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"LLAN CIWG, in the Cwmwd of Derfedd, Cantref of Ffiniog (now called the Hundred of Llan Gefelach), Co. of GLAMORGAN, South Wales: a Perpetual Curacy, not in charge: Patron, John Herbert Lloyd, Esq.: Church ded. to St. Ciwg.  The Resident Population of this Parish, in 1801, (including the Hamlets Allt Grûg, and Parcel Mawr) was 491.  The Money raised by the Parish Rates, in 1803, was, viz., For the Hamlet Allt Grûg £ 20.7.6, For the Parcel Mawr £101.4.9, (total) £121.12.3 at 13s. in the pound. It is 6 m. N.W. from Neath.  This Parish contains about 15,000 acres of Land; of which, about one half is inclosed and cultivated.  It abounds with Iron ore, stone Coal, and Culm; great quantities whereof are conveyed by the Canal to Swansea, and exported to different parts of the Kingdom.  According to the Diocesan Report, in 1809, the yearly value of this Benefice, arising from Augmentation, fixed Stipend, and Surplice Fees, was £51.10.0. "(From: A Topographical Dictionary of The Dominion of Wales by Nicholas Carlisle, London, 1811)



Here is a substantial reading list of books which relate to Glamorgan, either county or parish.



1871 census  - Llangiwg and Ystradgynlais parishes - Includes master indexes and full transcriptions, originally transcribed by the Ystradgynlais Family History Society

1891 census for Pontardawe Registration District - originally transcribed by the Glamorgan Family History Society

Description of Caegurwen hamlet based on the 1871 census - by Gareth Hicks


You can also perform a more selective search for churches in the Llangiwg area that are recorded in the GENUKI church database. This will also help identify other churches in nearby townships and/or parishes. You also have the option to see the location of the churches marked on a map.

Church History

See the Cwmgors/Waun site for a database of local chapels and churches

Llangiwg Church on the People's Collection Wales site (use search box)

1851 Religious census; here is an extract of data relating to Llangiwg parish's church/chapels

Rees, Thomas & Thomas, John. Hanes Eglwysi Annibynnol Cymru.   (History of the Welsh Independent Churches), 4 volumes 1871+.

  • There are the (Welsh) extracts from this book relating to Rhydyfro and the Gwrhyd ; and Carmel, GCG  - all three have translations by Eleri Rowlands
  • Pantteg now added, with translation by Maureen Saycell; Cwmllynfell now added - no translation
  • Gurnos now added ; also Y Wern, Ystalyfera; & Ystalyfera (Saesonig);  & Glantwrch in BRE (with translations by Maureen Saycell) (all latter on /big/wal/GLA/Hanes15.html )

Church Records

For full and up-to-date details of their holdings see the sites of Glamorgan Record Office and/or West Glamorgan Archives

See Bap/Mar/Bur data on  FreeReg

The church is dedicated to St. Ciwg, is in the Benefice of Llangiwg (Pontardawe), and Diocese of Swansea and Brecon. Details of the present incumbent of this benefice can be found at the Church in Wales website. The church can be located at grid reference SN723056.

Anglican Parish Registers Held at the Glamorgan Record Office, Cardiff
Baptisms Marriages Burials Banns Bishops Transcripts
1703-1767, 1813-1892 1704-1859 1703-1767, 1813-1881 1823-1861 1672, 1677, 1682-1683, 1685-1686, 1690, 1693, 1696-1697, 1701-1702, 1704, 1707-1708, 1711-1713, 1725, 1727-1728, 1730-1734, 1736-1752, 1754-1779, 1782-1795, 1797-1800, 1802-1803, 1805-1835, 1839-1842, 1844, 1846-1847, 1851-1856, 1858, 1863, 1866
(At the National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth)

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Llangiwg Ecclesiastical Parish Records     "Registers (including service and banns registers) 1703-1988; licences 1859-1868; Churchwardens' accounts and correspondence 1882-1942; papers relating to church buildings 1887-1954; Vestry minutes 1773-1815; Highway rates 1859; papers relating to church school 1856-1947; church histories 1963 and c. 2001"
    "Dedicated to St Ciwg. Ancient parish, out of which was created the parish of Ystalyfera in 1911. Includes St Peter's, Pontardawe (built 1858-1862 by William Parsons, and consecrated 1862) and St Mary's, Ynysmeudwy (built 1913, sponsored originally by Mrs Illtyd Thomas of Glanmor, Swansea, and finished by her daughter, Mrs F. W. Gilbertson). All Saints, Pontardawe, originally built by Arthur Gilbertson in memory of his father William as a chapel of ease in the parish of St John, Clydach in 1886, was transferred to Llangiwg parish in 1903"

