There are three main land divisions of each Ireland county other than townlands: baronies, civil parishes and poor law unions.  While the townland is the smallest and most ancient of Irish land division, it is also important to identify what other land divisions the town land belongs to when doing genealogical research in Ireland since all main records are organized by at least one of these divisions.  Another division are dioceses--originating in the 10th century by three ecclesiastical synods who imposed the organization of four provinces (Armagh, Cashel, Dublin, Tuam) each headed by an archbishop.  These diocesan boundaries have remained virutally constant to the present day and are in uses by both the Catholic and Anglican Churches.  In 1834 the dioceses of the Church of Ireland were reduced to two (Armagh, Dublin). Diocese's  boundaries have little or no relationship to the boundaries of the counties.




Baronies and counties became established in the government land surveys of the 17th century.  There were 331 baronies in Ireland and they reflected the holdings of the Irish clans.  They are now obsolete but were used widely in the 19th century. (click on barony to find townlands, civil parishes and PLUs in barony)




Under the Poor Relief Act, 1838, Ireland was divided into districts, called unions, in which the local rateable inhabitants were to be financially responsible for the care of all paupers in their areas.  The unions, which could be in more than one county, were usually centered on a large market town.  In 1850, there were 163 unions in Ireland.  In 1898 the poor law union became the basic administrative land division replacing baronies and civil parishes.  The country was then divided into 829 registration districts and 3,751 electoral divisions.  Townlands are now arranged according to the unions.  The old civil parishes and baronies are kept only as a way to make comparisons with records from before 1898.



  • Michelstown
  • Newcastle
  • Tipperary
  • Rathkeale



From the 17th century, the civil parishes were based on the early Christian and medieval monastic and church settlements.  They were used widely for various surveys.  By the 19th century the boundaries of the the civil parishes was well established.  As the population grew, however, new parishes were created by either subdividing larger ones or by moving townlands from nearby parishes.  The civil parish basically covered the same area as the Church of Ireland.  On the other hand, the Roman Catholic Church, due to the Reformation of the 16th century, had to adapt itself to a new structure centered on towns and villages.  There were 2,508 civil parishes in all of Ireland.  They do not respect either barony or county lines. The civil parishes are the basic geographical units used for the Griffiths Valuation (1851-52), Tithe Applotment (1823-38), tax records, censuses, etc.  They have about the same boundaries as the parishes for the Church of Ireland but different from the parishes of the Catholic Church. 



