 (Cd by Archive CD Books).

  • St David
  • &
  • St Michael (Tremaen)
  • Incumbent and Curates; E W Evans
  • Rural Deanery of Sub Aeron
  • Acreage  3,532 & 1,702; Population 644 & 192

Church Records

See Notes on Church/Chapel Records page

Parish Register;
Baptisms 1763-1988. Marriages 1763-1971. Burials 1763-1990  NLW with copies of some dates at Cer.RO
Bishops Transcripts;
1676, 1678-84, 1686-9, 1700-1, 1705, 1799, 1801-3, 1806-66 NLW

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on FreeReg

I.G.I; Baptisms 1799-1866

Nonconformist Chapels;  

Ffynnonbedr Ind chapel, Penrhiw

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Tre-Main which are provided by:

The Religious census of 1851 : A Calendar of the returns relating to Wales, Vol 1, South Wales., by Jones, I.G. & Williams, D.   UWP,   Cardiff, 1976.  These statistics for this parish or chapelry are extracted from this book which in turn got them from the 1851 census itself;

  • Area 1658 acres; Population 130 males, 146 females, total 276

Places, villages, farms etc within Tre-main   as shown on the online parish map from the CD of Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.). (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

  • Tremain (98); Blaen-pistyll; Canllefaes; Ffynnonwen; Lleinau; Nant-y-llan; Pen-rhiw; Trefwtial; Tremain (village); Tre-feredd;  Tre-Prior

Description of the parish of Tre-main from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1833) by Samuel Lewis.

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Tre-Main has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.


Meyrick, Sir Samuel Rush.(1783-1848) The History and Antiquities of the county of Cardigan. Collected from the few remaining documents which have escaped the ravages of time, as well as from actual observation. Longman: London ,1810. The history and antiquities of the County of Cardigan ... to which are now added a parliamentary history, list of High Sheriffs, some notes on the present county families, &c., &c. repr. Brecon: 1907. This 1907 print  has now been reprinted. The brief section relating to this parish is on page 205; the last 2 incumbents of the church were the Rev Mr David Davies and the Rev Mr Sampson Owen.


You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN234488 (Lat/Lon: 52.109222, -4.580349), Tre-Main which are provided by:



[Gareth Hicks: 14 Dec 2012]