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Northumberland

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"The most northerly county of England. It lies next to Scotland, on the German Ocean, and is bounded by Durham and Cumberland. It extends about 70 miles in length, and 50 in breadth; and contains 12 market towns, and 460 parishes. The air is not so cold as might be imagined from the latitude in which it lies; and the snow seldom lies long in Northumberland, except on the tops of the hills, some of which are above 2000 feet high. The soil is various; the eastern part being fruitful, having very good wheat and most sorts of corn, with rich meadows on the banks of the rivers; but the western part is generally barren, it being mostly heathy and mountainous. It yields lead; and is one of the most productive and best coal-fields in England. Iron and glass-works are its principal manufactories; and it has some fisheries. This county is well watered by rivers, the principal of which are the Tyne, Tweed, and Coquet. Alnwick is the county-town, but the largest and richest is Newcastle. Population, 250,278. It returns 8 members to parliament." [From Barclay's Complete and Universal English Dictionary, 1842]

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Archives & Libraries

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Bibliography

  • Northumberland - Bibliography - links and information.
  • Churches of Newcastle and Northumberland by Geoffrey Purves  Tempus Publishing  ISBN 9 780752 440712
  • The Old Parish Churches of Northumberland by Mike Salter Folly Publications ISBN 1 871731 30 5
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Census

  • Northumberland Record Office holds copies of Census Returns 1841 - 1891 and provides a useful User Guide 
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Church History

  • Northumberland - Church History - links and information.
  • Churches of Newcastle and Northumberland by Geoffrey Purves  Tempus Publishing  ISBN 9 780752 440712
  • The Old Parish Churches of Northumberland by Mike Salter Folly Publications ISBN 1 871731 30 5
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Church Records

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Correctional Institutions

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Description & Travel

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Directories

  • Northumberland - Directories - links and information.
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Emigration & Immigration

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Gazetteers

  • Search the GENUKI Gazetteer.
    The GENUKI Gazetteer covers the whole of England, Wales and Scotland and can be searched by place-name (or part of a place-name) or Ordnance Survey Grid References (six-figure, eg NZ183848). If there are multiple place-names matching the name you enter, you will initially be presented with a drop-down list of the matching place-names with their distances and bearings from Morpeth, Northumberland.
  • A Northumberland Place-Name Index.
  • The section of The National Gazetteer (1868) relating to the county - transcribed by Colin Hinson.
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History

  • Northumberland - History - links and information.
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Jewish Records

  • Tyne and Wear Archives, User Guide 8 - Records of the Jewish Community. (PDF)  Please note that the consent of the depositor is required for access to these records.
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Maps

  • Northumberland - Maps - links and information.
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Medical Records

  • Tyne and Wear Archives' User Guide 9 "summarises the more important administrative, financial and clinical records of local hospitals, sanatoria and specialised medical institutions. In part 2 it lists records produced by hospital boards and committees, and in parts 3 and 4 details of Medical and Nursing Associations, and personal papers respectively. This guide does not include information about sources for public health".
  • Cholera Inquiry Commission Report 1854. On 31st December 1853 a commission was established to inquire "into the causes which have led to, or have aggravated, the late outbreak of Cholera in the towns of Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Gateshead and Tynemouth." And on 15th July 1854 the commission presented this report.
     
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Military Records

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Names, Personal

  • A list of subscribers to the relief fund which was set up following an accident at Cullercoats in 1848 in which five fishermen were drowned. The list includes many Tyneside businessmen and nobility.
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Newspapers

  • Northumberland - Newspapers - links and information.
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Obituaries

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Occupations

  • Northumberland - Occupations - links and information.
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Poor Houses, Poor Law

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Probate Records

  • Search the North East Inheritance database provided by Durham University. This is a catalogue of pre-1858 wills proved by Durham Diocesan Court - this covers Northumberland (excluding Hexham and Hexhamshire, and Thockrington), Tyne and Wear, Co Durham, Crayke (Yorkshire), Alston (Cumberland) plus Northallerton and some surrounding townships in Yorkshire (known as Allerton and Allertonshire).
  • Pre-1858 wills which were proved at the Consistory Court of Durham are kept at Durham University - Library Archives and Special Collections.
  • A large collection of Copy Wills 1858-1941 are held at Northumberland County Record Office
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Schools

  • The Northern Police Orphanage at St George's House, Otley Road, Harrogate looked after children of police families, mostly from North-East England. It was founded by Catherine Gurney in 1898 and closed in 1956. The first admission was Minnie Smith from Sunderland.
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Social Life & Customs

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Societies

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Statistics

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Taxation

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Voting Registers

  • Tyne and Wear Archives User Guide 17, Voting Records
  • The Northumberland Poll Book of 1826 - Published on CD by S & N Genealogy Supplies. This publication is searchable and gives the full name of the voter, their area of residence, freehold property and the way they voted. (Please note that the Northumberland Poll Book does not include the Borough of Newcastle upon Tyne and that only the property-owning classes were entitled to vote).