This village and parish is twelve miles north-north-east of Sleaford and 14 miles south-east of Lincoln. The parish is a long, narrow structure, generally one mile wide and six miles long, running east to west. The parish was formed on 1 August 1882 from a portion of Timberland parish. Timberland parish lies to the south and Blankney parish to the north. The Car Dyke forms the eastern border. The parish covers some 3,780 acres of Fen and black moorland.
The village of Martin was in ancient times known as Merton. Long a township in Timberland parish, this status changed after a surge in population in the mid 1800's. The local Anglican Church was built and the village became the center of the new parish of Martin. The older town of Martin near Horncastle was renamed Martin Dales by the railways to differentiate the two. If you are planning a visit:
You can either take the B1191 arterial road west out of Horncastle and pass through Woodhall Spa, or you can take the B1191 off of the A15 north of Sleaford and pass through Scopwick.
The name Martin is Old English mere+tun, or "farmstead near a pool". In the 12th century, the village name is recorded as Martona. It is also often listed as Merton in older records, relecting Old English origins of the name. [A. D. Mills, "A Dictionary of English Place-Names," Oxford University Press, 1991]
This place was an ancient township in Timberland parish in county Lincoln.
The Civil Parish, as such, is a relatively recent political entity. For centuries, until the late 1800s, it was simply a township in Timberland parish. In December, 1866, it was formed as a modern Civil Parish.
The parish was in the first division of the ancient Langoe Wapentake in the North Kesteven division of the county, in the parts of Kesteven.
The first school in this village was founded in 1753 by Mrs. Mary KING who endowed it with 33 acres of land for revenue. The school was rebuilt in 1842 and converted into a Public Elementary School. It was enlarged in 1874. Enlarged again in 1898, it was renovated in 1912 to hold up to 130 children.