The Later Records relating to North Westmorland by John F. Curwen (1932) are available on British History Online
Cumbria County History Trust has published a "Jubilee Digest" for the township of Kirkby Stephen, Kaber , Nateby, Smardale, Waitby, Wharton , Hartley and Winton
Magna Britannica et Hibernia.Volume 6: Westmorland by Thomas Cox (Vicar of Bromfield, Essex) 45 pages, printed in 1731.
Transcription by Sarah Reveley, Joan Fisher and Lisl Schoenwald. (Rootsweb Westmorland Listmembers) (c) 2003
"Kirkby Stephen, a noted Market-Town, situate upon the River Eden. The Market is weekly upon Friday, and the Fairs on St. Mark's Day, and the Morrow after, and another on St. Luke's Day and the Morrow after. Here is a Free-School founded and endowed by the Family of Wharton, of which we shall speak in its Place. Heartley-Castle, another Seat of the Musgraves, more antient than the former at Harcla-Castle. We find nothing material of the Family relating to their Seat here, but this, That Thomas Musgrave of Queens College, Oxford, who was created Doctor of Divinity in 1685, Octob. 10 was Son of Sir Philip Musgrave, Bart. Of this Place, who was a Person of signal Loyalty to King Charles I. in his Troubles. This Doctor became Archdeacon of Carlisle in 1669, was installed Prebendary of Durham, July 12, 1675. as also Prebendary of Chichester, Nov. 10 1681, and at length Dean of Carlisle upon the Promotion of Dr. Thomas Smith to the Episcopal See in 1684. He died in the Beginning of April 1686. The Manor of Hertley, 13 Rich. II was the Estate of Roger Lord Clifford 4th, who died then possessed of it, and left it to his Son and Heir Thomas. Pendragon-Castle, antiently the Possession and Seat of the Lords Clifford; for Robert Lord Clifford died possessed of it 7 Edward II. and leaving it to Roger his Son, then but fifteen Years old, the Custody of this Castle, and some others, was committed by the King, Edw. II. to Guy de Beauchamp, Earl of Warwick, Henry Piercy and Barth. de Bedlesmere. Being of Age, he was drawn into that conspiracy which Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, formed against that King and his Favourites, and being taken Prisoner at Burrowbrigg, was beheaded at York. His Brother Robert, notwithstanding, inherited his Honour and Estate, and left this Castle to his Posterity; for Roger Lord Clifford 4th died seised of it 13 Rich. II. and left it to his son Thomas. It was, when in its Prime, a very strong Building, the Walls being four Yards in Thickness, with Battlements upon them; but Time, and the Neglect of the Owners had brought it to little better, than a great Heap of Stones; but it continued still in the same Family of Cliffords; and about the Year 1660, the most noble Lady Anne Clifford, Countess Dowager of Pembroke, Dorset, and Montgomery, repaired this ancient Habitation of her Ancestors, with three other Castles which she had in this County; and removing frequently from one to the other, kept Hospitality, and so diffused her Charity all over the Country. The river Eden runs close by his Castle on the East-Side, and on the other Sides are great Trenches, which look as if the Founder of it had intended to draw the Water into them, and so encompass it with a Moat; but the Attempt proved ineffectual, which gave an Occasion to an old rhyme used by the People near it. Let Pendragon do what he can, Eden will run, where Eden ran. Wateby, a Moiety of which was the Possession of Roger Lord Clifford 4th, of which he died possessed 13 Rich. II. and left it with many other Estates to Thomas his Heir.
Wharton, whose Manor-house, called Wharton-Hall, hath for many Ages, even before any Records yet discovered, been the Seat of the antient Family of Whartons, and is still their Property. The Family was of great Reputation before it was ennobled; for Richard de Wharton was Knight of the Shire for this County, 5 Hen. V. but otherwise it lay in Obscurity, till the Reign of King Henry VIII. when Sir Thomas Wharton, Knt. being the Governor of the Town and Castle of Carlisle, and Warden of the Marches, being assisted by Sir William Musgrave, put an Army of Scots of Fifteen thousand to flight, only with Three hundred Men; who appearing on a Sudden upon them, they supposed the Duke of Norfolk at hand with a great Army, and fled. This Victory was gained at a Place near Carlisle, called Solem-mosse. King Henry was so much pleased with his surprising Conduct, that he made him a Baron (says Cambden); but Dugdale tells us, that it was King Edw. VI. advanced him to that Honour, and for that, and some other signal Services, granted him an Augmentation to his paternal Coat of Arms, viz. a Border engrailed, Or, charged with Legs of Lions in Saltire, Gules, armed, Azure. He was succeeded in his Honour by Thomas his Son, who being forty-eight Years of Age at his Father's Death, did not survive him long, but left a Son for his Successor, viz. Philip, Lord Wharton, who by Frances, the Daughter of Henry, Earl of Cumberland, had two sons, George and Thomas, but both of them dying in his Lifetime, George without Heirs, and Thomas married to Philadelphia, the Daughter of Robert, Earl of Monmouth. He had by her two Sons, Philip and Thomas, of whom Philip succeeded his Grandfather, Anno 1625, but was not of Age, till Anno 1634. He had three Wives, but by the Second, Jane, Daughter of Arthur Gooding of Upper Winchenden in Buckinghamshire had Issue, Thomas Lord Wharton, who being one of the first of the Noblemen that went over to the Prince of Orange at the Revolution, was, as soon as the Prince was settled on the Throne, made Comptroller or his Majesty's Houshold, and sworn of his Privy Council, and after made Lord Lieutenant of this County. In the Reign of Queen ANNE, Anno 5. He was created Viscount Winchendon, and Earl of Wharton; and in 1715, Marquis, by King George I. In 1709, he was sent Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. He had by his second Wife, the Daughter of Adam Loftus, named Lucy, then Baron Lisburn in Ireland, his Son and Successor in Honour and Estate, Philip, whom his Majesty K. George I. created Duke of Wharton. He hath married the Daughter of Lieutenant General Holmes, and is now living, but hath been for some Time in foreign Parts, and is said to have changed his Religion. Wynton, a Manor belonging to the Barony of Appleby, which was given by King John, Reg. 4. to Robert de Vipont, at first during Pleasure only, but afterwards to him and his Heirs by Idonea his Wife, Daughter and Heir of John de Buefli, Lord of Tickhill. In his Family it continued, till his Descendant, Robert de Vipont, joining with Montfort, Earl of Leicester, took up Arms against King Henry III. Reg. 49. and being slain in the Battle of Evesham, forfeited his Lands and Estates to the Crown; whereupon that King gave them to Roger Clifford and Roger de Leybourne, for their laudable Services at that Time performed, together with the Custody of his two Daughters and Coheirs, Isabel and Idonea; who being after married to the said Rogers, the King remitted to them their Father's Forfeiture, and so their Heirs inherited them. This Lordship, upon the Division, came to Roger Lord Clifford, and his Son Robert dying possessed of it 7 Edw. II. this Manor, with some other Estates, was assigned to Maud his Widow for her Dowry, and after her Decease passed to her Son Roger, whose Descendants enjoyed it divers Successions; for Roger Lord Clifford 4th died possessed of it 13 Rich. II. And left it to his Son Thomas, Ec."