Ellesmere

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"ELLESMERE, a parish and market town, partly in the Ellesmere division of the hundred of Pimhill, and partly in the hundred of Maylor, in the county of Salop and county Flint, 6 miles N.E. of the Whittington station on the Shrewsbury and Chester railway, 16 N.W. of Shrewsbury, and 169 from London. It is situated on the Ellesmere canal, near the celebrated lake or mere anciently called Aels mere, from which it derives its name. The parish includes a large number of townships, of which Colemere, Cockshutt, Dudleston, and Penley are the principal  ... More"[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868 by Colin Hinson ©2015]

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Gazetteers

Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868 by Colin Hinson ©2015

"ELLESMERE, a parish and market town, partly in the Ellesmere division of the hundred of Pimhill, and partly in the hundred of Maylor, in the county of Salop and county Flint, 6 miles N.E. of the Whittington station on the Shrewsbury and Chester railway, 16 N.W. of Shrewsbury, and 169 from London. It is situated on the Ellesmere canal, near the celebrated lake or mere anciently called Aels mere, from which it derives its name. The parish includes a large number of townships, of which Colemere, Cockshutt, Dudleston, and Penley are the principal. According to the Domesday Survey it appears to have belonged to Earl Roger, and afterwards, in the reign of Edward III., was bestowed upon the Lestranges, and from them came to the families of Kynaston, Stanley, and ultimately to the Egertons, to whom it gives the title of earl. There was a castle here, the possession of which was frequently contested by the English and Welsh chiefs; of this there are no remains, the site is used as a bowling-green, and from it there is a magnificent view over nine or ten counties. In addition to the larger lake, which is bordered on one side by the town, and on the other by the grounds of Oakley Park, there are six small ones, varying in extent from 50 to 120 acres. The neighbourhood abounds with various species of ferns and mosses. The town does not present any particular appearance of antiquity; it is well paved, clean, lighted with gas, and the houses tolerably well built. It has a market-place, in which is situated the townhall, a substantial edifice of brick faced with freestone. The principal employments are malting, iron and brass founding (both extensively carried en), and tanning. There are also stocking makers and flax spinners. The Ellesmere canal, with its several branches, affords great facilities for the transmission of goods to all parts of the country. It unites the Severn, the Dee, and the Mersey, forming a line of navigation from Liverpool to Bristol, and opens a communication with North Wales. Petty sessions are held hereon the first Monday in every month, and it is a polling-place for the northern division of the county. The government of affairs is vested in two bailiffs, chosen annually. There is a mechanics' institution, with a good library. At a short distance from the town, near the margin of the lake, is the house of industry for the Ellesmere Poor-law Union, which comprises nine parishes or places in the county of Salop, and the like number in the county of Flint. The living is a vicarage* in the diocese of Lichfield, value £386. The parish church, dedicated to St. Mary, is a commodious structure of ancient date, but has recently undergone extensive repairs. It is in the form of a cross, with a lofty embattled tower, crowned with pinnacles, and containing a clock and a peal of eight bells. On the S. of the chancel is a chapel, containing monuments of the Kynastons, the ceiling of which is elaborately groined. There are also the following district churches, the livings of which are perpetual curacies, and in the patronage of the vicar, viz. Cockshutt, value £86; Dudleston, value £238; and PenIcy, value £105. The parochial charities produce about £115 per annum, £23 of which is for school purposes. The Independents, Wesleyans, and Primitive Methodists have each a chapel. There are National schools for both sexes, and a school for instructing youth in the higher branches of education. Earl Brownlow is lord of the manor. Tuesday is the market day for corn, butter, cheese, and poultry. Fairs are held on the Tuesday preceding the first Wednesday in each month, for horses, cattle, and live stock."[Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868 by Colin Hinson ©2015]

Transcribed from The National Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland 1868 by Colin Hinson ©2015

