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The West in English History

By A.L. Rowse

London: Hodder and Stoughton (1949)

Indexed by Michael Steer

The book presents eighteen essays, each one a chapter. The essays were originally broadcast as a series by BBC Western Region. At the time of the broadcasts, the population of the western peninsula of England was approximately four million. The aim of the series was to reflect the life, achievements and history of the West Country, as a region of great diversity. The book's foreword points out that the West Country "bears the marks of Mediterranean, Celtic, Roman, West Saxon and Norman influences". These are apparent in "its earthworks, mines, castles and cathedrals. It was the birthplace of metalliferous mining and in more recent times of the factory system. It has played a leading part in England's maritime history, and in England's emergence as a united nation".

Contents

Foreword 5
Editor's Note 9
Introductory 11
The Romans in the South-West 21
Alfred of Wessex 19
The Norman Conquest in the West 37
The Monasteries of the West 45
The Making of the Landscape 57
Tudor Cornwall 67
The Western Sea 75
The Civil War in the West 83
The Road from the West 93
Monmouth's Rebellion 105
Cloth-making in the West 117
Bristol and the Slave Trade 127
The Culture of 18th Century Bath 135
Cobbett Rides West 145
The Industrial Revolution in Cornwall 153
Victorian Provincial Life 165
The West in English History 177
List of Books 187