Modern Parishes & Chapels of Ease :-

The following Religious Institutions are covered in the Mormon International Genealogical Index (IGI) :-

  • Llangiwg, St. Ciwg - Christenings (BT's), 1813-1866

Description and Travel

You can see pictures of Llangiwg which are provided by:

Places, villages, farms etc within Llangiwg parish  as shown on the online parish map from the CD of   Historic Parishes of England and Wales: an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata [computer file]. (Kain, R.J.P., Oliver, R.R.).  (Extracted by Gareth Hicks)

  • Llangiwg (8); Afon Twrch; Beili glas; Betting; Blaen-egel-fawr; Blaen-nant; Blaen nant-hir; Bryn Cwmllynfell; Brynamman (Lower);  Bryn-llefrith; Bryn-melyn; Carn Lwyd; Crach llwyn; Craig Llangiwg; Cwmgors; Cwmllynfell; Cwm-nant-Hopkin; Cwm-nant-Lleiky; Cwrt-y-bariwns; Fforch-egel Hosp.; Garth; Gellifowy; Gelli-gron; Gelli-lwca-fawr; Gelli-warog; Gilfach-yr-haidd; Godre'r-graig; Gwaun-Cae-Gurwen; Gwaun-Leision; Gwrhyd; Hendre-Forgan; Llangiwg; Llwyn-hen; Mynydd Allt-y-grug;  Mynydd Bach; Mynydd Uchaf; Mynydd-y-Garth; Nant-y-gaseg; Pen-how; Pen-twyn;  Pen-rhiw-fawr; Pen-y-daren; Pen-y-dderi; Pen-y-lan; Penllerfedwen; Pistyll-gwyn; Pontardawe; Rhyd-y-fro;  River Egel; River Tawe; Swansea Canal; Tyle Penlan; Ynys-meudwy; Ystalyfera; Ystrad-Owen

Description of parish from A Topographical Dictionary of Wales (1833) by Samuel Lewis.

Aerial photographs of Penlle'r castell on the People's Collection Wales site (use search box)

Aerial photograph of Brynaman, 2001 - on the People's Collection Wales site

Brynaman - on Wikipedia

See the Picture Gallery on the Cwmgors/Waun site


Transcript of complete name listing for Llangiwg, from Slaters Directory for 1871.

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1910 The data extracted relates to the villages of Lower Brynamman, Cwmgors, Gwauncaegurwen, and Rhydyfro and  Llanguicke parish in general with the exception of Pontardawe and Ystalyfera which have their own sections on the CD .

Kelly's Directory South Wales 1895  for the  'Swansea Valley', this extract covers only the villages of Lower Brynamman, Cwmgors, Gwauncaegurwen, Rhydyfro and Llanguicke parish in general

The Swansea Directory (Purriers) for 1913 -  the complete book is viewable on the Internet Archive  - has  Pontardawe, Clydach, Ystalyfera and Amman Valley trades sections

Kelly's Directory of South Wales 1923 for Llangiwg parish - covers  Lower Brynamman, Cwmgors, Gwauncaegurwen, Rhydyfro, Tairgwaith,Ynysmudw and the parish in general

Emigration and Immigration

Jones, Bill & Dr Huw Walters. On the American Frontiers: Amman Valley Emigrants in Texas, 1879-1880. The Carmarthenshire Antiquary, 37/2001.


See the Local People of Note section of the Cwmgors/Waun site

Historical Geography

You can see the administrative areas in which Llangiwg has been placed at times in the past. Select one to see a link to a map of that particular area.

Some of the hamlets, towns and villages within this parish

  • Allt-y-cham
  • Allt-y-grug
  • Blaenegel
  • Brynaman
  • Bryn cwmllynfell
  • Caegurwen
  • Cilmaengwyn
  • Craigllangiwg
  • Craigynisymedw
  • Cwmgors
  • Cwmllynfell
  • Cwmtwrch


See  the Cwmgors/Waun site

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • W D Williams collection     "Lecture notes, 1923 including notes for a lecture concerning the history of Ystalyfera 1923, notes for a lecture on the old industries of Ystalyfera undated (?1920s) notes for a lecture on the history of the Parish of Llangiwg undated (?1920s) and a notebook recording the contents of other copybooks and notebooks undated (?1920s"


Lewis. Joshua. History of y Gwrhyd, 1897. Index by Gareth Hicks 

Davies, John Henry. The History of Pontardawe and District , 1967. Index by Gareth Hicks. This book has a wide coverage of the parish and outside its borders.