  • " BIRCH, a township joined with Lythe, in the parish of Ellesmere, hundred of Pimhill, in the county of Salop, not far from Ellesmere."
  • " COCKSHUTT, a township with Crosemere, in the parish of Ellesmere, in the county of Salop, 4½ miles S.E. of Ellesmere. The living is a perpetual curacy in the diocese of Lichfield, value £86, in the patronage of the Vicar of Ellesmere."
  • " COED-Y-RALTH, a township in the chapelry of Dudleston and parish of Ellesmere, in the county of Salop, 3 miles N.W. of Ellesmere."
  • " COLEMERE, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, in the county of Salop, 2 miles S.E. of Ellesmere."
  • " COPTIVINNEY, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, in the county of Salop, 1 mile N. of Ellesmere."
  • " CRICKETT, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, in the county of Salop, 2 miles W. of Ellesmere."
  • " CRIFTINS, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, in the county of Salop."
  • " CROSEMERE, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, in the county of Salop, 3 miles S.E. of Ellesmere. It is situated near the Crose Mere, or lake, and is joined to Cockshutt."
  • " DUDLESTONE, a chapelry in the parish of Ellesmere, hundred of Pimhill, in the county of Salop, 3 miles N.W. of Ellesmere, and 5 S. of Overton. Chirk is its post town. It is situated on the river Dee, and contains the hamlets of Coedyralth and Pentrecoed. The living is a perpetual curacy in the diocese of Lichfield, value £238, in the patronage of the Vicar of Ellesmere. The church, dedicated to St. Mary, is a stone structure in the Gothic style of architecture, with tower. In the churchyard are some old yew-trees and a cross. The charities amount to £40 per annum. The Wesleyans, Primitive Methodists, and Wesleyan Association Methodists have each a chapel. There are three schools-two National, and one endowed-for both sexes. Edward Morrall, Esq., is lord of the manor."
  • " EASTWICK, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 1 mile from Ellesmere."
  • " ELSON, a township united with Greenhill, in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 2 miles N.W. of Ellesmere."
  • " FRANKTON, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, hundred of Pimhill, county Salop, 4 miles S.E. of Ellesmere."
  • " GREENHILL, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, hundred of Pimhill, county Salop, 1½ mile N.W. of Ellesmere. It is united with Elson."
  • " HAMPTON'S WOOD, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, hundred of Pimhill, county Salop, 14 miles N.W. of Shrewsbury."
  • " HARDWICK, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 2 miles W. of Ellesmere. It is a meet for the Wynnstay hounds. Hardwick House is the seat of Sir J. R. Kynaston, Bart."
  • " KENWICK, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 3 miles S.E. of Ellesmere. It is united with Stockett and Whettall."
  • " KENWICKS PARK and KENWICKS WOOD, townships in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 4 miles S. of Ellesmere."
  • " KILHENDRE, a hamlet in the parish of Ellesmere, hundred of Pimhill, county Salop, 4 miles N.W. of Ellesmere, and 18 from Shrewsbury."
  • " LEE, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 1 mile S. of Ellesmere."
  • " LYNEAL, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 3 miles S.E. of the town of Ellesmere."
  • " LYTHE, a township united with Birch, in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 1 mile S.E. Of the town of Ellesmere. The Ellesmere canal passes through the township Lythe Hall is the principal residence."
  • " NEW MARTON, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 4 miles W. of Ellesmere. " NEWNES, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, near Ellesmere."
  • " NEWTON WITH OTELEY, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 2 miles E. of Ellesmere."
  • " NORTHWOOD, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 2 miles N. of Ellesmere."
  • " OTELEY, a hamlet in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 1 mile S.E. of Ellesmere. It is situated on the Ellesmere canal, and forms, with Newton and Spoonhill, a township."
  • " PENTRECOED, a township in the chapelry of Dudleston, parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 3 miles W. by N. of Ellesmere."
  • " RIDGES, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 3 miles S.W. of Ellesmere, near the Ellesmere canal."
  • " SPOONHILL, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, near Ellesmere. It is in conjunction with Oteley. Spoonhill House is a meet for the United Pack hounds."
  • " STOCKETT, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 3 miles S. of Ellesmere. It is joined with Kenwick."
  • " STOCKS WITH COPTIVINNEY, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 1 mile N.E. of Ellesmere."
  • " TETCHILL, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 1 mile S.W. of Ellesmere, near the canal."
  • " TRENCH, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 2 miles N.W. of Ellesmere. At Trench Crossing is a station on the Shropshire Union railway."
  • " WHETTALL, a township in the parish of Ellesmere, county Salop, 3 miles S.E. of Ellesmere. It is joined with Kenwick."

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Historical Geography

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