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Help and advice for Parkham Church Rate 1674

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Devon Record Office - Exeter Diocesan Records/Moger/Church Rates/[Parkham]

Transcribed by Arthur Dark

This transcript is made available in GENUKI/Devon, on the strict condition
that it is used only for research purposes and not for any commercial enterprise,
by kind permission of the Diocesan Registrar.

Note: The Parkham Poor Rate return of 1640 lists 79 names and the heading above the list contains these words: "authorised one whole year from the 19th April Anno Domini 1640 for this year following, to rate and paye every inhabitant or occupier of land within the said parish of Parkham to be payd monthly as followeth." The Church Rates of 1674 and 1675 contain similarly modest numbers of ratepayers; 45 in 1674 and 49 in 1675. It needs to be borne in mind, however, that the rating lists did not by any means cover all the inhabitants of Parkham, notwithstanding the phrase "all the inhabitants". There is some evidence that the poor, who were excluded from paying rates, constituted a substantial proportion of the population.

In the Hearth Tax Return of 1664 for Parkham, for example, the list of those chargeable for their hearths is mutilated and total numbers impossible to estimate accurately, but there are 38 names clearly readable in the list of those excluded from paying the tax by reason of poverty (none of whom had more than one hearth). The most accurate seventeenth century indicator of the size of the adult male population of Parkham seems to be the Protestation Oath Returns of 1642, which are complete and list 149 males as having subscribed to the Oath, thirteen as being recusants plus the 8 signatures of the parish officers; a total of 170. Multiplying this figure by a very conservative 2.5 (425) to include women and children suggests a bigger population than that which might be implied from rating lists alone and that a substantial proportion was living in poverty.
      s. d.
Item   John Gifford Esq. 11 06
  Item for Bolland 01 06
    Giles Risdon Esq. for Bably Stert ground }    
    Blendolake Beares Downe Melberry } 14 00
    Downe Pames Moor }    
  Item for Hollimore 00 07
    John Baker gent 09 00
    Robert Vigures gent 04 04
    Robert Mill for Mr. Clarkes Tenemt 04 04
    Elizabeth Cleverdon widow 04 08
    John Shapley for the Southern Tenemt 02 06
  Item for the Northern Tenemt 01 06
    William Praunse for Kerswell 02 00
  Item for a tenemt that was Mathew Knells 01 02
  Item For Moor Tenemt 01 04
    Narcissus Hatherly for Stone Tenemt 02 04
  Item For Cabbacot Tenemt 01 08
    Mary Galsworthy for the home Tenemt 02 00
  Item For Herners 01 00
  Item For Waywood and voyd parkes 00 08
  Item For fox Downe 00 06
    John Galsworthy of Cabbacott 01 11
    Robert Hunncott for his home Tenemt 01 10
  Item for pte of Bochum 02 06
  Item for Glasses Tenemt 01 00
  Item for a Tenemt in Broad Parkham 01 06
    John Robins 01 00
    Elizabeth Robins for the home Tenemt 01 03
  Item For the mill 00 10
    Hugh Nicholls 01 00
    The occupiers of Nethercott 01 10
    A Tenemt in Broad Ash called the Kings land 01 00
    Elizabeth Risdon widow 02 03
    Alice Davy 02 06
    John Cleverdon gent for his home Tenemt 01 00
  Item For Mools hill and Mr Lees Justment 00 08
    Richard Robins for Hornes tenemt 02 00
    John Lee for two Tenemt in Stert and one Cottage at Lillivord 02 06
    John Saltern for waytowne 01 03
  Item For A Justment in Worthiat 01 01
  Item For Holliwell 00 09
  Item For Lawford 00 05
    James Smithson for Shountke pke 00 03
    Thomas Cary Clerke for fox Downe 01 03
    William Prance for Gulworthy 01 02
    The Occupiers of Keenes Tenemt 00 11
    William Galsworthy 00 06
    John Glover sen for higher worthiat 01 06
    Jasper Shutt 01 02
    Robert Whitefield for Shebbers Tenemt 00 10
    John Hooper Robert Hooper and Henry Hooper Brothers 01 8
    Grace Berriman wid 01 00
    Thomas Berriman 00 03
    Hester Palmer 00 07
    George Palmer 00 05
    Wilmot Saltern 01 07
    William Southcott 01 06
    Degory Where 00 06
    Thomas Davy 02 00
    Richard Ranger 01 00
    Roger Molland 02 03
    Nathaniell Tardrew for Bakers mill 00 10
    Margaret Bentfield widow 01 04
    William Husband for Mr coffins Tenemt in Worthiat 01 10
    John Haines for Tucking Mill 01 11
  Item for Hore Mill 01 00

Brian Randell, 15 Oct 2011