Evans, Hywel Gwyn.  Twenty 20 Memories  Carmarthenshire County Council, 2006.   A collection of personal memories of people who live(d) in the villages of Brynaman, Cefn-bryn-brain, Cwmllynfell, Cwm-twrch, Pant-teg, Rhiw-fawr and Ystradowen          Introduction, Contents listing, and list of photographs

Rees, Enoch. The History of Brynamman 1883 & 1896. (Trans. from the original Welsh by Ivor Griffiths, Gorseinon.) Here is an index for the English version, with contents listing, and an index for the Welsh version, both by Anna Brueton

Thomas, Hugh. THE INDUSTRIALIZATION OF A GLAMORGAN PARISH (Llangiwg). National Library of Wales journal Winter, 1975, Vol XIX/2 . pp 194-208. A complete extract of the first of three articles.

Thomas, Hugh. THE INDUSTRIALIZATION OF A GLAMORGAN PARISH (Llangiwg). National Library of Wales journal Summer,1976, Volume XIX/3.  pp 227-242. A complete extract of the second of three articles.

Thomas, Hugh. THE INDUSTRIALIZATION OF A GLAMORGAN PARISH (Llangiwg). National Library of Wales journal Winter,1976, Volume XIX/4.  pp 345-361. A complete extract of the final of three articles.

Land and Property

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Cilybebyll estate papers   1497-1954       "The Cilybebyll estate was small and compact, made up for the most part of lands in the southern and central parts of the parish of Cilybebyll and neighbouring parts of Blaenhonddan to the west of Alltwen, and farms near Pontardawe in the parishes of Llangiwg and Llangyfelach. The estate also owned Cwmtwrch Farm in Carmarthenshire, near the foot of the Black Mountain. Whereas some estates could boast continuous ownership by one family over several centuries, tenure of the Cilybebyll estate was rather more complicated................................."


This diagram shows the position of this parish within the county of Glamorgan - click on this to see a full size diagram of the county

Glamorgan Parish Map
You can see maps centred on OS grid reference SN724056 (Lat/Lon: 51.734502, -3.849252), Llangiwg which are provided by:


"The Llais Llafur was a weekly newspaper edited, printed and published at Ystalyfera in the upper reaches of the Swansea Valley between 1898 and 1971. ..............With the help of the Heritage Lottery Fund, the Ystradgynlais Family History Society is having the complete run of the newspaper put on to


Abernant Colliery on the Welsh Coal Mines site

See the Coal & Farms sections of the Cwmgors/Waun site


The Population of Llangiwg was as follows, and a more detailed breakdown is available.

1841 - 2,813 1851 - 4,229 1861 - 7,983 1871 - 8,312 1881 - 9,110 1891 - 9,707

Public Records

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Llangiwg Parish Council and Pontardawe Community Council Records         " ....... including minute books, 1894-1897; poor rate books, 1849-1914; vestry minutes, 1855-1887; tithe plan and apportionment, 1842; Pontardawe Community Council videos, 1995"


Schools/Education in  Llangiwg parish - on the Cwmgors/Waun site

Details of extant records on Archives Network Wales for the following;

  • Gwrhyd School  (closed in 1906)                         "Log book, 1890-1906, of Gwrhyd School"  
  • Rhydyfro elementary school  (opened in 1877)         " ..... comprising log book (mixed and infants), 1877-1931; admission register, 1877-1911; centenary booklet, 1977"

Social life and Customs

Walters, Huw. Cynnwrf Canrif : Agweddau Ar Ddiwylliant Gwern.  Cyhoeddiadau Barddas, Abertawe, 2004.  ISBN: 1900437678. Paperback, 372p.
A comprehensive collection of eight interesting and informative essays reflecting various aspects of the rich folk culture of the Aman and other south Wales valleys in the 19th century, written by a thorough researcher. Here is a review of the book by Tegwyn Jones (in Welsh)