[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868]
by Colin Hinson ©2013
"UPWELL, a parish, partly in the hundred of Wisbech, Isle of Ely, county Cambridge, and partly in that of Clackclose, county Norfolk, 6½ miles south-east of Wisbech, its post town, and 95 from London. The village, which is extensive, was formerly a market town, and in 1861 had a population of 4,783. It is intersected by the river Nene, the houses extending along its banks nearly to Outwell and Welney. The parish includes the chapelry of Welney, which lies in the cultivated fens of the Great Bedford level. In this part of the parish was a Gilbertine priory, founded in the reign of King John as a cell to the priory of Sempringham, and which at the Dissolution was valued at £13 6s. Id. There was another small religious house at Mirmound, founded in the reign of Richard I. The land has been greatly improved within the present century, and flax grounds are abundant. In 1826 a suspension bridge was erected over the Hundred hoot river. The living is a rectory* with the curacy of Welney annexed, in the diocese of Norwich, value £3,058. The church is dedicated to St. Peter. It contains two brasses of priests, bearing date from 1435, several monuments, an east window, and carved pulpit. The church stands in the county of Norfolk. The parochial charities produce about £346 per annum, which go towards the repair of the church, the support of the poor, &c. There are a free school for both sexes, and chapels for the Wesleyans, Baptists, and Primitive Methodists. 0. W. Townsend is lord of the manor and principal landowner. A plea-fair is held on 30th June."
"WELNEY, a chapelry in the parish of Upwell, partly in the hundred of Clackclose, county Norfolk, and partly in that of Wisbech, Isle of Ely, county Cambridge, 10 miles south-west of Downham-Market. It is situated in the Bedford Level, on the river Welney."
[Transcribed and edited information from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland - 1868]