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Norfolk: Swainsthorpe

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William White's History, Gazetteer, and Directory of Norfolk 1883

[Transcription copyright © Pat Newby]

SWAINSTHORPE, 5½ miles S. by W. of Norwich, is a parish having a station on the Great Eastern Railway, and is in Henstead union, Humbleyard hundred, Norwich county court district and bankruptcy court district, Norwich polling district of South Norfolk, Humbleyard rural deanery, Norfolk archdeaconry, and gives name to a petty sessional division. The parish had 291 inhabitants in 1881, and comprises 821 acres of land. The rateable value is £1758. Henstead Union Workhouse, which is in this parish, had 91 paupers in 1881. F.W.K. Long, Esq., is owner of the soil, and lord of the two manors.

The CHURCH (St. Peter) consists of nave, chancel, north aisle, and large porch. The tower contains three bells, and is round at the base and octagonal above. The windows of the aisle are lancet-shaped, but most of the others are of the Perpendicular period, though evidently of much later date than the walls. The porch has Early English windows, and contains a stoup. The roof of the church is supported by well-carved spandrels, and has eight figures of angels on the hammer-beams. The corbels are also carved. Here are marble tablets of the Dearsley and Rump families, and a brass to Captain Havers, who served Queen Elizabeth, and died in 1628.

F.W.K. Long, Esq., is patron of the rectory, valued in the King's Book at £12 13s. 4d., and now at £627, with that of Newton Flotman annexed to it, in the incumbency of the Rev. Henry C. Long, B.A. The rectory-house is at Newton, and the tithes of Swainsthorpe have been commuted for £250 a year.

Here was formerly another church, dedicated to St. Mary, but it was demolished at the Reformation, and its site is now occupied by a small round building.

The poor have £2 a year left by John Pye, in 1697. The cottagers have pasturage on a common of 16 acres, by paying 7s. a year each for repairing the fences.

The National School is supported by subscription, and attended by about 50 children.

PETTY SESSIONS are now held at the Union every first and third Friday in the month for Swainsthorpe division (see page 35 [which is the entry for the Norfolk Petty Sessional Divisions, showing the parishes in this division]).

HENSTEAD UNION comprises 37 parishes, and extends over an area of 65 square miles, and had 10,636 inhabitants in 1881. The average annual expenditure of the 37 parishes from 1832 to 1835 was £10,231. In 1838 it was £8880; in 1839, £6931; in 1840, £5118; in 1842, £4784; and for the year ended Lady Day 1883, £4421. The UNION WORKHOUSE is at Swainsthorpe, in Humbleyard Hundred, and was built in 1835, at a cost of £6200, and was enlarged in 1858. It has room for 250 inmates. (For union officers, &c., see 'Additions and Corrections.')

The following enumeration of the parishes in the union shows their territorial extent, their population and inhabited houses in 1881, and present rateable value.

Parish Acres Population Rateable
Value
  £ s. d.
Arminghall     650     120 1,460   5 0
Bixley     760     160 1,434 10 0
Bracon Ash     974     282 1,657   8 0
Bramerton     728     249 1,799   0 0
Caistor St. Edmund  1,044     143 1,555   0 0
Colney     948       95 1,266   0 0
Cringleford     980     225 2,150   0 0
Dunston     616       73 1,247 15 0
East Carlton  1,213     284 1,995   0 0
Flordon     929     178 1,719   5 0
Framingham Earl     560     139    926 10 0
Framingham Pigot     608     234 1,468 10 0
Hethel  1,428     149 1,946   5 0
Hetherssett [sic]  2,674  1,123 6,236   5 0
Holverstone     480       18    533   2 6
Intwood     617       35 1,439 15 0
Keswick     729     148 1,744 15 0
Ketteringham  1,680     210 3,051   5 0
Kirby Bedon     625     269 2,457 15 0
Markshall  2,280       54 1,173   5 0
Great Melton  2,485     311 3,683   5 0
Little Melton     671     357 1,417   0 0
Mulbarton  1,348     518 2,715 15 0
Newton Flotman  1,173     284 2,307   0 0
Great (or East) Poringland   }          
Little (or West) Poringland   }  1,740     471 2,263 13 9
Rockland, St. Mary  1,360     442 2,438 10 0
Saxlingham Nethergate }       529 2,745   7 6
Saxlinghamthorpe         }  2,111     146    971   0 0
Shottesham All Saints                       }       379 2,374   5 0
Shottesham St. Mary and St. Martin }  3,544     316 2,935   5 0
Stoke Holy Cross  1,659     414 2,933   0 0
Surlingham  1,767     486 2,689   0 0
Swainsthorpe (W.)     821     291 1,758   5 0
Swardeston     933     339 1,910   2 0
Trowse Newton (civil)  1,153     610 3,205   5 0
Whitlingham     542       70   638   0 0
Wremingham [sic]  1,528     485 2,584   0 0
 
Total 31,058     ---     ---

POST OFFICE at Thos. Andrews'. Letters viâ Norwich and Stoke Holy Cross arrive at 7.30 a.m., despatched at 5 p.m. Mulbarton is nearest Money Order and Norwich nearest Telegraph Office.

         Andrews     Thomas           shopkeeper and sub-postmaster         Baxter      Mrs Sarah        butcher         Brandford   Ezra             farmer and victualler, Dun Cow         Brown       Anthony          blacksmith         Canham      William Herbert  stationmstr         Carpenter   Robert           (C. & Williamson); h Fern hill         Carpenter &                  brick and tile manufacturers, and          Williamson                    corn and coal merchants and                                        farmers, and at Wymondham         Catchpole   James            wheelwright         Godfrey     John Chas.       relieving officer and registrar                       Filbee           of births, deaths, and marriages         Mutimer     George           farmer, Rookery fm         Mutimer     George Hy.       farmer, Hall fm         Raven       Benjamin         farmer, Church fm         Sandal      Miss Catherine                       Mary           schoolmistress         Sanders     Mrs Eliza        matron of workho         Sanders     James Stephen    master of workhouse and superintendent                                        registrar of births, deaths &                                        mariges [sic]         Savory      John William     farmer         Smith       Charles          shoemaker         Swan        Mrs Eliza Jane   schoolmistress at workhouse         Utting      William          shopkeeper         Waller      Enoch            parish clerk for Swainsthorpe and                                        Dunston; h Dunston 

CARRIERS from Pulham and Stratton St. Mary pass through to Norwich on Mon., Wed., and Sat.


From ADDITIONS AND CORRECTIONS on pages 13-16:

Henstead Union.
The expenditure of the union for the year ended Lady Day, 1883, was £4421. Elward [sic] Palgrave Simpson, Esq., of Norwich, is union clerk; chaplain, Rev. F. Cavell, of Swardeston; master of workhouse and superintendent registrar, James Stephens Sanders; matron, Mrs. Eliza Sanders; relieving officer and registrar of births and deaths for Henstead district, William Henry Lockwood, Poringland, near Norwich; relieving officer and registrar of births and deaths for Humbleyard district, John Charles F. Godfrey, Mulbarton, near Norwich; schoolmistress of workhouse, Mrs. Jane Swann. The union surgeons are - 1st district, T.W. Richardson; 2nd district, Robert I. Mills, both of Norwich; 3rd district, George Lowe, of Wymondham; 4th district, F.W. Merry (Shotesham, near Norwich).

Petty sessions for the Swainsthorpe division are held at the workhouse on the first and third Friday in each month at 11 a.m.; clerk to the magistrates, E.P. Simpson.


See also the Swainsthorpe parish page.

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Copyright © Pat Newby.
December 2008