Names
Abbott, Michael of Honiton    110
Acland family    180
Aldhelm, Saint    34, 47-8
Allen, Ralph    139-42
Alfred, King    18, 30, 33, 47, 52, 181
Argyll, Earl of    107
Arimathea, Joseph of    53
Armitage-Robinson, J.    188
Arthur, King    53
Arundell family    71
Arundell, Sir John    90
Atkins, Sir A.    189
Augustine, Saint    35
Austen, Jane    144
Barbeau, A.    189
Baring-Gould, Rev. Sabine    170-1
Barnes, William    181
Bartholomew, Bishop of Exeter    63
Bayley, A.R.    188
Beadle, Gerald    5
Beatty, C.D.    7, 18, 93
Beauchamp family    50
Beaufort family    50
Benedict, Saint    48, 54
Berry, Claude    189
Betjeman, John    17-8, 165
Blake, Robert    81, 184
Bligh, Captain    184
Blundell, Peter    96, 100
Boethius    35
Boniface, Saint, of Crediton    47, 185
Borlase, Rev. Doctor    154
Boscawen family    183-4
Boscawen, Mrs.    157
Boulton, Matthew    155-9
Bracton    185
Braganza, Queen Catherine of    136
Brandan, Saint    78
Briavels, Saint    46
Brionne, Count Gilbert of    39
Brunel, Isambard Kingdom    172
Budeaux, Saint    46
Bunyan, John    97
Bushe- Fox, Mr.    25
Byles, C.E.    189
Cabot, John    13, 79
Caesar, Julius, Emperor    21
Cannynges, William    13
Carew family    70-1, 74
Carew, R.    189
Carnarvon, Earl of    88
Charles I, King    12- 3, 83-91
Charles II, King    105-6, 135-6
Charlesworth, M.P.    7, 21
Chatterton    13
Chaucer, Geoffrey    77
Chillingworth    91
Churchill, Mr. Winston    113
Clare family, Earls of Gloucester    50
Clarence, George, Duke of    51
Clarendon, Lord    84, 184, 188
Claudius, Emperor    21
Coate, M.    188
Cobbett, William    18, 145-152, 189
Coleridge family    184-5
Collingwood, A.G.    187
Collinson, J.    189
Collins, Prior    70
Colt-Hoare, Sir R.    189
Cook, Captain James    81
Coulton, G.G.    188
Courtenay family    50, 71
Courtenay, Lord    180
Coutances, Bishop of    39
Cromwell, Oliver    90
Dassell, Mr. Samuel    108
Davy, Humphry    160
Decumans, Saint    46
Defoe, Daniel, of London    110, 188
Delaney, Mrs.    157
Despenser family    50
Dickenson    189
Docton family    65
Douglas, Prof. David    7, 37
D'Oyley, E.D.    188
Drake family    183
Drake, Sir Francis    70-2, 77, 80-1, 182, 184
Dunstan, Saint    47-8, 184
Dunstanville, Lady de    159
Edgcumbe family    183
Edward, Prince of Wales    50
Edward the Confessor    43
Edward IV, King    78
Egbert    32
Eliot, Sir John    70, 73, 180
Elizabeth I, Queen    12, 72, 77
Elyot, Hugh    79
Essex, Earl of    71, 88-9
Ethelwold, Saint, of Winchester    48
Everitt, Rev. William    188
Fairfax, General Thomas    84, 90
Ferrers family    41
Feversham, Earl of    111-2
Fiennes, Celia    97, 99, 188
Fielding, Henry    184
Flamank, Thomas    69
Foot family    180
Fortescue    170-1
Fortescue, John    189
Fosbroke, T.D.    190
Fox, Lady    23
Fox, Robert Were    160
Froude family    184-5
Fuller    91
Fursdon family    65
Gardiner, S.F.    188
Giddy, Mr. Davies    159-60
Gilbert family    182-3
Godolphin family    74
Godolphin, Sir Francis    74
Gorges, Sir Fernando    182
Goring, Lord    88
Grandison, Bishop of Exeter    67
Greenway    96
Gregory, Pope    35
Grenville family    71
Grenville, Sir Beville    85, 87-8
Grenville, Sir Richard    71, 88, 182, 184
Grey family    86
Grigson, Geoffrey    8, 18, 145
Hadrian the African    47
Hakluyt, Richard    182
Hamilton-Jenkin, A.K.    188-9
Hamo, Robert fitz    50
Hardy family    183
Hardy, Thomas    14-5, 171, 181
Harold, King    38
Harris, F.L.    8, 18, 153
Hawke, Admiral    183-4
Hawker    170
Hawkins family    77, 80
Hawkins, Sir John    71, 80, 182
Hawkins, William    80
Hencken, H. O'N    188
Henderson, Charles    188
Henry I, King    42
Henry III, King    50
Henry V, King    76
Henry VII, King    77, 114
Henry VIII, King    77, 80, 119, 121
Hilliard, Nicholas    184
Hobbes    184
Hood family    183
Hood, Samuel    184
Hooker, Richard    184
Hopton, Sir Ralph    84-6, 88, 90-1
Horner family    85
Hoskins, W.G.    7, 18, 57, 178, 180, 183
Hudson    184
Hurst, of Exeter    96
Hutchins, P.    189
Huttoft, Henry    76
Hyde, Edward    13
Jackman, W.T.    189
James II, King    105-115
James, Henry    16
Jeffreys, Lord Chief Justice    114-5
Joseph, Michael    68-9
Kelly's Directory    168
Killigrew family    71
Killigrew, Sir Henry    72
Killigrew, William    72
Kingsley family    185
Kingsley, Henry    171
Kipling, Rudyard    15
Knowles, M.D.    188
Lawrence (of Arabia)    15
Lawrence, Sir Thomas    184
Leland, John    119-20
Leofric, Bishop    41, 43
Little, Brian    189
Locke, John    184
Lockhart    190
Macinnes, Prof. C.M.    8, 18, 127, 189
Macray    188
Maildubh, Saint    47
Mallack, Malachi, of Axminster    109
Malmesbury, William of    53
Marlborough    122
Martin, Saint, of Tours    45
Masefield, John    14
Maurice, Prince    86, 88
Mawes, Saint    46
Medley-Fulford, R.    172
Meules, Baldwin of    38
Milton, John    16
Molesworth, Sir William    180
Monmouth, Duke of    105-115
Morris    172
Mowbray, Geoffrey of    39
Mortain, Robert, Count of    39
Muddiman, J.G.    188
Murdoch, William    157-8
Nash, Richard (Beau)    138-41, 143
Nelson, Lord Horatio    81
Nero, Emperor    21
Newcomen, Thomas    154
Norman and Hines    174
Northcote    184
Oliver, Dr.    139
Oliver, George    190
Oliver, Saint    140-1
Orosius    35
Osbern    43
Osmund, Saint    41
Oswald, Saint, of Worcester    48
Patrick, Saint    27
Pay, Harry    77
Pellew, Lord Exmouth    184
Penrose, of Barnstaple    96
Peveril family    41
Phelps, Gilbert    6, 9
Philip, King of Spain    12, 15
Phillpotts, Bishop Henry    168-9
Phillpotts, Eden    171
Plummer, C.    187
Pomeroy family    41
Pope, Alexander    140
Popham family    85
Power, Eileen    188
Powicke, F.M.    16-7
Prince, J.    189
Prout, Samuel    184
Pryce, Dr.     154
Pym, John    182, 184
"Q"    171
Raleigh family    183
Raleigh, Sir Walter    71-2, 182-3
Ramsay, G.D.    8, 18, 117, 188
Rashleigh, John    70
Reynolds, Sir Johua    184
Richmond, Ian    187
Risdon, Tristram    190
Robartes, Lord    88
Rowse, A.L.    6-9, 11, 67, 177, 187-8
Rupert, Prince    88
Ruskin    29
Russell, Lord    70
Salt, Robert, of Upottery    110
Samson, Saint    27
Scot, Sir Walter    15
Selwood, William, of Chard    109
Seyer, S.    190
Shakespeare, William    16
Sheldon, Gilbert    188
Simmons, Prof. J.    7-8, 83, 105
Smith, R.A.L.    189
Stamford, Earl of    86-7
St. Aubyn, Mr.    167
Stenton, Sir F.M.    188
Strachey, Mr.    151
Summerson, John    8, 18, 135
Tennyson    78
Theodore, Archbishop of Tarsus    47
Thorne, Robert    79
Thurstan, Abbot of Glastonbury    41
Titley    189
Toulmin, J.    190
Towne, Francis    184
Tracey family    41
Treffry, Mrs    12
Treharne, Prof. R.F.    7, 45
Tremayne, Edward    72
Tremayne family    71, 183
Trevelyan, G.M.    187
Trevithick, Richard    158-60
Turner    184
Victoria, Queen    169, 171
Wade, General    139
Walkelin, Bishop of Winchester    41-2
Waller, Sir William    87, 91
Warbeck, Perkin    69
Watt, James    155-9
Watts of Tavistock    96
Wesley    143
Wesley, Charles    161
Wesley, John    161-2
Wessex, Earl of    38
White, John    182
Whiting, Richard    55
Whitty, Thomas, of Frome    109
Wilberforce, William    134
Wilks    190
William, Duke    41
William I, King; the Conqueror    37-40, 42-4
Williams, James    111
Williamson, J.A.    7, 18, 75, 181, 187-8
Wolfe, General    81
Wood, John    140-3
Woodward    190
Worth, R.    190
Wren, Sir Christopher    184
Wydon, Thomas    121
York, Duke of, James    105-6, 108
Yonge, Charlotte M.    171
Young, G.M.    7, 18, 29, 187, 189