Civil Parish Barony PLU
Abbeyfeale Glenquin Newcastle
Abington Clanwilliam Limerick
Abington Owneybeg Limerick
Adare Connello Upper Rathkeale
Adare Coshma Croom
Adare Kenry Croom
Adare Kenry Rathkeale
Aglishcormick Clanwilliam Limerick
Aglishcormick Coonagh Tipperary
Anhid Coshma Croom
Ardagh Glenquin Newcastle
Ardagh Shanid Newcastle
Ardagh Shanid Rathkeale
Ardcanny Kenry Rathkeale
Ardpatrick Coshlea Kilmallock
Askeaton Connello Lower Rathkeale
Athlacca Coshlea Kilmallock
Athlacca Coshma Croom
Athlacca Coshma Kilmallock
Athneasy Coshlea Kilmallock
Athneasy Smallcounty Kilmallock
Ballinard Smallcounty Kilmallock
Ballingaddy Coshlea Kilmallock
Ballingarry Connello Upper Croom
Ballingarry Connello Upper Newcastle
Ballingarry Coshlea Kilmallock
Ballinlough Smallcounty Kilmallock
Ballybrood Clanwilliam Limerick
Ballycahane Pubblebrien Croom
Ballycahane Smallcounty Croom
Ballylanders Coshlea Mitchelstown
Ballynaclogh Coonagh Tipperary
Ballynamona Smallcounty Kilmallock
Ballyscaddan Coshlea Kilmallock
Bruff Coshma Kilmallock
Bruree Connello Upper Kilmallock
Bruree Coshma Kilmallock
Caheravally Clanwilliam Limerick
Caherconlish Clanwilliam Limerick
Cahercorney Smallcounty Kilmallock
Caherelly Clanwilliam Limerick
Cahernarry Clanwilliam Limerick
Cappagh Connello Lower Rathkeale
Carrigparson Clanwilliam Limerick
Castletown Coonagh Tipperary
Chapelrussell Kenry Rathkeale
Clonagh Connello Lower Glin
Clonagh Connello Lower Rathkeale
Cloncagh Connello Upper Newcastle
Cloncrew Connello Upper Newcastle
Clonelty Glenquin Newcastle
Clonelty Glenquin Rathkeale
Clonkeen Clanwilliam Limerick
Clonshire Connello Lower Rathkeale
Colmanswell Connello Lower Kilmallock
Colmanswell Connello Upper Kilmallock
Corcomohide Connello Lower Croom
Corcomohide Connello Upper Croom
Corcomohide Connello Upper Kilmallock
Crecora Pubblebrien Croom
Crecora Pubblebrien Limerick
Croagh Connello Lower Rathkeale
Croom Connello Upper Croom
Croom Coshma Croom
Croom Pubblebrien Croom
Croom Pubblebrien Limerick
Darragh Coshlea Kilmallock
Derrygalvin Clanwilliam Limerick
Donaghmore Clanwilliam Limerick
Doon Coonagh Limerick
Doon Coonagh Tipperary
Doon Owneybeg Limerick
Doondonnell Connello Lower Rathkeale
Drehidtarsna Connello Upper Rathkeale
Drehidtarsna Coshma Croom
Drehidtarsna Coshma Rathkeale
Dromcolliher Connello Upper Newcastle
Dromin Coshma Kilmallock
Dromkeen Clanwilliam Limerick
Dunmoylan Shanid Glin
Dunmoylan Shanid Newcastle
Dunmoylan Shanid Rathkeale
Dysert Coshma Croom
Effin Coshlea Kilmallock
Effin Coshma Kilmallock
Emlygrennan Coshlea Kilmallock
Fedamore Clanwilliam Limerick
Fedamore Smallcounty Croom
Fedamore Smallcounty Limerick
Galbally Coshlea Mitchelstown
Glenogra Smallcounty Croom
Grange Glenquin Newcastle
Grean Clanwilliam Limerick
Grean Clanwilliam Tipperary
Grean Coonagh Limerick
Grean Coonagh Tipperary
Hackmys Coshma Kilmallock
Hospital Smallcounty Kilmallock
Inch St. Lawrence Clanwilliam Limerick
Iveruss Kenry Rathkeale
Kilbeheny Coshlea Mitchelstown
Kilbolane Connello Upper Newcastle
Kilbradran Connello Lower Rathkeale
Kilbradran Shanid Glin
Kilbradran Shanid Rathkeale
Kilbreedy Major Coshlea Kilmallock
Kilbreedy Major Smallcounty Kilmallock
Kilbreedy Minor Coshma Kilmallock
Kilcolman Shanid Glin
Kilcolman Shanid Newcastle
Kilcorcoran Kenry Rathkeale
Kilcornan Kenry Rathkeale
Kilcullane Smallcounty Kilmallock
Kildimo Kenry Croom
Kildimo Kenry Rathkeale
Kilfergus Shanid Glin
Kilfinnane Coshlea Kilmallock
Kilfinny Connello Upper Croom
Kilfinny Connello Upper Rathkeale
Kilflyn Coshlea Kilmallock
Kilfrush Smallcounty Kilmallock
Kilkeedy Pubblebrien Limerick
Killagholehane Glenquin Newcastle
Killeedy Glenquin Kanturk
Killeedy Glenquin Newcastle
Killeedy Pubblebrien Limerick
Killeely Limerick Limerick
Killeely Pubblebrien Limerick
Killeely Pubblebrien & Limerick Limerick
Killeenagarriff Clanwilliam Limerick
Killeenoghty Coshma Croom
Killeenoghty Pubblebrien Croom
Killonahan Coshma Croom
Killonahan Pubblebrien Croom
Killonahan Pubblebrien Limerick
Kilmeedy Connello Upper Croom
Kilmeedy Connello Upper Newcastle
Kilmoylan Shanid Glin
Kilmoylan Shanid Rathkeale
Kilmurry Clanwilliam Limerick
Kilpeacon Pubblebrien Croom
Kilpeacon Smallcounty Croom
Kilquane Coshlea Kilmallock
Kilscannell Connello Lower Rathkeale
Kilteely Coonagh Kilmallock
Kilteely Coonagh Tipperary
Kilteely Smallcounty Kilmallock
Knockainy Smallcounty Kilmallock
Knocklong Coshlea Kilmallock
Knocknagaul Pubblebrien Limerick
Lismakeery Connello Lower Rathkeale
Lismakeery Connello Lower Roscrea
Loghill Shanid Glin
Ludden Clanwilliam Limerick
Mahoonagh Glenquin Newcastle
Monagay Glenquin Newcastle
Monasteranenagh Coshma Croom
Monasteranenagh Pubblebrien Croom
Monasteranenagh Smallcounty Croom
Monasteranenagh Smallcounty Kilmallock
Morgans Connello Lower Rathkeale
Mungret Pubblebrien Limerick
Nantinan Connello Lower Rathkeale
Nantinan Connello Upper Rathkeale
Nantinan Shanid Glin
Newcastle Glenquin Newcastle
Newcastle Shanid Newcastle
Oola Coonagh Tipperary
Particles Coshlea Kilmallock
Rathjordan Clanwilliam Limerick
Rathkeale Connello Lower Croom
Rathkeale Connello Lower Rathkeale
Rathkeale Connello Upper Rathkeale
Rathronan Shanid Glin
Rathronan Shanid Newcastle
Rathronan Shanid Rathkeale
Robertstown Shanid Glin
Robertstown Shanid Rathkeale
Rochestown Clanwilliam Limerick
Shanagolden Shanid Glin
Shanagolden Shanid Rathkeale
St. John's Clanwilliam and Limerick Limerick
St. John's Limerick City Limerick
St. Laurence's Clanwilliam and Limerick Limerick
St. Lawrence's Clanwilliam Limerick
St. Lawrence's Limerick City Limerick
St. Mary's Limerick City Limerick
St. Michael's Limerick City Limerick
St. Michael's Pubblebrien Limerick
St. Munchin's Limerick City Limerick
St. Munchin's Pubblebrien Limerick
St. Munchin's Pubblebrien and Limerick Limerick
St. Nicholas Clanwilliam Limerick
St. Nicholas Clanwilliam and Limerick Limerick
St. Nicholas Limerick City Limerick
St. Nicholas Pubblebrien and Limerick Limerick
St. Patrick's Clanwilliam Limerick
St. Patrick's Clanwilliam and Limerick Limerick
St. Patrick's Limerick City Limerick
St. Peter's & St. Paul's Kilmallock Kilmallock
Stradbally Clanwilliam Limerick
Tankardstown Coshma Kilmallock
Templebredon Coonagh Tipperary
Tomdeely Connello Lower Rathkeale
Tullabracky Coshma Croom
Tullabracky Coshma Kilmallock
Tullabracky Smallcounty Croom
Tuogh Owneybeg Limerick
Tuoghcluggin Coonagh Tipperary
Uregare Coshma Kilmallock
Uregare Smallcounty Kilmallock