On Barum tobacco pipes and North Devon clays

Trans Devon. Assoc. vol. 22 (1890) pp. 317-323.


T.M. Hall

Prepared by Michael Steer

It has been claimed that there is no finer dating tool in post-medieval contexts than the humble clay pipe. A Peter Stevens was apprenticed as a pipe-maker in Barnstaple in 1647 and bowls dating to c.1670 with the initials PS on the base of the spur have been found. One of the most common Barnstaple marks is 'Barum' found on flat-heeled spurs of bowls. These have turned up in Plymouth in a deposit sealed c. 1740 and as far afield as Worcester and in excavations of early New England sites. Google with the Archive Organization has sponsored the digitisation of books from several libraries. The Internet Archive makes available, in its Community Texts Collection (originally known as Open Source Books), books that have been digitised by Google from a number of libraries. These are books on which copyright has expired, and are available free for educational and research use. This rare book was produced from a copy held by the University of Michigan Library, and is available from the Internet Archive.

Brannam, Mr C H 320-1
Chanter, Mr J R 320
Crosse, Diana 319
De la Beche 322
Drake, Sir Francis 317
Fishley, Mr 321
Gribble 317, 319
Hawkins, Sir John 317
Hiern, Mr W P 320
Jewitt, Mr 317, 319
Lauder, Mr 320
Maw, Mr George FGS 320-1
Polwhele 321
Raleigh, Sir Walter 317
Smith, Mr 320
Strong 319
Thorne 320
Tribble, Edward 319
Ussher, Mr 322
Wallis, Mr A 318